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NOTES

TO

Waverley.

NOTE A, page 3?,- Tue CRUSADE 'S RETURN. presentation of the Lord Jesus Christ upon the cross, sur

rounded on all sides with a glory; and was impressed, as There is a family legend to this purpose, belonging to the if a voice, or something equivalent to a voice, had come knightly family of Bradshaigh, the proprietors of Haigh to him, to this effect (for he was not confident as to the ball, in Lancashire, where, I have been told, the event is words) -Oh, sinner! did I suffer this for thee? and are recorded on a painted glass window. The German ballad these thy returns?' Struck with so amazing a phenomeof the “ Noble Moringer" turns upon a similar topic. But non as this, there remained hardly any life in him, so that undoubtedly many such incidents may have taken place, he sunk down in the arm-chair in which he sat, and conwhere, the distance being great and the intercourse in tinued, he knew not how long, insensible." frequent, false reports concerning the fate of the absent “ With regard to this vision," says the ingenious Dr Crusaders, must have been commonly circulated, and Hibbert, “the appearance of our Saviour on the cross, and sometimes perhaps rather hastily credited at home.

the awful words repeated, can be considered in no other

light than as so many recollected images of the mind, Note B, p. 36,—Titus Livius.

which, probably, had their origin in the language of some The attachment to this classic was, it is said, actually urgent appeal to repentance, that the colonel might have displayed, in the manner mentioned in the text, by an un

casually read, or heard delivered. From what cause, howfortunate Jacobite in that unhappy period. He escaped

ever, such ideas were rendered as vivid as actual impresfrom the jail in which he was contined for a hasty trial

sions, we have no information to be depended upon. This and certain condemnation, and was retaken as he hovered

vision was certainly attended with one of the most imaround the place in which he had been imprisoned, for portant of consequences connected with the Christian diswhich he could give no better reason than the hope of re

pensation - the conversion of a sinner. And hence no eovering his favourite Titus Livius. I am sorry to add, single narrative has, perhaps, done more to confirm the that the simplicity of such a character was found to form superstitious opinion that apparitions of this awful kind no apology for his guilt as a rebel, and that he was con

cannot arise without a divine fiat." Dr Hibbert adds, in deinned and executed.

a note-“A short time before the vision, Colonel Gardiner

had received a severe fall from his horse. Did the brain NOTE C, p. 38,- NICHOLAS AMHURST.

receive some slight degree of injury from the accident, so as to predispose him to this spiritual illusion?"

Hibbert's Nicholas Amhurst, a noted political writer, who con Philosophy of Apparitions, Edinburgh, 1824, p. 190. ducted for many years a paper called the Craftsman, under the assumed name of Caleb d'Anvers. He was devoted

Note E, p. 39,- SCOTTISH INNS. to the Tory interest, and seconded, with much ability, the attacks of Pulteney on Sir Robert Walpole. He died in The courtesy of an invitation to partake a traveller's 1712. neglected by his great patrons, and in the most mi meal, or at least that of being invited to share whatever serable circumstances.

liquor the guest called for, was expected by certain old * Amhurst survived the downfall of Walpole's power,

landlords in Scotland, even in the youth of the author. In and had reason to expect a reward for his labours. If we requital, mine host was always furnished with the news excuse Bolingbroke, who had only saved the shipwreck of of the country, and was probably a little of a humourist his fortunes, we shall be at a loss to justify Pulteney, who

to boot. The devolution of the whole actual business and could with ease have given this man a considerable income.

drudgery of the inn upon the poor gudewife, was very The utmost of his generosity to Amhurst, that I ever heard common among the Scottish Bonifaces. There was in of, was a hogshead of claret! He died, it is supposed, of a

ancient times, in the city of Edinburgh, a gentleman of broken heart; and was buried at the charge of his honest good family, who condescended, in order to gain a liveliprinter, Richard Francklin."-Lord Chesterfield's Charac

hood, to become the nominal keeper of a coffeehouse, one ters Reciewed, p. 42. /

of the first places of the kind which had been opened in the

Scottish metropolis. As usual, it was entirely managed NOTE D, p. 38, - COLONEL GARDINER.

by the careful and industrious Mrs B-; while her hus

band amused himself with field sports, without troubling I have now given in the text the full name of this gallant his head about the matter. Once upon a time the premises and excellent man, and proceed to copy the account of his having taken fire, the husband was met, walking up the remarkable conversion, as related by Dr Doddridge. * This memorable event," says the pious writer, “hap

