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Answer to the Qu'ry respečling the Planets. 287 could never be brought to swerve in at various distances from that curve, the leait from what he thought to be and which can be no other than the law and justice : he had, upon great tops of mountains. Sir Isaac Newton occafions, shewn an intrepid (indigna-mentions an atmosphere round the tion of) zeal in asserting the authority moon ; other authors think there is of the law, for he ventured the indig- reason for the contrary: but that is nation of both houses of parliament by no argument against the moon's being turns, when he thought the law was an habitable world, as it was doubtwith him: those who had the happi- less as easy an exertion of Omniponess of living in his time were more tence to create beings capable of subimmediately fenfible of his justice, lifting without air, as to replenith the wisdom, and integrity. His advance water with inhabitants and that we ment to the honourable station which cannot live in that denser medium, nohe so long and so well filled, is an un-body ever thought of bringing as an arerring proof that real merit will make gument to prove that the fish cannot. its own way without any aslistance, But this is not the case with respect to without any little mean arts and assi- the other planets: from several changeduities, and that the only certain me. able spots upon their surface it is with thod to obtain true honour is to de- reason fupposed that they are surserve it.

ANUN. rounded with an atmosphere. De la (to be continued.)

Hire discovered mountains in Venus ;

another astronomer discovered several To the Editor of ihe Lady's Mal spots upon the surface of most of the

planets, which kept a regular uniform

motion from one side to the other, a SIR,

plain proof that they have a motion S I was gazing the other night round their axis. That they are o




with the whole spangled canopy of borrowed light, is proved from this ; heaven, shone in its full luftre, I re only that part of the inferior planets collected the request of your corres that are turned towards the sun is pondent Amelia, and resolved through found to Mine, consequently they ap. the channel of your Magazine to give pear with different phases, like the her my sentiments upon the subject.

It is evident Jupiter is an oThe question was, whether the pla-pake body, from the shadow of his fanets, and other luminous bodies, are tellites appearing on the body of the habitable worlds ?

planet when they get between that and The moon is by far the nearest to the fun; and since Saturn shines with us of any of the planets, and it is by so faint a light, far fainter than the observations upon her different phases fixed stars, or than the other planets, and appearances that we are to form it being placed farther from the sun our conjectures, for a probable conjec-than any, it might rationally be conture is the highest degree of certainty cluded that Saturn is an opake body, we can expect to arrive at upon these and borrows all its lustre from the subjects.

fun. That the surface of the moon is not And now, since it has been proved smooth or even, but interspersed with by the best and most learned astronohills, vales, mountains, cavities, scas, mers that the planets are opake bo. &c. is obvious to any one who looks dies, that they are encompassed by at it through a telescope. It is de changeable atmospheres, blessed with monstrable that there are a variety of the revolution of day and night, fumhills and mountains by the irregular mer and winter, furnished with mouncurve which bounds the enlightened tains, valleys, seas, &c. what should part of the moon, and by small lumi- hinder the supposition that the planets nous spots, which appear itanding out are habitable worlds ? Does it not



large our ideas of the power, wisdom, A spoonful of this electuary, reguand greatness of the Omnipotent Crea-larly taken every day, will create a3 tor, to behold millions of worlds (for much happiness as our constitutions are the fixed stars are with justice suppored capable of at present. Proba: um eft. to be suns, the centres to other lys N. B. If any of these ingredients tems) all rejoicing in the unbounded are left out, the medicine will not ogoodness of one all-powerful, all-wise,

perate effectually to procure the full and all-gracious Being ?--" When I quantity of happiness; and if some of consider the heavens which thou hast

them are too predominant, it will be created, the moon and Itars which

hurtful to the patient, and must be thou hast ordained, Lord, what is succeeded by the bitters of repentance. man that thou art mindful of him, or

J.S. the son of man that thou visitest him?" Yet let not any humble soul, struck

To the EDITOR of the LADY's Mawith the immensity of the Creator's works, give room to the idea of be.

