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of those who sleep beneath them is still held in re “ One summer evening, as, in a stroll such as I verent remembrance. It is true, that, upon the have described, I approached this deserted manlargest, and, to an antiquary, the most interesting sion of the dead, I was somewhat surprised to hear monument of the group, which bears the effigies of sounds distinct from those which usually soothe its a doughty knight in his hood of mail, with his shield solitude -- the gentle chiding, namely, of the brook, hanging on his breast, the armorial bearings are and the sighing of the wind in the boughs of three defaced by time, and a few worn-out letters may be gigantic ash-trees, which mark the cemetery. The read, at the pleasure of the decipherer, Drs. Johan clink of a hammer was on this occasion distinctly ---de Hamel, -or Johan---de Lamel --- And it is heard; and I entertained some alarm that a marchalso true, that of another tomb, richly sculptured dike, long meditated by the two proprietors whose with an ornamental cross, mitre, and pastoral staff, estates were divided by my favourite brook, was tradition can only aver that a certain nameless about to be drawn up the glen, in order to substibishop lies interred there. But upon other two tute its rectilinear deformity for the graceful windstones which lie beside, may still be read in rude ing of the natural boundary? As I approached, I prose, and ruder rhyme, the history of those who was agreeably undeceived. An old man was seated sleep beneath them. They belong, we are assured upon the monument of the slaughtered presbyteby the epitaph, to the class of persecuted Presby- rians, and busily employed in deepening with his terians who afforded a melancholy subject for his chisel the letters of the inscription, which, annountory in the times of Charles II. and his successor. cing, in scriptural language, the promised blessings In returning from the battle of Pentland Hills, a of futurity to be the lot of the slain, anathemaparty of the insurgents had been attacked in this tized the murderers with corresponding violence. glen by a small detachment of the King's troops, A blue bonnet of unusual dimensions covered the and three or four either killed in the skirmish, or grey hairs of the pious workman. His dress was a shot after being made prisoners, as rebels taken large old-fashioned coat of the coarse cloth called with arms in their hands. The peasantry continued hoddin-grey, usually worn by the elder peasants, to attach to the tombs of those victims of prelacy an with waistcoat and breeches of the same, and the honour which they do not render to more splendid whole suit, though still in decent repair, had obvimausoleums; and, when they point them out to ously seen a train of long service. Strong clouted their sons, and narrate the fate of the sufferers, shoes, studded with hobnails, and gramoches or legusually conclude, by exhorting them to be ready, gins, made of thick black cloth, completed his equipshould times call for it, to resist to the death in the ment. Beside him, fed among the graves a pony, cause of civil and religious liberty, like their brave the companion of his journey, whose extreme white forefathers.

ness, as well as its projecting bones and hollow eyes, “ Although I am far from venerating the pecu- indicated its antiquity. It was harnessed in the liar tenets asserted by those who call themselves most simple manner, with a pair of branks, a hair the followers of those men, and whose intolerance tether, or halter, and a sunk, or cushion of straw, and narrow-minded bigotry are at least as conspi- instead of bridle and saddle. A canvas pouch hung cuous as their devotional zeal, yet it is without around the neck of the animal,-- for the purpose, depreciating the memory of those sufferers, many probably, of containing the rider's tools, and anyof whom united the independent sentiments of a thing else he might have occasion to carry with him. Hampden with the suffering zeal of a Hooper or Although I had never seen the old man before, yet Latimer. On the other hand, it would be unjust from the singularity of his employment, and the to forget, that many even of those who had been style of his equipage, I had no difficulty in recogmost active in crushing what they conceived the nising a religious itinerant, whom I had often heard rebellious and seditious spirit of those unhappy talked of, and who was known in various parts of wanderers, displayed themselves, when called upon Scotland by the title of Old Mortality. to suffer for their political and religious opinions, “ Where this man was born, or what was his real the same daring and devoted zeal, tinctured, in name, I have never been able to learn; nor are the their case, with chivalrous loyalty, as in the former motives which made him desert his home, and adopt with republican enthusiasm. It has often been the erratic mode of life which he pursued, known remarked of the Scottish character, that the stub

