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the captain of luis bands to joyne with him in the tunate circumstances. I am very sensille nothing combate. Then sure your Grace wont have the can be alledged sufficient to excuse so great a crime impudence to clamour att court for multitudes to as I have been guilty of, that of Rebellion. But hunt me like a fox, under pretence that I am not I humbly beg leave to lay before your Excellency to be found above ground. This saves your Grace some particulars in the circumstance of my guilt
, and the troops any further trouble of searching; which, I hope, will extenuate it in some measure. that is, if your ambition of glory press you to em It was my misfortune, at the time the Rebellion brace this unequald venture offerd of Rob's head. broke out, to be liable to legal diligence and
capBut if your Grace's piety, prudence, and cowardice, tion, at the Duke of Montrose's instance, for debt forbids hazarding this gentlemanly expedient, then alledged due to him. To avoid being flung into let your design of peace restore what you have robed prison, as I must certainly have been, had I folfrom me by the tyranny of your present cituation, lowed my real inclinations in joining the King's otherwise your overthrow as a man is determined ; troops at Stirling, I was forced to take party with and advertise your friends never more to look for the adherents of the Pretender; for the country the frequent civility payed them, of sending them being all in arms, it was neither safe nor indeed home without their arms only. Even their former possible for me to stand neuter. I should not, how. cravings wont purchase that favour; so your Grace ever, plead my being forced into that unnatural by this has peace in your offer, if the sound of war Rebellion against his Majesty, King George, if I be frightful, and chuse you whilk, your good friend could not at the sametime assure your Excellency, or mortal enemy.”
that I not only avoided acting offensively against [This singular rhodomontade is enclosed in a his Majesty's forces upon all occasions, but on the
letter to a friend of Rob Roy, probably a re- contrary, sent his Grace the Duke of Argyle all tainer of the Duke of Argyle in Isla, which the intelligence I could from time to time, of the is in these words :--)
strength and situation of the Rebels; which I hope “ SIR,- Receive the enclosed paper, qn you are his Grace will do me the justice to acknowledge. taking your bottle; it will divert yourself and com As to the debt to the Duke of Montrose, I have rades. I got noa news since I saw you, only qt we discharged it to the utmost farthing. I beg your had before about the Spanyards is like to continue. Excellency would be persuaded that, had it been If I get any account about them I'll be sure to let in my power, as it was in my inclination, I should you hear of it, and till then I will not write any always have acted for the service of his Majesty more till I have more account. I am, Sir, your King George, and that one reason of my begging affec Cn [cousin), and most humble servant, the favour of your intercession with his Majesty for “ Argyle, 1719.
Rob Roy." the pardon of my life, is the earnest desire I have Addressed, tulair Patrick. Anderson,}
to employ it in his service, whose goodness, justice,
and humanity, are so conspicuous to all mankind. The seal, a stag - no bad emblem of a wild catterun.
I am, with all duty and respect, your Excellency's }
ROBERT CAMPBELL." It appears from the envelope that Rob Roy still continued to act as intelligencer to the Duke of Argyle and his agents. The war he alludes to is probably some vague report of invasion from Spain.
N'. V. Such rumours were likely enough to be afloat, in THERE are many productions of the Scottish consequence of the disembarkation of the troops Ballad Poets upon the lion-like mode of wooing who were taken at Glensheal in the preceding year, practised by the ancient Highlanders when they 1718.
had a fancy for the person (or property) of a Lowland damsel. One example is found in Mr Robert Jamieson's Popular Scottish Songs :
* Bonny Babby Livingstone No. IV.
Gaed out to see the kye,
And she has met with Glenlyon,
Who has stolen her away.
“ He took frae ber her sattin coat,
But an her silken gown,
Syne roud her in his tartan plaid,
And happd her round and roun'." Then receiving the submission of disaffected Chieftains In another ballad we are told how and Clans.1
"Four-and-twenty Hieland men, “Sir,— The great humanity with which you have
Came doun by Fiddoch side, constantly acted in the discharge of the trust reposed
And they have sworn a deadly aith,
Jean Muir suld be a bride: in you, and your ever having made use of the great powers with which you were vested, as the means
" And they have sworn a deadly aith.
