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Most necessary 'tis, that we forget
P. Queen. Nor earth to me give food, nor heaven light!
Ham. If she should break it now,- [T. OPHELIA. P. King. 'Tis deeply sworn. Sweet, leave me here a
what to ourselves is debt :) The performance of a resolution, in which only the resolver is interested, is a debt only to bimself which he may therefore remit at pleasure.—Johnson.
enacluresą) i. e. Effects.—NARES. P An anchor's cheer in prison be my scope!) May my whole liberty and enjoy. ment be to live on hermit's fare in a prison. Anchor is for anchoret.-JOHNSON. This abbreviation of the word is very ancient.--STEEVENS.
My spirits grow dull, and fain I would beguile
[Sleeps. P. Queen.
Sleep rock thy brain;
Ham. Madam, how like you this play?
King. Have you heard the argument? Is there no offence in't?
Ham. No, no, they do but jest, poison in jest; no offence i'the world.
King. What do you call the play?
Ham. The mouse-trap.9 Marry, how? Tropically. This play is the image of a murder, done in Vienna: Gonzago is the duke's name; his wife, Baptista: you shall see anon; 'tis a knavish piece of work: But what of that? your majesty, and we that have free souls, it touches us not: Let the galled jade wince, our withers are unwrung.
Oph. You are as good as a chorus, my lord.
Ham. I could interpret between you and your love, if I could see the puppets dallying.'
Oph. You are keen, my lord, you are keen.
Ham. So you mistake your husbands.—Begin, murderer;-leave thy damnable faces, and begin. Come;
-The croaking raven Doth bellow for revenge. Luc. Thoughts black, hands apt, drugs fit, and time
agreeing; Confederate season, else no creature seeing ; 4 The mouse-trap.] He calls it the mouse-trap, because it is
the thing In which he'll catch the conscience of the king."-STEEVENS. I could interpret, &c.] This refers to the interpreter, who formerly sat on the stage at all motions or puppet-shows, and interpreted to the audience. STEEVENS.
So you mistake your husbands,] i. e. So you do amiss in taking your huse bands for worse ; you should take them for better only.--TOLLET.
Thou mixture rank, of midnight weeds collected,
[Pours the Poison into the Sleeper's Ears. Ham. He poisons him i'the garden for his estate. His name's Gonzago; the story is extant, and written in very choice Italian : You shall see anon, how the murderer gets the love of Gonzago's wife.
Oph. The king rises.
[Ereunt all but Hamlet and Horatio. Ham. Why, let the strucken deer go weep,
The hart ungalled play:
Thus runs the world away.Would not this, sir, and a forest of feathers; (if the rest of
my fortunes turn Turkwith me,) with two Provencial roses on my razed shoes," get me a fellowship in a cry of players,* sir ?
Hor. Half a share.
This realm dismantled was
A very, very-peacock.
i-turn Turk with me,)] This means to change condition fantastically STEEVENS. u rased shoes,] i. e. Slashed shoes.
a cry of players,] A pack of hounds was once called a cry of hounds. -STEEVENS.
* Ham. A whole one, I.] The actors in our author's time had not annual salaries as at present. The whole receipts of each theatre were divided into shares, of which the proprietors of the theatre, or house-keepers, as they were called, had some; and each actor had one or more shares, or part of a share, according to his merit.--Malone.
O Damon dear,] Hamlet calls Horatio by this name, in allusion to the celebrated friendship between Damon and Pythias.-STEEVENS.
Ham. O good Horatio, I'll take the ghost's word for a thousand pound. Didst perceive?
Hor. Very well, my lord.
Ham. Ah, ha Come, some musick ; come, the recorders.
For if the king like not the comedy,
Enter RosenCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN.
Come, some musick.
Guil. Good my lord, vouchsafe me a word with you.
Ham. Your wisdom should show itself more richer, to signify this to the doctor; for, for me to put him to his purgation, would, perhaps, plunge him into more choler.
Guil. Good my lord, put your discourse into some frame, and start not so wildly from my affair.
Ham. I am tame, sir pronounce.
. The queen, your mother, in most great affliction of spirit, hath sent me to you.
Ham. You are welcome.
Guil. Nay, good my lord, this courtesy is not of the right breed. If it shall please you to make me a wholesome answer, I will do your mother's commandment: if not, your pardon, and my return, shall be the end of my business.
Ham. Sir, I cannot. Guil. What, my lord ? Ham. Make you a wholesome answer; my wit's dis* Why then, belike,] Hamlet was going on to draw the consequence, when the courtiers entered.Johnson.
- perdy.] The corruption of pur Dieu, and is not uncommon in the old plays.-STEEVENS.
eased: But, sir, such answer as I can make, you shall command; or, rather, as you say, my mother: therefore no more, but to the matter: My mother, you say,
Ros. Then thus she says; Your behaviour hath struck her into amazement and admiration.
Ham. O wonderful son, that can so astonish a mother! -But is there no sequel at the heels of this mother's admiration? impart.
Ros. She desires to speak with you in your closet, ere
you go to bed.
Ham. We shall obey, were she ten times our mother. Have you any further trade with us?
Ros. My lord, you once did love me.
Ros. Good my lord, what is your cause of distemper? you do, surely, but bar the door upon your own liberty, if you deny your griefs to your friend. .
Ham. Sir, I lack advancement.
Ros. How can that be, when you have the voice of the king himself for your succession in Denmark?
Ham. Ay, sir, but, While the grass grows,—the proverb is something musty.
Enter the Players, with Recorders.' 0, the recorders :-let me see one.—To withdraw with you: (taking Guildenstern aside.s]—Why do you go about to recover the wind of me, as if you would drive me into a toil?
Guil. O, my lord, if my duty be too bold, my love is too unmannerly.
Ham. I do not well understand that. Will you play upon this pipe?
further trade-) Further business ; further dealing.-JOHNSON.
by these pickers, &c.] By these hands.-Johnson.
“ While grass doth growe, the silly horse he starves." Hamlet means to intimate, that whilst he is waiting for the succession to tho throne of Denmark, he may himself be taken off by death.-MALONE.
- Recorders.) i. e. Å kind of large flute. To record, anciently signified to sing or modulate.-STEEVENS.
(taking Guildenstern aside.] This stage direction was inserted by Mr. Malone.