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28
A Walk to Beresford.

(July, the depth of the pole within the earth friend Charles Colton's seat at Bereswas obviously obtained. The place ford, in the summer of 1824. They where the needle stands perpendicular are in themselves of a trifling nature, I lerm ihe place of maximum magnetic but even trilles acquire value when intensity on the surface. It is the they relate to scenes that have been nearest point to the place of the pole “ dignified by the presence of wisdoin, within ihe earth, and moves on the bravery, or virine;" and although no surface in correspondence with the admirer of “ The Complete Angler" movement of the magnetic power in a can fail to be interested about a spot small ellipsis within the earih. I may where honest Izaak often exercised his probably give you a figured detail of skill, or strayed and conversed with ihis valuable fact.

his son Coiton, in pureness and simpliSometimes the latitude and longin city of beart, it is situated in so remote tude cannot be had, and without these and wild a district, as 10 be comparathe variation cannot be calculated. Lively but seldom visired; so that a Again, the lives of millions in future brief description of its present appearages may and must depend on knowing ance may not be deemed altogether inand allowing for the altraction or re- opportune. pulsion of ihe needle by the guns and Quilling Newcastle-under-Lyine on iron of a ship. This, called ihe local a fine morning in August, we crossed attraction of a ship, may be known the sinoky region of the Porteries, and on leaving a harbour, but alters with taking the road to Leek, soon reached not only a change of a ship's head, but the village of Norton-in-the-Moors, also under every change of siluation of formerly celebrated as the Greina Green a ship, in moving to the north or south of the surrounding country, where immore especially. Having reason 10 patient couples were linked together think, from an imperfect experiment, for life, without undergoing ihe tedious that the action of the iron did not extend fornis required in more punctilious much in any direction, I requested of a places. But, alas! those days of exscientific friend to take the variation iempore marches are over; Norton, on a small stage suspended about twenty like the Fleet, has lost its privileges ; feet above the quarter-deck of a ship and they who now repair thither on a of war, saying that if it corresponded matrimonial excursion, must submit, with the variation taken on shore, as elsewhere, to the formality of bans, there would be a proof at once that the or the production of a license. iron below had no effect on the needle From Norton the road proceeds, above. I have seldom feli more gratis through a district which becomes fied than in finding that the result inore barren at every step, to a village agreed alunost exactly. This shows called in the maps Endon, but prothat the difference between the varia. nounced by the country-people Yan, lion taken above and on the quarters in which, as in many other instances, deck will be the local attraction of a they sather preserve ihe real name of ship, thus enabled to sail in perfect the place, than are guilty of corruptsecurity, when otherwise she might be ing it; the old orthography being, I running to certain destruction. The believe, Yendon. The Church, a notrue variation may also be ascertained, dern structure, has nothing about it by taking the variation in a boat, a worılıy of reinark; but in the buriallittle astern of the ship, and comparing ground, a grave-stone, which covers it with that taken on board. The cu- «llie remains of Wave Murball, Esq. rious theory and rationale of this in- late of Bagnall,” exhibits this quaint teresting natural object I may probably inscription : give briefly in some future paper.

" Part of what I possessed is left to others, John MACDONALD.

And what I gave away remains with me.”

of this person, a popular tradition Mr. Urban,

Staffordshire Moor- in the neighbourhood is, that during

i lands, July 14. the rebellion of 1745, a struggler from THE announcement in your Vaga. the Scoutisli army, on its retreat from

1 zine for March (p. 191), of a Derby, took refuge in a shed near 10 new edition of " Walion's Mugler,' bis house, and being there discovered, has recalled to my recollection some was by him slain, flayed, and his skin notes of a pedestrian excursion io bis conveyed 10 a tan-yard to be tanned ;

cose,

29

1829.)

