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they passed the Hill of Shotts, her escort chanced such special verdict, to take the panel's case out or to say, “ This is a very wild spot: what if the Mac- the class of capital crimes. Gregors should come upon us ?”—“ God forbid !" Learned informations (written arguments) on was her immediate answer," the very sight of them the import of the verdict, which must be allowed would kill me.” She continued to reside at Glas- a very mild one in the circumstances, were laid gow, without venturing to return to her own house before the High Court of Justiciary. This point is at Edinbilly. Her pretended husband made some very learnedly debated in these pleadings by Mr attempts to obtain an interview with her, which Grant, Solicitor for the Crown, and the celebrated she steadily rejected. She died on the 4th October Mr Lockhart, on the part of the prisoner; but 1751. The information for the Crown hints that James Mohr did not wait the event of the Court's her decease might be the consequence of the usage decision. she received. But there is a general report that He had been committed to the Castle of Edinshe died of the small-pox.
burgh on some reports that an escape would be atIn the meantime, James Mohr, or Drummond, tempted. Yet he contrived to achieve his liberty fell into the hands of justice. He was considered even from that fortress. His daughter had the ad. as the instigator of the whole affair. Nay, the de- dress to enter the prison, disguised as a cobbler, ceased had informed her friends, that on the night bringing home work, as she pretended. In this of her being carried off, Robin Oig, moved by her cobbler's dress her father quickly arrayed himself. cries and tears, had partly consented to let her The wife and daughter of the prisoner were heard return, when James came up, with a pistol in his by the sentinels scolding the supposed cobbler for hand, and, asking whether he was such a coward as having done his work ill, and the man came out to relinquish an enterprise in which he had risked with his hat slouched over his eyes, and grumbling, everything to procure him a fortune, in a manner as if at the manner in which they had treated him. compelled his brother to persevere. James's trial In this way the prisoner passed all the guards withtook place on 13th July 1752, and was conducted out suspicion, and made his escape to France. He with the utmost fairness and impartiality. Several was afterwards outlawed by the Court of Justiciary, witnesses, all of the MacGregor family, swore that which proceeded to the trial of Duncan MacGregor, the marriage was performed with every appearance cr Drummond, his brother, 15th January 1753. The of acquiescence on the woman's part; and three accused had unquestionably been with the party or four witnesses, one of them sheriff-substitute of which carried off Jean Key; but no evidence being the county, swore she might have made her escape brought which applied to him individually and diif she wished, and the magistrate stated that he rectly, the jury found him not guilty,—and nothing offered her assistance if she felt desirous to do so. more is known of his fate. But when asked why he, in his official capacity, That of James MacGregor, who, from talent and did not arrest the MacGregors, he could only an- activity, if not by seniority, may be considered as swer, that he had not force sufficient to make the head of the family, has been long misrepresented, attempt.
as it has been generally averred in Law Reports, as The judicial declarations of Jean Key, or Wright, well as elsewhere, that his outlawry was reversed, stated the violent manner in which she had been and that he returned and died in Scotland. But carried off, and they were confirmed by many of the curious letters published in Blackwood's Magaher friends, from her private communications with zine for December 1817, show this to be an error. them, which the event of her death rendered good The first of these documents is a petition to Charles evidence. Indeed, the fact of her abduction (to use Edward. It is dated 20th September 1753, and a Scottish law term) was completely proved by im- pleads his service to the cause of the Stuarts, aspartial witnesses. The unhappy woman admitted cribing his exile to the persecution of the Hanovethat she had pretended acquiescence in her fate on rian Government, without any allusion to the affair several occasions, because she dared not trust such of Jean Key, or the Court of Justiciary. It is stated as offered to assist her to escape, not even the to be forwarded by MacGregor Drummond of Bosheriff-substitute.