High Street loaded with his guns and fishing rods, and

replied calmly to some one who inquired after his wife, pened topards the middle of July 1719. The major had " that the poor woman was trying to save a parcel of spent the evening (and, if I mistake not, it was the Sabbath) in some gay company, and had an unhappy assig

crockery, and some trumpery books," the last being those

which served her to conduct the business of the house. nation with a married woman, whom he was to attend ex There were many elderly gentlemen in the author's actly at twelve. The company broke up about eleven; and younger days, who still held it part of the amusement of a not judging it convenient to anticipate the time appointed, journey“ to parley with mine host, who often resembled, be went into his chamber to kill the tedious hour, perhaps in his quaint humour, mine Host of the Garter in the with some amusing book, or some other way. But it very Merry Wives of Windsor; or Blague of the George in the accidentally happened, that he took up a religious book, Merry Devil of Edmonton. Sometimes the landlady took which his good mother or aunt had, without his know her share of entertaining the company. In either case the ledge, slipped into his portmanteau. It was called, if I omitting to pay them due attention gave displeasure, and remember the title exactly, The Christian Soldier, or Hea perhaps brought down a smart jest, as on the following ven taken by Storm;' and it was written by Mr Thomas occasion:Watson. Guessing by the title of it that he would find A jolly dame, who, not " Sixty Years since," kept the some phrases of his own profession spiritualized in a man. principal caravansary at Greenlaw, in Berwickshire, had Der which he thought might afford him some diversion, the honour to receive under her roof a very worthy clergybe resolved to dip into it; but he took no serious notice of any thing it had in it; and yet while this book was in his

man, with three sons of the same profession, each having

a cure of souls: be it said in passing, none of the reverend hand, an impression was made upon

his mind (perhaps party were

reckoned powerful in the pulpit. After dinner God only knows how) which drew after it a train of the most important and happy consequences.

was over, the worthy senior, in the pride of his heart,

He thought he asked Mrs Buchan whether she ever had had such a party saw an unusual blaze of light fall upon the book which he in her house before. “ Here sit I," he said, “a placed was reading, which he at first imagined might happen by minister of the Kirk of Scotland, and here sit my three some accident in the candle; but lifting up his eyes, he sons, each a placed minister of the same kirk.-Confess, prehended, to his extreme amazement, that there was Luckie Buchan, you never had such a party in your house before bim, as it were suspended in the air, a visible re before. VOL. I.

The question was not premised by any invitation 177

M
No. XII.

to sit down and take a glass of wine or the like, so Mrs When A. came to take in her liquor, she found her tub B. answered dryly, “ Indeed, sir, I cannot just say that empty, and from the cow's staggering and staring, so as ever I had such a party in my house before, except once to betray her intemperance, she easily divined the mode in the forty-five, when I had a Highland piper here, with in which her "browst" had disappeared. To take vengehis threo sons, all Highland pipers; and deil a spring they ance on Crummie's ribs with a stick, was her first effort. could play amang them."

The roaring of the cow brought B., her master, who re

monstrated with his angry neighbour, and received in reI NOTE F, p. 41,-- TULLY-VEOLAN House.

ply a demand for the value of the ale which Crummie had

drunk up. B. refused payment, and was conveyed before There is no particular mansion described under the C., the Bailie, or sitting Magistrate. He heard the case name of Tully-Veolan; but the peculiarities of the de patiently; and then demanded of the plaintiff A. whether scription occur in various old Scottish Seats. The House

the cow had sat down to her potation, or taken it stand. of Warrender upon Burntsfield Links, and that of Old Ra ing. The plaintiff answered, she had not seen the deed velston, belonging, the former to Sir George Warrender, the committed, but she supposed the cow drank the ale while latter to Sir Alexander Keith, have both contributed several

standing on her feet; adding, that had she been near, she hints to the description in the text. The House of Dean, would have made her use them to some purpose. The near Edinburgh,

has also some points of resemblance with Bailie, on this admission, solemnly adjudged the cow's Tully-Veolan. The author, has, however, been informed, drink to be deoch an doruis-a stirrup-cup, for which no that the House of Grandtully resembles that of the Baron charge could be made, without violating the ancient hos. of Bradwardine still more than any of the above.

pitality of Scotland. Note G, p. 41,-TULLY-VEOLAN GARDEN.

Note L, p. 52, — WITCHCRAFT. At Ravelston may be seen such a garden, which the

The story last told in the text was said to have happened taste of the proprietor, the author's friend and kinsman,

in the south of Scotland; but-cedant arma toge- and let Sir Alexander Keith, Knight Mareschal, has judiciously

the gown have its dues. It was an old clergyman, who had preserved. That, as well as the house, is, however, of

wisdom and firmness enough to resist the panic which smaller dimensions than the Baron of Bradwardine's man seized his brethren, who was the means of rescuing a poor sion and garden are presurned to have been.

insane creature from the cruel fate which would other.

wise have overtaken her. The accounts of the trials for Note H, p. 42,-Family Fools.

witchcraft form one of the most deplorable chapters in

Scottish story. I am ignorant how long the ancient and established cus. tom of keeping fools has been disused in England. Swift writes an epitaph on the Earl of Suffolk's fool,

Note M, p. 53,-CANTING HERALDRY. “ Whose name was Dickie Pearce."

