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are often like litole children, who shew them de unto you." And as to every thi fondness for a favourite animal, man of fortune, who is tingle, I would by perfecuting it with careffes till they advise him to get married as soon as he kill it with kindness, or till it escapes, can, and check the hypes of Doctor's
.?!, from such offensive proofs Commons, by keeping his wife from of absurd affection. Neither the fond- gadding abroad, and a liberal obsernefs of childhood, nor the dotage of vance of family duty at home. age, are, by any means, that kind of love which lays the foundation for last The ancient Greeks were not the ing happiness in the marriage-ftate.- only people who had no word in conIt is an affection founded on reason, mon use for the one wife of one hur. which, making a difference between band. It is remarkable that the mo. faults and foiblea, ciflinguishes by prac-dern French, as if they held each otical effects, not fanciful speculations, thers wives in common, use the word between vice and virtue.
femine indiscriminatily, for wife and After all that can be said on the
But how would it found in subject,
English, to say initead of my wire, my If men would have the nuptial union lalt, wiman! Our transators of the new 'Tis virtue only that can bind it falt.
teftament, therefore, have made use of
the word viti, agreeably to our manIt is yet in vain to expariate, in general terms, on virtue, without point- ners, initead of the wor:1 ze man, coning out its particular practice. It is forınably to the origina! Greek. the misfortune of the fair sex to entertain a very confined and inadequate i A man runs as great a hazard in dea of that liberal and extensive terin. marrying a filly wite, as a woman in By circumfcribing it within the narconticing in a foolish gallant. row limits of mere chastity, they lay Natural folls, bovever, is frequentthemselves open to assault in the only | ly accompanied with a deal of little part in which they are most vulner- artifice and low cunning, productive of able. There are a number of colla a world of mischief, where it is left to teral duties and decenciez attendant on its own guidance. For the mischiefs every cardinal virtue, without which they do in the female world, perhaps, the latter not only loses its dignity, men of lense may, in a great measure, but its consequence.
thank themselves. In mean complia It has been repeatedly and truly ance with the weakness of the fes said, that it is not enough for a woman which Gyd and nature have subjected to be virtuous without they appear fo. to their authority, they have given
those the lead whom they ought to The husband who attempts to le guide. In consequence of this, an induce another man's wife or daughter, undation of levity and impertinence is doubiy criıninal. It is true that, hath broke in upon us from those naamidit the diffoluteness of modern man- tions of modery Sybarites, the French ners and principles, the criminality is and Italians, bearing away the reheld but too light, and, in the warmth straints of modesty and decency, for of conftitution, the "hey-day of the which the Engih, and particularly blood," as the poet emphatically calls the English ladies, have been for ages it, it may be in vain to recommend to remarkable. man of gallantry any thing of so grave The devastation is too apparent, but a cat a3 texts of scripture. I will the ruinous consequences are, perhaps, venture, however, to recommend to incvitable. The evils nature are every married man of sense and Spirit,compensated by some counteracting the observance of that golden rule, good ; fimple ineptitude or insanity fi Do unto others as you would have may be restrained, but artificial folly
Thoughts on Seduction, Adultery, and Divorce.
349 and the frenzy of caprice know no According to Rousseau, a very hounds.
shrewd and sensible observer of manNor is this indulgence, so fatal to kind, the female virtues never display the sex, however artfully solicited, e themselves but in a life of retirement: ver seriously approved by the more the peculiar province of woman is the fenfible pait'even of themselves. They peaceful management of their families; are the first, when its ill effects are ex their dignity contils in modesty: bash-, perienced, to upbraid a fond husband fulness is in them inseparable rom for his weakness, in suffering them to chastity : to court the looks of the run into danger. Like our first mo men is a mark of corruption, and evether who ungratefully upbraided A ry woman dishonours herself who is din für complying with her pressing fond of appearing in public. solicitations to be permitted to risk the Great as is Rousseau's authority temptation of the grand deceiver alone, with our English ladies, I have no the Eldea fair one is ever ready with hopes that they will generally subscribe her reproaches.
