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MERCHANT OF VENICE.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

DUKE OF VENICE.

Old Gobbo, father to Launcelut. PRINCE OF Morocco, ?

SALERIO, a messenger from Venice. PRINCE OF ARRAGON, S suitors to Portia.

LEONARDO, servant lo Bassanio. Antonio, the Merchant of Venice.

2

servants to Portia. Bassanio, his friend.

STEPHANO,
SALANIO,
SALARINO, friends to Antonio and Bassanio. Porria, a rich heiress.
GRATIANO,

NERISSA, her waiting-maid.
LOREnzo, in love with Jessica.

Jessica, daughter to Shylock.
SHYLOCK, a Jew.
TUBAL, a Jew, his friend.

Magnificoes of Venice, Officers of the Court of Justice, LAUNCELOT Gobbo, a clown, servant to Shylock.

Gavler, Servants, and other Attendants.
SCENE, — partly at Venice, and partly at Belmont, the Seat of Portia, on the Continent.

ACT I.

SCENE I. – Venice. A Street.

Vailing her high-top lower than her ribs,

To kiss her burial. Should I go to church, Enter Antonio, SALARINO, and SALANIO.

And see the holy edifice of stone, Ant. In sooth, I know not why I am so sad ; And not bethink me straight of dangerous rocks? It wearies me; you say, it wearies you ;

Which touching but my gentle vessel's side, But how I caught it, found it, or came by it, Would scatter all her spices on the stream; What stuff 'tis made of, whereof it is born,

Enrobe the roaring waters with my silks ; I am to learn ;

And, in a word, but even now worth this, And such a want-wit sadness makes of me,

And now worth nothing ? Shall I have the thouglit That I have much ado to know myself.

To think on this; and shall I lack the thought, Salar. Your mind is tossing on the ocean; That such a thing, bechanc'd, would make me sad ? There, where your argosies with portly sail, – But tell not me; I know Antonio Like signiors and rich burghers of the flood, Is sad to think upon his merchandize. Or, as it were, the pageants of the sea,

Ant. Believe me, no : I thank my fortune for ii, Do overpeer the petty traffickers,

My ventures are not in one bottom trusted, That curt'sy to them, do them reverence,

Nor to one place; nor is my whole estate As they fly by them with their woven wings. Upon the fortune of this present year :

Salan. Believe me, sir, had I such venture forth, | Therefore, my merchandize makes me not sad, The better part of my affections would

Salan. Why then you are in love. Be with my hopes abroad. I should be still

Ant.

Fye, fye Plucking the grass, to know where sits the wind; Salan. Not in love neither ? Then let's say, you Peering maps, for ports, and piers, and roads;

are sad, And every object, that might make me fear

Because you are not merry: and 'tweie as easy Misfortune to my ventures, out of doubt,

For you, to laugh, and leap, and say, you are Would make me sad.

merry, Sular.

My wind, cooling my broth, Because you are not sad. Now, by two-header! Would blow me to an ague, when I thought

Janus, What harin a wind too great might do at sea. Nature hath fram'd strange fellows in her time : I should not see the sandy hour-glass run,

Some that will evermore peep through their eyes But I should think of shallows and of flats;

And laugh, like parrots, at a bag-piper. And see my wealthy Andrew dock'd in sand, | And other of such vinegar aspect,

That they'll not show their teeth in way of smile, Ant. Is that any thing now?
Though Nestor swear the jest be laughable.

Bass. Gratiano speaks an infinite deal of nothing,

more than any man in all Venice: His reasons are Enter BassanIO, LORENZO, and GkatiANO.

as two grains of wheat hid in two bushels of chaff"; Salan. Here comes Bassanio, your most noble you shall seek all day ere you find them; and, when kinsman,

you have them, they are not worth the search. Gratiano, and Lorenzo: Fare you well;

Ant. Well; tell me now, what lady is this same We leave you now with better company,

To whom you swore a secret pilgrimage, Salar. I would have staid till

had made you

That you to-day promis'd to tell me of ? merry,

Bass. "Tis not unknown to you, Antonio,
I worthier friends had not prevented me.

