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him for some miles, till he was on the high-road to Jean Gordon was at this festival."-(Blackwood's Lochside. She then restored his whole property, Magazine, vol. i. p. 54.) nor could his earnest entreaties prevail on her to Notwithstanding the failure of Jean's issue, for accept so much as a single guinea.

which, “ I have heard the old people at Jedburgh say,

* Weary fa' the waefu' wuddie,' that all Jean's sons were condemned to die there a grand-daughter survived her whom I remember on the same day. It is said the jury were equally to have seen. That is, as Dr Johnson had a shadivided, but that a friend to justice, who had slept dowy recollection of Queen Anne, as a stately lady during the whole discussion, waked suddenly, and in black, adorned with diamonds, so my memory is gave his vote for condemnation, in the emphatic haunted by a solemn remembrance of a woman of words, ' Hang them a'!' Unanimity is not required more than female height, dressed in a long red in a Scottish jury, so the verdict of guilty was re- cloak, who commenced acquaintance by giving me turned. Jean was present, and only said, "The an apple, but whom, nevertheless, I looked on with Lord help the innocent in a day like this!' Her as much awe, as the future Doctor, High Church own death was accompanied with circumstances of and Tory as he was doomed to be, could look upon brutal outrage, of which poor Jean was in many the Queen. I conceive this woman to have been respects wholly undeserving. She had, among other Madge Gordon, of whom an impressive account is demerits, or merits, as the reader may choose to given in the same article in which her Mother Jean rank it, that of being a stanch Jacobite. She is mentioned, but not by the present writer:chanced to be at Carlisle upon a fair or market “ The late Madge Gordon was at this time aeday, soon after the year 1746, where she gave vent counted the Queen of the Yetholm clans. She was, to her political partiality, to the great offence of we believe, a grand-daughter of the celebrated Jean the rabble of that city. Being zealous in their Gordon, and was said to have much resembled her loyalty, when there was no danger, in proportion in appearance. The following account of her is ex

to the tameness with which they had surrendered tracted from the letter of a friend, who for many to the Highlanders in 1745, the mob inflicted upon years enjoyed frequent and favourable opportupoor Jean Gordon no slighter penalty than that of nities of observing the characteristic peculiarities dueking her to death in the Eden. It was an ope of the Yetholm tribes :- Madge Gordon was deration of some time, for Jean was a stout woman, scended from the Faas by the mother's side, and and, struggling with her murderers, often got her was married to a Young. She was a remarkable head above water; and, while she had voice left, personage-of a very commanding presence, and continued to exclaim at such intervals, · Charlie high stature, being nearly six feet high. She had yet ! Charlie yet! When a child, and among the

a large aquiline nose,-- penetrating eyes, even in scenes which she frequented, I have often heard her old age,— bushy hair, that hung around her these stories, and cried piteously for poor Jean shoulders from beneath a gipsy bonnet of straw,Gordon.

a short cloak of a peculiar fashion, and a long staff “ Before quitting the Border gipsies, I may men- Dearly as tall as herself. remember her well; tion, that my grandfather, while riding over Char -every week she paid my father a visit for ber terhouse moor, then a very extensive common, fell armous, when I was a little boy, and I looked upon suddenly among a large band of them, who were Madge with no common degree of awe and terror, carousing in a hollow of the moor, surrounded by When she spoke vehemently (for she made loud bushes. They instantly seized on his horse's bridle complaints), she used to strike her staff upon the with many shouts of welcome, exclaiming (for he floor, and throw herself into an attitude which it was well known to most of them) that they had was impossible to regard with indifference. She often dined at his expense, and he must now stay used to say that she could bring from the remotest and share their good cheer. My ancestor was a parts of the island, friends to revenge her quarrel, little alarmed, for, like the Goodman of Lochside, while she sat motionless in her cottage; and she he had more money about his person than he cared frequently boasted that there was a time when she to risk in such society. However, being naturally

was of still more considerable importance, for there a bold lively-spirited man, he entered into the hu were at her wedding fifty saddled asses, and unmour of the thing, and sate down to the feast, which saddled asses without number. If Jean Gordon consisted of all the varieties of game, poultry, pigs,

was the prototype of the character of Meg Merrilies, and so forth, that could be collected by a wide and I imagine Madge must have sat to the unknown indiscriminate system of plunder. The dinner was

author as the representative of her person."”. a very merry one; but my relative got a hint from (Blackwood's Magazine, vol. i. p. 56.) some of the older gipsies to retire just when—

How far Blackwood's ingenious correspondent

was right, how far mistaken in his conjecture, the • The mirth and fun grew fast and furious.'