haldie, whom, as before mentioned, James Mohr The jury brought in a special verdict, finding acknowledged as his chief. that Jean Key, or Wright, had been forcibly carried The effect which this petition produced does not off from her house, as charged in the indictment, appear. Some temporary relief was perhaps oband that the accused had failed to show that she tained. But, soon after, this daring adventurer was was herself privy and consenting to this act of out- engaged in a very dark intrigue against an exile of rage. But they found the forcible marriage, and sub- his own country, and placed pretty nearly in his sequent violence, was not proved; and also found, own circumstances. A remarkable Highland story in alleviation of the panel's guilt in the premises, must be here briefly alluded to. Mr Campbell, of that Jean Key did afterwards acquiesce in her con- Glenure, who had been named factor for Governdition. Eleven of the jury, using the names of other ment on the forfeited estates of Stewart of Ardshiel, four who were absent, subscribed a letter to the was shot dead by an assassin as he passed through Court, stating it was their purpose and desire, by the wood of Lettermore, after crossing the ferry of
Ballichulish. A gentleman, named James Stewart, a scourge to his country. If such a tempting offer a natural brother of Ardshiel, the forfeited person, and sturdy rejection had any foundation in fact, it was tried as being accessory to the murder, and probably relates to some plan of espionage on the condemned and executed upon very doubtful evi- Jacobites, which the Government might hope to dence; the heaviest part of which only amounted carry on by means of a man who, in the matter of to the accused person having assisted a nephew of Allan Breck Stewart, had shown no great nicety of his own, called Allan Breck Stewart, with money feeling. Drummond MacGregor was so far accom. to escape after the deed was done. Not satisfied modating as to intimate his willingness to act in any with this vengeance, which was obtained in a man station in which other gentleman of honour served, ner little to the honour of the dispensation of justice but not otherwise ;-an answer which, compared at the time, the friends of the deceased Glenure with some passages of his past life, may remind the were eagerly desirous to obtain possession of the reader of Ancient Pistol standing upon his reputaperson of Allan Breck Stewart, supposed to be the tion. actual homicide. James Mohr Drummond was se Having thus proved intractable, as he tells the cretly applied to to trepan Stewart to the sea-coast, story, to the proposals of Lord Holdernesse, James and bring him over to Britain, to almost certain Drummond was ordered instantly to quit England. death. Drummond MacGregor had kindred con On his return to France, his condition seems to nexions with the slain Glenure; and, besides, the have been utterly disastrous. He was seized with MacGregors and Campbells had been friends of fever and gravel — ill, consequently, in body, and late, while the former clan and the Stewarts had, i weakened and dispirited in mind. Allan Breck as we have seen, been recently at feud; lastly, Ro- Stewart threatened to put him to death in revenge bert Oig was now in custody at Edinburgh, and of the designs he had harboured against him. The James was desirous to do some service by which Stewart clan were in the highest degree unfriendly his brother might be saved. The joint force of to him; and his late expedition to London had these motives may, in James's estimation of right been attended with many suspicious circumstances, and wrong, have been some vindication for en amongst which it was not the slightest that he had gaging in such an enterprise, although, as must kept his purpose secret from his chief Bohaldie. be necessarily supposed, it could only be executed His intercourse with Lord Holdernesse was suspiby treachery of a gross description. MacGregor cious. The Jacobites were probably, like Don Berstipulated for a licence to return to England, pro- nard de Castel Blazo, in Gil Blas, little disposed mising to bring Allan Breck thither along with him. to like those who kept company with Alguazils. But the intended victim was put upon his guard MacDonnell, of Lochgarry, a man of unquestioned by two countrymen, who suspected James's inten- honour, lodged an information against James Drumtions towards him. He escaped from his kidnapper, mond before the High Bailie of Dunkirk, accusing after, as MacGregor alleged, robbing his portman- him of being a spy, so that he found himself obliged teau of some clothes and four snuff boxes. Such a to leave that town and come to Paris, with only charge, it may be observed, could scarce have been the sum of thirteen livres for his immediate submade unless the parties had been living on a foot- sistence, and with absolute beggary staring him in ing of intimacy, and had access to each other's the face. baggage.