How much I have disabled mine estate,
Ant. Your worth is very dear in my regard. By something showing a more swelling port
I take it, your own business calls on you,

Than my faint means would grant continuance : And you embrace the occasion to depart.

Nor do I now make moan to be abridg'd Salar. Good-morrow, my good lords.

From such a noble rate ; but my chief care Bass. Good signiors both, when shall we laugh? Is, to coine fairly off from the great debts, Say, when ?

Wherein my time, something too prodigal, You grow exceeding strange: Must it be so ? Hath left me gaged : To you, Antonio, Salar. We'll make our leisures to attend on yours. I owe the most, in money, and in love;

[Ereunt SALARINO and SALANIO. And from your love I have a warranty Lor. My lord Bassanio, since you have found To unburthen all my plots, and purposes, Antonio,

How to get clear of all the debts I owe. We two will leave you, but, at dinner time,

Ant. I pray you, good Bassanio, let me know it;
I pray you, have in mind where we must meet. And, if it stand, as you yourself still do,
Bass. I will not fail you.

Within the eye of honour, be assur’d,
Gra. You look not well, signior Antonio; My purse, my person, my extremest means,
You have too much respect upon the world : Lie all unlock'd to your occasions.
They lose it, that do buy it with much care.

Bass. In my school-days, when I had lost one Believe me, you are marvellously chang'd.

shaft,
Ant. I hold the world but as the world, Gratiano; I shot his fellow of the self-same flight
A stage, where every man must play a part, The self-same way, with more advised watch,
And mine a sad one.

To find the other forth ; and by advent'ring both, Gra.

Let me play the Fool : I oft found both: I urge this childhood proof, With mirth and laughter let old wrinkles come; Because what follows is pure intioce nce. And let my liver rather heat with wine,

I owe you much ; and, like a wilful youth,
Than my heart cool with mortifying groans.

That which I owe is lost : but if you please
Why should a man, whose blood is warm within, To shoot another arrow that self way
Sit like his grandsire cut in alabaster ?

Which you did shoot the first, I do not doubt,
Sleep when he wakes? and creep into the jaundice As I will watch the aim, or to find both,
By being peevish? I tell thee what, Antonio, Or bring your latter hazard back again,
I love thee, and it is my love that speaks ;

And thankfully rest debtor for the first. There are a sort of men, whose visages

Ant. You know me well; and herein spend but Do cream and mantle, like a standing pond;

time, And do a wilful stillness entertain,

To wind about my love with circumstance ; With purpose to be dress'd in an opinion

And, out of doubt, you do me now more wrong, Of wisdom, gravity, profound conceit;

In making question of my uttermost, As who should say, I am Sir Oracle,

Than if you had made waste of all I have · And, when I ope my lips, let no dog bark !

Then do but say to me what I should do, 0, my Antonio, I do know of these,

That in your knowledge may by me be done, That therefore only are reputed wise,

And I am prest unto it: therefore, speak. For saying nothing; who, I am very sure,

Bass. In Belmont is a lady richly left, If they should speak, would almost damn those ears, And she is fair, and, fairer than that word, Which, hearing them, would call their brothers, Of wond'rous virtues ; sometimes from her eyes fools.

I did receive fair speechless messages : I'll tell thee more of this another time :

Her name is Portia ; nothing undervalued But fish not, with this melancholy bait,

To Cato's daughter, Brutus' Portia. For this fool's gudgeon, this opinion.

Nor is the wide world ignorant of her worth ;Come, good Lorenzo : - Fare ye well, a while; For the four winds blow in from every coast I'll end my exhortation after dinner.