reader has been informed. and mounting his horse, accordingly, he took a To pass to a character of a very different deFrench leave of his entertainers, but without expe- scription, Dominie Sampson, the reader may easily riencing the least breach of hospitality. I believe suppose that a poor modest humble scholar, who

has won his way through the classics, yet has fallen nor beautiful, if she had ever been either the ono to leeward in the voyage of life, is no uncommon or the other, had by this calamity become a homepersonage in a country where a certain portion of less and penniless orphan. He addressed her nearly learning is easily attained by those who are will in the words which Dominie Sampson uses to Miss ing to suffer hunger and thirst in exchange for ac Bertram, and professed his determination not to quiring Greek and Latin. But there is a far more leave her. Accordingly, roused to the exercise of exact prototype of the worthy Dominie, upon which talents which had long slumbered, he opened a little is founded the part which he performs in the ro- school, and supported his patron's child for the rest mance, and which, for certain particular reasons, of her life, treating her with the same humble obmust be expressed very generally.

servance and devoted attention which he had used Such a preceptor as Mr Sampson is supposed to towards her in the days of her prosperity. have been, was actually tutor in the family of a gen Such is the outline of Dominie Sampson's real tleman of considerable property. The young lads, story, in which there is neither romantic incident his pupils, grew up and went out in the world; but nor sentimental passion; but which, perhaps, from the tutor continued to reside in the family, no un the rectitude and simplicity of character which it common circumstance in Scotland (in former days), displays, may interest the heart and fill the eye of where food and shelter were readily afforded to the reader as irresistibly, as if it respected dishumble friends and dependents. The Laird's pre-tresses of a more dignified or refined character. decessors had been imprudent; he himself was pas These preliminary notices concerning the tale of sive and unfortunate. Death swept away his sons, Guy Mannering, and some of the characters introwhose success in life might have balanced his own duced, may save the author and reader, in the prebad luck and incapacity. Debts increased and funds sent instance, the trouble of writing and perusing a diminished, until ruin came. The estate was sold; long string of detached notes. and the old man was about to remove from the house I may add, that the motto of this Novel was taken of his fathers, to go he knew not whither, when, from the Lay of the Last Minstrel, to evade the like an old piece of furniture, which, left alone in conclusions of those who began to think that as the its wonted corner, may hold together for a long author of Waverley never quoted the works of Sir while, but breaks to pieces on an attempt to move Walter Scott, he must have reason for doing so, it, he fell down on his own threshold under a para- and that the circumstances might argue an identity lytic affection.

between them. The tutor awakened as from a dream. He saw his patron dead, and that his patron's only remain


August 1, 1829. ing child, an elderly woman, now neither graceful


Guy Mannering.


afforded. Kippletringan was distant at first“ a gey to could not deny, that looking round upon the dreary Lit;" then the gey bitwas more accurately de region, and seeing nothing but bleak fields, and naked scribed, as "ablins three mile;" then the three miletrees, bills obscured by fogs, and flats covered with inun- diminished into “ like a mile and a bittock;" then dations, he did for some time suffer melancholy to pre-extended themselves into " four mile or therearu;" vail upon him, and wished himself again safe at home. Travels of Will. Marvel, Idler, No. 49.

and, lastly, a female voice, having hushed a wailing

infant which the spokeswoman carried in her arms, It was in the beginning of the month of Novem- assured Guy Mannering, “ It was a weary lang gate. ber 174, when a young English gentleman, who yet to Kippletringan, and unco heavy road for foorfiad just left the university of Oxford, made use of passengers.” The poor hack upon which Mannerthe liberty afforded him, to visit some parts of the ing was mounted, was probably of opinion that it north of England; and curiosity extended his tour suited him as ill as the female respondent; for into the adjacent frontier of the sister country. He he began to flag very much, answered each applihad visited, on the day that opens our history, some cation of the spur with a groan, and stumbled at monastic ruins in the county of Dumfries, and spent every stone (and they were not few) which lay in much of the day in making drawings of them from bis road. different points; so that, on mounting his horse to Mannering now grew impatient. He was occaresume his journey, the brief and gloomy twilight sionally betrayed into a deceitful hope that the of the season had already commenced. His way end of his journey was near, by the apparition of lay through a wide tract of black moss, extending a twinkling light or two; but, as he came up, he for miles on each side and before him. Little emi- was disappointed to find that the gleams proceeded nences arose like islands on its surface, bearing from some of those farm-houses which occasionally fiere and there patches of corn, which even at this ornamented the surface of the extensive bog. At season was green, and sometimes a hut, or farm length, to complete his perplexity, he arrived at a house, shaded by a willow or two, and surrounded place where the road divided into two. If there by large elder-bushes. These insulated dwellings had been light to consult the relics of a finger-post communicated with each other by winding passages which stood there, it would have been of little avail, through the moss, impassable by any but the na- as, according to the good custom of North Britain, tives themselves. The public road, however, was the inscription had been defaced shortly after its tolerably well made and safe, so that the prospect erection. Our adventurer was therefore compelled, of being benighted brought with it no real danger. like a knight-errant of old, to trust to the sagacity Still it is uncomfortable to travel, alone and in the of his horse, which, without any demur, chose the dark, through an unknown country; and there are left-hand path, and seemed to proceed at a somefew ordinary occasions upon which fancy frets her what livelier pace than before, affording thereby a self so much as in a situation like that of Manner- hope that he knew he was drawing near to his quaring.

