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NOTE 0, p. 65,-CLAVERHOUSE's CHARGER. church, but the same supremacy wluich Presbytery had no

quired in Scotland after the treaty of Rippon, Letwixt Claries It appears, from the letter of Claverhouse afterwards quoted, 1. and his Scottish subjects, in 1640. that the horse on which he rode at Drumclog was not black, The fact is, that they conceived themselves a chosen people, but sorrel. The author has been misled as to the colour by the sent forth to extirpate the heathen, like the Jews of old, and many extraordinary traditions current in Scotland concerning under a similar charge to slow no quarter. Claverhouse's famous black charger, which was generally be The historian of the Insurrection of Both well makes the follieved to have been a gift to its rider from the Author of Evil, lowing explicit avowal of the principles on wluich their General who is said to have performed the Cæsarean operation upon its acted: dam. This horse was so fleet, and its rider so expert, that they “Mr Hamilton discovered a great deal of bravery and valour, are said to have outstripped and coled, or turned, a hare upon both in the conflict with, and pursuit of, the enemy; but when the Bran-Law, near the head of Moffat Water, where the de he and some other were pursuing the enemy, other fier to scent is so precipitous, that no merely earthly horse could keep greedily upon the spoil, small as it was, instead of pursuing its feet, or merely mortal rider could keep the saddle.

the victory; and some, without Mr Hamilton's knowledge, and There is a curious passage in the testimony of John Dick, directly contrary to his express command, gave five of those one of the suffering Presbyterians, in which the author, by de bloody enemies quarter, and then let them go; this greatly scribing each of the persecutors by their predominant qualities grieved Mr Hamilton when he saw some of Babel's brats spored or passions, shows how little their best-loved attributes would after that the Lord had delivered them into their hands, that avail them in the great day of judgment. When he introduces they migiit daslı them against the stones. Psalm cxxxvii. 2. In Claverhouse, it is to reproach him with his passion for horses his own account of this, he reckons the sparing of these eden in general, and for that steed in particular, which was killed at mies, and letting them go, to be among their first steppings Drumclog in the manner described in the text:

aside, for which he feared that the Lord would not honour thern As for that bloodthirsty wretch, Claverhouse, how thinks to do much more for him; and says, that he was neither for he to shelter himself that day? Is it possible the pitiful thing taking favours from, nor giving favours to, the Lord's enemies can be so mad as to think to secure himself by the fleetness of See A true and impartial Account of the persecuted Pr styta his horse (a creature he has so much respect for, that he re rians in Scotland,

their being in arms, and defeat at Boticed garded more the loss of his horse at Drumclog, than all the Brigg, in 1679, by William Wilson, late School master in the men that fell there, and sure there fell prettier men on either parish of Douglas. The reader who would authenticate the side than himself ?) No, sure - Could he fall upon a chemist quotation, must not consult any other edition than that of 10; that could extract the spirit out of all the horses in the world, for somehow or other the publisher of the last edition has amitand infuse them into his one, though he were on that horse ted this remarkable part of the narrative. never so well mounted, he need not dream of escaping."--The Sir Robert Hamilton himself felt neither remorte nor shame Testimony to the Doctrine, Worship, Discipline, and Govern for having put to death one of the prisoners after the battle ment of the Church of Scotland, $c. as it was left in urite by with his own hand, which appears to have been a charge against that truly pious and eminently faithful, and now glorified him, by some whose fanaticisin was less exalted than his os Martyr, Mr John Dick. To which is added, his last Speech As for that accusation they bring against me of killing that and Behaviour on the Scaffold, on 5th March 1684, which day poor man (as they call him) at Drumclog, I may easily guess he sealed this testimony. 67 pp. 4to. No year or place of publi that my accusers can be no other but some of the house of Sao) cation.