A Walk to Beresford, but, not being able to get this per- resford : “ In the northerly part of the formed, he took it home with him, Moore-lands (he says), the hills and and never after prospered *. There is boggs are such that a horse can scarce also a neat lomb in a field adjoining pass; and indeed many of the moun. the Church-vard, said 10 be that of a iains, which they call roches, clouds, " free-thinker," viz. “ John Chenel, corrs, edges, cops, heads, &c. are hardly china-manufacturer, of Shelton, ob. passable, some of them being of so 1721, æt. 65," whose molto, the in- vast a height, that in rainy weather I scription adds, was “ Integrity and bare frequenily seen the tops of them Honour."

above the clouds. Those of NarrowAbout five miles beyond Endon, in dale in particular, are so very lofty, a north-easterly direction, we arrived that the inhabitants there, for that at Leek, the principal iown of the quarter of the year wherein the sun is Moorlands, containing about 5000 in- nearest the tropic of Capricorn, never habitants, the majority of whom are see it at all; and at length, when it engaged in the silk and ribbon manu- does begin to appear, they never see it facture, which is here carried on to a till about one by the clock, which they great extent. The Church is a hand- call thereabout the Narrowdale noon, some Gothic structure, and in the using it proverbially when they would Church-yard stands a curious stone express a thing done late at noone.” pillar, ornamented with fretwork and Aliogether, a more desolate and barren imagery, which Plot conjectures to be tract is scarcely possible to imagine a Danish monument; it is figured and than that which we crossed, for about described in Gent. Mag. vol. L. p. 165. eight miles after quitting Leek, till we Leek is noted for the longevity of its arrived at Alstonheld, on the verge of inhabitants, and apparently not with the Dove, where it assumes a someout reason, for I remarked that the what beiter aspect. Here we halted grave-slones record eighty or ninety at the sign of the George, and were years as an age of quite common ai. entertained by our chatly hostess with tainment there t.

anecdotes of the neighbourhood, and After quitting Leek, the country be- some excellent eggs and bacon, the comes as wild as the most romantic only fare her larder afforded ; after fancy can desire; nothing meets the which, we took a hasty survey of the eye but huge masses of sterile crags, village, and the Church, a substantial intersected by the channels of wintry stone building, fully justifying Viator's floods, which sometimes rush from exclamation (Complete Angler, pt. ii.), these eminences to the lowlands with “ As I'm an honest man, a very pretty terrific rapidity. Not a bush or tree is Church !” The two views of the exto be seen, and the only signs of vege- terior, in Major's Walion, though detation which present ihemselves, are ficient in a few minutiæ, are upon the occasional patches of herbage in the whole susficiently correct. The intevallies, inclosed by rude fences of lime. rior, which is neatly fitted up with low stone fragments, put together without oak pews, consists of a nave, side ailes, cement. The thinly-scattered inha- and chancel; there is a small organ, bitants subsist chiefly upon oat-cake, and a painting of Time and a Skeleton and a few oats are therefore occasionally on each side of the altar. One of the Sown, but they seldom or never com- pews, coloured blue, is said to have pletely ripen. Some idea of the steep. been that of the Cotton family; and ness of the hills may be formed from Pitt, in bis “ History of Staffordshire,” Dr. Plot's description of Narrowdale, 1817, p. 243, assures us that the cua place we visited on our way to Be rious pulpit and reading-desk, on which

is carved the date 1637, “ were the

gift of the celebrated Charles Coulon, * “I cannot vouch for this, d've see,

the poet.” I but tell it to you as 'twas told to me."

If so, it was a most re

markable instance of precocious piety, † “ The longevity of men in this county

the “ celebrated poet” having been at perhaps may be ascribed to their drinking of ale, Turdebus affirming that such is more

that period only seven years old; but wholsom and contributory to long life than

the fact is, that Walion's friend, in wine, and that 'tis this makes many live to

this as in fifty other instances, has been 100 years." (MS. note by Dr. Plut, in the confounded with his father. Some copy of his is History of Staffordshire," extracts from the Register of this Eritish Museuin.)

Church, relating to the Cottons, may 30

A Walk to Beresford.

