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REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
ARCHEOLOGIA. Vol. XXII. Part ü. lande a shameless woman and wanton har
Art. XVI. Transcript of a Chro- lott, called Ales Peres, of a base kynred, for ricle in the Harleian Library of MSS. Hunneye (presumed Hunney near Exeter].”
she was a weaver's daughter of the towne of No.6217, entitled “ An Historical Re- P. 233. lation of certain passages about the end of King Edward the Third, and of his
As no note is given to show the real
descent of this famous courtezan, we Death." By Thomas Amyot, Esq. shall supply it from the Histories of F.R.S. Treasurer.
Norfolk: MR. AMYOT states, that this is a
John Perers, LordGungora, 2d dau. and trapslation of some Latin MS. written
of Holt Perers, co. coh. of Sir Thos. de by a monk of St. Alban's, but now
Ormesby, Lord of lost or updiscovered. We are inclined
Ormesty, co. Norf. to think that it is the Chronicle of which Leland has made excerpts, and Sir Thos. de Nerford,=Alice.=William de headed them with the following title:
1st husband, as pre
Wyndesore, “Ex annalibus cujusdam Monachi S. sumed.
ad husb. Albani, quos reperi in bibliotheca Tinematensi, Exorditur anno Domini
Every body knows the famous lines
in Shakspeare concerning the decease MCCLIX. anno vero Henrici 3. 43o. et
of Cardinal Beaufort : desinit in primis annis Henrici 4i." - Collectan. ii. 403.
“ He dies, and makes no sign." Leland's extracts appear to be con- What these signs were, appears in cise memoranda only, but as from these the following passage taken from the the manuscript seems to have been account of the dying hours of Edw. III. very particular about Wycliffe, and St. The priest says the King, Alban's MS. was quoted by Fox, for
“ Because your voyce fayleth lyft up your that very purpose (see p. 207), we are inclined to think that the above work
eyes unto the Lord, that we maye see you
bothe penytent and askyng mercye : prewas the one in question. Stowe's use of this MS. translation sently he lyft up bothe his eyes and his hands
to heaven, drawyng syghes as it were from is very apparent in the quarto edition the bottom of his heart; po doubt sygnes of bis Annals, p. 423, seq. and in of his repentance. Then the preyst admoStowe's edition, folio, p. 271.
nyshed hym that for as mutch as he hai This transcript enters into details unjustly punyshed his servaunts, he wold which enlarge the history of the period repent hym, and shew the aforesaid sygnes, to which it refers. It shows how much wbyche devoutly he dyd.” P. 288. constitutional integrity then pervaded
As to the desertion of the King in Parliament; for when the Duke of his last moments, and Alice Perers Lancaster, after the death of the Black carrying off his rings, it was quite Prince, wanted to set aside the succes
usual. In the Notices des MSS. we sion in favour of his own family, the remember a paper, which states the Commons told him (in John Bull
occurrence of similar circumstances style), that, “as the Prynce's sonne was
upon the decease of one of the Popes, gving, there was no neade 10 labour and could quole other instances. We about such matters." (p. 231.). There had the following anecdote from an might be some apprehension of a civil eminent physician. A lady had been war (as afterwards did ensue), and laid out for dead. The nurses imsome desire of conciliating the young mediately proceeded to ransack her King in esse, but in every way the drawers; and, as they emptied them, answer was wise.
laid her clothes in a pile upon the The author is nevertheless a preju. quilt. The pressure and heat threw diced party writer, and as such, not
the apparent corpse into a profuse pervery scrupolous about the truth of his spiration; and dismay and dismissal facis. He says, p. 233,
became the lot of the intended depre“There was at the sayme tyme in Eng dators. Gent. Mag. July, 1829.