Although canting heraldry is generally reprobated, it In Scotland, the custom subsisted till late in the last cen

seems nevertheless to have been adopted in the arms and

mottos of many honourable families. Thus the motto of tury. At Glammis Castle is preserved the dress of one

the Vernons, Ver non semper viret, is a perfect pun; and of the jesters, very handsome, and ornamented with many

so is that of the Onslows, Festina lente. The Periissem ni pelis. It is not above thirty years since such a character stood by the sideboard of a nobleman of the first rank in

per-iissem of the Anstruthers is liable to a similar objection. Scotland, and occasionally mixed in the conversation, till

One of that ancient race, finding that an antagonist, with ne carried the joke rather too far, in making proposals to

whom he had fixed a friendly meeting, was determined to one of the young ladies of the family, and publishing the

take the opportunity of assassinating him, prevented the

hazard by dashing out his brains with a batile-axe. Two bans betwixt her and himself in the public church.

sturdy arms, brandishing such a weapon, form the usual

crest of the family, with the above motto - Periissen ni Note I, p. 44,- EPISCOPAL CLERGY OF SCOTLAND.

per-üssem - (I had died, unless I had gone through with After the Revolution of 1688, and on some occasions when the spirit of the Presbyterians had been unusually animated against their opponents, the Episcopal clergymen,

Note N, p. 57,- BLACK-MAIL. who were chiefly non-jurors, were exposed to be mobbed, Mac-Donald of Barrisdale, one of the very last Highland as we should now say, or rabbled, as the phrase then went,

gentlemen who carried on the plundering system to any to expiate their political heresies. But notwithstanding

great extent, was a scholar and a well-bred gentleman. that the Presbyterians had the persecution in Charles II.

He engraved on his broadswords the well-known lines and his brother's time, to exasperate them, there was little mischief done beyond the kind of petty violence mentioned

“ Hæ tibi erunt artes - pacisque imponere morem, in the text.

Parcere subjectis, et debellare superbos."

Indeed, the levying of black-mail was, before the 1745, NOTE K, p. 45,- STIRRUP-CUP.

practised by several chiefs of very high rank, who, in do

ing so, contended that they were lending the laws the I may here mention, that the fashion of compotation assistance of their arms and swords, and affording a prodescribed in the text, was still occasionally practised in tection which could not be obtained from the magistracy Scotland in the author's youth. A company, after having in the disturbed state of the country. The author has seen taken leave of their host, often went to finish the evening a Memoir of Mac-Pherson of Cluny, Chief of that ancient at the clachan, or village, in " womb of tavern." Their clan, from which it appears that he levied protectionentertainer always accompanied them to take the stirrup money to a very large amount, which was willingly paid cup, which often occasioned a long and late revel.

even by some of his most powerful neighbours. A gentle The l'oculum Potatorium of the valiant Baron, his blessed man of this clan hearing a clergyman hold forth to his conBear, has a prototype at the fine old Castle of Glammis, so gregation on the crime of theft, interrupted the preacher rich in memorials of ancient times: it is a massive beaker to assure him, he might leave the enforcement of such of silver, double gilt, moulded into the shape of a lion, and doctrines to Cluny Mac-Pherson, whose broadsword would holding about an English pint of wine. The form alludes

put a stop to theft sooner than all the sermons of all the to the family name of Strathmore, which is Lyon, and, ministers of the Synod. when exhibited, the cup must necessarily be emptied to the Earl's health. The author ought perhaps to be ashamed

NOTE 0, P. 60,--Rob Roy. of recording that he has had the honour of swallowing the contents of the Lion; and the recollection of the feat An adventure, very similar to what is here stated, acserved to suggest the story of “The Bear of Bradwardine." tually befell the late Mr Abercromby of Tullibody, grandIn the family of Scott of Thirlestane (not Thirlestane in father of the present Lord Abercromby, and father of the the Forest, but the place of the same name in Roxburgh celebrated Sir Ralph. When this gentleman, who lived to shire) was long preserved a cup of the same kind, in the a very advanced period of life, first settled in Stirlingshire, form of a jack-boot. Each guest was obliged to empty this his cattle were repeatedly driven off by the celebrated Rob at his departure. If the guest's name was Scott, the ne Roy, or some of his gang; and at length he was obliged, cessity was doubly imperative.

after obtaining a proper safe-conduct, to make the cateran When the landiord of an inn presented his guests with such a visit as that of Waverley to Bean Lean in the text. deoch an doruis, that is, the drink at the door, or the stir Rob received him with much courtesy, and made many rup-cup, the draught was not charged in the reckoning. apologies for the accident, which must have bappened, he On this point a learned Bailie of the town of Forfar pro said, through some mistake. Mr Abercromby was regaied nounced a very sound judgment.