to me, except very generally. According to the bornness with which it is moulded shows most to belief of most people, he was a native of either the advantage in adversity, when it seems akin to the county of Dumfries or Galloway, and lineally denative sycamore of their hills, which scorns to be scended from some of those champions of the Covebiassed in its mode of growth even by the influence nant, whose deeds and sufferings were his favourite of the prevailing wind, but, shooting its branclies theme. He is said to have held, at one period of with equal boldness in every direction, shows no his life, a small moorland farm ; but, whether from weather-side to the storm, and may be broken, but pecuniary losses, or domestic misfortune, he had can never be bended. It must be understood that long renounced that and every other gainful callI speak of my countrymen as they fall under my ing. In the language of Scripture, he left his house, own observation. When in foreign countries, I have his home, and his kindred, and wandered about been informed that they are more docile. But it is until the day of his death, a period of nearly thirty time to return from tliis digression.


1 James, Seventh King of Scotland of that name, and Second according to the enumeration of the Kings of England.-J. C.

? I deem it fitting that the render should be apprised that this limitary boundary between the conterininous heritable proparty of his honour the Laird of Gandercleugh, and his honour the Laird of Gusedub, was to have been in fashion an agger, or rather murus of uncemented granite, called by the vwgar a dry.

stane dyke, surmounted, or coped, crepite viridi, i. e. with a sod-turi. Truly their honours fell into discord concerning two roods of marshy ground, near the cove called the Bedral's Beild: and the controversy, having some years bygone been removed from before the judges of the land (with whom it abode long), er n unto the great city of London and the Assembly of the Nobles therein, is, as I may say, adhuc in pendente.-J. C.

“ During this long pilgrimage, the pious enthu- circumstances attending my first interview with this siast regulated his circuit so as annually to visit interesting enthusiast. the graves of the unfortunate Covenanters who suf “ In accosting Old Mortality, I did not fail to fered by the sword, or by the executioner, during pay respect to his years and his principles, beginthe reigns of the two last monarchs of the Stuart ning my address by a respectful apology for interline. These are most numerous in the western dis- rupting his labours. The old man intermitted the tricts of Ayr, Galloway, and Dumfries; but they are i operation of the chisel, took off his spectacles and also to be found in other parts of Scotland, wherever wiped them, then replacing them on his nose, acthe fugitives had fought, or fallen, or suffered by knowledged my courtesy by a suitable return. Enmilitary or civil execution. Their tombs are often couraged by his affability, I intruded upon him some apart from all human habitation, in the remote questions concerning the sufferers on whose monumoors and wilds to which the wanderers had fled ment he was now employed. To talk of the exploits for concealment. But wherever they existed, Old of the Covenanters was the delight, as to repair Mortality was sure to visit them when his annual their monuments was the business, of his life. He round brought them within his reach. In the most

was profuse in the communication of all the minute lonely recesses of the mountains, the moor-fowl information which he had collected concerning them, shoofer has been often surprised to find him busied their wars, and their wanderings. One would almost in cleaning the moss from the grey stones, renew have supposed he must have been their contempoing with his chisel the half-defaced inscriptions, and rary, and have actually beheld the passages which repairing the emblems of death with which these he related, so much had he identified his feelings simple monuments are usually adorned. Motives and opinions with theirs, and so much had his parof the most sincere, though fanciful devotion, in- ratives the circumstantiality of an eye-witness. duced the old man to dedicate so many years of ex We,' he said, in a tone of exultation,-'te istence to perform this tribute to the memory of the are the only true whigs. Carnal men have assumed deceased warriors of the church. He considered that triumphant appellation, following him whose himself as fulfilling a sacred duty, while renewing kingdom is of this world. Which of them would sit to the eyes of posterity the decaying emblems of six hours on a wet hill-side to hear a godly sermon! the zeal and sufferings of their forefathers, and 1 trow an hour o't wad staw then. They are ne'er thereby trimming, as it were, the beacon-light which a hair better than them that shame na to take upon was to warn future generations to defend their re. themsells the persecuting name of blude-thirsty toligion even unto blood.

