Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 20, 2004 - Political Science - 329 pages
Seminal thinkers of the nineteenth century - Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Karl Marx, and Sigmund Freud - all predicted that religion would gradually fade in importance and cease to be significant with the emergence of industrial society. The belief that religion was dying became the conventional wisdom in the social sciences during most of the twentieth century. During the last decade, however, the secularization thesis has experienced the most sustained challenge in its long history. The traditional secularization thesis needs updating. Religion has not disappeared and is unlikely to do so. Nevertheless, the concept of secularization captures an important part of what is going on. This book develops a theory of secularization and existential security. Sacred and Secular is essential reading for anyone interested in comparative religion, sociology, public opinion, political behavior, political development, social psychology, international relations, and cultural change.


The Secularization Debate
Measuring Secularization
Comparing Secularization Worldwide
The Puzzle of Secularization in the United States and Western Europe
A Religious Revival in PostCommunist Europe?
Religion and Politics in the Muslim World
Religion the Protestant Ethic and Moral Values
Religious Organizations and Social Capital
Secularization and Its Consequences
Classifications of Types of Society
Concepts and Measures
Technical Note on the Freedom of Religion Scale

Religious Parties and Electoral Behavior

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Page 325 - Schuster. P. 19. Putnam also offers a related definition: “By ‘social capital' I mean features of social life — networks, norms and trust — that enable participants to act together more effectively to pursue shared objectives.” Robert D. Putnam. 1996. “The Strange Disappearance of Civic America.
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About the author (2004)

Pippa Norris is the McGuire Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Her work analyzes comparative elections and public opinion, gender politics, and political communications. Companion volumes by this author, also published by Cambridge University Press, include A Virtuous Circle (2000), Digital Divide (2001), Democratic Phoenix (2002), Rising Tide (2003, with Ronald Inglehart) and Electoral Engineering (2004).

Ronald Inglehart is professor of political science and program director at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan. His research deals with changing belief systems and their impact on social and political change. He helped found the Euro-Barometer surveys and directs the World Values Surveys. Related books include Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic and Political Change in 43 Societies (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997), Rising Tide (2003, with Pippa Norris) and Development, Cultural Change and Democracy (2004, with Christian Welzel).