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alkali is obtained from sea salt, fixt vegetable alkali from vegetables, and volatile alkali from animal substances : '- And that on metals : Perfect a noble retals are those which undergo no oxidation in the furnace, and are three in number, namely gold, platina, and silver; other metals which suffer decomposition, such as copper, iron, tin and lead, are on that account called imperfect or base. These sections we presume contain some portions of the original matter which the learned author announces in his advertisement : for we never before heard of a pure alkali (and such from the title of his chapter it must have been his intention to describe) effer. vescing with acids, nor of metals suffering decomposition in a furnace.. We had been always taught to consider the metals as simple bodies, and simple bodies the author has vouchsafed to inform his readers in his chapter on chemistry, cannot be resolved into any thing more simple :” he might have added-ergo, they cannot be decompounded.
The chapter on pneumatics exhibits another specimen of the author's profound knowledge of chemistry. After informing his readers that the atmosphere is composed of oxygene and nitrogene, he proceeds to tell them that the latter, or ó nitrogene, is extremely noxious, being a very mix. ed assemblage of exhalations from every substance capable of being sublimed by the heat of the sun.'
So much for the author's scientific knowledge: we must now exhibit him as a physician ; and on medical subjects he tells us at the threshold of this department of his work, that truth, brevity, and clearness of description shall be the ruling principles of our dissertation ? As an example of the author's notions of brevity and clearness, we shall transcribe his defini. tion of disease. •Disease then is a preter, or supematural affection of some part or parts, or the whole of the machine, by which the system is injured or disturbed ; or the action of a part impeded, perverted, or destroyed, attended with peculiar synıptoms, adapted to the nature of the affection, and parts affected ; or appearances deviating from health, from some general or partial affection, by wbich the system in general, or in part, is oppressed or disfigured ! Of the materia medica the learned author informs us we have, except from its mechanical effects, very little knowledge; and he quotes, in support of his opinion, the reply of Moliere's medical candidate, who being askel by the professor Cur opium facit dormire, replied, Quia habet vim dormitivam. He might have added, that there are other drugs besides those sold by the apothecary which pos. sess this “ somniferous property." · The account of “ remedies in all cases of emergency from sudden accident and alarm” constitutes by far the best part of the book, as they are chiefly extracted from the reports of the Humane Society and other sources : but even to these the learned author has added some other important observations' of his own. Thus he has subjoined the following
important observation' under the head of Remarks, to the account of the mode of treating persons apparently dead from drowning. Accidents from the watery element are evidently most frequent in the bathing season, particularly in deep muddy rivers, abounding with clay, weeds, shoals, and quicksands ; such for instance, as the river Avon, between Bath and Bristol, in which many melancholy disasters have happened, and which, by an uncommon degree of fatality, have generally precluded all hopes of recovery':- In the chapter on prisons the learned author" remarks that bappily few of the mineral poisons are known to the common people, except arsenic, corrosive sublimate, and opium. · The work, however, as is noticed in the title page, is interspersed with moral reflections, and we shall conclude our observations with a specimen of the author's talents in this way, which occurs in his treatise on chemistry. Saturation is a word which signifies, that a fluid has imbibed as much of any substance as it can dissolve ; (this by the bye is rather the meaning of the word saturated.) thus if camphor be added to spirit of wine more than the menstruum can readily dissolve, the excess will fall to the bottom, because the spirit was before saturated—had received enough, had not capacity to act on more, and therefore rejected it. Surely so useful a lesson from the school of chemical to that of moral philosophy, most forcibly points out unto us, how loathsome to nature is excess in meats, drinks, or any other sensual indulgence.
Such, patient reader, is the Æsculapian Monitor; in our perusal of which we should have been often tempted to suspect that the medical hondurs of the reverend author had been conferred upon him by a mistake of the printer, rather than by that of a college, if we had not noticed such phrases as, “ under the direction of his medical attendant," intentionally rendered more conspicuous by being printed in italics. Art. XII. The Dairyman's Daughter ; an Authentic and Interesting
Narrative, in five Parts. Communicated by a Clergyman of the Church of England. Published by the Religioas Tract Society. 8vo. pp. 48.