Renowned suitors : and her sunny locks Lor. Well, we will leave you then till dinner. Hang on her temples like a golden fleece ; time:

Which makes her seat of Belmont, Colchos' strand, I must be one of these same dumb wise men, And many Jasons come in quest of her. For Gratiano never lets me speak.

O my Antonio, had I but the means Gra. Well, keep me company but two years more, To hold a rival place with one of them, Thou shalt not know the sound of thine own tongue. I have a mind presages me such thrift,

Ant. Farewell : I'll grow a talker for this gear. That I should questionless be fortunate. Gra. Thanks, i’faith; for silence is only com- Ant. Thou know'st, that all my fortunes are at se a mendable

Nor have I money, nor commodity la a neat's tongue dried, and a maid not vendible. To raise a present sum :

therefore

go

forth, (Exeunt GRATIANO and LORENZO. Try what my credit can in Venice do ;

every where.

That shall be rack'd, even to the uttermost,

fence with his own shadow: if I should marry him, To furnish thee to Belmont, to fair Portia.

I should marry twenty husbands: If he would deGo, presently inquire, and so will I,

spise me, I would forgive him ; for if he love me to Where money is; and I no question make, madness, I shall never requite him. To have it of my trust, or for my sake. (Ereunt. Ner. What say you then to Faulconbridge, the

young baron of England ? SCENE II.-Belmont. A Room in Portia's House. Por. You know, I say nothing to him; for he

understands not me, nor I him: he hath neither Enter Portia and Nerissa.

Latin, French, nor Italian ; and you will come into Por. By my troth, Nerissa, my little body is a- the court and swear, that I have a poor pennyworth weary of this great world.

in the English. He is a proper man's picture; Ner. You would be, sweet madain, if your mise- But, alas ! who can converse with a dumb show? ries were in the same abundance as your good for- How oddly he is suited! I think, he bought his tunes are: And yet, for aught I see, they are as sick, doublet in Italy, his round hose in France, his bonthat surfeit with too much, as they that starve with net in Germany, and his behaviour nothing : It is no mean happiness therefore, to be Ner. What think you of the Scottish lord, his seated in the mean ; superfluity comes sooner by neighbour ? white hairs, but competency lives longer.

Por. That he hath a neighbourly charity in him ; Por. Good sentences, and well pronounced. for he borrowed a box of the ear of the Englishman, Ner. They would be better, if well followed. and swore he would pay him again, when he was

Por. If to do were as easy as to know what were able : I think, the Frenchman became his surety, good to do, chapels had been churches, and poor and sealed under for another. men's cottages, princes' palaces. It is a good di- Ner. How like you the young German, the duke vine that follows his own instructions : I can easier of Saxony's nephew ? teach twenty what were good to be done, than be Por. Very vilely in the morning, when he is one of the twenty to follow mine own teaching. sober; and most vilely in the afternoon, when he is The brain may devise laws for the blood ; but a hot drunk: when he is best, he is a little worse than a temper leaps over a cold decree: such a hare is mad

man; and when he is worst, he is little better than ness the youth, to skip o'er the meshes of good coun- a beast : an the worst fall that ever fe!!, I hope, I sel the cripple. But this reasoning is not in the shall make shift to go without him. fashion to choose me a husband:-O me, the word Ner. If he should offer to choose, and choose the choose ! I may neither choose whom I would, nor re-right casket, you should refuse to perforin your fafuse whom I dislike ; so is the will of a living daugh-ther's will, if you should refuse to accept him. ter curb’d by the will of a dead father:- Is it not hard, Por. Therefore, for fear of the worst, I pray thee, Nerissa, that I cannot choose one, nor refuse none ? set a deep glass of Rhenish wise on the contrary

