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Literary and Scientific Intelligence.- Poetry. (xcix. which is to last three years. The name of means of artificial irrigation, and the action the experienced navigator who takes the of solar heat, large quantities of rye were command is already known by the discovery raised at this immense height, some of the of a continent, or great group of islands, fields being at 14,900 feet. Dr. Gerard gives near the Antarctic Pole. Captain Pendleton his opinion, that cultivation might be carforms likewise a part of this expedition, and ried as high as from 16 to 17,000 feet. The commands the Seraph, a vessel of the same goats bred in this region are the finest in size. Amongst the singularities of the equip- the country, and are of that species whose ment, is a simple, elegant, and useful in- wool is used for the manufacture of shawls. vention of two new piroques, constructed of At a height of 15,500 feet, quantities of whalebone, which can be changed at plea fossil shells are found on calcareous rocks, sure into commodious sledges, to pass the upon strata of granite and pulverised schyst: mountains of ice. Dr. James Eightly is they consist of muscle, and others of various engaged as naturalist to the expedition. forms and dimensions. To the Dorth of the Mr. Reynolds, who made every effort to fix frontier of Konnaour, Dr. Gerard attained a the attention of the Legislative Assembly to height of more than 20,000 feet, wit out this enterprise, accompanies these intrepid crossing the perpetual snow. In these remariners in their commercial views. Captain gions, which for a long time were innccessiEdmund Fanning, who spent many years of ble, M, Gerard met with one of the most his life in those seas, trading with the na intrepid philologists known in Hungaria, tives of the country, has imparted the in named Csoma de Koros. This traveller, formation necessary for such a voyage. after advancing towards the centre of Asia,

arrived at Kounaour, in Thibet, where he EASTERN Expedition.

fixed himself in the monastery of Kanum, Dr. Gerard has lately visited the valley of and lived amongst the monks of the Lamaic Sulej, and made some curious observations religion. Aided by a learned Lama, be made at that place, which is the highest in- great progress in the study of the literature habited spot on the globe. The principal of Thibet, aud discovered an encyclopædia object of his journey was the introduction in forty-four volumes, which treated of the of vaccioation into Thibet; but it appears. arts and sciences. The medical part of this that the prejudices of the Rajah prevented large work forms five volumes. The art of him from succeeding in that humane en lithography has been practised at the printerprise. One of the villages where he cipal city of Thibet from tine immemorial, stopped was proved to be 14,700 feet above and it has been used to display the anatomy the level of the sea. At this place, in the of the different parts of the human body. It month of October, the thermometer, in the appears that sciences and letters, flying from morning, marked 80 33 centigrades below the tyranny of the caste of the Brahmins, Zero ; and during the day the rays of the abandoned the plains of Hindostan, and took sun were so hot as to be inconvenient, and refuge on the mountains of Thibet, where, yet the waters in the lakes and rivers were until the present time, they remained totally frozen during the night, but were free from unknown to the rest of the world. ice at two o'clock in the afternoon. By

SELECT POETRY.

THE TRIUMPH OF BENEVOLENCE. Clad in celestial robes more pure than snow,

A lovely being stood. A smile of joy
By W. Hersee.

Illum'd her countenance, as thus a voice,
THE spirit, wearied in the day of care, Softer than human language can describe,
1 Or broken by the world's unfeeling scorn,' Broke thro' che stillness of the list'ning
Rests not in sleep. The body may lie down,

night: As nature or as custom shall require,

- Attend, O mortal! to the voice of Heaver; The eyelids close--the living fóim become Behold, I come a inessenger from thence ! Inanimate, and yet the noblest part, To all mankind alike the band of God The wondrous faculty that renders inan Extends his gifts of goodness and of love. Superior to the brute, rests not in sleep. He gives his mercy, boundless as bis pow'r, Clos'd was the day, the social evening To the vast tribes that people o'er the earth gone,

From pole to pole. Thus all that live and And 'twas the silent lonely midnight hour,

move : Darkness had spread her deepest shade Partake his bounty and his watchful care. around,

By his decree mortality attends And Labour nestled in the arms of Peace, The highest monarch and the lowest slave. When, overcome by heaviness of thought, What, then, is greatness here? The breath I slept. My feverish wand'ring spirit rose

of man Amid the gloom, and Fancy to iny view Is not more transient than his earthly pow'r. Disclos'd mysterious things. Before mine Look at the lovely state of artless childeyes,

hood!