Price 3d. each, or 25 for 58. 4d. Collins. 1811. THIS is a beautiful and affecting tale, calculated to interest the best af. * fections of the religious mind, and to arrest the attention of the careless and casual reader, by an impressive portraiture of the loveliness, the blessedness, the high anticipations of piety. We extract the clergyman's description of his visit to the dying bed of the Dairyman's Daughter. . . • The soldier took my horse and tied it up in a shed: a solema serenity appeared to surround the whole place. It was only interrupted by the breezes passing through the large walnut trees, which stood near the house, and which my inagination indulged itself in thinking were plaintive sighs of sorrow. I gently opened the door ; no one appeared, and all was stil! silent. The soldier followed; we came to the foot of the stairs.
O" They are come,” said a voice, which I knew to be the father's ; “ they are come.”
• He appeared at the top ; I gave him my hand, and said nothing. On entering the room above, 'I saw the aged mother and her son supporting the much loved daughter and sister; the son's wife sat weeping in a window seat with a child in her lap; two or three persons attended in the room to discharge any office which friendship or necessity might reqnire.
"I sat down by the bed side. The mother could not weep, but now and then sighed deeply, as she alternately looked at Elizabeth and at me.
The big tear rolled down the brother's cheek, and testified an affectionate · regard. The good old man stood at the foot of the bed, leading upon the
post, and unable to take his eyes off the child whom he was so soon to part from.
Elizabeth's eyes were closed, and as yet she perceived me not. But
over the face, though pale, sunk, and hollow, the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, had cast a triumphant calm.
The soldier, after a short pause, silently reached out his bible towards me, pointing with his finger at l'.Cor. xv. 55, 56, 58. I then broke silence by reading the passage, “ O deatḥ, where is thy sting? O grave where is thy victory ? the sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law. But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ."
? At the sound of these words her eyes opened, and something like a ray of divine tight beamed on her countenance, as she said, “ Victory, victory! through our Lord Jesus Christ.”? pp. 35, 36.
We are anxious to contribute, by our warmest recommendatioồs, to the extensive circulation of this niost interesting tract. It is written in that happy medium of style, which the polished may read without offence, and the ignorant without difficulty. Art. XIII. Evening Entertainments ; or Delineations of the Manner's
and Customs of various Nations, interspersed with Geographical Notices, Historical and Biographical Anecdotes, and Descriptions in Natural History. Designed for the Instruction and Amusement of
Youth. By J. B. Depping. 2 vols. 12mò. Colburn. 1811. W E have seldom met with a better compilation than the present : it is
full of information, and contains a great deal of matter which we believe has not before found its way into any popalar collection. There is nothing either in the title page or introduction to warrant our suspicions; yet we cannot help suspecting that the work, if not altogether, is, at least, in considerable part, translated from the French. There is a frequent want of nationality in the idiom, and occasionally an exotic cast in the reflections, which the vernacular names of Oakley, Birmingham, &c. cannot entirely remove from our minds. After all we are possibly miss, taken, and the original of a good book is of little consequence. We have noted a few objectionable passages as we passed along; but they are not very material. We dislike, for instance, the evident partiality to the French circumnavigators, while the conduct of our glorious Cook, in whose steps they humbly trod, is censured, and his high deserts made to sink in the comparison. We object, too, to the praises bestowed on the daughter of the great Gustavus. Before Mr. Depping had ventured to talk of the simplicity and privacy' of Christina's life, and express his admiration of her genuine and pure pleasures,' he should have called to mind her anxiety for publicity and fame ; her vulgarity, restlessness, and lubricity; and, above all, her savage and remorseless murder of Mo. naldeschi.
Art. XIV. Scripture Directory ; or, an Attempt to assist the Un.
learned Reader to understand the General History and Leading Subjects of the Old Testament. By Thomas Jones, Curate of Creaton.
12mo. pp. 150. Price 28. 6d. bds. Seeley. 1811. .' In this little .cheap, and unpretending volume, will be found a coñ.