with collops from two of his own cattle, which were hung A., an ale-wife in Forfar, had brewed her "peck of malt," up by the heels in the cavern, and was dismissed in perfect and set the liquor out of doors to cool; the cow of B., & safety, after having agreed to pay in future a small sum neighbour of A., chanced to come by, and seeing the good of black-mail, in consideration of which Rob Roy not only beverage, was allured to taste it, and finally to drink it up. undertook to forbear his herds in future, but to replace

it.)

any that should be stolen from him by other freebooters. The manner of handling the pistol and dirk was also Sfr Abercromby said, Rob Roy atfected to consider him as part of the Highland manual exercise, which the author a friend to the Jacobite interest, and a sincere enemy to has seen gone through by men who had learned it in their the l'nion. Neither of these circumstances were true; but youth, the laird thought it quite unnecessary to undeceive his Kigbland host at the risk of bringing on a political dispute in such a situation. This anecdote I received many years

Note U, p. 68,- DISLIKE OF THE SCOTCH TO PORK. since (about 1792) from the mouth of the venerable gentle Pork, or swine's flesh, in any shape, was, till of late man who was concerned in it.

years, much abominated by the Scotch, nor is it yet a fan

vourite food amongst them. King Jamie carried this preNOTE P, p. 63, — Kind GALLOWS OF CRIEFF.

judice to England, and is known to have abhorred pork

almost as much as he did tobacco. Ben Jonson has re• This celebrated gibbet was, in the memory of the last corded this peculiarity, where the gipsy in a masque, exam generation, still standing at the western end of the town mining the king's hand, says, of Crieff, in Perthshire. Why it was called the kind gal.

" you should, by this line, lows, we are unable to inform the reader with certainty; Love a horse, and a hound, but no part of a swine." but it is alleged that the Highlanders used to touch their bonnets as they passed a place, which had been fatal to

The Gipsies Metamorphosed. many of their countrymen, with the ejaculation—" God James's own proposed banquet for the Devil, was a loin bless her nain sell, and the Tiel tamn you!" It may there of pork and a poll of ling, with a pipe of tobacco for digesfore have been called kind, as being a sort of native or tion. kindred place of doom to those who suffered there, as in fulálment of a natural destiny.

Note V, p. 68,- A Scottish Dinner TABLE. NOTE Q, p. 64,- CATERANS.

In the number of persons of all ranks who assembled at

the same table, though by no means to discuss the same The story of the bridegroom carried off by Caterans, on fare, the Highland chiefs only retained a custom which his bridal-day, is taken from one which was told to the had been formerly universally observed throughout Scotauthor by the late Laird of Mac-Nab, many years since. land. " I myself," says the traveller, Fynes Morrison, in To carry off persons from the Lowlands, and to put them the end of Queen Elizabeth's reign, the scene being the to ransom, was a common practice with the wild High- Lowlands of Scotland,“ was at a knight's house, who had landers, as it is said to be at the present day with the ban many servants to attend him, that brought in his meat ditti in the south of Italy. Upon the occasion alluded to, with their heads covered with blue caps, the table being a party of Caterans carried off the bridegroom, and se more than half furnished with great platters of porridge, ereted him in some cave near the mountain of Schihallion. each having a little piece of sodden meat. And when the The young man caught the small-pox before his ransom table was served, the servants did sit down with us; but could be agreed on; and whether it was the fine cool air the upper mess, instead of porridge, had a pullet, with some of the place, or the want of medical attendance, Mac-Nab prunes in the broth."— Travels, p. 155. did not pretend to be positive; but so it was, that the pri. Till within this last century, the farmers, even of a rea soner recovered, his ransom was paid, and he was restored spectable condition, dined with their work-people. The to his friends and bride, but always considered the High- difference betwixt those of high degree, was ascertained land robbers as having saved his life, by their treatment of by the place of the party above or below the salt, or, somehis malady.

times, by a line drawn with chalk on the dining-table.

Lord Lovat, who knew well how to feed the vanity and reNOTE R, p. 66, - REPURCHASE OF Scottish FORFEITED strain the appetites of his clansmen, allowed each sturdy ESTATES.