or Shimei, or some such risen again to espouse that poor zendeThe reader may perhaps receive some farther information on man (Saul) his quarrel against honest Samuel, for his offer ing the subject of Cornet Grahame's death and the flight of Claver. to kill that poor man Agag, after the king's giving him qur house, from the following Latin lines, a part of a poem entitled ter. But I, being to command that day, gave out the word Bellum Bothuellianum, by Andrew Guild, which exists in ma that no quarter should be given; and returning from pursuing nuscript in the Advocates' Library :

Claverhouse, one or two of these fellows were standing in the “ Mons est occiduus, surgit qui celsus in oris,

midst of a company of our friends, and some were debating for (Nomine Loudunum) fossis puteisque profundis

quarter, others against it. None could blame me to decide the

controversy, and I bless the Lord for it to this day. There stre Quot scatet hic tellus, et aprico gramine tectus:

five more that without my knowledge got quarter, who were Huc collecta (ait), numeroso milite cincta,

brought to me after we were a mile from the place as having Turba ferox, matres, pueri, innuptæque puellæ, Quam parat egregia Græmus dispersere turnia.

got quarter, which I reckoned among the first steppings ade;

and seeing that spirit amongst us at that time, I then told is Venit et primo campo discedere cogit;

to some that were with me to my best remembrance, it is Post hos et alios, cæno provolvit inerti ;

honest old Jolin Nisbet), that I feared the Lord would not ho At numerosa cohors, campum dispersa per omnem,

nour us to do much more for him. I shall only say this, -I Circumfusa, ruit; turmasque, indagine captas, desire to bless his holy name, that since ever he helped me to Aggreditur; virtus non hic, nec profuit ensis

set my face to his work, I never had, nor would take, a favour Corripuere fugam, viridi sed gramine tectis,

from enemies, either on right or left hand, and desired to give Precipitata perit, fossis, pars ultima, quorum

as few." Cornipedes hæsere luto, sessore rejecto:

The preceding passage is extracted from a long vindication of Tum rabiosa cohors, misereri nescia, stratos

his own conduct, sent by Sir Robert Hamilton, 7th December Invadit laceratque viros : hic signifer. eheu!

1685, addressed to the anti-Popish, anti- Prelatic, anti-ErasTrajectus globulo, Græmus, quo fortior alter,

tian, anti-sectarian true Presbyterian remnant of the Church Inter Scotigenas fuerat, nec justior ullus:

of Scotland; and the substance is to be found in the work ar
Hunc manibus rapuere feris, faciemque virilem collection, called, " Faithful Contendings Displayed, collected
Fædarunt, lingua, auriculis, manibusque resectis, and transcribed by John Howie.'
A spera diffuso spargentes saxa cerebro:

As the skirmish of Drumclog has been of late the subject of
Vix dux ipse fuga salvo, namque exta trahebat

some inquiry, the reader may be curious to see Claverimase's Vulnere tardatus sonipes generosus hiante:

own account of the affair, in a letter to the Earl of Linlitlagos, Insequitur clamore cohors fanatica, namque

written immediately after the action. This gazette, as it may Crudelis semper timidus, si vicerit unquam.

be called, occurs in the volume called Dundee's Letters, printed MS. Bellum Bothuellianum. by Mr Smythe of Metliven, as a contribution to the Bannatyne

Club. The original is in the library of the Duke of Backing NOTE P, p. 68,- SKIRMISH AT DRUMCLOG.

ham. Claverhouse, it may be observed, spells like a chamba

maid. This affair, the only one in which Claverhouse was defeated, or the insurgent Cameronians successful, was fought pretty

FOR THE EARLE OF LINLITHGOW. much in the manner mentioned in the text. The Royalists lost about thirty or forty men. The commander of the Pr

[COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OP KING CHARLES D.'S FORCES

byterian, or rather Covenanting party, was Mr Robert Hamilton, of

IN SCOTLAND.) the honourable House of Preston, brother of Sir William Ha

Glaskow, Jun. the 1, 1673 milton, to whose title and estate he afterwards succeeded; but, “MY LORD,-Upon Saturday's night, when my Lord Rose according to his biographer, Howie of Lochgoin, he never took came into this place, I marched out, and because of the ins possession

of either, as he could not do so without acknowledg. lency that had been done tue nights before at Ruglen, I west ing the right of King William (an uncovenanted monarch) to thither and inquyred for the names. So soon as I got them, ! the crown. Hamilton had been bred by Bishop Burnet, while sent our partys to sease on them, and found not only three of the latter lived at Glasgow; his brother, Sir Thomas, having chose rogues, but also ane intercomend minister called King married a sister of that historian. "He was then," says the We had them at Strevan about six in the morning yesterday, Bishop, "a lively, hopeful, young man; but getting into that and resolving to convey them to this, I thought that we miss company, and into their notions, he became a crack-brained make a little tour to see if we could fall upon a conventice; enthusiast.

which we did, little to our advantage; for when we carne in sight Several well-meaning persons have been much scandalized at of them, we found them drawn up in batell, upon a most the manner in which the victors are said to have conducted ventageous ground, to wliich there was no coming but throach themselves towards the prisoners at Drumclog. But the prin mosses and lakes. They wer not preaching, and had got away ciple of these poor fanatics (I mean the high-flying, or Came all there women and shildring. They consisted of four les ronian party) was to obtain not merely toleration for their taillons of foot, and all well armed with fusils and pitchforks, and

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three squadrons of horse. We sent both partys to skirmish, they The royalists celebrated their victory in stanzas of equal me. of foot and we of dragoons; they run for it, and sent down & rit. _Sprcimens of both may be found in the curious collection battaillon of foot against them; we sent threescore of dragoons, of Fugitive Scottish Poetry, principally of the Seventeenth who made them run again shamfully; but in end they percai Century, printed for the Messrs Laing, Edinburgh. ving that we had the better of them in skirmish, they resolved a generall engadgroent, and imediatly advanced with there foot, NOTE T, p. 104,— MODERATE PRESBYTERIANS. the horse folowing; they came throght the lotche; the greatest body of all made up against my troupe ; we keeped our Tyre till The author does not, by any means, desire that Poundtext they wer within ten pace of us: they recaived our fyr, and ad should be regarded as a just representation of the moderate vanced to shok; the first they gave us broght down the Coronet presbyterians, among whom were many ministers whose coue Mr Crafford and Captain Bleith, besides that with: a pitchfork | rage was equal to their good sense and sound views of religion. they made such an openeing in my rone horse's belly, that his Were he to write the tale anew, he would probably endeavour guts hung out half an elle, and yet he caryed me as an myl; to give the character a higher turn. It is certain, however, that which so discoraged our men, that they sustained not the sliok, the Cameronians imputed to their opponents in opinion con. but fell into disorder. There horse took the occasion of this, and cerning the Indulgence, or others of their strained and fanatica purseued us so hotly that we had no tym to rayly. I saved the notions, a disposition not only to seek their own safety, but to standarts, but lost on the place about aight or ten men, besides enjoy themselves. Hamilton speaks of three clergymen of this wounded; but the dragoons lost many mor. They ar not com description as follows: esily as on the other side, for I sawe scverall of them fall befor “ They pretended great zeal against the Indulgence; but we cam to the shok. I mad the best retraite the confusion of alas ! that was all their practice, otherwise being but very gross, our people would suffer, and I am now laying with my Lord which I shall but lint at in short. When great Cameron and Rosse. "The toun of Streven drew up as we was making our those with him were taking many a coid blast and storm in the retrait, and thoght of a pass to cut us off, but we took courage fields, and among the cot-houses in Scotland, these three had and fell to them, made them run, leaving a dousain on the place. for the most part their residence in Glasgow, where they found What these rogues will dou yet I know not, but the contry was good quarter and a full table, which I doubt not but some beflocking to them from all hands. This may be counted the be stowed upon them from real affection to the Lord's cause; and gining of the rebellion, in my opinion.