ters for the evening. This hope, however, was not As the light grew faint and more faint, and the speedily accomplished, and Mannering, whose immorass appeared blacker and blacker, our traveller patience made every furlong seem three, began to questioned more closely each chance passenger on think that Kippletringan was actually retreating his distance from the village of Kippletringan, where before him in proportion to his advance. he proposed to quarter for the night. His queries It was now very cloudy, although the stars, from were usually answered by a counter-challenge re- time to time, shed a twinkling and uncertain light. specting the place from whence he came. While Hitherto nothing had broken the silence around sufficient day-light remained to show the dress and him, but the deep cry of the bog-blitter, or bull-ofappearance of a gentleman, these cross interroga- the-bog, a large species of bittern; and the sighs of tories were usually put in the form of a case sup- the wind as it passed along the dreary morass. To posed, -as,

“ Ye'll hae been at the auld abbey o' these was now joined the distant roar of the ocean, Halycross, sir? there's mony English gentlemen towards which the traveller seemed to be fast apgang to see that;" -- or, “ Your honour will be come proaching. This was no circumstance to make his frae the house o' Pouderloupat ?". But when the mind easy. Many of the roads in that country lay voice of the querist alone was distinguishable, the along the sea-beach, and some were liable to be response usually was, “Where are ye coming frae fooded by the tides, which rise to a great height, at sic a time o' night as the like o' this?" or, “ Ye'll and advance with extreme rapidity. Others were no be o' this country, freend!” The answers, when intersected with creeks and small inlets, which it obtained, were neither very reconcilable to each was only safe to pass at particular times of the tide. other, nor accurate in the information which they Neither circumstance would have suited a dark

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night, a fatigued horse, and a traveller ignorant of By this time Jock had found his way into all the his road. Mannering resolved, therefore, defini- intricacies of a tattered doublet, and more tattered tively to halt for the night at the first inhabited pair of breeches, and sallied forth, a great whiteplace, however poor, he might chance to reach, headed, bare-legged, lubberly boy of twelve years unless he could procure a guide to this unlucky vil- old, so exhibited by the glimpse of a rush-light, lage of Kippletringan.

which his half-naked mother held in such a manner A miserable hut gave him an opportunity to exe as to get a peep at the stranger, without greatly cute his purpose. He found out the door with no exposing herself to view in return. Jook moved small difficulty, and for some time knocked with on westward, by the end of the house, leading out producing any other answer than a duet be- Mannering's horse by the bridle, and piloting, with tween a female and a cur-dog, the latter yelping as some dexterity, along the little path which bordered if he would have barked his heart out, the other the formidable jaw-hole, whose vicinity the stranscreaming in chorus. By degrees the human tones ger was made sensible of by means of more organs predominated; but the angry bark of the cur being than one. His guide then dragged the weary hack at the instant changed into a howl, it is probable along a broken and stony cart-track, next over a something more than fair strength of lungs had ploughed field, then broke down a slap, as he called contributed to the ascendency.

it, in a dry-stone fence, and lugged the unresisting "Sorrow be in your thrapple then!”—these were animal through the breach, about a rood of the the first articulate words,-“ will ye no let me simple masonry giving way in the splutter with hear what the man wants, wi' your yaffing?" which he passed. Finally, he led the way, through

* Am I far from Kippletringan, good dame?” a wicket, into something which had still the air of

“ Frae Kippletringan!!!” in an exalted tone of an avenue, though many of the trees were felled. wonder, which we can but faintly express by three The roar of the ocean was now near and full, and points of admiration; “ Ow, man! ye should hae the moon, which began to make her appearance, hadden eased to Kippletringan-ye maun gae back gleamed on a turreted, and apparently a ruined as far as the Whaap, and haud the Whaap till ye mansion, of considerable extent. Mannering fixed come to Ballen loan, and then”

his eyes upon it with a disconsolate sensation. “ This will never do, good dame! my horse is “Why, my little fellow,” he said, “this is a ruin, almost quite knocked up-can you not give me a not a house ?" might's lodgings?"