Ilke man upon his durke, of doing good and charitable offices to such as ye
That she should wed with Duncan Ger. found proper objects of compassion, will, I hope,
Or they'd make bloody worke." excuse my importunity in endeavouring to approve This last we have from tradition, but there are myself not absolutely unworthy of that mercy and many others in the collections of Scottish Ballads favour which your Excellency has so generously to the same purpose. procured from his Majesty for others in my unfor The achievement of Robert Oig,
or young Rob
This curious cpistle is copied from an authentic narrative of Marshal Wade's proceedings in the Highlands, communicated by the late eminent antiquary, George Chalmers, Esq. to Mr Robert Jamieson of the Register
House, Edinburgh, and published in the Appendir ts su Edition of Burt's Letters from the North of Scotland. I vols. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1818.
Roy, as the Lowlanders called him, was celebrated
N°. VI. in & ballad, of which there are twenty different and
GHLUNE DHU. various editions. The tune is lively and wild, and we select the following words from memory : The following notices concerning this Chief fell " Rob Roy is frae the Hielands come,
under the Author's eye while the sheets were in Down to the Lowland border;
the act of going through the press. They occur And he has stolen that lady away,
in manuscript memoirs, written by a person intiTo haud his house in order.
mately acquainted with the incidents of 1745. " He set her on a milk-white steed, Of none he stood in awe;
This Chief had the important task intrusted to Untill they reached the Hieland hills,
him of defending the Castle of Doune, in which the Aboon the Balmaha'!1
Chevalier placed a garrison to protect his commu“Saying, Be content, be content,
nication with the Highlands, and to repel any salBe content with me, lady;
lies which might be made from Stirling Castle.Where will ye tind in Lennox land, Sae braw a man as me, lady?
Ghlune Dhu distinguished himself by his good con
duct in this charge.
Ghlune Dhu is thus described:-“ Glengyle is,
in person, a tall handsome man, and has more of Have heard MacGregor's fame, lady.
the mien of the ancient heroes than our inodern " He was a hedge about his friends,
fine gentlemen are possessed of. He is honest and A heckle to his foes, lady;
disinterested to a proverb-extremely modest If any man did him gainsay, He felt his deadly blows, lady.
brave and intrepid -- and born one of the best par"I am as bold, I am as bold,
tisans in Europe. In short, the whole people of I am as bold and more, lady;
that country declared that never did men live under Any man that doubts my word.
so mild a government as Glengyle’s, not a man May try my gude claymore, lady.
having so much as lost a chicken while he continued “ Then be content, be content,
It would appear from this curious passage, that
Glengyle-not Stewart of Balloch, as averred in
a note on Waverley—commanded the garrison of * A pass on the eastern margin of Loch Lomond, and an Doune. Balloch might, no doubt, succeed Macentrance to the Highlands.
Gregor in the situation.
ADVERTISEMENT TO THE FIRST EDITION-(1317.)
When the Editor of the following volumes published, they might be given to the Public, with such alterabout two years since, the work called “ The Anti-ations as should be found suitable. These were of quary,” he announced that he was, for the last time, course so numerous, that, besides the suppression intruding upon the public in his present capacity. of names, and of incidents approaching too much He might shelter himself under the plea that every to reality, the work may in a great measure bo anonymous writer is, like the celebrated Junius, said to be new written. Several anachronisms only a phantom, and that therefore, although an ap- have probably crept in during the course of these parition of a more benign, as well as much meaner changes; and the mottoes for the Chapters have description, he cannot be bound to plead to a charge been selected without any reference to the supposed of inconsistency. A better apology may be found date of the incidents. For these, of course, the in the imitating the confession of honest Benedict, Editor is responsible. Some others occurred in the that, when he said he would die a bachelor, he did original materials, but they are of little consequence. not think he should live to be married. The best In point of minute accuracy, it may be stated, that of all would be, if, as has eminently happened in the bridge over the Forth, or rather the Avondhu the case of some distinguished contemporaries, the (or Black River), near the hamlet of Aberfoil, had merit of the work should, in the reader's estima- not an existence thirty years ago. It does not, howtion, form an excuse for the Author's breach of ever, become the Editor to be the first to point out promise. Without presuming to hope that this may these errors; and he takes this public opportunity prove the case, it is only further necessary to to thank the unknown and nameless correspondent, mention, that my resolution, like that of Benedict, to whom the reader will owe the principal share fell a sacrifice, to temptation at least, if not to of any amusement which he may derive from the stratagem.
