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Occahonal Letters to Bob Short.



OCCASIONAL LETTERS Could my fair country-women be

persuaded to content themselves with To BOB SHORT.

the charms which nature, like a gene(Continued from Page 180.)

rous mother, has bestowed on them,

how considerably would the happiness LETTER III.

of the thonghtful part of our sex be inI hate the face, however fair,

creased in their company and converThat carries an affccted air;

sation !--But whilst they had rather The artful bluh, the shape constrain'd, listen to the fulsome, common-place The fudied look, the pallion feign'd; compliments of every fopling they Are fopperies which only tend

meet, sooner than endeavour to gain To injure what they're meant to mend.

one honest heart, they will, in time, MOORE.

(however their beauty may render them FFECTATION in any woman followed for awhile) at length fink in-!

creates disgust; but in a woman to obscurity and contempt. Like the naturally handsome it is an unpardon- rose, which to-day is blooming, and atable fault: if she cannot gain the esteem tracting every cye, and to-morrow is of her acquaintance by an open and faded and trampled under our feet. candid behaviour, she never must es The gay, the giddy, the vain, and pect it by an affected one.

affected, may, perhaps, smile with inI was led into this way of thinking effable contempt on the writings I from some observations I made a few present to their view. The finished weeks ago, on being accidentally in coquet, who had rather see herself encompany with a young lady, in many circled with a croud of flattering goxrespects amiable, and posseffed of a fine combs, than consent to bless the man person ; yet, in several things, affected who doats on, who adorez her, may to an extreme, which, in my opinion, think me some disappointed lover, who, greatly lessened all her other accom- having merited the disregard of the plishments.

sex, can find no better employment That she is poflefTed of an unlimited than to snarl indiscriminately at all Thare of wit and sense, is a truch I for the faults of a few. The fullen would not wish to be thought to call prude may despise these impotent atin queition ; yet in this they both fail tacks, when the finds her affectation her, and he has not a sufficient de-countenanced and supported by such gree of fortitude to forbear affecting numbers, who, like her, render themmany actions and phrases, which nei- felves odious by the practice of it : ther belong to, nor become her. I but the few, the discerning fewy, who am not the only one who is of this applaud my sentiments, will more than way of thinking ; many of her best repay the author's toil and study.friends and acquaintance agree with Ye blooming, beauteous nymphs, there me ; and although the may think that are some who can find themselves because she is polified of heauty, fne cleared from the almost universal ought in be respected and exempted charge I have brought ; these, and from Sander or reproof for trivial these only, I wish to please, and these faults, yet let her remember the cyes I am sure will approve my

labours. of the public are not so partial as the How disgutting is it to see a young eyes of her friends; and, besides, all woman, who is obliged to support her. who see her kno:v not triat the is pof- self by her industry, aping the beseffed of those many excellent quali- haviour, dress, and manners of those ties which render her the very ipirit who are by far lier superiors !- How of the company the honous with her disagreeable to herself (as well as her presence, and the cannot, therefore, friends) muit be her serious reflect expect any favour from strangers, who tions, if she ever permits serious may be disguited at lier outward be thoughts to intrude, to see herself surhaviour at first tight.

rounded and conducted to public places VOL. X.


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of resort by a train of empty cox- knowledge them with gratitude) and combs, and thereby excluding the also to the author of the letter ligned man, who perhaps fighs in secret for, Ophelia, for their writing. I remain and is well enabled to make her hap- the Editor's, as well as py! Surely such a man would be mad

Your very fincere well-wisher, to explain his passion to one, whose fa.

And obliged friend, vours he sees partook of by such num

Rood-Lanı. bers.

G. R*EF* When a young female's heart is

(o be continued.) once opened to pleasure, it is an arduous talk to return to the plain paths of virtue : hence it is so many prof. NATURAL HISTORY of ibe NIGHT. titute their charms to support this

INGALE. pride ; for when once they enter the roads of pleasure, they diead to re

HE nightingale,” says Pliny, tract, and look on a plain tradesman

" that for fifteen days and as beneath their notice, though per nights, hid in the thickest Nades, conhaps they have no expectations that tinues her note without intermission, one in a better situation will offer him- deserves our attention and wonder. self on honourable termis.