Fraser, who had the slightest pretension to be a Duinhé.

wassel, the full honour of the sitting, but, at the same This happened on many occasions. Indeed, it was not time, took care that his young kinsmen did not acquire at till after the total destruction of the clan influence, after his table any taste for outlandish luxuries. His Lordship 1715, that purchasers could be found, who offered a fair was always ready with some honourable apology, why toprice for the estates forfeited in 1715, which were then reign wines and French brandy--delicacies which he conbrought to sale by the creditors of the York-Buildings ceived might sap the hardy habits of his cousins-should Company, who had purchased the whole or greater part not circulate past an assigned point on the table. trom Government at a very small price. Even so late as the period first mentioned, the prejudices of the public in favour of the heirs of the forfeited families threw various

Note W, p. 71, -- CONAN TUE JESTER. impediments in the way of intending purchasers of such In the Irish ballads relating to Fion (the Fingal of Macproperty.

Pherson), there occurs, as in the primitive poetry of most

nations, a cycle of heroes, each of whom has some distin. NOTE 8, p. 66,- HIGHLAND POLICY.

guishing attribute: upon these qualities, and the advenThis sort of political game ascribed to Mac-Ivor was in

tures of those possessing them, many proverbs are formed,

which are still current in the Highlands. Among other real ty played by several Highland chiefs, the celebrated

characters, Conan is distinguished as in some respects a Lord Lorat in particular, who used that kind of finesse to the uttermost.' The Laird of Mac-- was also captain of

kind of Thersites, but brave and daring even to rashness.

He had made a vow that he would never take a blow withan independent company, but valued the sweets of present pay too well to incur the risk of losing them in the Jaco

out returning it; and having, like other heroes of antiquity, bite cause. His martial consort raised his clan, and headed

descended to the infernal regions, he received a cutk from it in 1745. But the chief himself would have nothing to

the Arch-fiend, who presided there, which he instantly do with king-making, declaring himself for that monarch,

returned, using the expression in the text. Sometimes the

Claw for claw, and the devil and no other, who gave the Laird of Mac—_" half-a-guinea proverb is worded thus:

take the shortest nails, as Conan said to the devil." the day, and half-a-guinea the morn." Nors T, p. 67,- HIGHLAND Discipline.

Note X, p. 72,- WATERFALL. In explanation of the military exercise observed at the

The description of the waterfall mentioned in this chap

cer is taken from that of Ledeard, at the farm so called on Castle of Glennaquoich, the author begs to remark, that the

the northern side of Lochard, and near the head of the Highlanders were not only well practised in the use of the broadsword, firelock, and most of the manly sports and

Lake, four or five miles from Aberfoyle. It is upon a small trials of strength common throughout Scotland, but also

scale, but otherwise one of the most exquisite cascades it ased a peculiar sort of drill, suited to their own dress and

is possible to behold. The appearance of Flora with the mode of warfare. There were, for instance, different

harp, as described, has been justly censured as too theatoodes of disposing the plaid, one when on a peaceful jour.

trical and affected for the lady-like simplicity of her chaney, another when danger was apprehended; one way of

racter. But something may be allowed to her French eduenveloping themselves in it when expecting undisturbed

cation, in which point and striking effect always make a repose, and another which enabled them to start up with

considerable object. sword and pistol in hand on the slightest alarm. Previous to 1720, or thereabouts, the belted plaid was

Note Y, p. 77,- HIGHLAND HUNTING. ? universally worn, in which the portion which surrounded the middle of the wearer, and that which was flung around The author has been sometimes accused of confounding his shoulders, were all of the same piece of tartan. In a fiction with reality. He therefore thinks it necessary to desperate onset, all was thrown away, and the clan charged state, that the circumstance of the hunting described in bare beneath the doublet, save for an artificial arrangement the text as preparatory to the insurrection of 1745, is, so of the shirt, which, like that of the Irish, was always ample, far as he knows, entirely imaginary. But is is well known tod for the sporran-mollach, or goat's-skin purse.

such a great hunting was held in the Forest of Braernar

under the auspices of the Earl of Mar, as preparatory to theless, think themselves bound in honour to do so, as he the Rebellion of 1715; and most of the Highland chieftains was only supported by a body of wild mountaineers, speak. who afterwards engaged in that civil commotion were pre- ing an uncouth dialect, and wearing a singular dress. The sent on this occasion.

race up to Derby struck them with more dread than ad.

miration. But it was difficult to say what the effect might Note 2, p. 106,- Mac-FARLANE'S LANTERN. have been, had either the battle of Preston or Falkirk been

fought and won during the advance into England. The Clan of Mac-Farlane, occupying the fastnesses of the western side of Loch Lomond, were great depredators NOTE 2 D, p. 112,- THE CHEVALIER'S ARMY. on the Low Country; and as their excursions were made usually by night, the moon was proverbially called their Divisions early showed themselves in the Chevalier's lantern. Their celebrated pibroch of Hoggil nam Bo, little army, not only amongst the independent chieftains, which is the name of their gathering tune, intimates simi who were far too proud to brook subjection to each other. lar practices, - the sense being

but betwixt the Scotch, and Charles's governor O'Sullivan,

an Irishman by birth, who, with some of his countrymen We are bound to drive the bullocks,

bred in the Irish Brigade in the service of the King of All by hollows, hírsts, and hillocks,