when these three were together, their greatest work was who “I am, my lord,

should m'ke the finest and sharpest roundel, and breathe the “ Your lordship's most humble servant, quickest jests upon one another, and to tell what valiant acts

" J. GRAHAMD. they were to do, and who could laugh loudest and most heartily “ My lord, I am so wearied, and so slcaps that I have wry.

among them; and when at any time they came out to the counton this very confusedly."

try, whatever other things they had, they were careful each of them to have a great flask of brandy with them, which was

very heavy to some, particularly to Mr Cameron, Mr Cargill, NOTE Q, p. 93,-FEUDS.

and Henry Hall — I shall name no more."— Faithful ContendThese feuds, which tore to pieces the little army of insurgents, ings, p. 198. turned merely on the point whether the king's interest or royal autliority was to be owned or not, and whether the party in Note U, p. 106,-GENERAL DALZELL, USUALLY CALLED Arms were to be contented with a free exercise of their own re

Tom DALZELL. ligion, or insist upon the re-establislıment of Presbytery in its supreme authority, and with full power to predoininate over

In Crichton's Memoirs, edited by Swift, where a particular all other forms of worship. The lew country gentlemen who

account of this remarkable person's dress and habits is given, joined the insurrection, with the most sensible part of the cler.

he is suid never to have worn boots. The following account of gy, thought it best to limit their demands to what it might be

his rencounter with John Paton of Meadowhead, showed, that possible to attain. But the party who urged these moderate

in action at least he wore pretty stout ones, unless the reader views were termed by the more zealous bigots, the Erastian

be inclined to believe in the truth of his having a charm, which party,-men, namely, who were willing to place the church un made him proof against lead. der the influence of the civil government, and therefore they

" Dalzell," says Paton's biographer, “ advanced the whole accounted them, " a spare upon Mizpah, and a net spread upon

left wing of his army on Colonel Wallace's right. Here Captain Tabor." See the Life of Sir Robert Hamilton in the Scottisb

Paton behaved with great courage and gallantry. Dalzell, Worthies, and his account of the battle of Bothwell Bridge, knowing him in the former wars, advanced upon him himself, passiin.

thinking to take him prisoner. Upon his approach, each pre

sented his pistol. On their first discharge, Captain Paton, per Note R, p. 96,- GIBBET.

ceiving his pistol ball to hop upon Dalzell's boots, and know.

ing what was the cause (he having prouf!, put his hand in his The Cameronians had suffered persecution, but it was with pocket for some small pieces of silver he had there for the purout learning mercy. We are informed by Captain Crichton, pose, and put one of them into his other pistol. But Dalzell, that they had set up in their aimp a liuge gibbet, or gallows, having his eye upon him in the meanwhile, retired behind his having many hooks upon it, with a coil of new ropes lying be own man, wlo by that means was slain." side it, for the execution of such royalists as they might make prisoners. Guild, in his Bellum Boihuellianum, describes this

Note V, p. 119,- Haxton. machine particularly.

David Hackston of Rathillet, who was wounded and made Note 8, p. 103,- ROYAL ARMY AT BOTHWELL BRIDGE.

prisoner in the skirmish of Air's-Moss, in which the celebrated

Cameron fell, was, on entering Edinburgh, “ by order of the A Cameronian muse was awakened from slumber on this Council, received by the Magistrates at the Watergate, and set doleful occasion, and gave the following account of the mus

on a horse's bare back with his face to the tail, and the other ter of the royal forces, in poetry nearly as melancholy as the

three laid on a goad of iron, and carried up the street, Mr Casu bject :

meron's head being on a halberd before them."
“ They marched east through Lithgow town
For to enlarge their forces;

