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A compressed View of the Religious Principles and Prac-
tices of the Age; or, a Trial of the Chief Spirits
that are in the World, by the Standard of

the Scriptures ; attempted

IN

EIGHT SERMONS

PREACHED BEFORE

THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD,

IN THE YEAR MDCCCXIX,

AT THE

LECTURE

FOUNDED BY

THE LATE REV. JOHN BAMPTON, M. A.

CANON OF SALISBURY.

BY

HECTOR DAVIES MORGAN, M. A.

OF TRINITY COLLEGE; MINISTER OF CASTLE HEDINGHAM,

ESSEX; AND CHAPLAIN TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

LORD KENYON.

OXFORD,

AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS FOR THE AUTHOR.

SOLD BY J. PARKER, OXFORD; AND MESSRS. RIVINGTON, ST.
PAUL'S CHURCH YARD, AND WATERLOO PLACE, LONDON.

shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord
that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift
destruction.

Acts xx. 27-30.

I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of
God. Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all
the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you
overseers, to feed the Church of God, which he hath
purchased with his own blood. For I know this, that
after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among
you, not sparing the flock. Also of your own selves
shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away
disciples after them.

Expedience of a right interpretation of the Scrip-
tures, and the offence of perverting them.-Calvinistic
doctrines, as explained by Williams, Scott, Vaughan,
and Simeon, compared with the Scriptures. I. Origi-
nal Sin. II. Free Will. III. Grace. 1. What Cal-
vinists do not hold concerning grace. 2. Grace a living
principle, of indispensable necessity, conferred by an
act of sovereignty. 3. Special grace. 4. Conversion.
5. Regeneration. 6. Indefectible grace and final per-
severance. 7. Grace, in what sense irresistible. 8. Grace
how sensible. Experiences. IV. Justification by grace.
1. Justification a sovereign act of God. 2. Justification
by faith without works. 3. The faith which justifies.
4. Primary and final justification. V. General and par-
ticular redemption. 1. Dr. Williams's view of Predes-
tination without Reprobation. 2. Mr. Vaughan's De-
fence and Maintenance of the Doctrine of Reprobation.
- Texts opposed to Calvinistic doctrines.-Important
concessions of Calvinists. — Note on their practical
preaching

“ We require nothing of our opponents beyond a fair
“ discrimination. Let them state the censurable tenets, bring
“ clear evidence against the accused; and, having proved
“ them guilty, proceed to pass sentence upon them: but

surely it is not candid to conclude under one general sen-
“ tence so large and multifarious a body of men as are now

" I state in distinct propositions the articles of belief as

briefly, but as comprehensively as may be: and these pro-

"positions I generally take from a small tract, entitled

6. Roman Catholic Principles, published anonymously to-

“ wards the close of the reign of Charles II. This I did,

“ because those principles, a few clauses excepted, are drawn
is up with great precision ; and because, in stating points of
" religious belief, I feel a predilection for whatever bears the
“ stamp of age. Antiquity is the badge of our faith. In any
" other view, as the Catholic creed in all its articles is clearly

defined, and is as unchangeable as it has beeni unchanged,

it mattered not whence the propositions were taken.” Be-

rington's Introduction, p. iii.

THE PRINCIPLES OF THÉ NONCONFORMISTS COMPARED

WITH THE SCRIPTURES.

1 Cor. xi. 19.

For there must be also heresies among you, that they which

are approved may be made manifest among you.

The violation of Christian unity foretold. The prin-

ciples of Nonconformists, as explained by Winter, Con-

der, Bass, Fielding, and in the “ Life of a Dissenting

“ Minister," compared with the Scriptures. 1. The

right of private judgment and unlimited inquiry in reli-

gion. 2. National establishments for religion. 3. The

nature of ecclesiastical unity. 4. Ministerial authority.

5. Misapprehension of Matt. xx. 25–28.

6. Aposto-

lical succession. 7. Orders of ministry. 8. Election

of Ministers, and right of the people in the administra-

tion of ecclesiastical affairs.- Independence of the pri-

mitive Churches, and voluntary nature of Christian

communion. 9. Baptism. 10. Confirmation. 11. The

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