How surprising that so great a voice Reasons like these oblige me can refide in so small a body!-Such think and will (without aspiring to be perseverance in so minute an animal ! a politician) that the legislature might With what a musical propriety are the and ought to adopt fome mealures to founds it produces modulated !--The hinder the farther growth of luxury note at one time drawn out into a long, and dress, to keep persons in their pro- breath ; now stealing off into a differper ftations, or, at least to tax all who ent cadence, now interrupted by a dressed beyond their rank. By this break, then changing into a new note means, I Hatier myself, much money by an unexpected transition ; now might be raised, as the obstinacy of seeming to renew the same strain, thien the English would make them dress deceiving expectation! She sometimes without controul, even if they luffered seems to murmur within herself; full otherwise, iv enable them to pay the deep, sharp, swift, drawling, trem

bling ; now at the top, the middle, But I am wandering from my sub- and the bottom of the fcale! In short, ject : affectation has been productive in that little bill seems to reside all of the ruin of many, and, I fear, will the melody which man has vainly enof many more: be warned, therefore, deavoured to bring from a variety of my fair and amiable countrywomen, mufical Instruments. Some even leem in time; be contested with


re. to be pofleffed of a different fring from veral tiations, and know this truth, the rell, and contend with each other that men of lentinen!, men of under- with great ardor. The bird overcome standing, are beit pleased with those is then seen only to discontinue its charms of nature whadorned by any long with its life.” decorations of art.

This bird is somewhat larger than a I cannot conclude this letter with preditart : in its plumage it resembles out returning ny graiclul acknowledge the female of that species, but it is of ments to the person to whom this alid a longer body, and more elegantly the former are addrefied, for his o formed. The bill is sharp-pointed, bliging card, to the Editor for his con like that of the throftle, about half an descending to patronize them, as well inch in length, and of a dusky colour; as for inserting my pieces in general, the inside of the month is yellow, and (and here I would publicly affure him, the corners of the bill are also yellow, I entertain the greateft sense of the favours conferred, and shall ever ac • Pliny's Nat. Hift. Lib. X. Chap. 29.

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Natural History of the Nightingale. 403 as in young sparrots : the head, back, every poet mentions it with delight.-and coverts of the wings are of a pale Milton was remarkably struck with its tawny, dashed with olive: the throat, melody, and often did his mufe invite breast, and upper part of the belly are him to sing of his much-favoured bird : of a light glossy ash colour, but lower often were the charms of the nightinnear the vent the feathers are white. gale the subject of his rapturous theme. The tail is near three inches long, and In. Paradise Loft, Book IV. Verse consists of twelve feathers of a deep 595, &c. he describes, in a very beautawny red; the rump and feathers that tiful and elegant manner, the rolerin cover the root of the tail are of the approach of night, and the sweet warsame colour. There are eighteen bling of the nocturnal bird. quill feathers in each wing, the exterior webs of which are of a dusky red. Had in her sovser liv'ry all things cad;

Now came fill evening on, and i wilight grey The legs and feet are of a flesh colour silence accompany'd for heast and bird, in fome, but in others dusky. The i. They to their grally couch, thcte to their nests rides of this bird are yellow, and the

Were Nunk, all but the mak fu' nightingale ; eyes are remarkably large and pier-She all nigbí long her am'sous de cant fung. In this species there are

At the confummation of the nupparticular marks to distinguish the tials of our primäeval parents, Milton cock from the hen, though in general again introduces his favourite bird to it may be observed the colours are chaunt the marriage song, and all namore lively in the former.

ture seems to exuit, all nature seems Though the nightingale has no ex

to concur in expressing her joy at the terior charms, no beautiful colours to Cuperlative happiness of the blessed please the eye, though he is not dif- pair ! tinguished for the fineness of his drets,

-The earth and the elegance of his plumage, he gave signs of gra: ulation, and each hill; has other qualifications to recommend Joyous the birds ; fresh gales and gentle airs him, other accomplishments which whisper'd it to the woods, and from this render him truly amiable. The me

wings lody of his voice sufficiently compen-Flung rose, Aung odours from the spicy shrub,