Ner. Your father was ever virtuous; and holy casket : for, if the devil be within, and that temptamen, at their death, have good inspirations; therefore, tion without, I know he will choose it. I will do the lottery, that he hath devised io these three chests, any thing, Nerissa, ere I will be married to a spunge. of gold, silver, and lead, (whereof who chooses his Ner. You need not fear, lady, the having any of meaning, chooses you,) will, no doubt, never be these lords ; they have acquainted me with their dechosen by any rightly, but one who you shall rightly terminations : which is indeed, to return to their love. But what warmth is there in your affection home, and to trouble you with no more suit; unless, towards any of these princely suitors that are already you may be won by some other sort than your facome?

ther's imposition, depending on the caskets. Por. I pray thee, over-name them; and as thou

Por. If I live to be as old as Sibylla, I will die namest them, I will describe them; and according as chaste as Diana, unless I be obtained by the to my description, level at my affection.

manner of my father's will : I am glad this parcel Ner. First, there is the Neapolitan prince. of wooers are so reasonable ; for there is not one

Por. Ay, that's a colt, indeed, for he doth nothing among them but I dote on his very absence, and I but talk of his horse ; and he makes it a great appro- pray God grant them a fair departure. priation to his own good parts, that he can shoe him Ner. Do you not remember, lady, in your father's himself: I am much afraid, my lady his mother time, a Venetian, a scholar, and a soldier, that came played false with a smith.

hither in company of the Marquis of Montferrat? Ner. Then, is there the county Palatine.

Por. Yes, yes, it was Bassanio; as I think, so Por. He doth nothing but frown; as who should was he called. say, And if you will not have me, choose : he hears

Ner. True, madam ; he, of all the men that ever merry tales, and smiles not: I fear, he will prove my foolish eyes looked upon, was the best deserving the weeping philosopher when he grows old, being a fair lady. so full of unmannerly sadness in his youth. I had Por. I remember him well; and I remember him rather be married to a death's head with a bone in worthy of thy praise. How now! what news? his mouth, than to either of these. God defend me from these two !

Enter a Servant. Ner. How say you by the French lord, Monsieur Serv. The four strangers seek for you, madam, Le Bon ?

to take their leave : and there is a fore-runner come Por. God made him, and therefore let him pass from a fifth, the prince of Morocco ; who brings for a man. In truth, I know it is a sin to be a word, the prince, his master, will be here to-night. mocker; But, he! why, he hath a horse better than Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with so the Neapolitan's; a better bad habit of frowning good heart as I can bid the other four farewell, I than the count Palatine: he is every man in no man : should be glad of his approach : if he have the conif a throstle sing, he falls straight a capering; he will dition of a saint, and the complexion of a devil, I

hear you:

hal rather he should shrive me than wive me. Conie, Ant. Shylock, albeit I neither lend nor borrow, Nerissa. — Sirralı, go before. - Whiles we shut the By taking, nor by giving of excess, gate upon one wooer, another knocks at the door. Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my friend,

(Ereunt. I'll break a custom : - - Is he yet possess’d, SCENE III. – Venice. A publick Place.

How much you would ?
Shy.

Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.
Enter BASSANIO and SHYLOCK.

Ant. And for three months. Shy. Three thousand ducats, - well.

Shy. I had forgot, - three months, you told me so. Bass. Ay, sir, for three months.

Well then, your bond ; and, let me see — But Shy. For three months, well.

Bass. For the which, as I told you, Antonio shall Methought, you said, you neither lend, nor borrow, be bound.

Upon advantage. Shay. Antonio shall become bound, — well.

Ant.

I do never use it. Bass. May you stead me? Will you pleasure me? Shy. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Laban's sheep, Shall I know your answer ?

This Jacob from our holy Abraham was Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three months, (As his wise mother wrought in his behalf,) and Antonio bound.

The third possessor ; ay, he was the third. Bass. Your answer to that.

Ant. And what of him ? did he take interest? Shy. Antonio is a good man.

☺..

Shy. No, not take interest ; not, as you would say, Bass. Have you heard any imputation to the Directly interest : mark what Jacob did. contrary?