following pages. It is now about six months since the Author,
1st December 1817. through the medium of his respectable Publishers, received a parcel of Papers, containing the Outlines of this narrative, with a permission, or rather with
1 As it may be necessary, in the present Edition, to speak
upon the square, the Author thinks it proper to own, that request, couched in highly flattering terms, that the communication alluded to is entirely imaginary.
I may spare some of the details, in this case upHow have I sinn'd, that this affliction
necessary, with which I must needs have detained Should light so heavy on me? I have no more song, a stranger from what I have to say of greater inAnd this no more mine own. - My grand curse terest. Why should I bestow ail my tediousness Hang o'er his head that thus transform'd thee!--Travel ? I'll send my horse to travel next. Monsieur THOMAS. upon you, because I have you in my power, and
have ink, paper, and time before mel At the same You have requested me, my dear friend, to be- time, I dare not promise that I may not abuse the stow some of that leisure, with which Providence opportunity so temptingly offered me, to treat of has blessed the decline of my life, in registering myself and my own concerns, even though I speak the hazards and difficulties which attended its com- of circumstances as well known to you as to myself. mencement. The recollection of those adventures, The seductive love of narrative, when we ourselves as you are pleased to term them, has indeed left are the heroes of the events which we tell, often upon my mind a chequered and varied feeling of disregards the attention due to the time and papleasure and of pain, mingled, I trust, with no tience of the audience, and the best and wisest have slight gratitude and veneration to the Disposer of yielded to its fascination. I need only remind you human events, who guided my early course through of the singular instance evinced by the form of that much risk and labour, that the ease with which he rare and original edition of Sully's Memoirs, which has blessed my prolonged life, might seem softer you (with the fond vanity of a book-collector) infrom remembrance and contrast. Neither is it pos- sist upon preferring to that which is reduced to the sible for me to doubt, what you have often affirmed, useful and ordinary form of Memoirs, but which I that the incidents which befell me among a people think curious, solely as illustrating how far so great singularly primitive in their government and man a man as the author was accessible to the foible of ners, have something interesting and attractive for self-importance. If I recollect rightly, that venethose who love to hear an old man's stories of a rable peer and great statesman had appointed no past age.
fewer than four gentlemen of his household to draw Still
, however, you must remember, that the tale up the events of his life, under the title of Memotold by one friend, and listened to by another, loses rials of the Sage and Royal Affairs of State, Domeshalf its charms when committed to paper; and that tic, Political, and Military, transacted by Henry the narratives to which you have attended with IV., and so forth. These grave recorders, having interest, as heard from the voice of him to whom made their compilation, reduced the Memoirs conthey occurred, will appear less deserving of atten- taining all the remarkable events of their master's tion when perused in the seclusion of your study. life, into a narrative, addressed to himself in proBut your greener age and robust constitution propria persona. And thus, instead of telling his own mise longer life than will, in all human probability, story in the third person, like Julius Cæsar, or in be the lot of your friend. Throw, then, these sheets the first person, like most who, in the hall, or the into some secret drawer of your escritoir till we study, undertake to be the hearers of their own are separated from each other's society by an event tale, Sully enjoyed the refined, though whimsical which may happen at any moment, and which must pleasure, of having the events of his life told over happen within the course of a few --a very few to him by his secretaries, being himself the auditor, years. When we are parted in this world, to meet, as he was also the hero, and probably the author, I hope, in a better, you will, I am well aware, che of the whole book. It must have been a great sight rish more than it deserves the memory of your de- to have seen the ex-minister, as bolt upright as a parted friend, and will find in those details which I starched ruff and laced cassock could make him, am now to commit to paper, matter for melancholy, seated in state beneath his canopy, and listening to but not unpleasing reflection. Others bequeath to the recitation of his compilers, while, standing bare the confidants of their bosom, portraits of their in his presence, they informed him gravely, Thus external features—I put into your hands a faithful said the duke --so did the duke infer- such were transcript of my thoughts and feelings, of my vir- your grace's sentiments upon this important pointtues and of my failings, with the assured hope, that such were your secret counsels to the king on that the follies and headstrong impetuosity of my youth other emergency," — circumstances, all of which will meet the same kind construction and forgive must have been much better known to their hearer ness which have so often attended the faults of my than to themselves, and most of which could only matured age.