Disporting, till the am rous bird of niphe fates for his want of beauty, and no

Sung ipoufal, and bid halle she evening star other bird can vie with him in the On his hill top to light the bridal lamp: softness, the strength, the boldness, These lull'd by nightingales embracing Nept, and the variety of his notes. Though And on their naked limbs the flow'rv roof he does not exceed the sparrow in Strew'd roses, which the morn' repair’d. magnitude, he is the loudest warbler

Book VIII. VERSE 510, &c. of the woods, and the most pleaging This bird is the more valued, beof all the grove. Its melody is so soft, cause it entertain. us when all the ruit and its tuneful transitions so sweet, are filent. "It takes its naine from that it sooths the imagination, agree night, and the Saxon wori bly lulls the mind, delights the car, fing, expreslive of the time of its harand wonderfully elevates the hearts of mony. They begin their fong at the those who listen with attention to its approach of eve, and commonly perinimitably pleasing strains, Lovers of severe in it the whole night. 'Tis true nature, and those who are fond of re it fings frequently in the day too when tirement in particular, it charms in a the weather is serene ; but the duiky peculiar manner, and nothing can af-hour is its favourite feason: and when ford fuch soft and innocent music to the whole creation is folemn and hushthem who are addicted to folitude and ed in silence, methinks its song is more contemplation, as the agreeable tril. pleafing, and strikes the mind with an lings of this night-warbling bird. agreeable awe and veneration. Philomela (if we may use the poe

When the sable shadows are ftretchnical epithet) has in all ages been high ed over the earth, and sober ly esteemed and admired, and almost ceeds the golden day, delightful is the

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eve fuc

soft melody of ture'ul Philomel ! de- appearance in our country about the lightful are her harmonious trains to middle of April, and leaves us in Au. chear the gloom of night, and animate gust. Where the nightingale and othe folitary groves ! - Nothing can be ther small birds of passage retire when more agreeable to the traveller as he they forsake this iAand, cannot with îi rolls along the darksome glade, cr any certainty be determined. Indis. pursues his way through the lonely putable it is that they repair to fome wool!- The philosopher and the mu warmer climate ; and to me it seems ficia, listen with cqual ardor in the so- probable that Spain or the south of litary grove, to hear the sober-suited France is their winter asylum, as they fongitress trill her lay!”—How pleaf- are absolutely incapable of very dil, ing when all the tribes of nature, all tant flights. the families of the earth are buried in I have often observed that the co. Neep ; when the linnet and the gold ming of the nightingale is in some finch, the blackbird and thrush, the measure regulated by the weather, and soaring lark, and all the rest of the mu- the state of the season. When the fical choir have dropt their notes, and spring has proved forward, it has been are retired to their repose ; then how seen here in March, and the cock has plealing to walk by the light of the been heard to fing at the beginning of filver moon, and to catch the soft, the April, especially toward the evening, sweet modulations of the nightly se. when the air has been serene. This prerenader !-Often at even will I range rent year, the season being remarkably the dewy mead, and steal along the fi- mild, and much forwarder than usual, lent shade, to hear the trilling tale of the nightingale I observed was here the mournful warbler.

before April commenced; and indeed This inimitable fongstress is a great almost all the other birds of passage lover of solitude and night. It fre. that viht this island in the spring, were quents cool and shady places, and is arrived by the middle of that month. usually seen in hedge-rows or low On the contrary, when the spring bụshes, as it delights in no high trees, comes late, and is cold and severe, as except the oak. For weeks together, it sometimes happens, the nightingale, if undisturbed, it will fit upon the fame and all our summer birds that anuually tree, unless when moved to satisfy the migrate from one country to another, calls of hunger. Shakespear, there are retarded in their partage, and are fore, very properly describes the night. never seen here till the verlial season is ingale fitting nightly in the same place. very far advanced, Singing at night is a peculiarity com 'Í'he haunts of the nightingale are mon to the nightingale only, no other chicAy thick hedges, low coppices, and birds found in Great Britain exerting bushes, especially where there are little themselves at that fealon. When it rivulets, brooks, or streams of water pours its charming notes at this time near them : it also delights in solitary through the filent vale in the lonely groves, sequeltered meadows, Shady meadow, it is generally found perch-places, and the most retired situations. ing in the thickelt covert of some large It usually hides itself in the closest tree or bush, which it feldom leaves bushes under covert, and consequently till the morning dawns. The same ce-is but feldom seca. It is naturally of lebrated bård I mentioned before has a shy difpofition, and is greatly intialso touched upon this circumstance- midated at the light of a man, or any