When Laban and himself were compromis'd, Shy. Ho, no, no, no, no;- - my meaning, in say- That all the canlings which were streak’d, and pied, ing he is a good man, is to have you understand me, Should fall, as Jacob's hire ; the ewes, being rank, that he is sufficient: yet his means are in supposition: In the end of autumn turned to the rams : he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis, another to the And when the work of generation was Indies; I understand moreover upon the Rialto, he Between these woolly breeders in the act, hath a third at Mexico, a fourth for England, The skilful shepherd peel'd me certain wands, and other ventures he hath, squander'd abroad ; | And, in the doing of the deed of kind, But ships are but boards, sailors but men : there be | He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes ; land-rats, and water-rats, water-thieves, and land- | Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time thieves; I mean, pirates; and then, there is the Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob s. peril of waters, winds, and rocks : The man is, not- This was a way to thrive, and he was blest; withstanding, sufficient;- three thousand ducats;- And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not. I think, I may take his bond.

Ant. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'd for; Bass. Be assured you may.

A thing not in his power to bring to pass, Shy. I will be assured, I may; and, that I may | But sway'd, and fashion’d, by the hand of heaven. be assured, I will bethink me : May I speak with Was this inserted to make interest good ? Antonio ?

Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams? Bass. If it please you to dine with us.

Shy. I cannot tell ; I make it breed as fast :Shy. Yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habitation But note me, signior. which your prophet, the Nazarite, conjured the Ant.

Mark you this, Bassanio, devil into; I will buy with you, sell with you, talk The devil can cite scripture for his purpose. with you, walk with you, and so following ; but I | An evil soul, producing holy witness, will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with Is like a villain with a smiling cheek; you. What news on the Rialto? - Who is he comes A goodly apple rotten at the heart;

0, what a goodly outside falshood hath! Enter ANTONIO.

Shy. Three thousand ducats, - 'tis a good round Bass. This is signior Antonio.

Shy.{ Aside.] Hlow like a fawning publican he looks! Three months from twelve, then let me see the rate. I hate him for he is a Christian :

Ant. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to you? But more, for that, in low simplicity,

Shy. Signior Antonio, many a time and oft,
He lends out money gratis, and brings down In the Rialto you have rated me
The rate of usance here with us in Venice. About my monies, and my usances :
If I can catch him once upon the hip,

Still have I borne it with a patient shrug;
I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him. For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe :
He hates our sacred nation; and he rails,

You call me — misbeliever, cut-throat dog,
Even there where merchants most do congregate, And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine,
On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, And all for use of that which is mine own.
Which he calls interest : Cursed be my tribe, Well then, it now appears, you need my help:
If I forgive him!

Go to then ; you come to me, and you say,
Bass.
Shylock, do you hear ?

Shylock, we would have monies ; You say so;
Shy. I am debating of my present store : You, that did void your rheum upon my beard,
And, by the near guess of my memory,

And foot me, as you spurn a stranger cur I cannot instantly raise the

gross

Over your threshold ; monies is your suit.
Of full three thousand ducats : What of that? What should I say to you? Should I not say,
Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe,

Hath a dog money? is it possible,
Will furnish me : But soft; How many months A cur can lenul three thousand ducals? or
Do you desire ?- Rest you fair, good signior : Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key,

(I'o ANTONIO With 'bated breath, and whispering humbleness, Your worship was the last man in our mouths Say this,

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Fair sır, you spit on me on Wednesday last :

Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for ine, You spurn'd me such a day; another time

I'll rather dwell in my necessity. You call'd me - dog; and for these courtesies

Ant. Why, fear not, man; I will not forfeit it; l'il lend you thus much monies.

Within these two months, that's a month before Ant. I am as like to call thee so again,

This bond expires, I do expect return To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too.

Of thrice three times the value of this bond. If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not

Shy. O father Abraham, what these Christians are ; As to thy friends ; (for when did friendship take Whose own hard dealings teaches them suspect A breed for barren metal of his friend ?)