SIR, ing overlooked or neglected. Let it

N answer to Charlotte H-d's remember that not a sparrow. falls to enquiry concerning the phænomethe ground without the permission of non of a rainbow, the following conour heavenly father; and that though cife, but clear folution, will, I prehis works are too vast for our finite sume, be satisfactory. capacities to comprehend, his omni A rainbow is a parti-coloured mepotent goodness pervades the whole.

teor in the form of a semicircle, and I have thus, Mr. Editor, in a hasty makes its appearance in a rainy sky, manner, thrown together my fenti- opposite the fun, occafioned by the meats upon this subject : if no better refraction of its rays in drops of fal. proofs or reasons for this opinion come ling rain. to your hand, perhaps mine will not

I am, Sir, a new, and (if encoube unacceptable: but if a more learn- raged by the insertion of this) a future ed correspondent should offer reasons correspondent. more satisfactory, I shall not be mor.

JUVENIS. tified to find that mine are thrown afide, but happy to receive infruction query on the Conversation, or Tick. from one more capable of giving it.

I am Sir,
Your most obedient,

Constant reader of your Maga-
Humble servant,


your corPHILANTHROPIA. respondent, who has favoured us with

an account of the SPIDER, page 179,

if they have, at any time in their emA Receipt for an infallible Medi

ployment, been heard to make a noise ?

The reason, Sir, of my troubling you CINE to froure HAPPINESS.

with this question is, that I live in the VAKE of volatile pleasures, the country in an old house, and frequent

cordials of the table, the confec ly in the year hear a disagreeable ticktions of buildings, and all works of ing noile, fimilar to a watch, only art, munificence and benevolence, fix. ccaling a little, and then ticking again ed economy, rectified spirits of ambio for perhaps a day and a night at one tion, and the extract of philofophy, time, which, I am told, proceeds from of each a proper quantity. Mix them a small spider ; but as I never could all well together, and work then up tind it, although I often fought after into an electuary with the syrup of re it, I shall be glad to hear it confirmed ligion, made of the flowers of morali or contradicted by those who have ty, and heightened with the pure el 'made the natural history of those anincc of Chriftianity.

mals a part of their study.




Thoughts on Beauty.

289 Solution to the ENIGMATICAL Feast, methinks, a kind of beauty which Page 176.

lives even to old age ; a beauty that

is not in the features, but, if I may EORGE Ref*y presents his be allowed the expression, shines thro

molt grateful acknowledgments them. As it is not merely corporea', it to Henrietta Dr, and having ac is not the object of mere jenli, mor is cepted her generous offer, has endea

it to be discovered but by persons of voured publicly to announce his enter

true taste and refined sentiment. There tainment.

are ftrokes of fenfibility, nice touches First, he was refreshed after his jour- of delicacy, sense, and even virtue, ney with cake and wine.

which, like the master traits in a fine Secondly, he was served with tra

picture, are not to be discerned by and coffe ; but to his infinite surprise vulgar eyes, that are captivated with no fort of eatables accompanied them.

vivid colours, and gaudy decorations. At supper he was entertained with

There are emanations of the mind, Chickens and a paragus, [Sparrowgrass] which, like the vital spark of celestial Jalmor, a quarter of lamb and Jallad, fire, animate the form of beauty with pies, tarts, and cream ; he is sorry,

a living roule Without this the most however, to say it did not perfe&tly a- perfect symmetry in the bloom of gree with him, as he could find no

youth, is but a "kneaded clod;" and bread at table.

with this, features that time itself has His drink was chiefly cyder, though defaced, have a spirit, a fenfibility, an there were many other liquors on the inexpreffible charm, which those only board, viz, ali, Otober, wine, negus, do not admire, who want faculties to which he is very fond of, and punch. perceive. On the whole, he admired the reception he

III. met,

[cat : It has often been said, that the And to fhew he was pleas'd he most heartily beauties of the mind are valuable, beNext month, in his turn, he will try all his cause they are more lasting than those

skill To treat her, and hopes he'll approve his of the body ; but I do not remember 'Till then h remains, whai noue dure to deny, to have heard it said, that the beauties Her much obliged friend

of the mind are valuable, because they Goodman,-Fields. G. Riffy. make those of the body more lasting.