ries. Self-seekers all of them, strivers after wealth, “ In all his wanderings, the old pilgrim never power, and worldly ambition, and forgetters alike seemed to need, or was known to accept, pecuniary of what has been dree'd and done by the mighty assistance. It is true, his wants were very few; for men who stood in the gap in the great day of wrath. wherever he went, he found ready quarters in the Nae wonder they dread the accomplishment of what house of some Cameronian of his own sect, or of

was spoken by the mouth of the worthy Mr Peden some other religious person. The hospitality which (that precious servant of the Lord, none of whose was reverentially paid to him he always acknow-words fell to the ground), that the French monzies? ledged, by repairing the gravestones (if there ex sall rise as fast in the glens of Ayr, and the kenns isted any) belonging to the family or ancestors of of Galloway, as ever the Highlandmen did in 1677. his host." As the wanderer was usually to be seen And now they are gripping to the bow and to the bent on this pious task within the precincts of some spear, when they suld be mourning for a sinfu' land country churchyard, or reclined on the solitary and a broken covenant.' tombstone among the heath, disturbing the plover “ Soothing the old man by letting his peculiar and the black-cock with the clink of his chisel and opinions pass without contradiction, and anxious to mallet, with his old white pony grazing by his side, prolong conversation with so singular a character, he acquired, from his converse among the dead, I prevailed upon him to accept that hospitality, the popular appellation of Old Mortality.

which Mr Cleishbotham is always willing to extend “ The character of such a man could have in it to those who need it. In our way to the schoollittle connexion even with innocent gaiety. Yet, master's house, we called at the Wallace Inn, where among those of his own religious persuasion, he is I was pretty certain I should find my patron about reported to have been cheerful. The descendants that hour of the evening. After a courteous interof persecutors, or those whom he supposed guilty change of civilities, Old Mortality was, with diffiof entertaining similar tenets, and the scoffers at culty, prevailed upon to join his host in a single religion by whom he was sometimes assailed, he glass of liquor, and that on condition that he should usually termed the generation of vipers. Convers- be permitted to name the pledge, which he preing with others, he was grave and sententious, not faced with a grace of about five minutes, and then, without a cast of severity. But he is said never to with bonnet doffed and eyes uplifted, drank to the have been observed to give way to violent passion, memory of those heroes of the Kirk who had first excepting upon one occasion, when a mischievous uplifted her banner upon the mountains. As nu truant-boy defaced with a stone the nose of a che- persuasion could prevail on him to extend his conrub's face which the old man was engaged in re viviality to a second cup, my patron accompanied touching. I am in general a sparer of the rod, him home, and accommodated him in the Prophet's notwithstanding the maxim of Solomon, for which Chamber, as it is his pleasure to call the closet which school-boys have little reason to thank his memory; holds a spare bed, and which is frequently a place but on this occasion I deemed it proper to show that of retreat for the poor traveller. I did not hate the child.—But I must return to the “ The next day I took leave of Old Mortality,

1 Probably monsieurs. It would seem that this was spo 2 He might have added, and for the rich also; since, I had ken during the apprehensions of invasion from France.--Pub my stars, the great of the earth have also taken harbourage in