to it in this particular. The love of Why did not thou, the head,
admiration is so natural to the sex, and Coom 2. me absolutely not to go,
the love of power to all mankind, that Going ulo such anger as thou faid'nt? we are not to expect that they who are Hath thou seen firm and fx'd in thy dissent, in the poífellion of the one, or the exNzither had I transgress'd, nor thou with mi
ercise of the other, will voluntarily PAR. LOST
give up such darling prerogatives. A giddy woman, intoxicated with When a power of so much importvanity, would, like Phaeton, afiume ance to community is misplaced or the reins, and attempt to drive the misapplied, it is a duty incumbent on cliariot of the sun, though at the ha- the guardians of society, to wrest it zard of setting the world on fire, and from such improper hands, or, at Icalt, perishing in its aihes. It is the pro to lay a restraint on its milapplication. vince, it is the duty of her husband to But neither is this so easily effected as prevent is own disgrace, by prevent may be imagined. It is often milta. ing her ruin.
kenly conceived that the legislature is
omnipotent, and that the laws of a It was a maxiin with the ancients, people have an immediate and necefthat the purest manners always pre-sary influence on their morals. The vailed in those countries where the least | case is somewhat different. The inwas said of the women ; and that she fluence of government, however direct must be the most virtuous who was and positive, will make no lasting imleast the subject of conversation. On pression on public manners, till it hath this. principle it was that a Lacede- equally affected public opinion. Nein monian, hearing a foreigner run on ther is it in the virtues of individuals greatly in commendation of a lady of that we are to seek for the source of his acquaintance, angrily interrupted a general reforination. The bulk of him, and asked him if he would never mankind, in a state of society, live not have done depreciating a virtuous wo so much for themselves, as for others : mag. With 18, on the contrary, the nothing seems eligible to them but women held in the highest citimation what is ftamped with the public approare those who make the most noise, bation : the only happiness generally who are the most talked of, the molt sought after being that of appearing frequently seen in company, who are happy in the eyes of others. molt positive, and who give themselves Great examples have, in past ages, the most infolent airs : the honour of had great effects, but we seem to live putting a modett man to the blush be in an age when even the most illuitrijonging only to women of the first ous examples in favour of conjugal breeding.
virtue are void of influence,
The TRUE POINT OF HONOUR.
fault she had been guilty, of herself by
marrying one below her, received the A MORAL History.
proposals of this nobiuinan with joy, In a Series of Letters.
and her daughter listened to them
without reluciance. Her recent at(Translated from the French.)
tachment made her resolve to break By a LADY.
her word; but as the Marquis was to
be abfent till the end of the campaign, Continued from Page 313.) The flattered herself to marry my ne
phew before his return. I know not LET TER' XL.
what motive has precipitated the MarFrom M. NORTHON, Sen. to obe Coun- | quis's return; perhaps he bas some tefs de SOLMES.
spy, who has informed him of what
has passed in this quarter. Be that as VERY thing, my lady, that I ap- it may, Mad. D’Erlac received a let
ter at supper-tiine, wherein he advised pened !- We are in a most frightful her of his quick return, and desired confusion, and we should have gone a
her to prepare every thing for the conway, had it not been too late.
Our lummation of the marriage on his arhopes are gone, the ruin of my nephew rival, because he could not stay above is certain, and when shall receive eight hours at Paris, where his general my brother's letters, in which he flat had dispatched hiin on some particular tered himself of his recovery, his buliness. The lady, after having pemisfortune, perhaps, may be at its cri-ruled the letter, thought it would be fis. I know not what I write ; I polite to read it to us, because we must stay fome hours before I can fi were all acquainted with the intended nish my letter. I am sorry that I am nuptials. --This fatal confidence deinduftriuus in troubling you: you mutt veloped in an initant the different ienforgive a difconfolate, who can speak timents of the whole company. My freely only to such a friend as you.