IV. .. Explained likewise by M-O-,

I believe we may say, in general, Maria in verse, Murlumne (~r,&c.

that all the tender and kind passions add to bcauty ; and all the cruel and

unkind ones add to deformity : and it THOUGHTS BEAUTY.

is on this account that good-nature By vari:us AUTHORS. may, very justly, be said to be " the

best feature even in the finest face." I.

Mr. Pope has included the principal HE criterion of true beauty is, passions of each sort in two very pret

that it increases on examination; ty lines of false, that it le{fens. There is some-Love, Hope, and Joy, fair Pleasure's smiling thing, therefore, in true beauty, that

train ; corresponds with right reason, and is Hare, Fear, and Grief, the family of Pain. not merely the creature of fancy. The former of which naturally give II.

an additional lustre and enlivening to Though beauty is, with the most beauty; as the latter are apt to åing apt fimilitude, I had almost said with

a gloom and cloud over it. the most literal truth, called a flower

V. that fades and dies al nost in the very Beauty without good-lense is infipid ; moment of its maturity; yet there is, I and however it may raise our compatVol. X.




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passion, it can never make us admire behaviour, that to be at case, one the possessor of it. Her very looks would be apt to wish there were no will betray her weakness ; her lan- such creatures. They expect such guishing airs and forced smiles give us great allowances, and give so little to a dilgust to the most exquisite features others, that they who have to do with and the fairelt complexion; and when them, find, in the main, a man with a once she begins to speak, her charms better person than ordinary, and a vanish in an instant. To be pleased beautiful woman, might be very hapwith the beauty of a fool, is a mark pily changed for such to whom nature of the greateIt folly.

has been lefs liberal. The handsome

fellow is usually so much a gentleman, VI.

and the fine woman has something so Good-nature is as graceful to the becoming, that there is no enduring mind, as beauty is to the body. It either of them. makes virtue appear in the most amiable light, and adds a lustre to every

(To be occasionally continued.) other good quality. It gives the finishing stroke, if I may so fay, to an handsome face, and spreads such an en

A MEDICAL CASE. gaging sweetness. over it, as no art can To the EDITOR of the LADY's MAequal, nor any words describe. On the other hand, the frowns of ili-na

SIR, lure disgrace the finest countenance : not even the wrinkles of old age, can

As your very useful and entertaining make it so homely and deformed. A

Magazine is so well calculated for scold, though never so handsome, is

the amusement, the instruction, and universally hated and avoided : the

the benefit of the ladies, I Aatter very fight of her is odious, and her

myself you will not reject the inser

tion of any thing that any way tends company intolerable,

to their welfare. Emboldened by VII.

this confideration, I have ventured As a precious stone, when unpolith

to send you the undermentioned, ed, appears rongh, so beauty, without

which is humbly addreffed to the good-breeding, is aukward and unpleaf

gentlemen of the faculty, fincerely ing. Nature, indeed, is at all times hoping that some one of the medithe same, but does not discover its

cal practitioners, into whose hands beauty till refined and improved by

this may probably fall, will be so art. A genteel behaviour, though it

obliging as to favour me with a recannot alter the shape and complexion

medy for the following disorder, of a fine woman, is, however, neceíla

which is now remarkably prevalent ry to make them agreeable. 'Tis not

in this island, and particularly asufficient that a woman has good fea

mong our sex. tures, and an handsome person, unless

I am, Sir, she knows how to show them off to

Your most humble servant, the best advantage ; nor will the fiveit

AMELIA. accomplishments make her completely agrecable, unless they are properly im HE disease for which I implore proved by a good education, and ap the advice of your medical corpear conspicuous in a polite behaviour. respondents is a nervous case, which I

have been subject io for two or three VIII.

years past, and can get no relief. It is Beauties, male or female, are genc hot an hereditary complaint, (and rally the most untractable people of therefore I hope not incurable) for in all others. You are fo exceflively per- my youth I was entirely free from e. plexed with the particularities in their very symptom of this malady. In the

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An Evening's Walk.