[July, be seen in Gent. Mag. vol. xcv. pt. i. trades; but they are much decayed, p. 581.

and in a tottering condition. The From Alston field, an easy quarter of view here is remarkably pleasant. In an hour's walk brought us within view front, the house is sheltered from the of Beresford Hall, Tying embosomed Moorland blasts by a steep hill, and to in loriy trees, a green speck in the the left by another, on which are the desert, while in front the delicate river ruins of a stone building called the Dove holds on its silvery course, but Temple, and here was the bowlinghidden from view by the lofty pre, green, to which, in the second part of cipices which rise on either side of it. “The Coinplete Angler,” Cotton calls The trees I suppose are those men- the attention of his friend. Far below tioned by Viator, where he says of the these bills runs the Dove, to which Hall, “It stands prettily, and here's descending by a steep and somewhat wood about it too, but so young, it hazardous winding path, we came appears to be of your own planting;" about half way down, to a dark, damp to which Piscator (Couton) replies in hole in the rock, dignified by the title the affirmative. The house, built I of “ Squire Cotton's Grotto," a spot think by the Beresfords in the 16th which, in his fine stanzas on Retirecentury, is large and of respectable ap- ment, he has rendered celebrated by pearance. Major's view gives too mean those well-known lines, commencing an idea of it. That in Bagster's second “O my beloved Cave, from Dog-star's heat edition, “ Linnell del., Greig sc.” is And all anxieties, á safe retreat!" much more faithful. The walls are constructed of coarse stone, the produce

It might be a safe retreat, but could of the neighbourhood; the roof is viled,

scarcely be a pleasant one; nor, if we and the chimneys are stone. Over the

may credit tradition, did it suffice to entrance is carved in lozenge the Be

exclude those “ anxieties” with which resford crest, a bear rampant, which is

poor Cotton appears to have been inalso painted in some of the windows.

cessantly harassed. Mr. Davies, in his About 20 yards from the front, we

“ Historical and Descriprive View of passed through a gate in a substantial

Derbyshire," 1811, p. 502, gives the stone wall of recent erection, forming

following account of the motives which the boundary of a vegetable garden,

induced him to seek refuge in it; but and along a path, fenced on each side

I believe the “ oilence” he alludes to by a privet hedge, to the principal

was nothing more heinous than that of door, which opens juto a large old

forgetting to pay his tradesmen's debts, fashioned hall, having at one end a

nor the “ officers of justice” anything fire-place of ample dimensions, sur

more formidable than a couple of mounted by antlers, and curiously

bailiffs : carved work in oak. At the opposite “In one of the rocks which hang over extremity, three steps lead into a small the river, is a small cavity, in which Mr. room, called the Green parlour, part Cotton is said to have eluded the officers of of wbich, partitioned off, still bears justice, after some offence of which he had the name of " Squire Cotton's Study;" been guilty. The depth of it is about 15 but the state of the apartment does not yards, but even in this small space are seevince much veneration for his me

veral windings, which render it difficult of mory, the walls being decayed, and

access, and well adapted for the purpose of the window partly broken out. Op

concealment." posite the entrance door, a staircase Arrived at the termination of the conducis to a lofty drawing-room, and descent, we found ourselves on the a delightfully pleasant bed-room, the banks of the far-famed Dove, which latter of which we nem. con. decided though at its source among the moors, must be “ my father Walton's apart. six or seven miles bighier, a dark-coment," in which Viator sleeps. There loured stream, is rendered beautifully are various other chambers on this bright and limpid ere it arrives at this floor, but they are going fast to ruin, place, by numerous tributary springs and several of them are in darkness, received on the way. Adjoining this having the windows “made up." spot is the chief scene of action in pt. Above them are garrets, from whence ii. of “ The Complete Angler,' viz. another flight of stairs, or a ladder Pike Pool, Major's iwo views of which rather, gives access to the roof, part of yield a clear idea of the scene, and the which is flat, and surrounded by balus. remarkable Rock or Pike, from which

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1829.]
A Walk to Beresford.