We do not offer the convicted common thief, Although James Drummond had thus missed his the accomplice in MacLaren's assassination, or the blow in the matter of Allan Breck Stewart, he used manager of the outrage against Jean Key, as an his licence to make a journey to London, and had object of sympathy; but it is melancholy to look an interview, as he avers, with Lord Holdernesse. on the dying struggles even of a wolf or a tiger, His Lordship, and the Under-Secretary, put many creatures of a species directly hostile to our own; puzzling questions to him; and, as he says, offered and, in like manner, the utter distress of this man, him a situation, which would bring him bread, in whose faults may have sprung from a wild system the Government's service. This office was advan- of education, working on a haughty temper, will tageous as to emolument; but in the opinion of not be perused without some pity. In his last letJames Drummond, his acceptance of it would have ter to Bohaldie, dated Paris, 25th September 1754, been a disgrace to his birth, and have rendered him he describes his state of destitution as absolute,
1 Allan Breck Stewart was a man likely in such a matter markably freckled. Some civilities in French passed be to keep his word. James Drummond MacGregor and he, tween the old man and my friend, in the course of which like Katherine and Petruchio, were well matched "for a they talked of the streets and squares of Paris, till at couple of quiet ones. Allan Breck lived till the begin length the old soldier, for such he seemed, and such he ning of the French Revolution. About 1789, a friend of was, said with a sigh, in a sharp Highland accent, “ Deil mine, then residing at Paris, was invited to see some pro ane o' them a' is worth the Hie street of Edinburgh!" On cession which was supposed likely to interest him, from inquiry, this admirer of Auld Reekie, which he was never the windows of an apartment occupied by a Scottish Be to see again, proved to be Allan Breck Stewart. He lived nedictine priest. He found, sitting by the fire, a tall, thin, decently on his little pension, and had, in no subsequent raw-boned, grim-looking, old man, with the petit croix of period of his life, shown anything of the savage mood, in St Louis. His visage was strongly marked by the irre which he is generally believed to have assassinated the gular projections of the cheek-bones and chin. His eyes enemy and oppressor, as he supposed him, of his family were grey. His grizzled hair exhibited marks of having and clan. been red, and his complexion was weather-beaten, and re
and expresses himself willing to exercise his talents ner, Death, the sad but sure remedy for mortal in breaking or breeding horses, or as a hunter or evils, and decider of all doubts and uncertainties, fowler, if he could only procure employment in such was hovering near him. A memorandum on the an inferior capacity till something better should back of the letter says the writer died about a week occur. An Englishman may smile, but a Scots- after, in October 1754. man will sigh at the postscript, in which the poor It now remains to mention the fate of Robin Oig, starving exile asks the loan of his patron's bagpipes - for the other sons of Rob Roy seem to have been that he might play over some of the melancholy no way distinguished. Robin was apprehended by tunes of his own land. But the effect of music a party of military from the fort of Inversnaid, at arises, in a great degree, from association ; and the foot of Gartmore, and was conveyed to Edinsounds which might jar the nerves of a Londoner burgh 26th May 1753. After a delay, which may or Parisian, bring back to the Highlander his lofty have been protracted by the negotiations of James mountain, wild lake, and the deeds of his fathers for delivering up Allan Breck Stewart, upon proof the glen. To prove MacGregor's claim to our mise of his brother's life, Robin Oig, on the 24th reader's compassion, we here insert the last part of of December 1753, was brought to the bar of the the letter alluded to.
