The Chicago Tribune Tower Competition: Skyscraper Design and Cultural Change in the 1920s
In 1922, the Chicago Tribune sponsored an international competition to design its new corporate headquarters. Both a serious design contest and a brilliant publicity stunt, the competition received worldwide attention for the hundreds of submissions—from the sublime to the ridiculous—it garnered.
In this lavishly illustrated book, Katherine Solomonson tells the fascinating story of the competition, the diverse architectural designs it attracted, and its lasting impact. She shows how the Tribune used the competition to position itself as a civic institution whose new headquarters would serve as a defining public monument for Chicago. For architects, planners, and others, the competition sparked influential debates over the design and social functions of skyscrapers. It also played a crucial role in the development of advertising, consumer culture, and a new national identity in the turbulent years after World War I.
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Planning the Competition
Class Appeal for the Masses Imagining Community
Conducting the Competition Shaping an International Agenda
Design for Advertising
The Gothic Skyscraper Ancient Beauty versus Ultra Modern
City of Towers Transforming the Skyscraper
Administration Building Chicago Adolf Loos advertising Alfred Granger American Architect Archi Architectural Record Art Institute associated beauty Bruno Taut building's Burnham Cathedral Chicago Plan Chicago School Chicago Tribune Tower civic Coloroto Magazine commercial Company's competition program competition's construction corporate Courtesy of Tribune crown December developed Eliel Saarinen European expression German History Holabird and Roche Hood's design Howells and Hood's Ibid ideals Institute of Chicago International Competition John Mead Howells Joseph Patterson Journal July jury Louis Sullivan Mass modern monument North Michigan Avenue November paper passim Photograph Ralph Adams Cram Raymond Hood readers rights reserved Robert McCormick Saarinen's design shaft skyscraper skyscraper design space structure tall buildings tall office building tects tecture Thomas Tallmadge tion Tribune Archives Tribune Building Tribune Company Tribune Competition Tribune presented Tribune published Tribune Tower competition Tribune's United urban values Walter Gropius Woolworth Building Wrigley Building York