31 it takes its name, is delineated in Wale's nought now decorates the walls, save design with tolerable exactness, save the names of various obscure indivithat it is now somewhat less pointed duals, who have thought fit thus 10 than there represented, owing I sup- record their having visited the spot. pose to the action of the elements. The steps at the entrance are covered since the drawing was made. The with weeds, and the well-known keyscenery hereabouts is of the most cap- stone (which, however, appears to he tivating description; the river, which in a sound state) is so overspread with in soune places is bemmed within such moss, that the first word of the inscripnarrow limits, that its waters rage and tion is quite defaced. The Preface io foam with great impetuosity to force Walton's Life of Donne,” edit. 1825, themselves a passage, meeting at this mentions the establishment of a society spot with a wider channel, subsides called " The Walton and Cotton into calmuness, and continues its course Club," the members of which, anxious with unruffled placidity, save where to do honour to old Izaak, have rethe stream is occasionally disturbed by solved upon erecting a monument to fragments of stone, which have loppled his memory; surely it would not be down from the rocks above. The pre- foreign to iheir purposes, if they encipitous banks, fringed with trees and deavoured to rescue from impending copse-wood, rise toa iremendous height, ruin an edifice, constructed for his graexcluding the sun-beams, and impart. tification, by a friend whom he so ing to the scene even at mid-day an much valued, and in a spot which he air of enchantiog repose and soleinnity. so much loved! “The Fishing House “ There is not in this wide world a valley so

(says the kind-hearted old man) has sweet

been described, but the pleasantness of

(meet; As that is whose bosomn the bright waters

the river, the mountains, and meadows Oh! the last rays of reason and life must about it cannot, unless Sir Philip Syddepart,

(my heart!" ney, or Mr. Corion's father, were again Ere the bivon of that valley shall farle from alive to do it.” Major's two views of Jast above the Pike, a small wooden

the Fishing - House, faithfully repre. foot-bridge leads over the stream 10

sent its present appearance, with the wards Hartshorn, in Derbyshire ; it

exception that several of ihe surroundbears the date of 1818, but is merely

ing trees have been cut down since the successor of one more ancient, as

they were taken. That in Bagster's is evident from Piscator's saying, “ Cross

edition, Linnell del., Greig sculp., is, The bridge, and go down the other

I think, if possible, still more accuside." Somewhat higher up, on the

rate. Some prints of the Fishing. Staffordshire bank, the windings of

House include also a distant prospect the river form a small peninsula, on

of the Hall, but this is quite at variance which stands the far-famed Fishing

with correctness, as ihe intervening House ; but, alas ! how changed since

hill, before described, completely exthe time when, in the words of Vena

cludes it from view. The building tor, it was “finely wainscoled, with a

actually seen from the Fishing-House, inarble table in the middle, and all ex.

is merely a barn at the back of the

Hall. ceeding near." The stove slabs which

(To le continued.) crimposed the floor are porily broken up, the windows are entirely destroyed, the doors decaying, and without

MR. URBAN, Hitchin, July 23. fastenings, the roof is dilapidated, and

W ITHOUT Aattery I say it, no the vane which surmounis it is rusiy

V one appeals to you in vaio. To anii nodding to its fall. The fire-place

your kindness, in admiuing an appeal alone remains in goo:l preservation.

of mine to the public (in Gent. Mag. Hawking tells us that the exterior was

June 1826, p. 513), for help in col. formerly adorned with paintings, in

lecting the occasional Forms of Prayer, fresco, of Couton, Walion, and the

issued by authority from the ReforinaBoy, but these are entirely gone, and

lion down to the present time, I owe • It should be rememberell, that although

it that I have amassed a very large this description of the Hall and Fishing

collection, sent to me from all parts House is written in the present tense, it

of the kingdom (when not franked) refers to a state of things which existed in through the agency of booksellers, or 1524. Whether any change has subse- by private hands; and, as I am still quently occurred, I ain unable to say. in want of some of such Forms, io fill

32 Authorised Forms of Prayer.-Moulds for Roman Coins. [July, up the deficiencies, I trouble you with Mr. Souter's, bookseller, 73, St. Paul's a list of what I have collected.