Review.- Archeologia, vol. XXII. part ii. (July In p. 284, we are told that the trans- The instrument (the use of which lator seems unable to render “torti- has not been ascertained) in No. 4 is a cios circa matricem in p'cessione" into lituus with a palera and bull's head, intelligible English; and that matricem sacrificial emblems. We shall indulge was probably a mistake for martyrem. in some conjectures (though we claim This is utterly improbable ; for marri- no higher name for them) concerning cem was or should have been morticem the ornaments and patterns. The horse and torticios in English torch. Both singly and a horse and rider are in Mr. were kinds of wax lights; e.g. in the Upham's Budbism shown to be symLib. nig. Dom. Ed. IV. p. 22, we bols of the Sun; among the ornaments have “tortayes, prickettes, perchers, are crescents symbolic of the Moon ; mortars ; and in Lysons' Environs, ii.
Environs, ii. perhaps oak leaves and mistletoe 295, “ where he was sett under a berse, branches; and over the horse, Nos. 3 having fyve pryncipalls, 16 morters with and 5, apparently a stone circle.- Necoarse lights, rachements, syde lights, vertheless, except the lituus and bull's and other lights.”-See, too, Ducange, head, the rest may be mere fancy work. v. Tortisius, and Encyclop. of Antiq. Upon No. 5 is TASCIOVAN. v. Morter, p. 294.
fer our readers to the Encycl. of Abriq; XVII. Observations upon an an- ii. 901-2, concerning this word, and cient Bracelet of Bronze, found upon the Roman types of the bull's head, the Sandhills near Altyre on the coast lituus, and patera. These coins are of of Murrayshire. By Henry Ellis, Esq. gold, the obverse concave, the reverse
This is an elaborate and excellent convex, and were found concealed dissertation upon Armillæ. From the within a tubular fint. specimen being too small for wearing, This is not all. These coins ought it is presumed to have been only a not to be reckoned among the most votive offering, and sufficient proofs ancient British, for these have no leare adduced of their having been offer- gend, and are impressed on one side ings of bracelets. Nevertheless, we only. But they have an important have the greatest distrust of the appro- distinction. The reverses are not Ropriation, and should either class it man; and yet Ruding informs us, that among the fibulæ, which were worn after the subjugation under Claudius, very large by the northern nations; or “the edict ordaining all money curthe bosses of the bit of a bridle, which rent among the Britons to bear the were also of considerable size ; but we Roman Imperial stamp was strictly enare very possibly wrong.
forced, and no British money appears XVIII. Notice of some remains at afterwards. (Encycl. of Antiq. ii. 906.) Gozaneur Malta. ByCapt.W.H.Smyth. XX. Account of certuin Hill Castles
These are in the main Cyclopean situated near the Land's End in Cornremains, and their uses are unknown. wall. By William Cotton, Esq. M.A. The tribuna of the Tempio dei Gi. These castles are Caer-Bran, CHUN ganti" consists of two conjoined ob- Castle, and Castle An Dinas. All tuse ovals, entered by two gateways of these appear to have been the Acroopposite to each other, and looking to- poles or Citadels of British towns adwards a semicircular recess of Cyclo- jacent. The curiosity of these remains pean work in the Tirynthian style, ir- is, that they exhibit ihe foundations of regular stones. This seinicircle and British circular houses, the upper part the upper oval resemble the Beina and being, according to the Antonine coPoix at Athens, as engraved in Le lumn and mediæval history, basket or Roy, by the side of which is the hill wattled-work. The description of the of ihe Areopagus. The entrances assi- Irish bath, from Gough's Camden in milate those of the Tinwald in the Isle the Encycl. of Antiq. ii. 514, illusof Man. We therefore presume that trates the construction of the interior. it was either a court of justice or place XXI. Ancient Norman-French Poem of assemblage or public business, per- on the erection of the Walls of New haps both united. The Avanzi Gi. Ross in Ireland, A. D. 1265. By Fregaliteschi has obelisks like our Druidi, deric Madden, Esq. cal circles, and Homer mentions such In p.311 it is stated, that all ranks circles as courts of judicature.
of life, vintners, merchants, drapers, XIX. Account of some British coins &c. assisted in building these walls, by found near High Wycombe in Bucking. bye-law or proclamation, "a thing hamshite. By John Norris, Esq. never yet heard of in England or
1829.) Review.-Archæologia, vol. XXII. part ii.
