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Lady's Magazine;

For

DECEMBER,

1779.

SPEARE.

I

Select Essays relating to the Ge- Ben Johnson's jealousy, and partly to NIUS and WRITINGS of SHAKE- the pride and pertness of dunces, who,

under the umbrage of such a name as

Shakespeare's, would gladly shelter (Continued from Page 601.)

their own idleness and ignorance. ESSAY VI.

He was bred in a learned age, when REFLECTIONS on the LEARNING of

even the court ladies learnt Greek, and SHAKESPEARE.

the queen of England among scholars

had the reputation of being a fcholar. By Mr. Upton.

Whether her successor had equal learn[From bis Critical OBSERVATIONS prefent enquired into ; but thus far is

ing and sense, is not material to be at on SHAKESPEARE.]

certain, that letters, even then, stood Have often wondered with what in some rank of praise. Happy for us

kind of reasoning any one could be that our poet and Johnson came into so far imposed on, as to imagine that life fo early; that they lived not in an Shakespeare had no learning ; when it age when not only their arts, but emuft at the same time be acknowledged, very thing else that had wit and elethat without learning he cannot be red gance began to be despised ; till the with any degree of underítanding or minds of the people came to be dif-* taft. At this time of day he will hard posed for all the hypocrisy, nonsense, Jy be allowed inspiration, which his and fuperftitious fanaticism, which brother bards formerly claimed, and soon after, like a deluge, overwhelmed which claim, if the pretensions were this nation. 'Twere to be wilhed, that any ways answerable, was generally with our restored king, some of that granted. However, we are well-af- 'at of literature had been rettored sured from the histories of his times, which we enjoyed in the days of queen that he was early initiated into the Elizabeth. -- But when we brought facred company of the muses, and tho' home our Frenchified king, we did he might have small avocations, yet he then, and have even to this day contifoon returned again with greater eager- nued to, bring from France our moness to his beloved itudies. Hence dels, not only of letters, but (O fame he was possessed of sufficient helps, ei-to free-born Englishmen!) of morals ther from abroad or at home, to mid- and manners. Hence every thing, unless wife into the world his great and beau- of French extraction, appears aukward tiful conceptions, and to give them birth and antiquated. Our poets write to and being. That a contrary opinion the humour of the age, and when their has ever prevaled, is owing partly to own little stock is spent, they set them

[:lves to work on neur-modelling * à-coup pour exécuter son projet. La Shakespeare's plays, and adapting them jalousie qui le transportoit, de lui perto the raft of the audience, by stripping mit pas d'attendre plus long temps, & off their antique and proper tragic drels, il se presenta de la manière que 80435 and by introducing in these mock-tra- l'avons dit. Aprés avoir éclairée cette gedies, not only gallantry to women, apparition, dont le le&ure n'auroit-pas but an endeavour to raise a serious été au fait sans cela, il ne nous rete distress from the disappointment of lo- plus qu'à continuer le récit des égare. vers ; not confidering that the passion mens de cet homme barbare, & ca of love, which one would think they même temps les malheurs de la depo should understand something of, is a rable épouse. comic paffion. In short, they make Des qu'il eut arrangé dans son e up a poet of Mreds and patches, lo prit le plan de vie qu'il se proposcio de that the ancient robe of our cragedian, mener, il mit en vente tons les biens 'y this miserable darning, and thread-qu'il poffédoit. Les représentations pare patch-work, resembles the fool in de la propre famille, & de celle d'S. our old plays, introduced to raise the rilie, ne purent le detourner d'une ré laughter of the spectators.

solution, qui alloit consommer sa ruine. Le jour des enchéres fut indiqué, &

il en auroit tiré un pris trés médiocre, HISTOIRE D'EMILI E. si le pére de Frimonville n'éut encore

développé, dans cette occalion, toute (Cuatinued from Page 577.) la générosité, en se fervant d'un nom

N aura, sans doute, été surpris de emprunté pour faire monter cette vente chez-lui; mais qu'on fasse attention à ce moyen, le maître de tout ce qui a. la haine, qu'il portoit à Frimonville, 1 soit appartenu au Marquis, & lei & on ne sera plus étonné de ce qu'elle l'atttention, par ménagement pour les lui suggéra pendant qu'il étoit à Pa- parens, de cacher avec soin, qu'il ca ris. Il étoit retourné à la demeure fut deveaue le proprietaire. dans l'intention de le defaire de lui par Brifiol.

GERTRUDE. les voies les plus lâches ; mais ayant

(To be continued.) appris son départ, il prit fur le champ Ja resolution de revenir en sécret, dans sa jarre, d'y passer quelques jours falis se montrer, & d'attendre l'occasion de Remerks on the Character of MIRANDA, l'attaquer avec avantage, lorsqu'il fe in SHAKESPEARE'S TEMPEST. roit, comme il n'en doutoit pas, une A new periodical piece having lately visite à sa femme. Il le fit épier avec

appeared under the title of Seatt foin, par le domestiqne dont nous a

seare, the design of which is to vons parlé, afin d'étre instruit du tems

lustrate and develope the Charudes où il seroit dans la raisou ; & dés qu'il

of that father of the English draga, fùt qu'il étoit auprès de la femme, il

we are desired to give the following s'introduit par un escalier dérobé dans

extract from the firft number, which la chambre voiline, d'où il sortit tout.

contains remarks on the character

of Miranda in the Tempeji, Sir William Davenant and Drydin bega

" The fringed cnrtains of thise ege adrane, this just after the Restoration. They were luc

"" And lay what thou feeft yond ceeded by Shajuell, Rymer, the duke of Buck.

