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Insured his celebrated Buckkar by compounding with the who robbed him; and he and others likewise deponed that devil for one-tenth of his crew every voyage. How they they had found the accused on the spot where the crime arranged the separation of the stock and tithes, is left to was committed, with the bonnet on his head. The case our conjecture. The Buckkar was perhaps called the Black looked gloomily for the prisoner, and the opinion of the Prince in honour of the formidable insurer.

judge seemed unfavourable. But there was a person in The Black Prince used to discharge her cargo at Luce, court who knew well both who did, and who did not, comBalcarry, and elsewhere on the coast ; but her owner's fa mit the crime. This was the Caird of Barullion. who vourite landing-places were at the entrance of the Dee and thrusting himself up to the bar, near the place where Bar. the Cree, near the old castle of Rueberry, about six miles gally was standing, suddenly seized on the bonnet, put it below Kirkcudbright. There is a cave of large dimensions on his head, and looking the Laird full in the face, asked in the vicinity of Rueberry, which, from its being fre- him, with a voice which attracted the attention of the quently used by Yawking, and his supposed connexion with Court and crowded audience-“ Look at me, sir, and the smugglers on the shore, is now called Dirk Hatteraick's tell me, by the oath you have sworn -- Am not I the man cave. Strangers who visit this place, the scenery of which who robbed you between Carsphairn and Dalmellington?" is highly romantic, are also shown, under the name of the Bargally replied, in great astonishment, “ By Hearen! you Gauger's Loup, a tremendous precipice, being the same, it are the very man." You see what sort of memory this is asserted, from which Kennedy was precipitated. gentleman has," said the volunteer pleader: “ he swears to

Meg Merrilies is in Galloway considered as having had the bonnet, whatever features are under it. If you yourher origin in the traditions concerning the celebrated self, my Lord, will put it on your head, he will be willing Flora Marshal, one of the royal consorts of Willie Marshal, to swear that your Lordship was the party who robbed him more commonly

called the Caird of Barullion, King of the between Carsphairn and Dalmellington." The tenant of Gipsies of the Western Lowlands. That potentate was Bantoberick was unanimously acquitted, and thus Willie himself deserving of notice, from the following peculiari. Marshal ingeniously contrived to save an innocent man ties. He was born in the parish of Kirkmichael, about the from danger, without incurring any himself, since Bargal. year 1671; and as he died at Kirkcudbright 230 November ly's evidence must have seemed to every one too fluctuating 1792, he must then have been in the one hundred and to be relied upon. twentieth year of his age. It cannot be said that this un While the King of the Gipsies was thus laudably occu. usually long lease of existence was noted by any peculiar pied, his royal consort, Flora, contrived, it is said, to steal excellence of conduct or habits of life. Willie had been the hood from the Judge's gown; for which offence, compressed or enlisted in the army seven times; and had de bined with her presumptive guilt as a gipsy, she was baserted as often; besides three times running away from the nished to New England, whence she never returned. naval service. He had been seventeen times lawfully mar Now, I cannot grant that the idea of Meg Merrilies was, ried; and besides such a reasonably large share of matri. in the first concoction of the character, derived from Flora monial comforts, was, after his hundredth year, the avowed Marshal, seeing I have already said she was identified with father of four children, by less legitimate affections. He Jean Gordon, and as I have not the Laird of Bargally's subsisted, in his extreme old age, by a pension from the apology for charging the same fact on two several indivipresent Earl of Selkirk's grandfather. Will Marshal is bu duals." Yet I am quite content that Meg should be consiried in Kirkcudbright Church, where his monument is still dered as a representative of her sect and class in generalshown, decorated with a scutcheon suitably blazoned with Flora, as well as others. two tups' horns and two cully, spoons.

The other instances in which my Gallovidian readers In his youth he occasionally took an evening walk on have obliged me, by assigning to the highway, with the purpose of assisting travellers by relieving them of the weight of their purses. On one occa