35 France." This is a great mistake, for station of Noviomagus, especially as it was as usual both in Roman and
the spot seems to be of previous British medieval times, as payment of taxes occupation. (see Fosbroke's Gloucester, 130). The XXV. Old English Poem on the erection of these walls with the ac- Siege of Rouen, A. D. 1418. By Frecompaniments of music to cheer the deric Madden, Esq. F.S.A. labours of the different persons, is These old poems are frequently picanother circuinstance not uncommon. turesque in their descriptions, but' do In the poem are the following lines. not always contain matters of archæo. The poet solicits attention, for he says, logical noveliy. We have not, howthe word which is not heard is not ever, seen the following custom, though worth an aillie, -“ne vaut pas un
it is founded on the Eucharist. When aillié," and a similar phrase occurs in two parties were ready to join battle, a French poem, MS. Cott. Cal. A.
the poem says, xviii.
“The wey ker partie of tho menne • Sire Edeward pur la grant rauye
Thanne broughte the biger partiebre de & De France re dona une ayllé."
In tokenyog that ther schold bee This phrase is unexplained. Cot- Grace, mercy, & eke pete.” P. 370. grave, perhaps, throu's light upon it in
Of bringing out the lost on such ihe following passage, in which the occasions, there are numerous instances. phrase is founded upon a bird that has We shall notice two or three paslost one wing:
sages in the gloss and notes of this and “ Il ne vaut plus que d'une aile,—be is be- the preceding poem, because there are come lame, he is half undone, he hath but some trivial mistakes. In p. 313 of one string left to his bow; also, he is well the first poem, the " parpunt e akenigh dead, or a dying.”
tun" of p. 320 is translated “doublet XXII. Instructions sont from the and coat of mail," whereas upon referCouncil of Queen Elizabeth to Henry ence to Dr. Meyrick's paper on Mili. Killigrew, Esq. then resident at the tary Garments in the 19th volume of Court of Scotland, upon the arrival of the Archæologia, the pourpoint and the news of the Massacre of St. Bar. haketon are found to be different tholomeu, A. D. 1572. By Henry things. In p. 368 the King says, Ellis, Esq.
“ Ye have offended me with mysse." Dr. Lingard lias recently revived an Mysse should bave been explained. old political untruth, viz. that this It is a noun, meaning “a wrong." massacre was not concerted or preme. (See Tyrwh. Gloss. Chaucer.) ditated, but a sudden ebullition of po- In p. 371 occurs, " to his persone pular sury. This can only be believed and propirte,” in application to his when the martyrdoms of Mary's reign aspeci and gait. Propirte, in another are proved to have been results of a copy of the poem is changed to profyte, siinilar instigating cause. Mr. Ellis but the former is to be preferred; as it holds Dr. Lingard's paper up to the is the French propreté ; in one sense, light, and clearly shows that the wa- according to Cotgrave's definition, ter-mark is premeditated.'
handsomeness. The terminations of XXIII. Upon the office of Ragler, our words in ly (as e. g. property) are formerly existing in Cardiganshire. French ; in ion, Latin; andness, By Henry Ellis, Esq. Ragler is a Saxon; and the agreeable monkeyism sheriff or constable, and the paper al- of France, made John Bull then, as Jodes to a tax, wbich was substituted now, an awkward ape. In p. 396 is for oats and borse-meat, which the an illegitimate explanation, erroneously Welch were ordered to provide for the affiliated upon Dr. Meyrick, relamilitary of Edward the First's garri- tive 10 " aiguillettes.” The word (ai
at the castles of Aberystwith, guillettes) means in strictness tugs or Cardigan, &c. when they travelled. points, which being used to fasten on This commutation in money occasion- the palletes, and the elbow pieces of ed abuses.
armour, has been, by synecdoche, apXXIV. An Account of some recent plied to the palleries themselves.Discoveries at Holwood-hill in Kent. Though we notice these oversights (for By A. J. Kempe, Esq.
in a man of Mr. Madden's pretensions, We shall be surprised if Mr. Kempe they are no other), we know that in has not succeeded in placing here the dishing up this old poem, it is merely a
Review.- Archæologia, vol. XXII. part ii. (July, defect of a little garnish ; and it is to Mr. Upham's Budhism, and no doubt be added, that the poem in substance can remain concerning the astrological is intelligible without such complete character of Stone Circles. ness, and we know of none that is per- The whole number of circles is eight, fectly explained or can be so, because and Mr. Upham informs us (Budhism, contemporary works (and there were p. 87) that the “ Birman writings then no printed books) are the only mention eight planels, namely, the modes of producing such faultless illus- Sun, the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, trations.
