Origin [!] of the Sikh Power in the Punjab, and Political Life of Muha-raja Runjeet Singh: With an Account of the Present Condition, Religion, Laws and Customs of the Sikhs

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Military Orphan Press, 1834 - Punjab (India) - 235 pages
 

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Page 70 - In the event of a violation of any of the preceding Articles, or of a departure from the rules of friendship on the part of either State, this Treaty shall be considered to be null and void.
Page 197 - The rules of succession to landed property in the Sikh States are arbitrary, and are variously modified in accordance to the usages, the interests and prejudices of different families, nor is it practicable to reduce the anomalous system to a fixed and leading principle.
Page 199 - Shasters (if they may be considered applicable to public property and chiefships,) the prior title of the widows is held ; but the Sikhs, with a view to avoid an open and direct violation of a known law, have a custom termed kurawa, or...
Page 203 - Claims to islands, in a river flowing between two manors, and to alluvions, are determined by what is called the Kuchmuch, or Kishtee-bunna, which practice or rule assigns the land to the proprietor of the bank, or main, upon which the alluvion is thrown, and from which the water has receded. If the island be formed in the centre of the river, and there be depth of water on each side of it, sufficient for boats to ply, in this case it becomes the joint property of the chiefs on both banks. " This...
Page 201 - Manjhee families, are obviated. " The Malwa Singhs, with exception to the Bhaees, sanction and admit the usage of kurawa, thereby opposing a bar to disputed succession between the brothers, nephews, and the widows of a deceased chief.
Page 174 - Government are to be specially directed to see that they do not delay the said merchants on pretence of awaiting for fresh orders from the Government, or in the collection of the...
Page 199 - Lawsf and acts as a counteractive to the many evils attendant on female rule. If the free will of the widow were consulted, it is scarcely to be doubted, she would prefer the possession of power, and the charms of liberty, to the alternative of sacrificing her claims to her brother-in-law, and taking her station amongst his rival wives. Judging from the masculine disposition, — want of modesty, and of delicate feeling, which form the characteristic feature of...
Page 172 - That the two contracting powers bind themselves never to look with the eye of covetousness on the possessions of each other.
Page 209 - ... violate on the first opportune occasion. Sense of shame or feelings of honour have no place in the breast of a Jat, and the same may be said of men of other low tribes. They will make strenuous exertions for recovery of their wives after they have absconded, and will take them back as often as they can get them, bickering even for the children the...
Page 196 - ... and required to refund ; and, when they have satisfied the cupidity of their superior, they are generally permitted to resume their functions, honoured with the shawl, as a mark of favour. Capital punishment is very seldom inflicted. The most incorrigible culprits are punished with the loss of either one or both hands, and deprivation of nose or ears ; but mutilation is rare, for whoever has the means to pay, or can procure a respectable security to pay for him within a given time, may expiate...

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