NOTE W, p. 121,--GENERAL DALZELL.
And sent for all the north country

The General is said to have struck one of the captive whigs,
To come, both foot and horses.

when under examination, with the hilt of his sabre, so that the Montrose did come and Athole both,

blood gushed out. The provocation for this unmanly violence And with them many more:

was, that the prisoner had called the fierce veteran" a MusAnd all the Highland Ainorites

covy beast, who used to roast men." Dalzell had been long in That had been there before.

the Russian service, which in those days was no school of hu

manity.
The Lowdien Mullisha ? they

Came with their coats of blew;
Five hundred men from London came,

NOTE X, p. 132,-SUPPOSED APPARITION OF MORTON.
Claid in a reddish hue.

This incident is taken from a story in the History of AppariWhen they were assembled one and all,

tions written by Daniel Defoe, under the assumed name of Mor. A ful brigade were they;

ton. To abridge the narrative, we are under the necessity of Like to a pack of hellish hounds,

omitting many of those particular circumstances which give the Roreing after their prey.

fictions of this wost ingenious author such a lively air of truth.

A gentleman married a lady of family and fortune, and had When they were all provided well,

one son by her, after which the lady died. The widower afterIn armour and amonition,

wards united himself in a second marriage ; and his wife proved Then thither wester did they come,

such a very stepmother to the heir of the first marriage, that, Most cruel of intention."

discontented with his situation, he left his father's house, and set out on distant travels. His father heard from him occasion.

ally, and the young man for some time drew regularly for cer1 Lothian Miliva.

lain allowances which were settled upon him. At length, owing

to the instigation of his mother-in-law, one of his draughts was Thus was the head which was to wear the croun, refused, and the bill returned dishonoured.

A foot-ball made by a profane dragoon." After receiving this affront, the youth drew no bills, and wrote no more letters, nor did his father know in what part of In Dundee's Letters, Captain Inglish, or Inglis, is repeatedly the world he was. The stepmotber seized the opportunity to mentioned as commanding a troop of horse. represent the young man as deceased, and to urge her husband to settle his estate anew upon her children, of whom she had

Note 2, p. 144,-THE RETREATS OF THE COVENANTERS. several The father for a length of time positively refused to disinherit his son, convinced as he was, in his own mind, that The severity of persecution often drove the sufferers to lide he was still alive.

themselves in dens and caves of the earth, where they had pot At length, worn out by his wife's importunities, he agreed

only to struggle with the real dangers of damp, darkness, and to execute the new deeds, if his son did not return within a famine, but were called upon, in their disordered imaginations, year.

to oppose the infernal powers by whom such caverns were beDuring the interval, there were many violent disputes be lieved to be haunted. A very romantic

scene of rocks, thickets, tween the husband and wife, upon the subject of the family and cascades, called Creehope Linn, on the estate of Mr Men settlements. In the midst of one of these altercations, the lady teath of Closeburn,

is said to have been the retreat of some of was startled by seeing a hand at a casement of the window;

these enthusiasts, who judged it safer to face the apparitions by but as the iron hasps, according to the ancient fashion, fastened

which the place was thought to be kaunted, than to expose in the inside, the hand seemed to essay the fastenings, and being

themselves to the rage of their mortal enemies. unable to undo them, was immediately withdrawn. The lady, Another remarkable encounter betwixt the Foul Fiend and forgetting the quarrel with her husband, exclaimed that there

the champions of the Covenant, is preserved in certain rude was some one in the garden. The husband rushed out, but

rhymes, not yet forgotten in Ettrick Forest. Two men, it is could find no trace of any intruder, while the walls of the gar saíd, by name Halbert Dobson and David Dun, constructed den seemed to render it impossible for any such to have made for themselves a place of refuge in a hidden ravine of a very his escape. He therefore taxed his wife with having fancied that

savage character, by the side of a considerable waterfall, near which she supposed she saw. She maintained the accuracy of the head of Moffat water. Here, concealed from homan foes, her sight; on which her husband observed, that it must have