PART 11.]
Select Poetry.

633 It is the stage of life which men confess Look up to thee and cry aloud for help. Proves that young Nature is alike in all. Let them not cry in vain : Humanity, The mind is then unfetter'd by the chains O Nature ! taught by thee, and by the hand Of Pride the heart pours forth a gentle Of Prudence gently guided, may o'erpow'r stream

The strength of prejudice, yet leave unOf love without distinction ! Ev'n the hand

touch'd Of humble servitude, chat toils for food, The glitt'ring golden chain that firmly binds The hand chat rocks the cradle, and prepares The various worldly interests of men. The menial comforts of the helpless frame, Let this be done ; let ignorance be taught Attracts the smile of infant gratitude. The sacred source whence every blessing Alas! that knowledge and maturer years,

flows, Teaching gradations in the scale of rank, And thus the light of knowledge shall inspire Should change the early current of the heart, A just conception of the gifts of Heav'n." And taint its progress with empoison'd The vision filed and trembling I awoke weeds!

To muse upon the miseries of the slave, But such is human frailty—such is man! When the glad voice of England's triumph Destined to mingle with a thoughtless world,

rose,

(joy. He grows in stature and he grows in vice. And cheer'd my soul with tidings of great Oh for the pow'r that Heav'n alone can give: England ! my native, my delightful home! The spirit divine, that thro' the darken'd Thou art the favour'd nation ! 'Tis to thee soul,

[light That Heav'n assigns the glory and the pow'r Struggling to be free, can pour the living Of setting captives free! Thou art renown'd Of joy eternal, and the wandering thoughts In Fame's bright annals for thy mighty Turn from the present to a future life,

deeds; And guide from evil to substantial good! Thy conquering armies in the field of war;

By the same maker all mankind are made, Thy seats of learning, sciences, and arts ; And Nature calls them brothers : but the Thy monuments of genius, and thy love world,

[thus Of all that gives true dignity to man; And worldly laws, call’d forth by crime, and These are renown'd as far as oceans roll, Allow'd by Heav'u as instruments of good, Conveying knowledge into distant lands; To warn from ill and punish trembling guilt, But now hath Heav'n committed to thy Have stretch'd the rod of pow'r beyond the

charge, bounds

O my loved country! chosen from the world! Mark'd by Humanity from man to man. The noblest work that e'er was wrought on Yet Nature has her claim. She claims a law

earth,

[divine More ancient and more firm than earthly Save by the great High Priest whose pow's pow'r

Rescued the captive sinner from his chains, Can give or take away. She binds by ties Paid down the ransom in his sacred blood, So strong that neither life nor even death And crown'd the victory with eternal life ! Can tear asunder. Her mysterious law To thee the heavenly messenger, hath callid, Takes first possession of the human heart, And England will not hear the call in vain. And dwells for ever there--a law divine ! She hath not heard in vain-Benevolence O Nature! thro' the universal frame Hath giv'n her pow'r to one whose generous Of all creation quenchless as the fire

mind That lights the glorious sun! thy sovereign Feels for affliction with a British heart.

Lo! Canning* speaks amid the list'ning Is felt hy every living thing. To thee

throngThe faithful homage of the heart is borne,

Of silent senators, that crowd to hear Ev’n from the cradle, thro' extended life, The voice of eloquence, and every heart Down to the borders of the gloomy grave. Kindles with joy! He speaks his manly. In every clime around the spacious globe,

thoughts The swarthy negro, tutor'd but by thee, With mild persuasion, candour, and delight. And wand'ring wildly in the trackless woods ; “Tidings of comfort, happiness, and peace, The shiv'ring tribes beside the northern seas, For all who suffer in the Western Isles ! That seek in caves a shelter from the cold; I plead the cause of a benighted race, And those who revel, or repose at ease, Whom kind humanity would gently lead Amid the splendid luxuries of wealth, By gradual steps to freedom and to light.. Are one united family to thee.