" Airy nothings sion, the Caird of Barullion robbed the Laird of Bargally,

A local habitation and a name," at a place between Carsphairn and Dalmellington. His shall also be sanctioned so far as the Author may be enpurpose was not achieved without a severe struggle, in titled to do so. I think the facetious Joe Miller records a which the Gipsy lost his bonnet, and was obliged to escape, case pretty much in point; where the keeper of a Museum, leaving it on the road. A respectable farmer happened to while showing, as he said, the very sword with which Babe the next passenger, and seeing the bonnet, alighted, laam was about to kill his ass, was interrupted by one of took it up, and rather imprudently put it on his own head. the visitors, who reminded him that Balaam was not pos. At this instant, Bargally came up with some assistants, sessed of a sword, but only wished for one. " True, sir," and recognising the bonnet, charged the farmer of Banto- replied the ready-witted Cicerone; but this is the very berick with having robbed him, and took him into cus sword he wished for." The Author, in application of this tody. There being some likeness between the parties, story, has only to add, that though ignorant of the coBargally persisted in his charge, and though the respecta incidence between the fictions of the tale and some real bility of the farmer's character was proved or admitted, circumstances, he is contented to believe he must urhis trial before the Circuit Court caine on accordingly. consciously have thought or dreamed of the last, while The fatal bonnet lay on the table of the Court; Bargally engaged in the composition of Guy Manuering. svoro that it was the identical article worn by the man







I knew Anselmo. He was shrewd and prudent,
Wisdom and cunning had their shares of him;
But he was shrewislı as a wayward child,
And pleased again by toys which childhood please ;
As— book of fables, graced with print of wood,
Or else the jingling of a rusty medal,
Or rare melody of some old ditty,
That first was sung to please King Pepin's (indi.




I knew Anselmo. He was shrewd and prudent,
Wisdom and cunning had their shares of him ;
But he was shrewish as a wayward child,
And pleased again by toys which childhood please ;
As - book of fables, graced with print of wood,
Or else the jinzling of a rusty medal,
Or the rare melody of some old ditty,
That first was sung to please King Pepin's cradle.


I have now only to express iny gratitude to the

public, for the distinguished reception which they Tue present Work completes a series of fictitious have given to works, that have little more than Barratives, intended to illustrate the manners of some truth of colouring to recommend them, and Scotland at three different periods. WAVERLEY to take my respectful leave, as one who is not likely embraced the age of our fathers, Guy MANNERING again to solicit their favour. that of our own youth, and the ANTIQUARY refers to the last ten years of the eighteenth century. I To the above advertisement, which was prefixed have, in the two last narratives especially, sought to the first edition of the Antiquary, it is necessary my principal personages in the class of society who in the present edition to add a few words, transare the last to feel the influence of that general ferred from the Introduction to the Chronicles of polish which assimilates to each other the manners the Canongate, respecting the character of Jonaof different nations. Among the same class I have thian Oldbuck. placed some of the scenes, in which I have endea “ I may here state generally, that although I voured to illustrate the operation of the higher and have deemed historical personages free subjects of More violent passions; both because the lower or delineation, I have never on any occasion violated ders are less restrained by the habit of suppressing the respect due to private life. It was indeed imtheir feelings, and because I agree with my friend possible that traits proper to persons, both living Wordsworth, that they seldom fail to express them and dead, with whom I have had intercourse in in the strongest and most powerful language. This society, should not have risen to my pen in such is , I think, peculiarly the case with the peasantry works as Waverley, and those which followed it. of rny own country, a class with whom I have long But I have always studied to generalize the porbeen familiar. The antique force and simplicity traits, so that they should still seem, on the whole, of their language, often tinctured with the Oriental the productions of fancy, though possessing some eloquence of Scripture, in the mouths of those of an resemblance to real individuals. Yet I must own elerated understanding, give pathos to their grief, my attempts have not in this last particular been and dignity to their resentment.

uniformly successful. There are men whose chaI have been more solicitous to describe manners racters are so peculiarly marked, that the deli. minutely, than to arrange in any case an artificial neation of some leading and principal feature, inand combined narrative, and have but to regret evitably places the whole person before you in his that I felt myself unable to unite these two requi- individuality. Thus, the character of Jonathan sites of a good Novel.

Oldbuck, in the Antiquary, was partly founded on The knavery of the Adept in the following sheets that of an old friend of my youth, to whom I am may appear forced and improbable ; but we have indebted for introducing me to Shakspeare, and had very late instances of the force of superstitious other invaluable favours; but I thought I had so credulity to a much greater extent, and the reader completely disguised the likeness, that it could not may be assured, that this part of the narrative is be recognised by any one now alive. I was mison a fact of actual occurrence.