France, had an influence with the Adventurer, much reThrough the sleet, and through the rain.

sented by the Highlanders, who were sensible that their When the moon is beaming low

own clans made the chief or rather the only strength of his On frozen lake and hills of snow,

enterprise. There was a feud, also, between Lord George Bold and heartily we go;

Murray, and James Murray of Broughton, the Prince's And all for little gain.

secretary, whose disunion greatly embarrassed the affairs

of the Adventurer. In general, a thousand different preNOTE 2 A, p. 107,- THE CASTLE OF DOUNE.

tensions divided their little army, and finally contributed

in no small degree to its overthrow, This noble ruin is dear to my recollection, from associations which have been long and painfully broken. It holds

NOTE 2 E, p. 120,-FIELD-PIECE IN THE HIGHLAND ARMY. a commanding station on the banks of the river Teith, and has been one of the largest castles in Scotland. Murdock, This circumstance, which is historical, as well as the Duke of Albany, the founder of this stately pile, was be description that precedes it, will remind the reader of the headed on the Castle-hill of Stirling, from which he might war of La Vendée, in which the royalists, consisting chietly see the towers of Doune, the monument of his fallen of insurgent peasantry, attached a prodigious and eren greatness.

superstitious interest to the possession of a piece of brass In 1745-6, as stated in the text, a garrison on the part of ordnance, which they called Marie Jeane. the Chevalier was put into the castle, then less ruinous The Highlanders of an early period were afraid of cannon, than at present. It was commanded by Mr Stewart of Bal with the noise and effect of which they were totally unloch, as governor for Prince Charles; he was a man of acquainted. It was by means of three or four small pieces property near Callander. This castle became at that itme of artillery, that the Earls of Huntly and Errol, in James the actual scene of a romantic escape made by John Home, VI.'s time, gained a great victory at Glenlivat, over a nuthe author of Douglas, and some other prisoners, who, merous Highland army, commanded by the Earl of Argyle. having been taken at the battle of Falkirk, were confined At the battle of the Bridge of Dee, General Middleton obthere by the insurgents. The poet, who had in his own tained by his artillery a similar success, the Highlanders mind a large stock of that romantic and enthusiastic spi- not being able to stand the discharge of Musket's- Mother, rit of adventure, which he has described as animating the which was the name they bestowed on great guns. In an youthful hero of his drama, devised and undertook the pe old ballad on the battle of the Bridge of Dee, these verses rilous enterprise of escaping from his prison. He inspired occur :his companions with his sentiments, and when every attempt at open force was deemed hopeless, they resolved

“ The Highlandmen are pretty men to twist their bed-clothes into ropes, and thus to descend.

For handling sword and shield, Four persons, with Home himself, reached the ground in

But yet they are but simple men safety. But the rope broke with the fifth, who was a tall

To stand a stricken field. Justy man. The sixth was Thomas Barrow, a brave young

“ The Highlandmen are pretty men Englishman, a particular friend of Home's. Determined

For target and claymore, to take the risk, even in such unfavourable circumstances, Barrow committed himself to the broken rope, slid down

But yet they are but naked men

To face the cannon's roar. on it as far as it could assist him, and then let himself drop. His friends beneath succeeded in breaking his fall.

" For the cannons roar on a summer night Nevertheless, he dislocated his ancle, and had several of

Like thunder in the air ; his ribs broken. His companions, however, were able to

Was never man in Highland garb bear him off in safety.

Would face the cannon fair." The Highlanders next morning sought for their prisoners, with great activity. An old gentleman told the

But the Highlanders of 1745 had got far beyond the simauthor, he remembered seeing the commander Stewart,

plicity of their forefathers, and showed throughout the

whole war how little they dreaded artillery, although the “Bloody with spurring, fiery red with haste,"

common people still attached some consequence to the posriding furiously through the country in quest of the fugi

session of the field-piece which led to this disquisition. tives.

Note 2 F, p. 124,— ANDERSON OP WAITBURGH. NOTE 2 B, p. 108,- To Go OUT.

The faithful friend who pointed out the pass by which To go out, or to have been out, in Scotland, was a con the Highlanders moved from Tranent to Seaton, was Roe ventional phrase similar to that of the Irish respecting a

bert Anderson, junior, of Whitburgh, a gentleman of proman having been up, both having reference to an indivi

perty in East Lothian. He had been interrogated by the dual who had been engaged in insurrection. It was ac

Lord George Murray concerning the possibility of crossing counted ill-breeding in Scotland, about forty years since,

the uncouth and marshy piece of ground which divided to use the phrase rebellion or rebel, which might be inter

the armies, and which he described as impracticable.

