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his name.

On the Emigration of Swallows, &c.

37 chooses to return to Oxford again, his f of winter into the warmer countries, fiter is to remain with us till he is of where they may find a sufficiency of

food, and a temperature of air adaptMr. Norton was to have stayed huted to their constitutions. Just before a week, but Sir William's coming has their departure, we observe them af. zade him prolong his time to very semble together in valt flocks, on axar a fortnight: he talks of leaving churches, towers, trees, &c. and it Bloon.

is generally supposed they all Ay off My old beau, Lord Warren, is re together, and return again in the same tarned from London, so I shall be

It is remarkable that not plagued with him again, always at my one will depart before the appointed dbow, like a tantiny pig. I never

time; neither is there one that will liked him, and he knows I cannot bear stay behind after its publication. There

is a short time allowed for their being Mila Cowell is just returned from her duly prepared, after which they all valk with her cousin, and begs to take their flight together; not a speak to me-(What can she have to itraggler nor deserter is to be seen. fay!) So adieu, my dear Granby, and

That swallows emigrate into a believe me unalterably

warmer climate, and return again in

the spring, seems confirmed by the Your's,

account which Sir Charles Wager · Lucy CLIFFORD. gives us, of what happened to him in one of his voyages.

« Returning (To be continued.)

home," fays Sir Charles, " in the Wethank this lady for herpunc-{pring of the year, as I came into tuality, and hope she will have so much the founding in our channel, a great regard for our honour, as well as her Rock of swallows came and settled own, as to preserve that character with on all our rigging; every rope was all our patronesses.

covered ; they hung on one another like a swarm of bees; the decks and carving were filled with them. They

seemed almoit familhed, and spent, Os the Emigration of SWALLOWS, Ex- and were only feathers and bones;

iftence of UNICORNs ana. Sala- but being recruited with a night's MANDERS.

reit, took their fight in the morning*.'

This very great fat gue evidently To the Editor of the LADY': MA- i proves that their journey must have GAZINE,

been long, confidering the amazing SIR,

fwiftness of these birds : it is probaIn answer to the Lady's Queries in ble they had cruffed the Atlantic your Magazine for O&.latt, p. 528,

Ocean, and were returning from the relative to the emigration of birds, lhores of Senegal, or other parts of

&c. I have met with some account
how they probably dispose of them -

Some naturalists affert, that swalselves in the winter: if you think lows pass the winter immersed under proper to give it a place in your ex

ice at the bottom of lakes and rivers, cellent collection, you will, I dare where they lie in a kind of torpid state say, oblige many of your readers,

have no sensible evacuations ; breathe as well as, Sir, your most humble a little, or not at all; and most of the fervant,

viscera cease from their functions. AMICUS.

In this condition they are supposed to

continue, till by length of time maIT is beyond a doubt that the fwal- turating the process, or by new heats,

lows, and every other species of summer birds, retire at the beginning • Philos. Transa Aions. Vol. ij.


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the fluids are attenuated, the solids and I think the most absurd that could Hiinulated, and the functions begin be imagined, for a young one was supwhere they left off. The first who pored always to be engendered from broached this opinion was Olaus Mag the ashes of the old one. The exiftnus, archbishop of Upsal, who in- ence, however, of this extraordinary forms us, that they are frequently bird, is now universally allowed to found in clustered masses at the boi-be fabulous. tom of the northern lakes, mouth to The unicorn was an animal famous mouth, wing to wing, foot to foot, among the ancients, and they very and that they creep down the reeds in gravely inform us, “.that it has the autumn, to their subaqueous retreats. head of a stag, the body of an horse, That when old fishermen discover fuch

and the feet of an elephant; its hair a mass, they throw it again into the is short, and of a darkish brown cowater; but when young inexperienced lour; it is so excessively fwift, that ones take it, they will, by thawing nothing can overtake it ; and so fierce, the birds at a fire. bring them indeed that it is an enemy to all other anito the use of their wings, which will mals; it has one horn only, which continue but a very short time, being grows in the middle of the forehead, owing to a premature and forced re and is about five palms long; this vival +.