plete compendium of the ancient scriptures. It passes through the books of the Old Testament seriatin, and gives the order and leading subjects of each, with the contents of the chapters, and a brief, but comprehensive commentary, pious, practical and historical. The work comprises a good deal of valuable matter, well arranged, and by no means unattractive in its form and style; and as the size and price render it a convenient and accessible manual, we have little doubt of its obtaining an extensive circulation. Art. XV. Letters addressed to the People of the United States of Ames
rica, on the Conduct of the Past and Present Administrations of the American Government towards Great Britain and France. By Colonel Timothy Pickering, formerly Secretary of State to the Government of the United States. 8vo. pp. 170. America printed. London, reprinted
for Longman and Co. 1811. THE series of letters which are here republished, originally appeared in • an American newspaper, and had for their object the exposure of the partiality of the American government towards France, and its hostile mind towards this country. Colonel Pickering urges his complaints with considerable power of denunciation : but we apprehend that there are many questionable positions in his pamphlet; and he seems to us to give a very undue importance to casual observations which have fallen, in the carelessness of conversation, from the advocates of the men whom he opposes. He affirms that Mr. Jefferson held, and Mr. Madison now holds, the office of President, by the tenure of party, that they have been and are pledged to France against Great Britain, and that we have nothing whatever to hope from their justice or their moderation. These charges doubtless contain somewhat of truth, but more of exaggeration. We are not to forget, while reading the diatribe of an avowed partizan, that America has long and aggravated matter of complaint against Eng. land, and that, although the injuries of France have been more insolent and atrocious, ours have been more real, because our power of inflicting them has been greater. At the same time, we hold it to be the true ini terest of America to forget all this, and to ally herself with Great Bria! taio ; for in this alliance her national existence, at least, is safe': while the only favour that she can expect from France, is the generous cont cession of the Cyclops to Ulysses, to be devoured the last. We wish, too, that she would so far consult her true dignity, as to lay aside the captious, touchy, irritated tone which she has of late assumed in her official papers, It does her no good, and us no harm. It is the snarling of a cat in the grasp of a tyger. . Art. XVI. Remarks on a Bill, for the better regulating and preserving
Parish and other Registers. Addressed to the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Sarum. By the Rev. Charles Daubeny, LL.B. Archdeacon of Sarum. 8vo. pp. 30. Rivingtons. 1811. THIS pamphlet very successfully exposes the insufficiency and absurdity
of the Bill in question, and will, we have no doubt, contribute to prerent its farther progress. We especially approve of the objections so forcibly urged against the degradation of the clergyman, by compelling him to appear before the magistrate with his register under his arm, and 10 verify its accuracy upon oath. This odious clause should be resisted as
a most injurious reflection upon the whole clerical order. If any alteration of the existing canon be thought necessary, we would suggest the propriety of expunging that part of it which ordains that the entries shall be made every sunday after church, by the minister, in the presence of the churchwardens. That a minister of the gospel, with his head and heart full of the glorious truths, which he has just been enforcing, should, without any interval, and op the sabbath day, be forced irto the weekly detail of births and marriages, is not to be endured. · We wish that the archdeacon had felt the indecorum of his objections against registering dissenters in churchbooks, before he had written the weakest part of his remarks. He thinks that • the expediency and policy of a law being made optional to dissenters and compulsory on the clergy, under a severe sanction, may be left to the judgment of its framers. It'should seem that compulsion is very naturally connected with emolument, and that liberty of choice may be, with cheap liberality, conceded to those who barter for it, wealth and dignity. Art. XVII. Travels of a British Druid; or the Journal of Elynd:
illustrative of the Manners and Customs of Ancient Nations ; with appropriate Reflections for Youth. To which is added, a History of the Doctrines of the Druids, and of their final extirpation in Caledo
nia. In Two Volumes, 12mo. Hatchard, 1811. THIS is an extremely superficial, and by no means an interesting work.
It professes to narrate the travels of a young Druid through Gaul, Rome, Sicily, Greece, the Isles of the Ægean, Phenicia, and Egypt, in which latter country he dies. The illustrations of ancient manners are slight and unimpressive,—and the reflections are of the highest order of common-place. The history of the doctrines of the Druids, though the work of another and better writer, appears to be full of questionable speculations. The preface kindly promises relief from the fatiguing de. tails of Pagan ceremonies and their immoral rites, of which the generality of ancient travels are so prolix. If this be meant for a censure on the impure writings of Lantier, it is tamely just; but if designed for a sneer at the Travels of Anacharsis, the author had better have been quiet. No reader of the present volumes, will be for a moment in danger of recur. ring to the incomparable work of Barthelemy. Art, XVIII. An Introduction to the Geography of the New Testament,
comprizing a summary Chronological and Geographical View of the Events recorded respecting the Ministry of our Saviour ; accompanied with Maps, with Questions for examination, and an Accented Index, principally designed for the Use of Young Persons, and for the Sunday Employnient of Schools. By Lant Carpenter, L.L.D. 12mo.
pp. 180. Longman, and Co. 9811. W E object" niost decidedly against the introduction of this manual
into schools and families as an elementary work. Though we ar not aware that Dr. Carpenter has, in any part of his book, openly advocated the doctrines of Socinus, yet a very cursory perusal will suffice to shew that it betrays thrcughout the Socinian mind. It is indeed obvious that there must, in speaking of the Saviour, be a very