joy, as well as my brother's, discoWe are now in a new lodging. The vered itself in so unequivocal a manner, Baron has obliged his daughter to go that Miss-D'Erlac was offended at it, co-bed; he himself has yielded to the and gave us such a look, as began to importunities I made uic of to take an
open her mother's eyes. The blushes hour's rest. My brother is in search
of my nephew and Eliza werc such, as after his son; I am by niyself, devoured would make one believe they were aniwith grief, and some hours hence I muit
mated by the same sentiment. It was fmother it to support the courage of o certainly grief, but that of Eliza was thers. Permit me to give you a detail of for my nephew : she was no less interthose misfortunes which human pru- efied ihan he, without considering her dence could neither forsee nor prevent, own interest, which this marriage fee especially considering the fatal consecured. quences by which they are aggravated. Mad. D'Erlac eyed us alternately
I have told you that Miss D’Erlac with surprise, and after a moment's fiwas betrothed to Marquis de V-- lunce, the turned to her daughter, in The young man, one of the first fa- whose countenance were blended desmilies in France, by living too freely, pair and disappointment, and said to had contracted debts, which swept a. lier, “ Explain to me what I perceive, way great part of his estate, and a ray and am afraid to fathom. I expected of good sense having casually enlight other things from you, daughter : you ened him, he refolved upon an altera are on the point of marrying an amition in his conduct, after having re able man, who two months ago was trieyed his affairs by an advantageous not indifferent to you, and when you match. Mad. D'Erlac, charmed with are to finish so advantageous an union, compensating by a great alliance the you feem plunged in despair. This
The frue Point of Honouri
351 match, in which we two should only be had a right to take such a freedom.concerned, excites such lively fensa His fifter recognized him on account tions in all present, that I can easily see of this action, while Eliza, following they are more interested in it than the impulse of nature, returned her fathey could have been by mere friend- ther's careffes. He torc himself from ship. I repeat it, unravel this mys- his daughter's arms to receive our catery.”
reffes, and for a quarter of an hour we Instead of answering, Miss D’Erlac were in the most delightful confusion, fell at her mother's feet, conjured her all painful sensations were suspended, to revoke the promise she had made and we were entirely engroffed by the the Marquis, and assured her that she present pleasure, when a look which I would prefer the grave before such an calt on my nephew revived all my disalliance.
quictude. My nephew's eyes were brimful with He was then leaning on the back of teare, and Mad. D'Erlac looking to Eliza's chair, facing Miss D'Erlac.wards him with eyes flashing with in- Never had a criminal, on pronouncing dignation, addressed herself to her his sentence, an appearance of greater daughter, saying, “ I understand you, confternation. The Baron, at last, Miss ; but could you think that I took notice of it, and addressing him. would carry my complaisance so far as felf to my brother, “What can be the * to break the promise I made to the meaning,” said he,“ of the confusion Marquis, to give you to an adventurer, I perceive on the countenance of our without title, without fortune ; who son ?---He seems confused at my arabusing the rights of hospitality, has rival!" made use of the civility with which I My brother, astonished, knew not have treated him, as a handle to fe- what reply to make, when Mad. D'Er* duce you, and that at a time when my lac put an end to his embarrassment in brother, forgetting the dillance that no pleasing a manner, and said to her rank has placed between him and his brother, “ 'Tis because you could not own daughter, has confented to give have come more mal-a-propos ; you her to him?"