be derived from his own special communication. One advantage, among the many, of addressing My situation is not quite so ludicrous as that of my Memoirs (if I may give these sheets a name the great Sully, and yet there would be something so imposing) to a dear and intimate friend, is, that whimsical in Frank Osbaldistone giving Will Tre
sham a formal account of his birth, education, and compassion, if not conviction,—there, I say, it lay, connexions in the world. I will, therefore, wrestle squeezed up among the letters on miscellaneous with the tempting spirit of P. P., Clerk of our Pa- business in which my father's daily affairs had enrish, as I best may, and endeavour to tell you no- gaged him. I cannot help smiling internally when thing that is familiar to you already. Some things, I recollect the mixture of hurt vanity and wounded however, I must recall to your memory, because, feeling with which I regarded my remonstrance, though formerly well known to you, they may have to the penning of which there had gone, I promise been forgotten through lapse of time, and they you, some trouble, as I beheld it extracted from afford the ground-work of my destiny.
amongst letters of advice, of credit, and all the You must remember my father well; for as your commonplace lumber, as I then thought them, of own was a member of the mercantile house, you a merchant's correspondence. Surely, thought I, a knew him from infancy. Yet you hardly saw him letter of such importance (I dared not say, even to in his best days, before age and infirmity had myself, so well written) deserved a separate place, quenched his ardent spirit of enterprise and specu as well as more anxious consideration, than those lation. He would have been a poorer man, indeed, on the ordinary business of the counting-house. but perhaps as happy, had he devoted to the ex But my father did not observe my dissatisfactension of science those active energies, and acute tion, and would not have minded it if he had. He powers of observation, for which commercial pur- proceeded, with the letter in his hand -- “ This, suits found occupation. Yet, in the fluctuations Frank, is yours of the 21st ultimo, in which you of mercantile speculation, there is something cap- advise me” (reading from my letter), “ that in the tivating to the adventurer, even independent of most important business of forming a plan, and the hope of gain. He who embarks on that fickle adopting a profession for life, you trust my patersea, requires to possess the skill of the pilot, and nal goodness will hold you entitled to at least a the fortitude of the navigator, and after all may negative voice; that you have insuperable - ay, be wrecked and lost, unless the gales of fortune insuperable is the word — I wish, by the way, you breathe in his favour. This mixture of necessary would write a more distinct current hand draw attention and inevitable hazard - the frequent and a score through the tops of your t's, and open the awful uncertainty whether prudence shall overcome loops of your l's-insuperable objections to the arfortune, or fortune baffle the schemes of prudence rangements which I have proposed to you. There -affords full occupation for the powers as well as is much more to the same effect, occupying four for the feelings of the mind, and trade has all the good pages of paper, which a little attention to perfascination of gambling, without its moral guilt. spicuity and distinctness of expression might have
Early in the 18th century, when I (Heaven help comprised within as many lines. For, after all, me !) was a youth of some twenty years old, I was Frank, it amounts but to this, that you will not dó summoned suddenly from Bourdeaux to attend my as I would have you." father on business of importance. I shall never “ That I cannot, sir, in the present instance; not forget our first interview. You recollect the brief, that I will not.” abrupt, and somewhat stern mode in which he was “ Words avail very little with me, young man," wont to communicate his pleasure to those around said my father, whose inflexibility always possessed him. Methinks I see him even now in my mind's the air of the most perfect calmness and self-poseye ;- the firm and upright figure, the step, session. “ Can not may be a more civil phrase than quick and determined, – the eye, which shot so will not, but the expressions are synonymous where keen and so penetrating a glance,- the features, there is no moral impossibility. But I am not a on which care had already planted wrinkles, -and friend to doing business hastily; we will talk this hear his language, in which he never wasted word matter over after dinner.—Owen !” in vain, expressed in a voice which had sometimes Owen appeared, not with the silver locks which an occasional harshness, far from the intention of you were used to venerate, for he was then little the speaker.