Pity the Negro, Oye sons of wealth! The golden hours of friendship and of love, Exalt him and improve him as a man, The ties of kindred in the bond of peace, Teach bim the blessings we ourselves enjoy, The social feelings of domestic joy,

And gratitude shall hail the glorious task! The deep corroding agonies of grief,

Ask ye how freedom can be safely giv'u Are shar'd by all for thou art still their guide.

[there, * This poem, which was intended to have Turn to the Western Isles! Thy children been inscribed 20 Mr. Canning, was written Degraded by the laslı and worn with toil, during the life of that celebrated minister.

Gent. Mag. Suppl. XCIX. Part II.

pow's

694
Select Poetry.

[xcix. To thousands held in slavery from their birth?

IV. Ask ye if minds in native ignorance

OH! for the bow ret of some woodland rale ; Can curb the stubborn passions of the heart, Where I might sit, yet hear life's busy luit, And be prepared for the important change? The sunset gun, or the reveille drum, O let not faithless prejudice prevail

The lowing herd, or, borne upon the gale, I would not pour the sudden light of noon, The song of shepherd minstrel!-lo, a sail, Like an o'erpowering floud, on those who Apother, and another! op they coine long

Scudding the emerald ocean, e'en as some Have lived in total darkness, lest the blaze, - Fair flower Spring's verdant meadow, fair Too brilliant and intense for feeble siglit,

but frail! Should strike with blindness, and misguide Such are the scenes I love, for such delight their feet

My soul, and south it. Nor the less when Thro' paths of danger, horror, and dismay! night No; it were better, it were more humane, Comes o'er the landscape do I own the power That good should mildly come by slow Of rural nature; the star-studded sky, degrees.

The sparkling fountain, and the moon-lit No longer shall the tender ties of love

tower, Be torn asunder by the sale of blood. Nor least the babbling brook's meek melody. The anxious parent and the guiltless child

Temple, June 1829.

H. B. Shall live together. Nature thus will teach Tle lovely peaceful charities of life, Expand the feelings of the struggling heart,

SONNET TO A MISER. And raise the intellect above the slave.

By John Taylor, Esq. Then shall inviting Education come, And sweet instruction to the simple mind, M ISER, think what thvu'lt be when life has Will prove a welcome treasure of delight,

flow Grateful to give, and grateful to receive. A frightful mass of senseless clay, no more; Thro' the dark wilderness a light shall break, What then will be to thee thy countless And Sorrow's children shull indeed rejoice!

store, There shall be raised the standard of our God; Collected all to please thyself alone, Heralds of peace eternal shall proclainn That made thy heart as turpid as a stone; The ridings of salvation, and the sound

Gone, and to those who should have sharid Of freedom for the soul shall teach the heart

before,

(pour, To feel the value, and to prize the gift,

And hence no grateful strains to thee they Of liberty on earth!"

Who gav'st it when no longer 'twas thice 'Tis thus he speaks.

[been, With smiles of pleasure and with inward joy, Ah! how much happier would thy state have Justly exulting in so great a theme.

If, not intent thy sordid ore to hide, Friend of mankiu.l, and :hus my country's Thou hadst explor'd the haunts where WANT friend!

is seen, O may the aid of Heav'n be giv'n to thee, Eager to spread thy hounty far and wide, And crown thine e furts with eptire success! And aid unfriended GENIUS; iben serede

Thy life hat pass'd, and Conscience Death

defied.

OWO.

SONNETS ON RURAL SCENERY.

By the Author of the Garland.
(Continued from p. 456.)

III.
I ET others speed to soine lone Alpine rock

Whereon to sit and meditate, atar
From man and mau's dark destinies—the
shock

[car,
Of battling hosts, ambition's blood-stain'd
And all that come life's fairer scenes to mar.
For me, I love not thus to sit apart
From those I once companion'd, and to lar
'Gainst fellow man the portals of the leart.
Because the City kins ont with the sweet
Community of feeling all mankind
Own and delight in, is there no retreat
Where we the sacred musings of the mind
May cherisli, save where desolation broods
Mid tho wild waste of Alpine solitudes ?