my poor domicile. And, curing the service of my hand-nasias


who seemed affected by the unusual attention with change of property, to retain possession of the grawhich I had cultivated his acquaintance and lis- zings on which their grandsires fed their flocks and tened to his conversation. After he had mounted, herds. I must own, that of late days I have found not without difficulty, the old white pony, he took this a limited source of information. I have thereme by the hand and said, “The blessing of our Mas- fore called in the supplementary aid of those moter be with you, young man! My hours are like the dest itinerants, whom the scrupulous civility of our ears of the latter harvest, and your days are yet ancestors denominated travelling merchants, but in the spring; and yet you may be gathered into whom, of late, accommodating ourselves in this as the garner of mortality before me, for the sickle of in more material particulars, to the feelings and death cuts down the green as oft as the ripe, and sentiments of our more wealthy neighbours, we there is a colour in your cheek, that, like the bud have learned to call packmen or pedlars. To counof the rose, serveth oft to hide the worm of corrup- try weavers travelling in hopes to get rid of their tion. Wherefore labour as one who knoweth not winter web, but more especially to tailors, who, when his Master calleth. And if it be my lot to from their sedentary profession, and the necessity, return to this village after ye are gane hame to your in our country, of exercising it by temporary resiain place, these auld withered hands will frame a dence in the families by whom they are employed, stane of memorial, that your name may not perish may be considered as possessing a complete register from among the people.'

of rural traditions, I have been indebted for many “ I thanked Old Mortality for his kind inten- illustrations of the narratives of Old Mortality, tions in my behalf, and heaved a sigh, not, I think, much in the taste and spirit of the original. of regret, so much as of resignation, to think of the “ I had more difficulty in finding materials for chance that I might soon require his good offices. correcting the tone of partiality which evidently But though, in all human probability, he did not err pervaded those stores of traditional learning, in in supposing that my span of life may be abridged order that I might he enabled to present an unin youth, he had over-estimated the period of his biassed picture of the manners of that unhappy own pilgrimage on earth. It is now some years period, and at the same time to do justice to the since he has been missed in all his usual haunts, merits of both parties. But I have been enabled while moss, lichen, and deer-hair, are fast covering to qualify the narratives of Old Mortality and his those stones, to eleanse which had been the business Cameronian friends, by the reports of more than of his life. About the beginning of this century one descendant of ancient and honourable families, he closed his mortal toils, being found on the high- who, themselves decayed into the humble vale of way near Lockerby, in Dumfries-shire, exhausted | life, yet look proudly back on the period when their and just expiring. The old white pony, the com ancestors fought and fell in behalf of the exiled panion of all his wanderings, was standing by the house of Stuart. I may even boast right reverend side of his dying master. There was found about authority on the same score ; for more than one his person a sum of money sufficient for his decent nonjuring bishop, whose authority and income were interment, which serves to show that his death was upon as apostolical a scale as the greatest abomiin no ways hastened by violence or by want. The nator of Episcopacy could well desire, have deigned, common people still regard his memory with great while partaking of the humble cheer of the Wallace respect; and many are of opinion, that the stones Inn, to furnish me with information corrective of which he repaired will not again require the as the facts which I learned from others. There are sistance of the chisel. They even assert, that on also here and there a laird or two, who, though the tombs where the manner of the martyrs' mur- they shrug their shoulders, profess no great shame der is recorded, their names have remained indeli- in their fathers having served in the persecuting bly legible since the death of Old Mortality, while squadrons of Earlshall and Claverhouse. From the those of the persecutors, sculptured on the same mo- gamekeepers of these gentlemen, an office the most numents, have been entirely defaced. It is hardly apt of any other to become hereditary in such fanecessary to say that this is a fond imagination, milies, I have also contrived to collect much valuand that, since the time of the pious pilgrim, the able information. monuments which were the ok jects of his care are “ Upon the whole, I can hardly fear, that at this hastening, like all earthly memorials, into ruin or time, in describing the operation which their opdecay.

posite principles produced upon the good and bad “ My readers will of course understand, that in men of both parties, I can be suspected of meanembodying into one compressed narrative many of ing insult or injustice to either. If recollection of the anecdotes which I had the advantage of de- former injuries, extra-loyalty, and contempt and riving from Old Mortality, I have been far from hatred of their adversaries, produced rigour and adopting either his style, his opinions, or even his tyranny in the one party, it will hardly be denied, facts, so far as they appear to have been distorted on the other hand, that if the zeal for God's house by party prejudice. I have endeavoured to correct did not eat up the conventiclers, it devoured at or verify them from the most authentic sources of least, to imitate the phrase of Dryden, no small portradition afforded by the representatives of either tion of their loyalty, sober sense, and good breeding. party.