more than fifty; but he had the same, or an exactly When I dismounted from my post-horse, I has similar uniform suit of light brown clothes,—the tened to my father's apartment. He was traversing same pearl-grey silk stockings,—the same stock, it with an air of composed and steady deliberation, with its silver buckle,—the same plaited cambric which even my arrival, although an only son un- ruffles, drawn down over his knuckles in the parseen for four years, was unable to discompose. I lour, but in the counting-house carefully folded threw myself into his arms. He was a kind, though back under the sleeves, that they might remain not a fond father, and the tear twinkled in his dark unstained by the ink which he daily consumed ;eye, but it was only for a moment.
in a word, the same grave, formal, yet benevolent “ Dubourg writes to me that he is satisfied with cast of features, which continued to his death to
distinguish the head-clerk of the great house of Os“ I am happy, sir”.
baldistone and Tresham. “ But I have less reason to be so," he added, “ Owen,” said my father, as the kind old man sitting down at his bureau.
shook me affectionately by the hand, “ I am sorry, sir"
dine with us to-day, and hear the news Frank has “ Sorry and happy, Frank, are words that, on brought us from our friends in Bourdeaux.” most occasions, signify little or nothing - Here is Owen made one of his stiff bows of respectful your last letter.”
gratitude; for, in those days, when the distance He took it out from a number of others tied up between superiors and inferiors was enforced in a in a parcel of red tape, and curiously labelled and manner to which the present times are strangers, filed. There lay my poor epistle, written on the such an invitation was a favour of some little consubject the nearest to my heart at the time, and sequence. couched in words which I had thought would work I shall long remember that dinner-party. Deeply
affected by feelings of anxiety, not unmingled with world of schemes which lie had formed, unless hie displeasure, I was imable to take that active share son were moulded into a commercial Hercules, fit in the conversation which my father seemed to to sustain the weight when relinquished by the expect from me; and I too frequently gave unsa- falling Atlas ? and what would become of that son tisfactory answers to tho questions with which he himself, if, a stranger to business of this descripassailed me. Owen, hovering betwixt his respect tion, he found himself at once involved in the laby. for his patron, and his love for the youth he had rinth of mercantile concerns, without the clew of dandled on his knee in childhood, like the timorous, knowledge necessary for his extraction! For all yet anxious ally of an invaded nation, endeavoured these reasons, avowed and secret, my father was at every blunder I made to explain my no-meaning, determined I should embrace his profession ; and and to cover my retreat; maneuvres which added when he was determined, the resolution of no man to my father's pettish displeasure, and brought a was more immovable. I, however, was also a party share of it upon my kind advocate, instead of pro- to be consulted, and, with something of his own tecting me. I had not, while residing in the house pertinacity, I had formed a determination precisely of Dubourg, absolutely conducted myself like contrary. A clerk condemn'd his father's soul to cross,
It may, I hope, be some palliative for the resistWho penn'd a stanza when he should engross; ance which, on this occasion, I offered to my fabut, to say truth, I had frequented the counting- ther's wishes, that I did not fully understand upon house no more than I had thought absolutely neces what they were founded, or how deeply his hapsary to secure the good report of the Frenchman, piness was involved in them. Imagining myself long a correspondent of our firm, to whom my fa- certain of a large succession in future, and ample ther had trusted for initiating me into the mysteries maintenance in the meanwhile, it never occurred of commerce. In fact, my principal attention had to me that it might be necessary, in order to secure been dedicated to literature and manly exercises. these blessings, to submit to labour and limitations My father did not altogether discourage such ac- unpleasant to my taste and temper. I only