The following Slanzas are written on a Sundial

in Gains/ord Church porch : MORTAL, while the sunny beam

Tells thee here how Tiide is gliding,
Haste the moments to redeem,

For eternity providing.
Winters pass, and Springs renew,

la maturity advancing :
Youth to pleasure sighs adieu,

In the fields of childhood dancing.
Manhood sinks to hoary age,

Aod a night that has no morning;
O let wisdom now engage,

Hear her dictates, and take warniug.
Wisely still the moments use,

Man is every moment dying ;
Whilst this tablet you peruse,
O remember Time is Aying.

'W. LAME.

PART 11.]

( 685 ) HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

FOREIGN NEW S.

FRANCE.

greatly from the unhealthiness of the cliThe Paris journals have been recently

mate. Of forty marines who were on board occupied with reports of the proceedings in

the Elen, thirty-one have died; and the the Cour Royale, in the case of M. Bertin,

death of the Governor is also reported. proprietor and editor of the Journal des

Three-fourths of the men are reported dead, Delals, who appealed from the decision of

and there are returns almost equally calathe Tribunal of Correctional Police, which,

mitous as to the oficers and surgeons. In in August last, found him guilty of a litel on

fact, it seems impossible to hold these the constitutional anthority of the king. The

" African colonies without a fearful sacrifice

of human life. cause excited great interest, both on account of the bigh respectability of the individual,

EAST INDIES. and in consequence of the excitement which prevails in the public mind. M. Berlin, in According to recent intelligence, two the course of his address to the Court, extensive cotton factories were erecting at enumerated the great sacrifices he had made Calcutta, one of which was nearly finished ; for the Bourbons, in order to show that the it was furnished with two steam-engines of charge preferred against him of hostility to fifty-horse power each, and would manufacthat family was groundless, which he proved ture the cotton into twist, and complete the to the satisfaction of the Judges, who re- fabric of cotton cloth in the same manner scinded the sentence of the interior tribunal. as the most improved of the establishments This decision was received by a crowded in the vicinity of Manchester. audience with the loudest m.arks of ap- Some extensive forgeries of the Company's plause.

notes have been discovered at the office of A decision of some importance to dra- the Accountant. General. By the investigamatic authers in France, has just been made tion which was going on at the Policeby the civil tribuoal of Paris, by which au- Office, it had already been ascertained that thors are empowered every evening, if they they amounted to nearly ten lacs of rupees, think fit, to demand the share of the re- or 200,0001. The Beogal Bauk was exceipts allotted to thein, notwithstanding any pected to suffer in nearly one half of that seizure or opposition maile by creditors; sum, and there was about as much more in and, in case of resistance, they may request Governmeot paper. The forgeries were the aid of the commissary of police and the committed by natives, two of whom (mer. gendarmerie.

chants of great wealth) were in custody. The distress of the vine-growers in France is represented to have increased to an aların

NORTH AMERICA. ing extent. No less than 150,000 proprietors, and 6,000.000 labourers, are said to be

The Message of the President of the now reduced to the lowest scale ofilestitution.

United States (General Jackson), delivered A reveal, or at least a considerable diminu- to Congress on the 7th of Dec., breathes tion, of the heavy duties at present exacted,

throughout a kindly feeling towards this is considered the only inethod of remedying

country, and is, on the whole, very satisthis enormous evil.

factory. The President enters, with busiThe pew suspension-bridse, between the ness like minuteness, into all the departChamp. Elvsées and Gros Caillon, has been

ments of the State, of which he is the opened. Its length, exclusive of the abute official organ, and the responsible agent. ments, is 380 English feet, and it is in. He begins by congratulating “ twelve miltended for carriages as well as foot-passen lions of happy people” on the “ most gers. The centre or widest opening is 219 cheering evidence of general welfare and feet, while the suspension-bridge over the

progressive improvement." “ With Great straits of Mepai is 580.