We may safely hope, that the souls of the bravo “On the part of the Presbyterians, I have con- and sincere on either side have long looked down sulted such moorland farmers from the western with surprise and pity upon the ill-appreciated modistricts, as, by the kindness of their landlords or tives which caused their mutual hatred and hostiotherwise, have been able, during the late general lity while in this valley of darkness, blood, and tears.

Dorothy, who was burom and comely of aspect, bis Honour the Laird of Smackawa, in his peregrinations to and from the metropilis, was wont to prefer my I'rophet's Chamber even to the suded chamber of dais in the Wallace Inn, and to bestow

a mutchkin, as he would jocoscly say, to obtain the freedom of the house, but, in reality, to assure himself of my company during the evening.-J. C.

Peace to their momory! Let us think of them as tual strength of the Government, by impeding the the heroine of our only Scottish tragedy entreats extension of that esprit de corps which soon unites her lord to think of her departed sire

young men who are in the habit of meeting toge. O rake not up the ashes of our fathers !

ther for manly sport, or military exercise. They Implacable resentment was their crime,

therefore exerted themselves earnestly to prevent And grievous has the expiation been.""

attendance on these occasions by those who could find any possible excuse for absence, and were fspecially severe upon such of their hearers as mere

curiosity led to be spectators, or love of exercise CHAPTER II.

to be partakers, of the array and the sports which Summon an hundred horse, by break of day,

took place. Such of the gentry as acceded to these To wait our pleasure at the castle gates.

doctrines were not always, however, in a situation Douglas.

to be ruled by them. The commands of the law UNDER the reign of the last Stuarts, there was an were imperative; and the privy council, who ad. anxious wish on the part of Government to coun- ministered the executive power in Scotland, were teract, by every means in their power, the strict or severe in enforcing the statutory penalties against puritanical spirit which had been the chief charac- the crown-vassals who did not appear at the perioteristic of the republican government, and to revive dical wappen-schaw. The landholders were com. those feudal institutions which united the vassal to pelled, therefore, to send their sons, tenants, and the liege lord, and both to the Crown. Frequent vassals to the rendezvous, to the number of horses, musters and assemblies of the people, both for mi- men, and spears, at which they were rated; and litary exercise and for sports and pastimes, were it frequently happened, that notwithstanding the appointed by authority. The interference, in the strict charge of their elders to return as soon as the latter case, was impolitic, to say the least; for, as formal inspection was over, the young men-at-arins usual on such occasions, the consciences which were were unable to resist the temptation of sharing in at first only scrupulous, became confirmed in their the sports which succeeded the muster, or to avoid opinions, instead of giving way to the terrors of listening to the prayers read in the churches on authority; and the youth of both sexes, to whom these occasions, -and thus, in the opinion of their the pipe and tabor in England, or the bagpipe in repining parents, meddling with the accursed thing Scotland, would have been in themselves an irre- which is an abonination in the sight of the Lord. sistible temptation, were enabled to set them at de The sheriff of the county of Lanark was holding fiance, from the proud consciousness that they were the wappen-schaw of a wild district called the Upat the same time resisting an act of council. To per Ward of Clydesdale, on a haugh or level plain, compel men to dance and be merry by authority, near to a royal borough, the name of which is no has rarely succeeded even on board of slave-ships, way essential to my story, on the morning of the where it was formerly sometimes attempted by way 5th of May 1679, when our narrative commences. of inducing the wretched captives to agitate their When the musters had been made, and duly ra limbs and restore the circulation, during the few ported, the young men, as was usual, were to mix minutes they were permitted to enjoy the fresh in various sports, of which the chief was to shoot air upon deck. The rigour of the strict Calvinists at the popinjay,' an ancient game formerly praeincreased, in proportion to the wishes of the Go tised with archery, but at this period with fire-arms. vernment that it should be relaxed. A judaical This was the figure of a bird, decked with party. observance of the Sabbath-a supercilious con- coloured feathers, so as to resemble a popinjay or demnation of all manly pastimes and harmless parrot. It was suspended to a pole, and served for recreations, as well as of the profane custom of a mark at which the competitors discharged their promiscuous dancing, that is, of men and women fusees and carabines in rotation, at the distance of dancing together in the same party (for I believe sixty or seventy paces. He whose ball brought down they admitted that the exercise might be inoffensive the mark, held the proud title of Captain of the Poif practised by the parties separately) - distinguish- pinjay for the remainder of the day, and was usually ing those who professed a more than ordinary share escorted in triumph to the most reputable changeof sanctity, they discouraged, as far as lay in their house in the neighbourhood, where the evening was power, even the ancient wappen-schaus, as they closed with conviviality, conducted under his auspiwere termed, when the feudal array of the county ces, and, if he was able to sustain it,'at his expense. was called out, and each crown-vassal was required It will of course be supposed that the ladies of to appear with such muster of men and armour as the country assembled to witness this gallant strife, he was bound to make by his fief, and that under those excepted who held the stricter tenets of puhigh statutory penalties. The Covenanters were ritanism, and would therefore have deemed it erithe more jealous of those assemblies, as the lord- minal to afford countenance to the profane gambols lieutenants and sheriffs under whom they were held of the malignants. Landaus, barouches, or tilbahad instructions from the Government to spare no ries, there were none in those simple days. The pains which might render them agreeable to the lord-lieutenant of the county (a personage of ducal young men who were thus summoned together, up- rank) alone pretended to the magnificence of a on whom the military exercise of the morning, and wheel-carriage, a thing covered with tarnished gildthe sports which usually closed the evening, mighting and sculpture, in shape like the vulgar picture naturally be supposed to have a seductive effect. of Noah's ark, dragged by eight long-tailed Flanders