High Court of Justiciary, and indicted by the name “ By all appearance I am born to suffer crosses, of Robert MacGregor, alias Campbell, alias Drumand it seems they're not at an end; for such is my mond, alias Robert Oig; and the evidence led wretched case at present, that I do not know earthly against him resembled exactly that which was where to go or what to do, as I have no subsistence brought by the Crown on the former trial. Roto keep body and soul together. All that I have bert's case was in some degree more favourable carried here is about 13 livres, and have taken a than his brother's ;-for, though the principal in room at my old quarters in Hotel St Pierre, Rue the forcible marriage, he had yet to plead that he de Cordier. I send you the bearer, begging of you had shown symptoms of relenting while they were to let me know if you are to be in town soon, that carrying Jean Key off, which were silenced by the I may have the pleasure of seeing you, for I have remonstrances and threats of his harder natured none to make application to but you alone; and all brother James. Four years had also elapsed since I want is, if it was possible you could contrive the poor woman died, which is always a strong cirwhere I could be employed without going to entire cumstance in favour of the accused; for there is a beggary. This probably is a difficult point, yet, sort of perspective in guilt, and crimes of an old unless it's attended with some difficulty, you might date seem less odious than those of recent occurthink nothing of it, as your long head can bring rence. But notwithstanding these considerations. about matters of much more difficulty and conse the jury, in Robert's case, did not express any soquence than this. If you'd disclose this matter to licitude to save his life, as they had done that of your friend Mr Buttler, it's possible he might have James. They found him guilty of being art and some employ wherein I could be of use, as I pre- part in the forcible abduction of Jean Key from tend to know as much of breiding and riding of her own dwelling." horses as any in France, besides that I am a good Robin Oig was condemned to death, and exehunter, either on horseback or by footin You cuted on the 14th February 1754. At the place of may judge my reduction, as I propose the meanest execution he behaved with great decency; and prothings to lend a turn till better cast up. I am sorry fessing himself a Catholic, imputed all his misforthat I am obliged to give you so much trouble, but tunes to his swerving from the true church two or I hope you are very well assured that I am grate- three years before. He confessed the violent meful for what you have done for me, and I leave you thods he had used to gain Mrs Key, or Wright, to judge of my present wretched case. I am, and and hoped his fate would stop further proceedings shall for ever continue, dear Chief, your own to against his brother James.” command,
“Jas. MacGREGOR. The newspapers observe that his body, after "P.S.— If you'd send your pipes by the bearer, hanging the usual time, was delivered to his friends and all the other little trinkims belonging to it, I
to be carried to the Highlands. To this the recolwould put them in order, and play some melan- lection of a venerable friend, recently taken from
us in the fulness of years, then a schoolboy at Lincholy tunes, which I may now with safety, and in real truth. Forgive my not going directly to you, lithgow, enables the author to add, that a much for if I could have borne the seeing of yourself, i larger body of MacGregors than had cared to adcould not choose to be seen by my friends in my place with the coronach, and other wild emblems
vance to Edinburgh, received the corpse at that wretchedness, nor by any of my acquaintance.”
of Highland mourning, and so escorted it to BalWhile MacGregor wrote in this disconsolate man- quhidder. Thus, we may conclude this long ac
The Trials of the Sons of Rob Roy, with anecdotes of 2 James died near three months before, but his family Himself and his family, were published at Edinburgh, might easlly remain a long time without the news of that 1818, in 12mo.
count of Rob Roy and his family, with the classiche flourished; but I am far from warranting thelr phrase,
exact authenticity. Clannish partialities were very
apt to guide the tongue and pen, as well as the pistol I have only to add, that I have selected the above and claymore, and the features of an anecdote are from many anecdotes of Rob Roy, which were, and wonderfully softened or exaggerated, as the story may still be, current among the mountains where is told by a MacGregor or a Campbell.
" ITE. CONCLAMATUM EST."
APPENDIX TO INTRODUCTION.
lence of that very notorious rogue Rob Roy, whom
your lordship has often heard named. The honour ADVERTISEMENT FOR APPREHENSION OF
of his Majesty's Government being concerned in ROB ROY.
it, I thought it my duty to acquaint your lordship (From the Edinburgh Evening Courant, June 18 to June 21, of the particulars by an express. A.D. 1732. No. 1058.)