Church-yard, who will monthly forI beg to premise that they first be. ward them to, gan about the middle of the 16th cen Yours, &c. J. Niblock. tury (1544, May 27th) and the last was issued early in 1820; since which

Jom Sloke Newinglon,' time (now nine years) we have had no

July 1. occasional Form of Prayer ordered to ITAVING heard that moulds for be used; a longer interval than ever il Roman coins were occasionally occurred since they began, except dur. found on a farm near Wakeheld, and ing the time which elapsed between being in that neighbourhood lately, I the murder of the martyr-king, the went there and procured some sainted Charles (1648-9), and the glo. They are made of hard burnt clay, rious Restoration, 1660.

and the impressions are in many of The following then, is a list of what them quite perfect. There is a great Forms I have in print: any other I shall variety of emperors and empresses, be grateful for.

some of them those whose coins are

not common. In some of the moulds 1661-2. Jan 30. 1706.

the coin itself has been found. About 1662. May 99. 1706. Dec. 31. 1678. Apr. 10 & 24. 1706-7. Mar. 20.

eight years ago, a large number was 1685. July 26. 1707. April 9.

discovered; some arranged in layers, 1685-6. Jan. 30

12 or 14 one above another, with an 1707-8. Jan. 14. & Feb. 6. 1708. April 18

interval, or floor of clay, between each, 1687-8. Jan. 15

& May 9. and all inclosed in a crust, or thick & 29.

1708-9. Feb. 17. covering of clay, with holes from top 1688. June 17 1709. Nov. 22. to bottom, to admit of the molien me

July 1. 1709. Sundays,Wed- lal entering and filling all the moulds; 1688. Oct. 11.

nesdays, and proving that the Romans cast their 1689. June 5 & 19.

Fridays.

money, and a good many at a time. 1690. July 11, 1709-10. Mar. 15.

Most of these last moulds came 1690. Oct. 19. 1710. Nov, 7.

into the possession of Mr. Thomas 1690. Nov, 5. 1715. Aug. 1.

Pitt, now of Huddersfield, who pre1631. Nov, 26. 1716. Jude 7. 1692. April 8.

sented a good many to the Antiqua1720. Dec. 16. 1693. Nov, 12 & 26. 1721. Dec. 8.

rian Society (see Archæologia, vol. xix. 1694. May 23 & 1723. April 25.

p. 412), and some to the Wakefield June 13. 1728. June 11.

Library. And it is remarkable, that 1694. Dec. 2 & 16. 1740. During war.

Camden says the same kind of moulds 1695. April 16. 1740-1. Feb. 4. were found there in his time, (vol. iii. 1695. June 19. 1741. Nov. 25. p. 79). The name of the place is Ling1695. Dec. 11 & 18. 1742. Nov. 10. well Gaie, near which, says Camden, 1696. June 26. 1744. April 11. was a seat of the ancient Lingones, 1696. During king's 1744-5. Jan. 9. and a Roman station. These were, absence. 1745. Dec. 18.

perhaps, the moulds used by the Ro1697. April 28. 1745. During

man general to coin the money with 1697. Dec. 2.

troubles. 1699. April 5. 1746. May 4 & 25.

which he paid his troops, or the col1700. April 4.

lection of some forger of those days. 1746. Oct. 9. 1702. June 10. 1747-8. Feb. 17.

I have also had sent me from Water 1707. Nov. 12 1749. April 25.

Newton in Northamptonshire, sup& Dec. 3. 1756. Feb. 6.

posed to be the immediate neighbour1703. May 26. 1757. Feb. 11. hood of the ancient Durobrivum, frag. 1703-4. Jan. 19. 1758. July 2. ments and vessels of Roman poltery. 1704.

1758. Aug. 20. There is a great variety of patterns and 1705.

1759. Feb. 18. shapes, in different colours, represent1705.

ing in strong relief (like our beer jugs) All the Forms issued after this last figures of men, dogs, stags, fish, all (1759), I think I have, and therefore sorts of tracery work of leaves, &c. do not want any that have been issued rudely done. A poliery was discovered during the last seventy years.

close by, and these are probably the But, while I give the dates of the refuse of the work. The plaster reForns I bave, those who possess any mained on the walls of various colours, may find it less troublesome to send to some as bright as those I have seen and me their entire collection, directed to admired at the Baths of Titus at Rome.

Yours, &c. WM. WANSEY.

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