derange the projects of the young gen. My brother is the most pacific man tleman and my daughter, who, forgetin the world, he could have forgiven ting their duty to us, have concluded the lady every thing she had fuid with a marriage between them, which shall respect to his circuinstances, anţi even never be consummated as long as I ara with respect to his birth ; but could alive." he remain lilent when his fun was ac My nephew did not hear the concused of seduction, especially as he was clufion of Mad. D’Erlac's reply ; behimself the victim ? I then was appre- ing unable to support the burthen of henlive of lis answering in terms too his confufion, he quitted the room as warm, which I fw, if I might be per- soon as she began to fpeak. Scarcely mitted the expression, on his lips, when had the Baron understood by this acwe heard a loud knocking at the gate; tion of young Northon what his fifter and at the tery moment in which Mad. was defirous to intimate, than he feil D'Erlac was giving orders that they into a fit of anger. “ Does he despise should not open the door to any one, such a girl as my daughter ! Does he to prevent our being exposed to strao dare to prefera" He did not figers in the condition we were in, they nish his sentence, but cafting a disdainrushed, if I may lay so, into the room ful look on his niece, he plainly discowhere we were, and a inan, drefled in vered how little he thought her qualia very ordinary style, cast a curious fied to enter into a competition with look upon the company, fingled out his daughter. Eliza, and Aung himself into her arms. Maçlam D’Erlac, who understood the You will imagine that the Baron de full meaning of his look, was touched M—could be the only person who I to the quick.--" I could never have
thought,” said she," that your indig-nephew with respect to the seduction nation could have been raised by the with which he was charged. The Bachoice which the young man has made; ron seemed to be biaffed in his fait does honour to his judgment; and vour ; and cafting a look towards his if I could cease from conlidering him daughter, whose fuppliant air seemed as the seducer of my daughter, the to beg for a criminal that was so dear preference he lias given her to your'o to her, “ You love him, dear Eliza,” would interest me in his favoar, and said he: I know from those looks make me pass over many things.” which plead his cause with so much'e.
Mifs D'Erlac on this took her mo- loquence. But is he worthy of your ther's hand, and kissed it several times. compaffion, after giving the preference This circumstance, and the discourse to a creature, who is so much inferior from which it originated, raised the to you ?” and while he was uttering Baron's anger to the higheit pitch. these words, he surveyed her with a
“ Follow me," said he to his daugh- complaisance which gave me a mower, “ and do not let us stay a moment ment's satisfaction. Eliza's caresses, longer in a house, where you are both who loaded his hands with kisses, and contemned and betrayed.”
bathed them with her tears, made him • You will do me honour by leav. entirely composed. ing it,” replied Mad. D’Erlac, and “ Rife, my girl, worthy of a better that yon may be at liberty to do so fate,” said he : " a speedy repentance to-morroir, I take my leave of you."may make me forget Northon's fault: She immediately lest the room, taking the poor youth might have entangled her daughter along with her.
himself in a net which was spread for After she was gone, the Baron walk- him with fo much art. Besides, I see ed some time across the parlour with an by his letter that he feels his weakagitation that would not give us leave ness, and that he values
an hunto speak a word to him. At last, bedred times more than his termagani. ing somewhat composed, he sat down But he must not helitate longer ; and near me, and taking his daughter's if he should continue to do injustice to hand and mine, “ My dear Madam your charms by that unworthy predli. Northon,” faid he, “ cannot be an ac-lection, he muit cxpect to feel all the complice in a perfidy of so black a na. resentment of a father injured in fo ture-to contemu my daughter, seduce tender a point.--Forgive me, dear my niece, and embroil me irreconcile friends," addressing us, and stretching ably with
Giftcr! Who could have out a land to each of us, " I know suspected fo many horrid crimes in a hour much you are interested in behalf young man, whom I thought virtuous ? | of the delinquent; I fee that his ofAnd as for you, my friend," addres- fence affeéts you as much as myself; this intrigue escape your notice"? -Bud that you have spared no pains to re
I fatter myself that I may if you had discovered it, why did you depend on the fuccess of your endeanot exert your paternal authority to
vours, and this persuasion should in. put a stop in its progres?!!
duce me to spare my reproaches ; but Instead of giving him a direct an a father, in my fitnation, deferves some fwer, my brother presented bim with indulgence ; Í hope for it from your the letter which young Northon had friendship.” written to him in the morning, while It was three o'clock in the morning I went to fetch the answer his father when we were engaged in this converwrote him, which laid on his table, fation, and our servant, who was well and which the unhappy yout! would acquainted with Paris, set out at davhave found there had it not been for break to seek for a lodging for us. He this fatal accident. 'You shall have foon found is a very convenient one. copies of both, and you will find that My brother went out under pretext of they were well adapted to juitify my examining whether it would suit us,