291 first place, I believe it was acquired or The miller, with bending back, culbrought on by a studious and feden- tivating the small spot his garden, tary life, to which I have lately been while the happy partner of his life was too much addicted. I am rather of a nourishing at her breast the offspring delicate make, and have such weak of their mutual love. The little pratnerves, and extreme sensibility, that tlers, to whom age had given more the leaft fright, or the most inconti-strength, were enjoying their innocent derable incident will quite disconcert diverlions in the adjoining mead. me, and throw my whole frame into “ Health, peace, and plenty, (cried I) the greatest commotion. My appe. ye happy tenants of this rural abode! tite is not at all depraved, but I be. Live ye fenfible of your bliss, the gift lieve what I eat does not much nou

of the Omniscient !" rish me, for I have great weakness of Here I turned my eye, and saw a body, accompanied with lowness of scene untouched by art, uncultivated; spirits, head achs, &c. Though I a scene that gives a type of the degehave taken large quantities of bark, nerate part of human race. The chalybeat pills, and other medicines, brake that crept over the towering I can find no perceptible abatement of cliff, how flowery the outward appearmy disorder, but it still gains ground, ance! but seek into ita recesses, feek and is increasing upon me daily. Pro- into its bosom, and you shall find lurkbably some of your readers may be ing the deadly adder, and envenomed acquainted with a remedy peculiarly snake. efficacious in nervous cales ; if they I ascended a hillock, and surveyed fhould, a communication of it through the surrounding country, casting my the channel of your Magazine would eyes to the ethereal dome. How big be esteemed a particular favour. my mind !- vhat an unmeasurable June, 1779.

fphere !-'Tis there that rests the temple of the * Most High!—This earth,

the globe we tenant, in extent, is no AN EVENING's WAL K.

more to that, than the smallest speck

we see is to this orb. The external THE sun emitting his rays from beauties of the azure sky as far furbehind the dusky vapours

which pass the painter's art, as celestial haphad clouded the day, invited me to piness does terrestrial. And that grand venture forth, and range the flowery | luminary the fun, where can we see a meads. The season had fresh-cloathed greater proof of the Almighty's benethe bushes and trees; Flora had be. ficence ? - Was it not for that all naftrewed her blessings around; the gen ture would fall, and sink into chaos. tle rain had left the liquid pearls pen. The vegetable fyftem must fall profdent from the thorn ; sweet Philomel trate on their humid beds ; the earth was warbling in the copfe; the black must cease to give its autumnal fruits ; bird, the thrush, and all the feathered the herds, the flocks, and all the pluchoir alternately answering the footh my race, in want of food, muft droop ing notes.

and die. The waves would climb up Through a vale painted with ver Albions cliffs, and take their primeval dure, upon the bank of a meandring state ; and yon high hills +, that seem ftream, 'I bent my course. The vio- to touch the skies, may waste away.let, cowslip, and blue-bell checquered But let me leave an illustration of that the banks, and diffused their odours to the pen of a naturalist. to the passing gale. Taken by a fe. I walked till I came to a lofty, nories of thoughts on the Elysian beau- ble manfion, the walls of which were ties of the spring, I ftrayed till the noily waterfall at the neighbouring * Divum patcr, atque hominum rex. mill roused me from a reverie, to sur

VIRGIL Æn. vey felicity in a rustic life.

† Malvern Hills.
P p 2



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