When dismissed, he recollected that there was a circuitous preted by some of the parties present as a personal insult. It was also esteemed more polite even for stanch Whigs to path leading eastward through the marsh into the plain, denominate Charles Edward the Chevalier, than to speak Cope's position,

without being exposed to the enemy's fire. of him as the Pretender; and this kind of accommodating courtesy was usually observed in society where individuals Having mentioned his opinion to Mr Hepburn of Keith, of each party mixed on friendly terms.

who instantly saw its importance, he was encouraged by that gentleman to awake Lord George Murray, and com

municate the idea to him. Lord George received the inNote 2 C, p. 111, - THE ENGLISH JACOBITES. formation with grateful thanks, and instantly awakened

Prince Charles, who was sleeping in the field with a bunch The Jacobite sentiments were general among the wes of pease under his head. The Adventurer received with tern counties, and in Wales. But although the great fa- alacrity the news that there was a possibility of bringing milies of the Wynnes, the Wyndhams, and others, had an excellently provided army to a decisive battle with his come under an actual obligation to join Prince Charles if own irregular forces. His joy on the occasion was not he should land, they had done so under the express stipu- very consistent with the charge of cowardice brought lation, that he should be assisted by an auxiliary army of against him by Chevalier Johnstone, a discontented fol. French, without which they foresaw the enterprise would lower, whose Memoirs possess at least as much of a robe desperate. Wishing well to his cause, therefore, and mantic as a historical character. Even by the account of watching an opportunity to join him, they did not, never the Chevalier himself, the Prince was at the head of the

second line of the Highland army during the battle, of speak, • Take care of yourself;' upon which the servant which he says, " It was gained with such rapidity, that in retired."-Some remarkable Passages in the Life of Colonel the second line, where I was still by the side of the Prince, James Gardiner, by P. Doddridge, D. D. London, 1747, ve saw no other enemy than those who were lying on the

P. 187. ground killed and wounded, though we were not more than Afty paces behind our first line, running always as fast as I may remark on this extract, that it confirms the ac. we could to overtake them."

count given in the text of the resistance offered by some This passage in the Chevalier's Memoirs places the of the English infantry. Surprised by a force of a pecuPrince within fifty paces of the heat of the battle, a posi- liar and unusual description, their opposition could not be tion which would never have been the choice of one un long or formidable, especially as they were deserted by willing to take a share of its dangers. Indeed, unless the the cavalry, and those who undertook to manage the archiefs had complied with the young Adventurer's proposal tillery. But although the affair was soon decided, I have to lead the van in person, it does not appear that he could always understood that many of the infantry showed an have been deeper in the action.

inclination to do their duty. NOTE 2 G, p. 126,- DEATH OF COLONEL GARDIXER.

NOTE 2 H, p. 126,—THE LAIRD OP BALMAWHAPPLE.

It is scarcely necessary so say that the character of this The death of this good Christian and gallant man is thus

brutal young Laird is entirely imaginary. A gentleman, given by his affectionate biographer, Dr Doddridge, from the evidence of eye-witnesses:--

however, who resembled Balmawhapple in the article of

courage only, fell at Preston in the manner described. A “ He continued all night under arms, wrapped up in his cloak, and generally sheltered under a rick of barley, which

Perthshire gentleman of high honour and respectability,

one of the handful of cavalry who followed the fortunes of bappened to be in the field. About three in the morning he called his domestic servants to him, of which there

Charles Edward, pursued the fugitive dragoons almost

alone till near Saint Clement's Wells, where the efforts of were four in waiting. He dismissed three of them with

some of the officers had prevailed on a few of them to most affectionate Christian advice, and such solemn char

make a momentary stand. Perceiving at this moment that ges relating to the performance of their duty, and the

they were pursued by only one man and a couple of sercare of their souls, as seemed plainly to intimate that he

vants, they turned upon him and cut him down with their apprehended it was at least very probable he was taking his last farewell of them. There is great reason to believe

swords. I remember, when a child, sitting on his grave,

where the grass long grew rank and green, distinguishing that be spent the little remainder of the time, which could

it from the rest of the field. A female of the family then not be much above an hour, in those devout exercises of residing at Saint Clement's Wells used to tell me the trasoul which had been so long habitual to him, and to which gedy of which she had been an eye-witness, and showed 80 many circumstances did then concur to call him. The

me in evidence one of the silver clasps of the unfortunate army was alarmed, by break of day, by the noise of the rebels' approach, and the attack was made before sunrise,

gentleman's waistcoat. yet wben it was light enough to discern what passed. As soon as the enemy came within gun-shot they made a fu

