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0, the difference of man, and man! To thee
A woman's services are due; my fool
Usurps my bed.
Stew.
Madam, here comes my lord.

[Exit Steward.

Enter ALBANY.

Gon. I have been worth the whistle."
Alb.

O Goneril!
You are not worth the dust which the rude wind
Blows in your face.—I fear your disposition :
That nature, which contemns its origin,
Cannot be border'd certain in itself;'
She that herself will slivert and disbranch
From her material sap," perforce must wither,
And come to deadly use."

Gon. No more; the text is foolish.

Alb. Wisdom and goodness to the vile seem vile : Filths savour but themselves. What have

you

done? Tigers, not daughters, what have you perform'd ? A father, and a gracious aged man, Whose reverence the head-lugg'd bear would lick, Most barbarous, most degenerate! have you madded. Could my brother suffer you to do it? A man, a prince, by him so benefited ? If that the heavens do not their visible spirits Send quickly down to tame these vile offences, 'Twill come,

r I have been worth the whistle.] Goneril's mcaning seems to be--There was a time when you would have thought me worth the calling to you ; reproaching him for not having summoned her to consult with on the present critical occasion. -STBEVENS.

Cannot be border'd certuin in itself ;] i. e. Cannot from thenceforth be restrained within any certain bounds, but is prepared to break out into the most monstrous excesses every way, as occasion or temptation may offer. Heath.

sliver-) i. e. Tear off. u She that herself will sliver and disbranch

From her material sap,] She who breaks the bonds of filial duty, and be. comes wholly alienated from her father, must wither and perish, like a branch separated from that sap which supplies it with nourishment, and gives life to the matter of which it is composed.-MALONE.

* And come to deadly use.] Alluding to the use that witches and enchanters are said to make of withered branches in their charms. A fine insinuation of the speaker, that she was ready for the most unnatural mischief.—War

BURTON.

Humanity must perforce prey on itself,
Like monsters of the deep.Y
Gon.

Milk-liver'd man!
That bear'st a cheek for blows, a head for wrongs;
Who hast not in thy brows an eye discerning
Thine honour from thy suffering; that not know'st,
Fools do those villains pity, who are punish'd
Ere they have done their mischief. Where's thy drum?
France spreads his banners in our noiseless land ;
With plumed helm thy slayer begins threats;
Whilst thou, a moral fool, sit'st still, and cry'st,
Alack! why does he so?
Alb.

See thyself, devil!
Proper deformity seems not in the fiend
So horrid, as in woman.
Gon.

O vain fool!
Alb. Thou changed and self-cover'd thing," for shame,
Be-monster not thy feature. Were it my fitness
To let these hands obey my blood,
They are apt enough to dislocate and tear
Thy flesh and bones :-Howe'er thou art a fiend,
A woman's shape doth shield thee.
Gon. Marry, your manhood now !

Enter a Messenger.
Alb. What news?

Mess. O, my good lord, the duke of Cornwall's dead :
Slain by his servant, going to put out
The other eye of Gloster.
Alb.

Gloster's eyes!
Mess. A servant that he bred, thrillid with remorse,
Oppos'd against the act, bending his sword
To his great master; who, thereat enrag'd,

- monsters of the deep.) Fishes are the only animals that prey upon their own species.—Johnson.

self-cover'd thing,] i. e. That hast disguised nature by wickedness.JORNSON.

-feuture,) In Shakspeare's time, meant the general cast of countenance, and often beauty.-MALONE.

VOL. VIII.

G

Flew on him, and amongst them felld him dead :
But not without that harmful stroke, which since
Hath pluck'd him after.
Alb.

This shows you are above,
You justicers, that these our nether crimes
So speedily can venge !-But, 0, poor Gloster!
Lost he is other eye!
Mess.

Both, both, my lord. This letter, madam, craves a speedy answer ; 'Tis from your sister.

Gon. [Aside.] One way I like this well ;'
But being widow, and my Gloster with her,
May all the building in my fancy pluck
Upon my hateful life : Another way,
The news is not so tart.-I'll read, and answer. [Exit.

Alb. Where was his son, when they did take his eyes?
Mess. Come with my lady hither.
Alb.