Jupiter, Saturn, and another named XXVI. Disquisition on a passage in Rahu, which is invisible.” By reKing Athelstan's Grant lo ihe Abbey ference to Diodorus Siculus (L. i.), of Wilton. By William Hamper, Esq. Eusebius (Præp. Evang. L. 3), Sextus
Stonehenge is a stock exchange, Empiricus (Adv. Mathem.), Pausawhere etymologizing Welshmen and nias (Lacon), and Plato in the Cratyprojecting topographers go to speculate Jus, it will appear possible that the and disseminate falsehoods. Such has outer circle typified the Sun, the cenbeen the case in the present instance. tral the Moon, and the others the Stone-ridge, the simple name of a Planets, including the Earth. Someboundary, in the Wilton Register, thing like this was, we doubt not, inpublished by Sir R. C. Hoare, bas tended, but the astronomy of these been applied to Stone-henge, though it ancient periods cannot be precisely is plain that a syllable only of a word known*. The use of stone circles for can never be a verbum sai.'
Courts of Justice is not to the purpose, In the Appendix are some very cu- as to invalidation of astronomical derious articles. The first is (Pl. xxxiii.) signs in the plans ; because, from a wooden chalice (and such were used Cæsar, we know that the Druids were by the Apostles, and forbidden in the judges. The Plate (xxxix.) of DruidiCanons of Edgar, see Ducange, v. cal Vestiges on Dartmoor, is very cuCalix), a relic of as much value in its rious. We have a cluster of circular owo way, as the Portland vase, and foundations of British houses, two pawhich ought to be in the British Mu- rallel ranges of stones, fencing a co
vered way, mall, or avenue, between The second (Pl. xxxiv.) consists of two others, similar, in the centre of a stone circle, inclosing seven others, which on one side is a stone circle. not concentric, but in a chain. No Then occur a cromlech, two tumuli, person will presume that a thing of one with a kistvaen on the summit, this kind, in a Druidical point of view, another stone circle, and an obeliskhas
any other than an astronomical or all evident appendages of the British orrery designation. The luminous village, the first circle (2) being the work of Mr. Godfrey Higgins has set Parish Church, the lumulus (8) the that question at rest. But more may Esquire's family burial-place (as still be added. In a curious work on An- in the Highlands), the Cromlech a cient Alphabets and Hieroglyphics, Chapel for Marriages (see Downe's written in Arabic by Ibn Wahstich, Mecklenburgh Letters), and the Obelisk and translated by Mr. Joseph Hammer, the Parish clock, i. e. a Sun-dial, for is a singularly formed hieroglyphic such obelisks certainly weret. Mr. symbol, called by Kircher Anima Kempe calls the covered way a Cursus, Mundi. Acrowned figure, with human but we have preferred Sir R. C. Hoare's head, legs, and arms, bird's wings, and definition of such avenues. The Bribody of a beetle, kneels upon a Sack tons, it appears, were occupied on walle, or circle, with concentric ones this spot, in tin works. Rock basins, within, and holds in his hands a talis. and Vixen Tors, supposed a Rock man. This symbol, the author says, idol, more probably a Betul or oracle is expressive of the most sublime se
stone, accompany these curious relics. cret, called originally Bahumed and The discovery of ihese latent antis Kharuf (or Calf), viz. The secret of quities, induces us to mention a recent the nature of the world, or the Secret of Secrets, or the beginning and return of Dupuis claims the merit of having done every thing (Townley's Maimonides,
all that is possible on the subject. p. 336, where a woodcut of the symbol). + We use this illustration from a simila Add this to the accounts of the Suck- comparison made, we believe, by Sir R. C. nulle and Chakkraia, in our review of Hoare.