NOTE 2 I, p. 130,– ANDREA DE FERRARA." rious fire; and it is said that the dragoons which consti The name of Andrea de Ferrara is inscribed on all the tuted the left wing, immediately fled. The Colonel, at the Scottish broadswords which are accounted of peculiar ex. heginning of the onset, which in the whole lasted but a

cellence. Who this artist was, what were his fortunes, and few minutes, received a wound by a bullet in his left breast,

when he flourished, have hitherto defied the research of which made him give a sudden spring in his saddle; upon antiquaries ; only it is in general believed that Andrea de wbich his servant, who led the horse, would have per Ferrara was a Spanish or Italian artificer, brought over by suaded him to retreat, but he said it was only a wound in

James the IV. or V. to instruct the Scots in the manufacthe flesh, and fought on, though he presently after received

ture of sword blades. Most barbarous nations excel in the a shot in his right thigh. In the meantime, it was dis fabrication of arms; and the Scots had attained great procerned that some of the enemy fell by him, and particu- ficiency in forging swords, so early as the field of Pinkie ; larly one man, who had made him a treacherous visit but

at which period the historian Patten describes them as a few days before, with great profession of zeal for the "all notably broad and thin, universally made to slice, and present establishment.

of such exceeding good temper, that as I never saw ary * Erents of this kind pass in less time than the descrip so good, so I think it hard to devise better."- Account of tion of them can be written, or than it can be read. The Somerset's Expedition. Colonel was for a few moments supported by his men, and It may be observed, that the best and most genuine An. particularly by that worthy person Lieutenant-Colonel

drea Ferraras have a crown marked on the blades. Whitney, who was shot through the arm here, and a few months after fell nobly at the battle of Falkirk, and by Lieutenant West, a man of distinguished bravery, as also

NOTE 2 K, p. 131,- Miss Nairne. by about fifteen dragoons, who stood by him to the last. But after a faint fire, the regiment in general was seized

The incident here said to have happened to Flora Mac

Ivor, actually befell Miss Nairne, lady with whom the with a panic; and though their Colonel and some other author had the pleasure of being acquainted. As the Highgallant officers did what they could to rally them once or land army rushed into Edinburgh, Miss Nairne, like other twice, they at last took a precipitate flight. And just in ladies who approved of their cause, stood waving her handthe moment when Colonel Gardiner seemed to be making kerchief from a balcony, when a ball from a Highlander's & panse to deliberate what duty required him to do in musket, which was discharged by accident, grazed her foreFuch circumstances, an accident happened, which must, I head. “ Thank God," said she, the instant she recovered, think, in the judgment of every worthy and generous man, “that the accident happened to me, whose principles are be allowed a sufficient apology for exposing his life to so known. Had it befallen a Whig, they would have said it great hazard, when his regiment had left him. He saw a was done on purpose.' party of the foot, who were then bravely fighting near him, and whom he was ordered to support, had no officer to head them; upon which he said eagerly, in the hearing of

NOTE 2 L, p. 146,- PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD. the person from whom I had this account, • These brave The Author of Waverley has been charged with painting fellows will be cut to pieces for want of a commander,' or the young Adventurer in colours more amiable than his words to that effect; which while he was speaking, he rode character deserved. But having known many individuals up to them and cried out, . Fire on, my lads, and fear no who were near his person, he has been described according thing.' But just as the words were out of his mouth, a to the light in whích those eye-witnesses saw his temper Highlander advanced towards him with a scythe fastened and qualifications. Something must be allowed, no doubt, to a long pole, with which he gave him so dreadful a to the natural exaggerations of those who remembered wound on his right arm, that his sword dropped out of his him as the bold and adventurous Prince, in whose cause band; and at the same time several others coming about they had braved death and ruin; but is their evidence to bim while he was thus dreadfully entangled with that give place entirely to that of a single malcontent ? eruel weapon, he was dragged off from his horse. The I have already noticed the imputations thrown by the moment he fell, another Highlander, who, if the king's Chevalier Johnstone on the Prince's courage. But some evidence at Carlisle may be credited (as I know not why part at least of that gentleman's tale is purely romantic. they should not, though the unhappy creature died deny- It would not, for instance, be supposed, that at the time Ing it, was one Mac-Naught, who was executed about a he is favouring us with the highly wrought account of his year after, gave him a stroke either with a broadsword or amour with the adorable Peggie, the Chevalier Johnstone

Lochaber-axe (for my informant could not exactly distin was a married man, whose grandchild is now alive, or that guish on the hinder part of his head, which was the mor the whole circumstantial story concerning the outrageous tal blow. All that his faithful attendant saw farther at vengeance taken by Gordon of Abbachie on a Presbyterian this time was, that as his hat was falling off, he took it in clergyman, is entirely apocryphal. At the same time it his left hand, and waved it as a signal to him to retreat, may be admitted, that the Prince, like others of his family, and added what were the last words he ever heard him did not esteem the services done him by his adherents so

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