rapacious bird. As the wakeful bird Sings darkling, and in shadicft covert hid,

In a few days after their arrival in Tuncs her nocturnal note.

this country they begin to pair, and

at this time the cock is more frequent This admirable choirifter, the moft in his song, in order to attract the atcelebrated of all the feathered tribe, tention of the female, and allure her, is a regular emigrant. It inakes its to submit to his embraces, In their



Military Difress.

405 amorous chaces the loudest notes are tect. These elegant son sters breed in made use of by the male, the female | the month of May, and when they exprefling her confent hy a short inter come early, sometimes produce twice rupted twittering. Once paired, the in a fealon. conjugal connection is kept inviolate,

Market-Lavington. and mutually observed with the strict

J. L-G. eft fidelity for the whole season.

(To be concluded in our nexi.)
The connubial rites being perform-
ed with all imaginable expedition, they
begin to contruct the mansion for their

future progeny. For this purpose the
most private and commodions fituation

is fought for, where they may lay their

eggs, and bring up their young in se-
curity. Often the male and female on

this occafion pass several days before

(Continued from Page 361.) they can find a place proper for their purpose. In general they build their ONSORIN was returning from nells at the bottom of hedges, and in the country, where he had passmall buthes, not far from the ground; fed fume monthis with Daligni and and of all the feathered tribe, none fe- Darnicourt, who were continually emcretes it so artfully as the nightingale, poisoning him. Their attacks were rewhich is the reaíon why their little doubled. They continued in repremansions are so feldom discovered. senting Daminville in the blackest

Apparently fentible are they that lights, they knew the blind-side of they have many enemies' lying in am

the old man.

They frequently exbush to destroy their rifing progeny, claimed against the prodigality and the and frustrate their laudable intentions. extravagance of the young man; and The hawk, the kite, &c, must be for that purpose invented the most guarded against, the malignant ravages plaufable anecdotes : in a word, they of lurking reptiles must be taken care were indefatigable, incessant in admiof, and man particularly, their chief nistering fuel to the hatred which invader. This prompts them to exert Monsorin had conceived against the all their little arts to be fecure of dan-faithful husband of Felicia. ger, and to arm their little houshold. To what inordinate excesses are we from view amidit the shelter of entan-driven by the luft for riches! this sagled thorn, and the thick covert of crid thirt devoured an inhuman rela' brambles, nettles, &c. Thus lituated, tion, an hypocritical villain. Monsorin thus fecreted, it generally escapes the was a Nave to one of these tyrants, search of its innumerable enemies, and and Darnicourt to the other. almost always eludes the observation The only company he had was the of the school-boy. The female lays perfidious Darnicourt; he received a five eggs, which are about the size of letter, which the latter knew to be his those of the common sparrow, and of fon's by the writing, and was eager to a darkish brown or nutmeg colour.-snatch it from the hands of the old man, The nightingale is not delicate in the and prevent his reading it, saying, choice of his materials ; a few dried ". Certainly the intent is to awaken oak leaves form the external part of your feelings; you ought to spare the neft, and the infide is composed of yourself the trouble of reading it, for fibres of roots, fost bents, &c. curious it consists of nothing, but a bundle of ly interwoven. In constructing it they lies.” are remarkably industrious, and the Let me alone,” said Monsorin, pelt is usually compleated in two or " I am not to be made a chicken of; three days. The male provides the I am resolved, and I never will give materials, but the female is the archi. I him iny pardon."

" Re.

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