“ Mr Grahame of Killearn (whom I have had “ That Robert Campbell, commonly known by occasion to mention frequently to you, for the good the name of Rob Roy MacGregor, being lately in- service he did last winter during the rebellion) trusted by several noblemen and gentlemen with having the charge of my Highland estate, went to considerable sums for buying cows for them in Monteath, which is a part of it, on Monday last, to the Highlands, has treacherously gone off with the bring in my rents, it being usual for him to be money, to the value of £1000 sterling, which he there for two or three nights together at this time carries along with him. All Magistrates and Offi- of the year, in a country house, for the conveniency cers of his Majesty's forces are intreated to seize of meeting the tenants, upon that account. The upon the said Rob Roy, and the money which he same night, about 9 of the clock, Rob Roy, with a carries with him, until the persons concerned in party of those ruffians whom he has still kept about the money be heard against him; and that notice him since the late rebellion, surrounded the house be given, when he is apprehended, to the keepers of where Mr Grahame was with some of my tenants the Exchange Coffee-house at Edinburgh, and the doing his business, ordered his men to present their keeper of the Coffee-house at Glasgow, where the guns in att the windows of the room where he was parties concerned will be advertised, and the seizers sitting, while he himself at the same time with shall be very reasonably rewarded for their pains.” others entered at the door, with cocked pistols, and
made Mr Grahame prisoner, carreing him away It is unfortunate that this Hue and Cry, which is to the hills with the money he had got, his books afterwards repeated
in the same paper, contains no and papers, and my tenants' bonds for their fines, description of Rob Roy's person, which, of course, amounting to above a thousand pounds sterling, we must suppose to have been pretty generally whereof the one-half had been paid last year, and known. As it is directed against Rob Roy person the other was to have been paid now; and att the ally, it would seem to exclude the idea of the cattle same time had the insolence to cause him to write being carried off by his partner, MacDonald, who a letter to me (the copy of which is enclosed) offerwould certainly have been mentioned in the adver- ing me terms of a treaty. tisement, if the creditors concerned had supposed That your Lordship may have the better view him to be in possession of the money.
of this matter, it will be necessary that I should inform you, that this fellow has now, of a long time, put himself at the head of the Clan M'Gre
gor, a race of people who in all ages have distinNo. II.
guished themselves beyond others, by robberies, depredations, and murders, and have been the constant harbourers and entertainers of vagabonds
and loose people. From the time of the Revolution THE DUKE OF MONTROSE,
he has taken every opportunity to appear against RESPECTING ROB ROY'S ARREST OF MR GRAHAME the Government, acting rather as a robber than
doing any real service to those whom he pretended
to appear for, and has really done more mischief to The Duke Montrose to
the countrie than all the other Highlanders have
done. “ Glasgow, the 21st November 1716.
“Some three or four years before the last rebel“MY LORD,— I was surprised last night with the lion broke out, being overburdened with debts, he account of a very remarkable instance of the inso- quitted his ordinary residence, and removed some
LETTERS FROM AND TO
" It does not appear to whom this letter was addressed. Certainly, from its style and tenor, it was designed for
ENCLOSED IN THE PRECEDING.
THE DUKE OF MONTROSE TO
twelve or sixteen miles farther into the Highlands, COPY OF GRAHAME OF KILLEARN'S LETTER, putting himself under the protection of the Earl of Bredalbin. When my Lord Cadogan was in the Highlands, he ordered his house att this place to
Chappellarroch, Nov. 19th, 1716. be burnt, which your Lordship sees he now places
“ MAY IT PLEASE YOUR GRACE,— I am obliged to my account.
to give your Grace the trouble of this, by Robert "This obliges him to return to the same countrie Roy's commands, being so unfortunate at present he went from, being a most rugged inaccessible
as to be his prisoner. I refer the way and manner place, where he took up his residence anew amongst I was apprehended, to the bearer, and shall only, his own friends and relations ; but well judging that in short, acquaint your Grace with the demands, it was possible to surprise him, he, with about forty- which are, that your Grace shall discharge him of five of his followers, went to Inverary, and made all soumes he owes your Grace, and give him the a sham surrender of their arms to Coli
. Campbell soume of 3400 merks for his loss and damages susof Finab, Commander of one of the Independant tained by him, both at Craigrostown and at his Companies, and returned home with his men, each house, Auchinchisallen; and that your Grace shall of them having the Coll.'s protection. This hap- give your word not to trouble or prosecute him pened in the beginning of summer last; yet not afterwards ; till which time he carries me, all the long after he appeared with his men twice in arms, money I received this day, my books and bonds in opposition to the King's troops ; and one of those for entress, not yet paid, along with him, with astimes attackt them, rescued a prisoner from them, surances of hard usage, if any party are sent after and all this while sent abroad his party through him. The soume I received this day, conform to the countrie, plundering the countrie people, and the nearest computation I can make before several amongst the rest some of my tenants.