saw in quirements, whether mental or personal. He had my father's proposal for my engaging in business, too much good sense not to perceive, that they sate a desire that I should add to those heaps of wealth gracefully upon every man, and he was sensible which he had himself acquired ; and imagining that they relieved and dignified the character to myself the best judge of the path to my own hapwhich he wished me to aspire. But his chief am- piness, I did not conceive that I should increase bition was, that I should succeed not merely to his that happiness by augmenting a fortune which I fortune, but to the views and plans by which he believed was already sufficient, and more than sufimagined he could extend and perpetuate the weal- ficient, for every use, comfort, and elegant enjoy. thy inheritance which he designed for me.
Love of his profession was the motive which he Accordingly, I am compelled to repeat, that my chose should be most ostensible, when he urged me time at Bourdeaux had not been spent as my fato tread the same path ; but he had others with ther had proposed to himself. What he considered which I only became acquainted at a later period. as the chief end of my residence in that city, I had Impetuous in his schemes, as well as skilful and postponed for every other, and would (had I dared) daring, each new adventure, when successful, be- have neglected it altogether. Dubourg, a favoured came at once the incentive, and furnished the means, and benefited correspondent of our mercantile house, for farther speculation. It seemed to be necessary was too much of a shrewd politician to make such to him, as to an ambitious conqueror, to push on reports to the head of the firm concerning his only from achievement to achievement, without stopping child, as would excite the displeasure of both; and to secure, far less to enjoy, the acquisitions which he might also, as you will presently hear, have views he made. Accustomed to see his whole fortune of selfish advantage in suffering me to neglect the trembling in the scales of chance, and dexterous at purposes for which I was placed under his charge. adopting expedients for casting the balance in his My conduct was regulated by the bounds of defavour, his health and spirits and activity seemed cency and good order, and thus far he had no evil ever to increase with the animating hazards on report to make, supposing him so disposed; but, which he staked his wealth ; and he resembled a perhaps, the crafty f'renchman would have been sailor, accustomed to brave the billows and the equally complaisant, had I been in the habit of infoe, whose confidence rises on the eve of tempest dulging worse feelings than those of indolence and or of battle. He was not, however, insensible to aversion to mercantile business. As it was, while the changes which increasing age or supervening I gave a decent portion of my time to the commermalady might make in his own constitution; and cial studies he recommended, he was by no means was anxious in good time to secure in me an assist- envious of the hours which I dedicated to other and ant, who might take the helm when his hand grew more classical attainments, nor did he ever find weary, and keep the vessels way according to his fault with me for dwelling upon Corneille and Boicounsel and instruction. Paternal affection, as well leau, in preference to Postlethwayte (supposing his as the furtherance of his own plans, determined folio to have then existed, and Monsieur Dubourg him to the same conclusion. Your father, though able to have pronounced his name), or Savary, or his fortune was vested in the house, was only a any other writer on commercial economy. He sleeping partner, as the commercial phrase goes; had picked up somewhere a convenient expression, and Owen, whose probity and skill in the details with which he rounded off every letter to his corof arithmetic rendered his services invaluable as a respondent, —“ I was all," he said, “ that a father head-clerk, was not possessed either of information could wish.” or talents sufficient to conduct the mysteries of the My father never quarrelled with a phrase, howprincipal management. If my father were suddenly ever frequently repeated, provided it seemed to bira Lummoned from life, what would become of the distinct and expressive; and Addison himself could