horn is so strong as to pierce, break Many of our own countrymen have through, or rip open whatever it countenanced the opinion of Olaus pushes; and the courage and boldness Magnus with regard to the fubmerfion of the creature is so great,

that none of swallows; but I think this notion of them were ever taken alive." A fo absurd and unnatural as not to me- circumstance which is very juftly urged rit the leaft attention.

against their existence. Willoughby is df opinion, that Philostratus, and some other answallows retire into a warmer region; tient authors, have recorded certain and he thinks that they spend the circumstances of the same kind; but winter in Egypt and Ethiopia, and the Arabians, to whom such subjects that they not secrete themselves

as this properly belong, as far exceed in hollow trees, in holes of rocks, old these in fables, as they exceed truth., &c. as many have sup " The female, (say they) like the posed. The fame author also informs elephant, carries her young seven us, that he hath seen great numbers years ; and when the time of their of those birds brought to market at bringing forth draws nigh, the young Valencia, in Spain, towards the end one puts its head out to eat the green of September.

branches of tre s, and then retires. Having faid something concerning back into the belly of the dam. It the migration of birds, I proceed to feeds, when grown up, like the ox. consider the other query of the inqui- or the camel upon grass, and chews sitive fair one, " Whether there are the cud. It lives to a prodigious age, now such animals to be found as a and bears a particular spleen against pheenix, an unicorn, and a fala- elephants and men. Againft the back inander."

part of the first mentioned animal it It is asserted by many of the an runs its horn with inconceivable viocients, that there was such a bird as

lence, and having drove it as far as the phenix ; however, they tell us, his forehead will let it go, the elethey were not common, and they be- phant falls, and the unicorn with lieved there was only one of them ex him, being unable to get out his weaisting in the whole world. The genera-pon, so that both perish there togetion of this bird was the most anomalous, er. Its fiftness and courage pre

serve it so well from all danger, that

there is but one way of taking it, • Dirham'; Phys. 7 hcol. 349.

which according to these authors is

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Enigmatical Description of a Mountain.


this: a young maid must fit down individes it nearly into two equal parts ; the place where the unicorn is known that fide which we thall first describe to haunt; and he, so soon as he fees is very steep, and seldom produces her, will gently approach, and suffer either tree, shrub, or flower, excepther to stroke him, till at length lean- ing about the lower regions thereof, ing his head on her breaft, or in her which are sometimes covered with a lap, he falls faft asleep, when the kind of thick furz, which excites the hanters break in and seize him.” activity of a rapacious enemy, who

From the inconsistency of these ab- frequently approaches and lays it ford relations, men of sense have ab- waste ; but, notwithstanding his desolutely denied the existence of such an structive efforts, it as often springs aanimal ; and Bockart, in his Hiero- gain, and baffles all his labours. zoicon, has drawn together fo many

In the midst of this almoft imperarguments to this purpose, that I vious copse, is fituated a deep, holthink no one, who has read him, can low cavern, which at different seasons fail of being convinced. As to the has very different appearances and efwreathed horns which are frequently fects. In fome parts of the year its exposed as the horns of unicorns, and entrance is quite closed up; fomewere formerly sold at an extravagant times at its opening the most harmoprice, they are counterfeit, i. e. madenious and melting sounds are heard of an elephant's tooth, wrought into to issue from within, which seldom that shape, or else they are horns of fail to delight those who are in its vithe sea unicorn, which is largely and cinity at those pleasing moments. exactly described by Briere in his ac Some poets, who have experienced count of Greenland, on the coast of this pleasure, have not scrupled to which they are taken.

affirm, that it is the seat of the Muses, The salamander is an animal men and that 'the Loves and Graces have tioned by the antients. They tell us occasionally taken up their residence that its natural element is the fire, on its balmy margin; but others, that it is of the reptile kind, and that who have visited it, at more boisterits bite is very dangerous.