of the gentlemen, is 3227 £. 2sh. 8d. Scots, of which “ Being informed of these disorders after I came I gave them notes. I shall wait your Grace's reto Scotland, I applied to Lieut. Genll. Carpenter, turn, and ever am, who ordered three parties from Glasgow, Stirling,
“ Your Grace's most obedient, faithful, and Finlarig, to march in the night by different
“ humble servant, routes, in order to surprise him and his men in
Sic subscribitur, “ John GRAHAME." their houses, which would have had its effect certainly, if the great rains that happened to fall that verie night had not retarded the march of the
28th Nov. 1716.- Killearn's Release. troops, so as some of the parties came too late to the stations that they were ordered for. All that
“ Glasgow, 28th Nov. 1716. could be done upon the occasion was to burn a
“SIR,—Having acquainted you by my last, of countrie house, where Rob Roy then resided, after the 21st instant, of what had happened to my friend some of his clan had, from the rocks, fired upon the Mr Grahame of Killearn, I'm very glad now to tell king's troops, by which a grenadier was killed.
you, that last night I was very agreeably surprised " Mr. Grahame, of Killearn, being my deputy- with Mr Grahame's coming here himself, and giving sheriff in that countrie, went along with the party time of his being carried away. It seems Rob Roy;
me the first account I had had of him from the that marched from Stirling; and, doubtless, will now meet with the worse treatment from that bar- when he came to consider a little better of it, found barous people on that account. Besides, that he is that he could not mend his matters by retaining my relation, and that they know how active
he has Killearn his prisoner, which could only expose him been in the service of the Government—all which, and therefore thought fit to dismiss him on Sunday
still the more to the justice of the Government; your Lordship may believe, puts me under very evening last, having kept him from the Monday great concern for the gentleman, while, at the same time, I can forsee no manner of way how to relieve night before, under a very uneasy kind of restraint, him, other than to leave him to chance and his own
being obliged to change continually from place to management.
place. He gave him back the books, papers, and
money. "I had my thoughts before of proposing to Go- bonds, but kept the vernment the building of some barracks, as the
“I am, with great truth, Sir, only expedient for suppressing these rebels, and se
“ your most humble servant,
“ MONTROSE.” curing the peace of the countrie; and in that view I spoke to Genll
. Carpenter, who has now a scheme of it in his hands; and I am persuaded that will
No. III. be the true method for restraining them effectually; but, in the meantime, it will be necessary to lodge
CHALLENGE BY ROB ROY. some of the troops in those places, upon which I intend to write to the Generall.
“ Rob Roy to ain hie and mighty Prince, JAMES
DUKE OF MONTROSE. “I am sensible I have troubled your Lordship with a very long letter, which I should be ashamed “In charity to your Grace's couradge and conof
, were I myself singly concerned; but where the duct, please know, the only way to retrive both is honour of the King's Government is touched, I
to treat Rob Roy like himself, in appointing your need make no apologie, and I shall only beg leave place and choice of arms, that at once you may exto add, that I am, with great respect, and truth, tirpate your inveterate enemy, or put a period to “ My Lord,
your punny (puny?) life in falling gloriously by his “ yp. Lords. most humble and hands. That impertinent criticks or flatterers may “ obedient servant,
not brand me for challenging a man that's repute “ MONTROSE.” of a poor dastardly soul, let such know that I admit
of the two great supporters of his character and