Primeval History: Babylonian, Biblical, and Enochic: An Intertextual Reading
Most cultures have myths of origin. The Babylonians were the first to combine blocks of traditions about primeval time into primeval histories where humans had a central role. In the first millennium there were different versions that influenced the concepts of primeval history within Jewish religion, both in the Bible and in the parallel Enochic tradition. Atrahasis and the traditions of primeval dynasties had crucial impact on Genesis; the traditions of the primeval apkallus as cosmic guardians were lying behind the Enochic Watcher Story. The book offers a comprehensive analytic comparison between the images of primeval time in these three traditions. It presents new interpretations of each of these traditions and how they relate to each other.
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Adapa Akkadian Ancient antediluvian Antediluvian King apkallus apsû Aramaic Asael āšipu Assyrian Astronomical Book Atra-Hasīs Atrahasis Babylon Babylonian Ben Sira Berossos biblical Bīt Mēseri Book of Watchers composition connected context created creation scene creation story Dead Sea Scrolls demons descendants described disaster divine Enki Enlil Enmeduranki Enoch Story Enochic scribes Enuma Eridu Genesis Erra Ethiopic evil flood hero flood story fragment genealogy giants Gilgamesh gods GrPan heavenly Hebrew Bible holy human humankind Ibid Igigu interpretation Israel Jubilees Kvanvig Lambert and Millard Leiden manuscripts Marduk meaning Mesopotamian nephilim Nickelsburg Nintu Noah noise non-P material parallel plot Poem of Erra priestly priests primeval history Rebel Story rebellion reference relation rigmu ritual sage scholars sequence sexual Shemihazah narrative similar Sippar Soden sons spirit Sumerian King List tion tôldôt tradition ummanus Uruk VanderKam verb Watcher Story wisdom women word world order