they were assailed by Satan himself, who came upon them grin. been the devil, who was apt to haunt those who had evil con ning and making mouths, as if trying to frighten them, and sciences. This tart remark brought back the matrimonial dia

disturb their devotions. The wanderers, more incensed than logue to its original current. “It was no devil," said the lady, astonished at this supernatural visitation, assailed their ghostly “but the ghost of your son come to tell you he is dead, and that visitor, buffeted him soundly with their Bibles, and compelled you may give your estate to your bastards, since you will not

him at length to change himself into the resemblance of a peck settle it on the lawful heirs."_" It was my son," said he,

of dried hides, in which shape he rolled down the cascade. The "come to tell me that he is alive, and ask you how you can be such a devil as to urge me to disinherit him;" with that he

shape which he assumed was probably designed to excite the

cupidity of the assailants, who, as Souters of Selkirk, might started up and exclaimed, " Alexander, Alexander! if you are alive, show yourself, and do not let me be insulted every day good leather. Thus,

have been disposed to attempt something to save a package of with being told you are dead." At these words, the casement which the hand had been seen

“* Hab Dab and David Din, at, opened of itself, and his son Alexander looked in with a full

Dang the Deil ower Dabson's Linn." face, and, staring directly on the mother with an angry countenance, cried, Here!" and then vanished in a moment.

The popular verses recording this feat, to which Bumns seems The lady, though much frightened at the apparition, had wit

to have been indebted for some hints in bis " Address to the enough to make it serve her own purpose; for, as the spectre

Deil," may be found in the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, appeared at her husband's summons, she made affidavit that he

vol. ü. had a familiar spirit who appeared when he called it. To escape

It cannot be matter of wonder to any one at all acquainted from this discreditable charge, the poor husband agreed to make

with human nature, that superstition should have aggravated, the new settlement of the estate in the terms demanded by the

by its horrors, the apprehensions to which men of enthusiastie unreasonable lady.

character were disposed by the gloomy haunts to which tbey A meeting of friends was held for that purpose, the new deed

had fled for refuge. was executed, and the wife was about to cancel the former settlement by tearing the seal, when on a sudden they heard a NOTE 2 A, p. 146,- PREDICTIONS OF THE COVENANTERS. rushing noise in the parlour in which they sat, as if something had come in at the door of the room which opened from the The sword of Captain John Paton of Meadowhead, a Came hall, and then had gone through the room towards the garden ronian famous for his personal prowess, bore testimony to his door, which was shut; they were all surprised at it, for the sound exertions in the cause of the Covenant, and was typical of the was very distinct, but they saw nothing.

oppressions of the times.“ This sword or short shabble" (seta. This rather interrupted the business of the meeting, but the bla, Italian)" yet remains," says Mr Howie of Lochgoin. " It persevering lady brought them back to it. “I am not fright

was then by his progenitors" (meaning descendants, a rather ened," said she, “not I.- Come," said she to her husband, unusual use of the word)" counted to have twenty-eight caps haughtily, “I'll cancel the old writings if forty devils were in in its edge; which made them afterwards observe, that there the room;" with that she took up one of the deeds, and was were just as many years in the time of the persecution as there about to tear off the seal. But the double-ganger, or Eidolon, were steps or broken pieces in the edge thereof."-Scottish Wer of Alexander, was as pertinacious in guarding the rights of his thies, edit. 1797, principal, as his stepmother in invading them.