Britain, alike distinguished in peace and

war, we may look forward to years of AFRICA.

peaceful, honourable, and elevated competi

tion. Every thing in the condition and Public attention has been lately directed history of the two nations is calculated to to the alle inpt to colonise Feroanito Po. inspire sentiments of mutual respect, and to The expedition which was sent to that carry conviction to the minds of both, that island, under the commaod of Col. Nicholls, it is their policy to preserve the most cordial the Civil Goveruor, appears to love suffered relations." In the course of his remails

636
Foreign News -Domestic Occurrences.

[XCII. on the general politics of Europe, as they The party now in power is composed of what affect the United States, the President con- may be termed the moderate federals. gratulates the Congress on the prospective The Topographical Commission appointed benefits to their commerce from the un- to examine the obstacles which oppose the locking of the navigation of the Black Sea, opening of a communication between the by the Treaty between the Allied Powers Atlantic and the Pacific through the Istband Russia. He vext predicts the restora- mus of Panama, have informed the Governtion of peace and internal quiet in the ment, that in their opinion one considerable Southern Republics of America. With re- difficulty has vanished in the discovery tbai gard to commercial transactions with other the two seas prove the same level; but notnations, the existing Tariff is acknowledged withstanding this, they consider the enterto require modification in some of its pro- prise as not very easy to be accomplished. visions, the extent of which, however, is The present mode of communication would very limited.

perhaps be preferable. The navigation of

the river Chagres being improved by means SOUTH AMERICA.

of steam-boats, and a road constructed from BRAZIL.-Letters from Rio de Janeiro to Cruces to Panama, which is scarcely seves the 27th of October, bring intelligence of leagues, and can he made passable for ear. the arrival there of the bride and daughter riages, the course to the Pacific would be of the Einperor. The marriage took place very short. Even as the case is at present, on the 17th, and was celebrated with great Senor Hurtado, going with his family as far splendour, the capital being illuminated in as Panama, has travelled from Jaunaica to the evening, and the Emperor embraced Buenaventura, Popayan, in only twenty days. that opportunity of instituting a new order, Whatever may be the mode, the Govergto be styled the Order of the Rose, and to ment of the Republic is disposed to encod. be conferred on foreigners as well as Datives; rage the projects which may be presented to the Emperor to be the Grand Master, and facilitate the communication across the 1stbthe next diguities to be lield by members of mus, and will give the undertaking all the his family.

favour in their power, which shall be com. BUENOS AYRES.—The government of this

patible with the security and defence of the province, since the termivation of the civil

country. war, is almost solely occupied in efforts to Several Mexican manuscripts, brought restore public credit, especially that of the

some time ago to Europe, and formiog part paper currency; new taxes have been im of the celebrated collection of Botteria, posed, and other expedients resorted to, have been purchased for the Royal Library, and a sinking fund established, for the ge- Paris. Amongst the number is the repait neral redemption of the bank notes. The

of the spies sent by Montezuma to the Spare new ministers have a difficult task to make ish camp: a third manuscript represents the head against the poverty and desolation human sacrifices. which the late domestic war has occasioncd.

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.

IRELAND. The system of intimidation, particularly in the demesne of Farymount, and cut down in the county of Ross, has become so over- forty-seven

forty-seven fine ash and deal trees, also the awing, that the outrages which heretofore property of Mr. Mills. were perpetrated only under cover of the

One of the most atrocious and savage out. night, are now fearlessly committed in the

rages ever recorded, was committed on the face of day; and, although the delinquents

19th Dec. at about two o'clock in the mornare well known, there is not to be found an

ing, at Dromelihy, within four miles of individual who dares give the necessary in

Kilrush, upou two men (brothers) of the formation to ground a warrant for their ap

name of Doyle, who were recently appointed prehension. On Saturday, the 12th Dec.

drivers to the Westropp property, in which at noon day, a party of men, well armed,

situacion they succeeded persons of the name and apparently marshalled, computed at

of M‘Grath, who were discharged for mismore than 200, assembled within view of

conduct by Mr. Westropp. This appointthe glebe-bouse, on the lands of Kilgifiin,

ment, or the manner in which they coaand, being supplied with the necessary in

ducted themselves in it, brought upon them plements for felling timber, deliberately set

the vengeance of Terry Ali's boys, who to work, and cut down upwards of forty fine

broke into their house, and brought out the trees, the property of M. A. Mills, 'Esq.,

two brothers, one at a time, and cut out which surrounded and were contiguous to

their tongues! Another brother avoided a the church. On the vight of the following

similar fate by hiding under a bed. Wednesday another armed party assembled

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