taken, however, and indeed had endangered what


I desired should be considered as a secret; for I beyond an exposition of his distresses. He was afterwards learned that a highly respectable gen- often a talkative, facetious fellow, prompt at repartleman, one of the few surviving friends of my tee, and not withheld from exercising his powers father, and an acute critic, had said, upon the ap- that way by any respect of persons, his patched pearance of the work, that he was now convinced cloak giving him the privilege of the ancient jester. who was the author of it, as he recognised, in the To be a gude crack, that is, to possess talents for Antiquary, traces of the character of a very inti- conversation, was essential the trade of a “ puir mate friend of my father's family."

body" of the more esteemed class; and Burns, who I have only farther to request the reader not to delighted in the amusement their discourse affordsuppose that my late respected friend resembled ed, seems to have looked forward with gloomy firm. Mr Oldbuck, either in his pedigree, or the history ness to the possibility of himself becoming one day imputed to the ideal personage. There is not a

or other a member of their itinerant society. In single incident in the Novel which is borrowed from his poetical works, it is alluded to so often, as per, his real circumstances, excepting the fact that he haps to indicate that he considered the consummaresided in an old house near a flourishing seaport, tion as not utterly impossible. Thus, in the fine and that the author chanced to witness a scene dedication of his works to Gavin Hamilton, he betwixt him and the female proprietor of a stage

says, coach, very similar to that which commences the

* And when I downa yoke a naig, history of the Antiquary. An excellent temper,

Then, Lord be thankit, I can beg." with a slight degree of subacid humour; learn- Again, in his Epistle to Davie, a brother Poet, he ing, wit, and drollery, the more poignant that they states, that in their closing career -were a little marked by the peculiarities of an old

“ The last o't, the warst o't, bachelor; a soundness of thought, rendered more

Is only just to beg." forcible by an occasional quaintness of expression, and after having remarked, that were, the author conceives, the only qualities in “To lie in kilns and barns at e'en, which the creature of his imagination resembled

When banes are crazed and blude is thin, his benevolent and excellent old friend.

Is doubtless great distress; The prominent part performed by the Beggar in the bard reckons up, with true poetical spirit, the the following narrative, induces the author to pre- free enjoyment of the beauties of nature, which fix a few remarks on that character, as it formerly might counterbalance the hardship and uncertainty existed in Scotland, though it is now scarcely to be of the life even of a mendicant. In one of his traced.

prose letters, to which I have lost the reference, Many of the old Scottish mendicants were by no he details this idea yet more seriously, and dwells means to be confounded with the utterly degraded upon it, as not ill adapted to his habits and powers. class of beings who now practise that wandering As the life of a Scottish mendicant of the eightrade. Such of them as were in the habit of tra- teenth century seems to have been contemplated velling through a particular district, were usually without much horror by Robert Burns, the author well received both in the farmer's ha', and in the can hardly have erred in giving to Edie Ochiltres kitchens of the country gentlemen. Martin, author something of poetical character and personal dig. of the Reliquiæ Diri Sancti Andreæ, written in1683, nity, above the more abject of his miserable call. gives the following account of one class of this order ing. The class had, in fact, some privileges. A of men in the seventeenth century, in terms which lodging, such as it was, was readily granted to them would induce an antiquary like Mr Oldbuck to re- in some of the out-houses, and the usual awinous gret its extinction. He conceives them to be de- (alms) of a handful of meal (called a goupen) was scended from the ancient bards, and proceeds : scarce denied by the poorest cottager. The men. “ They are called by others, and by themselves, dicant disposed these, according to their different Jockies, who go about begging; and use still to quality, in various bags around his person, and recite the Sloggorne (gathering-words or war-cries) thus carried about with him the principal part of of most of the true ancient surnames of Scotland, his sustenance, which he literally received for the from old experience and observation. Some of them asking. At the houses of the gentry, his cheer was I have discoursed, and found to have reason and mended by scraps of broken meat, and perhaps a discretion. One of them told me there were not Scottish “ twalpenny," or English penny, which now above twelve of them in the whole isle ; but was expended in snuff or whisky. In fact, these he remembered when they abounded, so as at one indolent peripatetics suffered much less real hardtime he was one of five that usually met at St An- ship and want of food, than the poor peasants from drews.”

whom they received alms. The race of Jockies (of the above description) If, in addition to his personal qualifications, the has, I suppose, been long extinct in Scotland; but mendicant chanced to be a King's Bedesman, or the old remembered beggar, even in my own time, Blue-Gown, he belonged, in virtue thereof, to the like the Baccoch, or travelling cripple of Ireland, aristocracy of his order, and was esteemed a person was expected to merit his quarters by something of great importance.

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