ous seasons, as .confidently declare, As the ancients saw the earth, the that it is a hideous and gaitly apera air, and water inhabited, fancy, I sup- ture, encompassed with a strong pose, was set to work to form an in- fence; that from it proceed dreadful habitant of fire, and thus to people bellowings, pernicious blasts, and the every part of nature, they have de. molt tremendous thunder, vomiting scribed a formidable animal of the froth and vapours; that, though at lizard kind, which they say is gene its most violent agitations, its exharated from heat, lives (as before. lations are not equal to those of mentioned) in the flames, and feeds | Ætna or Vesuvius, yet that a fiend apon fire, as its proper nourishment resides therein, whole baneful and It is now, however, well known, that pernicious influence is by far more there is no fuch animal existing. destructive than either of those formida

Salamander is now an appellation able volcanos. given by modern naturalists, to feve. On either side of this amazing cave tal harmless species of the lizard is an extensive, regular, and steep kind.

afcent, with a few roses interspersed; where are two commodious, well form

ed forts, situated at the extremities of ENIGMATICAL DescuPTION of a

each fide, and oppofite to each other ; remarkable MOUNTAIN.

which, by taking the least alarm,

guard the whole mountain from the WHIS mountain, lying between hostile surprise if any füdden foe.

Two moft beautiful cryital fountains 2tropic, has a regular boundary, that dorn the uppermostapart of this ascent,


each of which has a very curious cover, they shoot out their luxuriant branches that sometimes spontaneoufly extend to a vast length, when you would themselves over their smooth surface: imagine the utmost exertion of human above them also project two strong art was visible in their appearance : arched eminences, which together you will see them in one part trimmed with the covers, effectually defend and formed in the greateft order and them from being injured by any thing regularity; in another twisted and that may accidentally tumble down entwined most curiously together, and from the steep parts above: they their tops uniting very closely, and sometimes overflow and run in gentle forming the loveliest groves and arcurrents down the mountain's side. bours, abounding with aromatic sweets,

Between them runs out, in a direct and impenetrable to įhe rays of the tendency to the cavern below, a var meridian sun. They have been obridge of rocks; but whether from served, for some years past, to encrease fome dreadful convulsion of nature, to so enormous a height on the top of or from whatever other cause, they the mountain, that some travellers are abruptly broken off, and form a who have lately seen them, affirm horrid precipice before they reach that a hurricane, or even a more mothat spot. Under them are two sub-derate gust of wind, would not only terraneous passages curiously arched at put these tall and regular forests into the entrance ; over which is extended the utmost confusion, but even ena well formed bridge within, which, danger the overturning of the mounthose, who have been curious enough tain itself. to examine its structure, will tell you, Strange! that notwithstanding this supports the rocks above. It is not beautiful regularity, yet a human doubted but these passages have a footstep was never discovered in any communication with the cavern be- part of the mountain, and it is supneath, as an exhalation somewhat fi- posed to be entirely uninhabited, exmilar to that of the cavern, generally cept by fome odious vermin, that proceeds from them at those seasons find an agreeable habitation in the when that is closed up.

woods and groves ; and though the Above this is another spacious af- natural and artificial entwistings that cent that reaches to the summit of the coinpofe them, are very favourable to mountain. Nothing very remarkable their safety and increase; yet as they occurs here, excepting that its surface, are few of pace, and unfurnished with which barely covers a continued rock, any means of felf-defence, they seldom seems to be moveable ; sometimes, leave their thickets, unless compelled from being plain and smooth, it will to do it. What is very remarkable, fuddenly appear rough, and furrowed that greenness, which is common at quite across.