Ah, but the lairds lived there langsyne--that's "Troth can I no; I am a lone woman, for James Ellengowan Auld Place; there's a hantle bogles he's awa to Drumshourloch fair with the year-aulds, about it, but ye needna be feared -- I never saw and I daurna for my life open the door to ony o' ony mysell, and we're just at the door o' the New your gang-there-out sort o'bodies."

Place." " But what must I do then, good dame? for I Accordingly, leaving the ruins on the right, a tan't sleep here upon the road all night.”.

few steps brought the traveller in front of a mo" Troth, I kenna, unless ye like to gae down and dem house of moderate size, at which his guide speer for quarters at the Place. I’se warrant they'll rapped with great importance. Mannering told his tak ye in, whether ye be gentle or semple." circumstances to the servant; and the gentleman

Simple enough, to be wandering here at such of the house, who heard his tale from the parlour, a time of night," thought Mannering, who was ig- stepped forward, and welcomed the stranger hosnorant of the meaning of the phrase.“ But how pitably to Ellangowan. The boy, made happy with shall I get to the place, as you call it?”

half-a-crown, was dismissed to his cottage, the "Ye maun haud wessel by the end o' the loan, weary horse was conducted to a stall, and Manand take tent o' the jaw-hole.”

nering found himself in a few minutes seated by “O, if ye get to eassel and wessel? again, I am a comfortable supper, for which his cold ride gave undone !-'Is there nobody that could guide me to him a hearty appetite, this place? I will pay him handsomely.”

The word pay operated like magic. “ Jock, ye villain," exclaimed the voice from the interior, "are ye lying routing there, and a young gentle

CHAPTER 11. man seeking the way to the Place! Get up, ye fause

Comes me cranking in, loon, and show him the way down the muckle And cuts me from the

best of all my land, loaning. - He'll show you the way, sir, and l’se

A huge half-moon, a monstrous cantle out.

Henry Fourth, Part I. warrant ye'll be weel put up; for they never turn awa naebody frae the door; and ye'll be come in The company in the parlour at Ellangowan conthe canny moment, I'm thinking, for the laird's sisted of the Laird, and a sort of person who might servant--that's no to say his body-servant, but the be the village schoolmaster, or perhaps the minishelper like-rade express by this e’en to fetch the ter's assistant; his appearance was too shabby to houdie, and he just staid the drinking o'twa pints indicate the minister, considering he was on a visit o'tippeny, to tell us how my leddy was ta’en wi’ to the Laird. her pains.”

The Laird himself was one of those second-rate * Perhaps," said Mannering, “ at such a time a sort of persons, that are to be found frequently in stranger's arrival might be inconvenient?” rural situations. Fielding has described one class

" Hout, na, ye needna be blate about that; their as jeras consumere nati; but the love of field-sports house is muckio eneugh, and clecking time’s aye indicates a certain activity of mind, which had canty time."

forsaken Mr Bertram, if ever he possessed it. A | The Hope, often pronounced Whaap, is the sheltered

* Provincial for eastward and westward fart or hollow of the hill. Hoff, hout, ha is, and harın, are

3 llatching time. al modifications of the same word.

good-humoured listlessness of countenance formed tram was again suspected by Government, approthe only remarkable expression of his features, al hended, sent to Dunnotar Castle, on the coast of though they were rather handsome than otherwise. the Mearns, and there broke his neck in an attempt In fact, his physiognomy indicated the inanity of to escape from a subterranean habitation called the character which pervaded his life. I will give the Whigs' Vault, in which he was confined with some reader some insight into his state and conversa- eighty of the same persuasion. The apprizer, theretion, before he has finished a long lecture to Man- fore (as the holder of a mortgage was then called), nering, upon the propriety and comfort of wrapping entered upon possession, and, in the language of his stirrup-irons round with a wisp of straw when Hotspur, " came me cranking in,” and cut the fahe had occasion to ride in a chill evening.