The preachers and proselytes of the more rigid mares, bearing eight insides and six outside. The presbyterians laboured, therefore, by caution, re- insides were their Graces in person — two maids of monstrance, and authority, to diminish the attend honour-two children—a chaplain stuffed into a sort ance upon these summonses, conscious that in doing 50, they lessened not only the apparent, but the ac

1 See Note A,-Festival of the Popinjay.

of lateral recess, formed by a projection at the door Candlemas, which is but a difficult matter to bring of the vehicle, and called, from its appearance, the round even in the best of times?" boot-and an equerry to his Grace, ensconced in So he armed the fowler and falconer, the footthe corresponding convenience on the opposite side. man, and the ploughman at the home farm, with an A coachman and three postilions, who wore short old drunken cavaliering butler, who had served with swords, and tie-wigs with three tails, had blunder the late Sir Richard under Montrose, and stunned busses slung behind them, and pistols at their saddle- the family nightly with his exploits at Kilsythe and bow, conducted the equipage. On the foot-board, Tippermoor, and who was the only man in the party behind this moving mansion-house, stood, or rather that had the smallest zeal for the work in hand. In hung, in triple file, six lacqueys in rich liveries, this manner, and by recruiting one or two latituarmed up to the teeth. The rest of the gentry, men dinarian poachers and black-fishers, Mr Harrison and women, old and young, were on horseback, completed the quota of men which fell to the share followed by their servants; but the company, for of Lady Margaret Bellenden, as liferentrix of the the reasons already assigned, was rather select than barony of Tillietudlem and others. But when the numerous.

steward, on the morning of the eventful day, had Near to the enormous leathern vehicle which we mustered his troupe dorée before the iron gate of the have attempted to describe, vindicating her title to tower, the mother of Cuddie Headrigg the ploughprecedence over the untitled gentry of the country, man appeared, loaded with the jack-boots, buff coat, might be seen the sober palfrey of Lady Margaret and other accoutrements which liad been issued Bellenden, bearing the erect and primitive form of forth for the service of the day, and laid them Lady Margaret herself, decked in those widow's before the steward ; demurely assuring him, that weeds which the good lady had never laid aside, “whether it were the colic, or a qualm of conscience, since the execution of her husband for his adherence she couldna tak upon her to decide, but sure it was, to Montrose.