Some observers will least for some part of the year to all Lay, that it is dangerous to approach other woods, is a colour which this too near the mountain, when its up was never known to appear in, tho' per part wears this unfavourable al- its natural colour, (whatever it be) it pea, as it has often been an indication must be owned, is frequently concealed, of ensuing mischief.

even in the midit of summer, under a On the top is a spacious plain, co-covering of snow, to wbich this parť vered entirely with woods, which ex of the mountain is very subject. In tend themselves down the opposite various parts of these woods, and near fide to that already described, to its the forts before spoken of, diamonds, very extremity. These woods, at dif- equal in value to the richest producferent times, appear very different; tions of Go.conda's mines, are somesometimes they are quite hort, being times discovered scattered up and composed meerly, ovrakes and thick- down; but that these are its own naets, and seem to be left entirely to cural productions, we cannot polig the guidance of nature; at other times tively affert.

Upon 6

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Letter from F. Scudamore to Ledy Saville. 41 Upon the whole, it is allowed by Belvidere suddenly complained of be. all who have seen it, to be in nature's | ing very ill, and grew io much worse lovelieft works, the most beautiful pro. as we drew near London, thái Mhe deduâion that ever struck the wonder-clared herself unable to proceed in her ing eye. It is a fight, fair reader, journey, but said the would lay at my which hewever confined your travels father's house in town, and come to have been, you have doubtless be us as soon as she was able. My broheld.—Disclose this famous moun ther (whose behaviour to her was alsin's game.

ways unexceptionable) expressed him, HENRIETTA DR.

self much hurt at her disorder, and distressed how to leave her ; but she

presscd so strongly that we fould purA SERIES OF LETTERS. nine in the evening, leaving her fome

sue our journey, that we set off about (Continued from Vol. IX. Page 405.)

what better than the had been.

“ While we were clianging borses at LETTER VI,

Reading, an express came in, who en. Prom OPHELIA HUME to Mrs. Scu. quired if lord Belvidere was there, and

on being told he was, delivered him a ĐAMORE, inclosed to Lady Saville.

letter, which, on opening, he found Now fend my dear lady Saville the was to tell him that my father, being letter I promised in my laft.

much better, had expreffed a frong To Mrs. 'SCUDAMORE.

desire of being carried to Caftle Melo

ville, that he might sec his native feat “ I wrote you my last letter, my once more, and resign his last breath much-loved Faany, in a state of mind, where he drew his first ; that he set that if it did not amount to perfect out that very morning, and my mohappiness, was yet many degrees re- ther dispatched this servant to meet us moved from woe. A fortnight has on the road, and defire us to go to scarcely elapsed since that was writ- Caltle Melville. len, and I am fallen from my peaceful “We could have gone there a rearer itate, to one replete with wretched- road than by returning to Londons ness. I have seen a woman act the but as my brother had left his wife ill part of a monster, a good man basely in town, and my father was better, treated, and am now seated in the next he did not hesitate a moment in deroom to a father, who in a few hours termining to return direcily to Grofwill, perhaps, breathe his last : but venor Square. forgive me, my Fanny, I trifle with " It was two in the morning when your friendship, which will be anxious we got there, and my confiderate broto know the particulars of what has ther had ordered that they should not happened fince you heard of me, Lif- rap at the door for fear of awaking ten, then, and wonder.

my fifter, but made his seryant des « My last was dated from Mr. scend into the arca, and call the porSpencer's, where we had passed five not ter, who slept in a small room there, copleasant days, when on the fixth, in which he did, and we got into the the morning, an express reached us house without making any noise. from Bath, which informed us that " There is a small bed in a closet zy father was so exceedingly ill, that through my brother's room, which he his life was despaired of, and wilhed said hould serve him that night, and to see us directly. This alarming he would pais thrigh my after's news determined us to let off immedi as softly a3 pollible, leit he ately. We had no intention of stop-hould disturb and friglasen her. ping in London ; but soon after our s. He wilhed me a good night, and departure from Mr. Spencer's, lady. I at the fame time retired to my apart VOL. X.




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