He is not here.
Mess. No, my good lord; I met him back again.
Alb. Knows he the wickedness?

Mess. Ay, my good lord; 'twas he inform’d against him;
And quit the house on purpose, that their punishment
Might have the freer course.
Alb.

Gloster, I live
To thank thee for the love thou showd’st the king,
And to revenge thine eyes.-Come hither, friend;
Tell me what more thou knowest.

[Exeunt.

SCENE III.

The French Camp, near Dover.

Enter Kent, and a Gentleman. Kent. Why the king of France is so suddenly gone back know you the reason?

b

- amongst them felld him dead :) i. e. They (Cornwall and his other servants) amongst them fell’d him dead.-Malone.

e One way I like this well ;] The death of Cornwall was the removal of one impediment to possessing the whole of the kingdom.-M. Mason.

Gent. Something he left imperfect in the state,
Which since his coming forth is thought of; which
Imports to the kingdom so much fear and danger,
That his personal return was most requir’d,
And necessary

Kent. Who hath he left behind him general ?
Gent. The mareschal of France, Monsieur le Fer.

Kent. Did your letters pierce the queen to any demonstration of grief?

Gent. Ay, sir; she took them, read them in my presence;
And now and then an ample tear trillid down
Her delicate cheek: it seem’d, she was a queen
Over her passion; who, most rebel-like,
Sought to be the king o'er her.
Kent.

0, then it mov'd her?
Gent. Not to a rage: patience and sorrow strove
Who should express her goodliest. You have seen
Sunshine and rain at once: her smiles and tears
Were like a better day :d Those happy smiles,
That play'd on her ripe lip, seem'd not to know
What guests were in her eyes; which parted thence,
As pearls from diamonds dropp’d.-In brief, sorrow
Would be a rarity most belov’d, if all
Could so become it.
Kent.

Made she no verbal question ?e
Gent. 'Faith, once, or twice, she heav'd the name of

father
Pantingly forth, as if it press'd her heart;
Cried, Sisters ! sisters !-Shame of ladies! sisters!
Kent! father! sisters! What? i'the storm ? i'the night?
Let pity not be believed !P_There she shook

d— a better day:) A better day is the best day, and the best day is a day most favourable to the productions of the earth. Such are the days in which there is a due mixture of rain and sunshine. The comparative is often used by Milton and others, as well as Shakspeare, instead of the positive and superla. tive.-STEEVENS.

e Made she no verbal question ?) Means only, Did she enter into no conversation with you? In this sense our poet frequently uses the word question, and not simply as the act of interrogation.-STEEVENS.

I Le pity not be believed !] i.e. Let not such a thing as pity be supposed to etist!-STEEVENS.

The holy water from her heavenly eyes,
And clamour moisten'd:-then away she started
To deal with grief alone.
Kent.

It is the stars,
The stars above us, govern our conditions ;h
Else one self mate and mate' could not beget
Such different issues. You spoke not with her since ?

Gent. No.
Kent. Was this before the king return'd ?
Gent.

No, since.
Kent. Well, sir; The poor distress'd Lear is i'the town.
Who sometime, in his better tune, remembers
What we are come about, and by no means
Will yield to see his daughter.
Gent.

Why, good sir?
Kent. A sovereign shame so elbows him : his own un-

kindness,
That stripp'd her from his benediction, turn'd her.
To foreign casualties, gave her dear rights
To his dog-hearted daughters,—these things sting
His mind so venomously, that burning shame
Detains him from Cordelia.
Gent.

Alack, poor gentleman!
Kent. Of Albany's and Cornwall's powers you heard

not?

Gent. 'Tis so; they are afoot.

Kent. Well, sir, I'll bring you to our master Lear,
And leave you to attend him: some dear causes
Will in concealment wrap me up awhile;
When I am known aright, you shall not grieve
Lending me this acquaintance. I pray you, go
Along with me.

[Exeunt.

8 clamour moisten'd:] That is, her out-cries were accompanied with tears. JOHNSON. h

govern our conditions ;] i. e. Regulate our dispositions.-MALONE.

one self mate and mate.) i. e. The same husband and wife. Self is here used, as in many other places, for self-same.-- Johnson and Malone.

some deur cause-- -] Some important business.--MALONE.

k

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