Cuddie had been in sair straits a' night, and she Her grand-daughter, and only earthly care, the couldna say he was muckle better this morning.fair-haired Edith, who was generally allowed to be The finger of Heaven,” she said, “ was in it, and the prettiest lass in the Upper Ward, appeared her bairn should gang on nae sic errands." Pains, beside her aged relative, like Spring placed close to penalties, and threats of dismission, were denounced Winter. Her black Spanish jennet, which she ma- in vain; the mother was obstinate, and Cuddie, who naged with much grace, her gay riding-dress, and underwent a domiciliary visitation for the purpose laced side-saddle, had been anxiously prepared to of verifying his state of body, could, or would, anset her forth to the best advantage. But the clus swer only by deep groans. Mause, who had been tering profusion of ringlets, which, escaping from an ancient domestic in the family, was a sort of faunder her cap, were only confined by a green rib-vourite with Lady Margaret, and presumed accordbon from wantoning over her shoulders—her cast ingly. Lady Margaret liad herself set forth, and of features, soft and feminine, yet not without a her authority could not be appealed to. In this dicertain expression of playful archness, which re- lemma, the good genius of the old butler suggested deemed their sweetness from the charge of insipidity an expedient. sometimes brought against blondes and blue-eyed “ He had seen mony a braw callant, far less than beauties,—these attracted more admiration from Guse Gibbie, fight brawly under Montrose. What the western youth, than either the splendour of her for no tak Guse Gibbie ?" equipments or the figure of her palfrey.

This was a half-witted lad, of very small stature, The attendance of these distinguished ladies was who had a kind of charge of the poultry under the rather inferior to their birth and fashion in those old henwife; for in a Scottish family of that day, times, as it consisted only of two servants on horse- there was a wonderful substitution of labour. This back. The truth was, that the good old lady had urchin being sent for from the stubble-field, was been obliged to make all her domestic servants turn hastily muftled in the buff coat, and girded rather out to complete the quota which her barony ought to than with the sword of a full-grown man, his little to furnish for the muster, and in which she would legs plunged into jack-boots, and a steel cap put not for the universe have been found deficient. The upon his head, which seemed, from its size, as if old steward, who in steel cap and jack-boots led it had been intended to extinguisha him. Thus acforth her array, had, as he said, sweated blood and coutred, he was hoisted, at his own earnest request, water in his efforts to overcome the scruples and upon the quietest horse of the party; and, prompted evasions of the moorland farmers, who ought to and supported by old Gudyill the butler, as his front have furnished men, horse, and harness, on these file, he passed muster tolerably enough; the sheriff occasions. At last, their dispute came near to an not caring to examine too closely the recruits of so open declaration of hostilities, the incensed episco- well-affected a person as Lady Margaret Bellenden. palian bestowing the recusants the whole thun To the above cause it was owing that the perders of the commination, and receiving from them, sonal retinue of Lady Margaret, on this eventful in return, the denunciations of a Calvinistic excom- day, amounted only to two lacqueys, with which munication. What was to be done? To punish the diminished train she would, on any other occasion, refractory tenants would have been easy enough have been much ashamed to appear in public. But the privy council would readily have imposed fines, for the cause of royalty she was ready at any time and sent a troop of horse to collect them. But this to have made the most unreserved personal sacriwould have been calling the huntsman and hounds fices. She had lost her husband and two promising into the garden to kill the hare.

sons in the civil wars of that unhappy period; but “ For," said Harrison to himself, “ the carles she had received her reward,- for, on his route have little enough gear at ony rate, and if I call in through the west of Scotland to meet Cromwell in the red-coats and take away what little they have, the unfortunate field of Worcester, Charles the how is my worshipful lady to get her rents paid at Second had actually breakfasted at the Tower of

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