The thoughts of others! Pray you, tell me this; But lend it rather to thine enemy;

If he should break his day, what should I gain Who, if he break, thou may'st with better face By the exaction of the forfeiture ? Exact the penalty.

A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man,
Shy.

Why, look you, how you storm! Is not so estimable, profitable neither,
I would be friends with you, and have your love, As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. I say,
Forget the shames that you have stain'd me with, To buy his favour, I extend this friendship;
Supply your present wants, and take no doit If he will take it, so; if not, adieu ;
Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear me: And, for my love, I pray you, wrong me not.
This is kind I offer.

Ant. Yes, Shylock, J will seal unto this bond. Ant. This were kindness.

Shy. Then meet me forthwith at the notary's ; Shy.

This kindness will I show:- Give him direction for this merry bond, Go with me to a notary, seal me there

And I will go and purse the ducats straight; Your single bond; and, in a merry sport,

See to my house, left in the fearful guard If you repay me not on such a day,

Of an unthrifty knave; and presently In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are

I will be with you.

(Erit Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit

Ant.

Hie thee, gentle Jew. Be nominated for an equal pound

This Hebrew will turn Christian ; he grows kind. Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken

Bass. I like not fair terms, and a villain's mind. In what part of your body pleaseth me.

Ant. Come on; in this there can be no dismay Ant. Content, in faith ; I'll seal to such a bond, My ships come home a month before the day. And say, there is much kindness in the Jew.

[Ereunits

ACT II.

SCENE I.-Belmont. A Room in Portia's House. Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she bear, Flourish of Cornets. Enter the Prince of Morocco, To win thee, lady: But, alas the while !

Yea, mock the lion when he roars for prey, and his Train; Portia, Nerissa, and other of If Hercules, and Lichas, play at dice her Attendants.

Which is the better man, the greater throw Mor. Mislike me not for my complexion, May turn by fortune from the weaker hand : The shadow'd livery of the burnish'd sun,

So is Alcides beaten by his page ; To whom I am a neighbour, and near bred.

And so may I, blind fortune leading me, Bring me the fairest creature northward born, Miss that which one unworthier may attain, Where Phæbus' fire scarce thaws the icicles,

And die with grieving. And let us make incision for your love,

Por.

You must take your chance; To prove whose blood is reddest, his, or mine. And either not attempt to choose at all, I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine

Or swear, before you choose, - if you choose wrong, Hath fear'd the valiant; by my love, I swear, Never to speak to lady afterward The best-regarded virgins of our clime

In way of marriage; therefore be advis'd. Have lov'd it too : I would not change this hue, Mor. Nor will not; come, bring me unto my Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle queen.

chance. Por. In terms of choice I am not solely led Por. First, forward to the temple ; after dinner By nice direction of a maiden's eyes :

Your hazard shall be made. Besides, the lottery of my destiny

Mor.

Good fortune then! (Cornets. Bars me the right of voluntary choosing :

To make me bless't, or cursed'st among men. But, if my father had not scanted me,

[Ereunt. And hedg'd me by his wit, to yield myself His wife, who wins me by that means I told you,

SCENE II. - Venice. A Street.
Yourself, renowned prince, then stood as fair,

Enter LAUNCELOT GOBBO.
As any comer I have look'd on yet,
For my affection.

Laun. Certainly my conscience will serve me to Mor.

Even for that I thank you ; run from this Jew, my master : The fiend is at Therefore, I pray you, lead me to the caskets, mine elbow; and tempts me, saying to me, Gobbo, To try my fortune. By this scimitar,

Launcelot Gobbo, good Launcelot, or good Gobbo, That slew the Sophy, and a Persian prince,

or good Launcelot Gobbo, use your legs, take the That won three fields of Sultan Solyman,

start, run away: My conscience says, take I would out-stare the sternest eyes that look, heed, honest Launcelot; take heed, honest Gobbo ; or Out-brave the heart most daring on the earth, as aforesaid, honest Launcelot Gubbo; do not run:

no;

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