The persecuted party, as their circumstances led to their The same moment she raised the paper to destroy it, the placing a due and sincere reliance on heaven, when earth was casement flew open, though it was fast in the inside just as it scarce permitted to bear them, fell naturally into entbusiastic was before, and the shadow of a body was seen as standing in credulity, and, as they imagined, direct contention with the the garden without, the face looking into the room, and staring powers of darkness, so they conceived some amongst them to directly at the woman with a stern and angry countenance. be possessed of a power of prediction, which, though they did “ HOLD!" said the spectre, as if speaking to the lady, and im not exactly call it inspired prophecy, seems to have approached, mediately closed the window and vanished. After this second

in their opinion, very nearly to it. The subject of these prointerruption, the new settlement was cancelled by the consent dictions was generally of a melancholy nature ; for it is during of all concerned, and Alexander, in about four or five months such times of blood and confusion that after, arrived from the East Indies, to which he had gone four years before from London in a Portuguese ship. He could

Pale-eyed prophets whisper fearful change." give no explanation of what had happened, excepting that he dreamed his father had written him an angry letter, threaten

The celebrated Alexander Peden was haunted by the terrun ing to disinherit him. --The History and Reality of Appari.

of a French invasion, and was often heard to exclaim, "Oh, tions, chap. viii.

the Monzics, the French Monzies" (for Monsieurs, doubtless!,

“how they run! How long will they run? Oh Lord, cut their NOTE Y, p. 142,-INGLIS.

houghs, and stay their running!" He afterwards dedared, tlaat

French blood would run thicker in the waters of Ayr and Clyde The deeds of a man, or rather a monster, of this name, are

than ever did that of the Higlilandmen. Upon another ora. recorded upon the tombstone of one of those martyrs which it

sion, he said he had been made to see the French martıinz was Old Mortality's delight to repair. I do not remember the with their armies through the length and breadth of the band name of the murdered person, but the circumstances of the

in the blood of all ranks, up to the bridle reins, and that for a crime were so terrible to my childish imagination, that I am

burned, broken, and buried covenant. confident the following copy of the Epitaph will be found nearly Gabriel Semple also prophesied. In passing by the house correct, although I have not seen the original for forty years at Kenmure, to which workmen were making some additions, be least.

said, “Lads, you are very busy enlarging and repairing that

house, but it will be burned like a crow's nest in a mi-ty Mas “This martyre was by Peter Inglis shot,

morning;" which accordingly came to pass, the house being By birth a tiger rather than a Scot;

burned by the English forces in a cloudy May morning. Other Who, that his hellish offsyring might be seen, Cut off his head, then kick'd it o'er the green;

instances might be added, but these are enough to slow the

character of the people and times.

p. 419.

P. 522.

NOTE 2 B, p. 150,- John BALFOUR, CALLED BURLEY. The return of John Balfour of Kinloch, called Burley, to Scotland, as well as his violent death in the manner described, is entirely fictitious. He was wounded at Bothwell Bridge, when he uttered the execration transferred to the text, not much in unison with his religious pretensions. He afterwards escaped to Holland, where he found refuge, with other fugitives of that disturbed period. His biographer seems simple enough to believe that he rose high in the Prince of Orange's favour, and observes, " That having still a desire to be avenged upon those who persecuted the Lord's cause and people in Scotland, it is said he obtained liberty from the Prince for that purpose, but died at sea before his arrival in Scotland; whereby that design was never accomplished, and so the land was never cleansed by the blood of them who had shed innocent blood, according

817

to the law of the Lord, Gen. ix. 6, Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed."-Scottish Worthies,

It was reserved for this historian to discover that the moderation of King William, and his prudent anxiety to prevent that perpetuating of factious quarrels, which is called in modern times Reaction, were only adopted in consequence of the death of John Balfour, called Burley.

The late Mr Wemyss of Wemyss Hall, in Fifeshire, succeeded to Balsour's property in late times, and had several accounts, papers, articles of dress, &c. which belonged to the old homicide.

His name seems still to exist in Holland or Flanders; for in the Brussels papers of 28th July 1828, Lieutenant-Colonel Balfour de Burleigh, is named Commandant of the troops of the King of the Netherlands in the West Indies.

END OF THE NOTES TO OLD MORTALITY.

END OF THE FIRST VOLUME.

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