1829.] Transactions of the Royal Society of Literature. circumstance. A gentleman employed described. This circumstance explains on the Ordnance survey, has pointed many tales in our mediæval collecto us, within ten miles of our residence, tions; but we antiquaries are not sursites of Castles, Camps, remains of prised, for our ancestors, both male earthworks, and old roads, of which and female, sat unperturbedly to witnot a line is recorded ; and, if similar ness the performance in the mysteries circumstances ensue elsewhere, it will of Adam and Eve in puris naturalibus ; plainly appear that very much of our and Erasmus mentions an instance of ancient topography is yet unexplored. most indelicate terms being used by Nothing can be inore easy than com- women, without a feeling of shame or monication between the Society and impropriety. the Ordnance Office Surveyors, and in in. Historical Notices of Nicoconsequence the supply of this deside media, the ancient capital of Bithynia. ratum. If only a calendar of the un- By the same. Nicomedia was knowns was once obtained, historical so absolutely destroyed by the earthelucidations would soon follow. quake of the year 358 as Sir William
supposes, for Clover, from Cedrenus
and Paulus Draconus (Univ. Hist. Transactions of the Royal Society of Lile- Epit. 401) says, under the year 741, Tature of the United Kingdom. Vol. I.
that just before the death of Leo, was part ii.
an earthquake "quo ConstantinopoliILLUSTRATION of obscure points tani muri, Nicæa, Nicomedia, multæof history, possessing interest, impor- que urbes aliæ gravibus prostratæ sunt tance, and curiosity, characterizes this ruinis." collection of elaborate essays.
IV. Extracts from Manuscripts re1. Ionic Inscription on a bronze fi- lative to English History. By the Rev. gure of a hare, brought from the neigh- T. D. Fosbroke, M.A.F.A.S. Honotourhood of Priene. By Williain Mar
rary Associate. tin Leake, Esq.
These extracts refer to curious facts The hare, wounded, it is presumed or points of history: The first article, by an arrow, is throwing back its head relative to the University of Oxford, in the agonies of death. It was, it shows (i.) that practising lawyers were seems, a votive offering 10 Apollo in the fourteenth century, students Ayinys, the patron of hunters.
the University, and notwithstanding II. Observations on some extraor- obtained royal dispensations from obo dinary anecdoles concerning Alexander; serving its statutes ; (ii.) that an acand on the eastern origin of several quaintance with the rudiments of fictions popular in different languages grammar was a sufficient qualification of Europe. By Sir William Ouseley, for students ; (iii.) that the poor colLL.D. M.R.A.S., &c. Royal Asso leges in the time of Hen. VIII. were ciate.
not able in bondes and revenewes li appears that no accession of real to have within [them) the lecture history is gained from oriental litera- publique, like others." Greek, too, lure, concerning the Macedonian mo- was so little known, that the visitors narch, only various romantic fictions. say " they have adjoinde" (at MagdaWarton (Hist. Poetry) notices the po- len College, to divinity, philosophical pularity of the subject, and the “Ro. (moral and natural) and Latin lecman d'Alexandre" in the Bodleian, is tures,] “ a lecture in the Greke,” that a manuscript well known on account is, “the gramer in Greke;" and exof its beautiful illuminations. Sir pelled Duns Scotus and scholastic William Ouseley further shows that logic. The second article notices a prototypes of Parnell's Hermit, Chau- curious custom of Gavel-kind, a relic cer's January and May, several tales of Celtic law, viz. that when a widow in Boccaccio, &c. are to be found in either committed fornication or coneastern writings; but what is more tracted marriage, and became enceinte, singular than all, is that Whittington she lost her dower if the time of her and his Cat originated in a Persian parturition had been watched, and she tale eight hundred years old. It ap- and her child were apprehended with pears too, that the compositions of the old Gaulish custom of hue and many eastern moralists often inculcate cry.' The third article, relative to the lessons of wisdom and virtue by ex- pcerage, shows that territorial were not amples of licentiousness too plainly necessarily parliamentary barons, and