mily out of another monstrous cantle of their reGodfrey Bertram, of Ellangowan, succeeded to a maining property. long pedigree and a short rent-roll, like many lairds Donohoe Bertram, with somewhat of an Irish of that period. His list of forefathers ascended so name, and somewhat of an Irish temper, suceeedhigh, that they were lost in the barbarous ages of ed to the diminished property of Ellangowan. He Galwegian independence ; so that his genealogical turned out of doors the Rev. Aaron Macbriar, his tree, besides the Christian and crusading names of mother's chaplain (it is said they quarrelled about Godfreys, and Gilberts, and Dennises, and Rolands the good graces of a milkmaid), drank himself daily without end, bore heathen fruit of yet darker ages, drunk with brimming healths to the king, council, -- Arths, and Knarths, and Donagilds, and Han- and bishops; held orgies with the Laird of Lagg, lons. In truth, they had been formerly the stormy Theophilus Oglethorpe, and Sir James Turner; and chiefs of a desert but extensive domain, and the lastly, took his grey gelding, and joined Clavers at heads of a numerous tribe, called Mac-Dingawaie, Killiecrankie. At the skirmish of Dunkeld, 1689, though they afterwards adopted the Norman sur- he was shot dead by a Cameronian with a silver name of Bertram. They had made war, raised re- button (being supposed to have proof from the bellions, been defeated, beheaded, and hanged, as Evil One against lead and steel), and his grave is became a family of importance, for many centuries. still called, the “ Wicked Laird's Lair.”. But they had gradually lost ground in the world, His son, Lewis, had more prudence than seems and, from being themselves the heads of treason usually to have belonged to the family. He nursed and traitorous conspiracies, the Bertrams, or Mae- what property was yet left to him; for Donohoe's Dingawaies, of Ellangowan, had sunk into subordi- excesses, as well as fines and forfeitures, had made nate accomplices. Their most fatal exhibitions in another inroad upon the estate. And although this capacity took place in the seventeenth century, even he did not escape the fatality which induced when the foul fiend possessed them with a spirit the Lairds of Ellangowan to interfere with politics, of contradiction, which uniformly involved them he had yet the prudence, ere he went out with Lord in controversy with the ruling powers. They re Kenmore in 1715, to convey his estate to trustees, versed the conduct of the celebrated Vicar of Bray, in order to parry pains and penalties, in case the and adhered as tenaciously to the weaker side, as Earl of Mar could not put down the Protestant that worthy divine to the stronger. And truly, like succession. But Scylla and Charybdis--a word to him, they had their reward.

the wise —he only saved his estate at the expense Allan Bertram of Ellangowan, who flourished of a lawsuit, which again subdivided the family tempore Caroli primi, was, says my authority, Sir property. He was, however, a man of resolution. Robert Douglas, in his Scottish Baronage (see the He sold part of the lands, evacuated the old castitle Ellangowan), “ a steady loyalist, and full of tle, where the family lived in their decadence, as zeal for the cause of his Sacred Majesty, in which a mouse (said an old farmer) lives under a firlot. he united with the great Marquis of Montrose, and Pulling down part of these venerable ruins, he built other truly zealous and honourable patriots, and with the stones a narrow house of three stories sustained great losses in that behalf. He had the high, with a front like a grenadier's cap, having in honour of knighthood conferred upon him by his the very centre a round window, like the single eye Most Sacred Majesty, and was sequestrated as a of a Cyclops, two windows on each side, and a door malignant by the parliament 1642, and afterwards in the middle, leading to a parlour and withdrawing as a resolutioner, in the year 1648.”—These two room, full of all manner of cross lights. cross-grained epithets of malignant and resolutioner This was the New Place of Elangowan, in which cost poor Sir Allan one half of the family estate. we left our hero, better amused perhaps than our His son Dennis Bertram married a daughter of an readers, and to this Lewis Bertram retreated, full eminent fanatic, who had a seat in the council of of projects for re-establishing the prosperity of his state, and saved by that union the remainder of the family. He took some land into his own hand, family property. But, as ill chance would have it, rented some from neighbouring proprietors, bought he became enamoured of the lady's principles as and sold Highland cattle and Cheviot sheep, rode well as of her charms, and my author gives him to fairs and trysts, fought hard bargains, and held this character: “ He was a man of eminent parts necessity at the staff's end as well as he might. and resolution, for which reason he was chosen by But what he gained in purse he lost in honour, for the western counties one of the committee of noble- such agricultural and commercial negotiations were men and gentlemen, to report their griefs to the very ill looked upon by his brother lairds, who privy council of Charles II. anent the coming in of minded nothing but cock-fighting, hunting, coursthe Highland host in 1678.” For undertaking this ing, and horse-racing, with now and then the alterpatriotic task he underwent a fine, to pay which nation of a desperate duel. The occupations which he was obliged to mortgage half of the remaining he followed encroached, in their opinion, upon the moiety of his paternal property. This loss he might article of Elangowan's gentry; and he found it have recovered by dint of severe economy, but on necessary gradually to estrange himself from their the breaking out of Argyle's rebellion, Dennis Ber- society, and sink into what was then a rery ambi.

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