Tempest, AQ 1. So ac VL ingham, and others. The duke of Buckingham made choice of Julius Cæfar, which pors EFORE this speech of Prospero's, me in mind of a painter I knew, who told his

are to be traced in Miranda, voicuttomer he had a picture of Claude Lorain; withstanding her seclusion from fociesi and, Sir," says he, “ when I have touched up ivefiz a lelé, 'cwill make a inoit exc!lent ty, pity, gratitude, and a regret piece,"

the loss of what she never poucleel.

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Remarks on the Character of Miranda.

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The motto of this effay places Mi-4 so urgently to him ; thinking that he randa in the moft striking situation of cannot but love him also. nature : she is defired to look on a be The prejudice of passion ftill pering, of whom she never had seen the verts her reason ; or would she not like ; which inakes her exclaim. sooner credit her father, in saying, " What is't, a spirit?

Thou do't here usurp " Lord, how it looks about ! believe me, Sir, " The name thou ow'ít not, and tas put “ It carries a brave form. Put 'tis a pirt.

thy self

“ Upon this island, as a spy, to wiu it Having never seen so beautiful a " Trom ine; ihe Lord on't. form before, except Ariel, the dis Than to answer for Ferdinand, credits hier very sense, and persuades herself it is a spirit. This shows how

" 1 here's no:hing ill can dwell in such a

temple, prejudice misleads the mind.

" If the ill spirit have so fair an house. But what is still more obfervable in

Good things will strive to dwell with't." her answer is, the knowledge she has of the proportion and beauty of the

When saying, human form. It is fu great in her, My aff ctions are then molt humble : 1 that she thinks,

have no ambition

“ To fee a goodlier man." * She mi ht call him

She is assured in herself, that å " Adlinganin:, for nothing natural " Silver ta' lo noble."

more perfect being cannot possibly

exitt: the enthusiastic heat of her soul There are two observations I must has raised such a milt of passion in her ve maht, and those are, our pailions mind, that, whatever his defects are,

rets depend on circumítance and the does not perceive them; and his situation, and our judgınent is as much virtues are increased, to her fight, beinfluenced by our passions. Miranda

yond their real limits. could not but love Ferdinand, and

Miranda seeing Ferdinand bearing fancy him, when he had no striking the logs, and being, as she thinks, 11• deformity, fo divine, that nothing na

feen by her father, gives a loose to her tural the ever saw so noble. This depended on circumstances and her fitua

paffion in these words : tion.—He was the only - the first man,

" Alas! now, pray you, the had seen, that nature told her she

" Work not so hard, I would the light. could love, and made her fancy biass

'ning had

“ Burnt up those logs that you're enjo'n'd her judgment, so far as to say, the

to pile : might call him a thing divine: when, “ Pray, fet i? down and ref you ; when perhaps, had fhc seen him in the draw

Th's burns ing-room of a court, his person might

" 'Twili wecp tor having wearied you: my

father hardly have attracted from her a second

" Is hard at study, pray now rest yourself, gaze.

16 He's safe for theie ihree hours.' From these observations are to be deduced two lessons of inttruction; the

In this we see love displayed in the first is, to consider the circumftantial language of nature : fimplicity, affec. caufes of our passions, and the second, tion, and tendernes; vie with each -to be careful these do not govern our

other for the pre-eminence. How far judgment so far, as to lead us into the different from the language and feelwilds of error.

ings of a court Lady.

Where is the lady of our day would “Why speaks my father fo un genidy? This "Is the t'ird man the e'er Law; the firii fay to her lover fó circumitanced as

Ferdinand ? That e'er I sigh'd fo . Piry muve my father " To be inclin'd my way

• If you'll sit down, Miranda, loving Terdinand, won

" I'll bear your logs !he whili, pray give

me thar, ders, and afkss why her father fpeaks " I'll carry't to the pile."

And

And after he has refused to comply, could wish, or imagination form a would answer ?

shape besides yours--that she could like. " It would become me

And this for herself to swear, and “ As well as it does you; and I should that by the jewel of her dower-her do it,

modefty. Jewel indeed! How bleft “ With much more case ; for my good will the man who poffesses the heart and

is to it, “ Add your's it is against."

hand of virgin chastity! It is a dower, I do not suppose, my fair country

in itself, beyond estimation. women, but either of you, in a state

The hope and pleasure with which of such fimplicity, might be the tender, she asks this question affectionate Miranda. It is the de.

Do you love me? bauch of city and courts, that refines

I could never hear, but my soul our passions into the vapours of indif- joyed itself into tears ; congratulating ference.

her on her tender heart having its Love makes her fear all for him; wish. imagining

There is a seeming contradiction in “ He looks wearily?"

nature, which is, that tears, the sign it has the entire possession of her heart. of sorrow, should so often be the ef. --She forgets her duty to her father: fect of joy.

However it be, Miranda says, by breaking his command, as the confesses, after the fault is committed, in " I am a fool telling Ferdinand her name.

" To weep at what I'm glad of." " Miranda, O my father,

But why should she become the dil “ l've broke your helt to say so." sembler? At being asked, wherefore

Flattery is found to be now the the weeps. It is delicacy-lhe would most effectual means of gaining the hide the real cause--the joy of finding fair. To this Miranda appears in- herself beloved by Ferdinand. The fenfible. She admires more her lover reflection of a moment tells her it is than herself.

trifling, and she gives way to tht innoHow this language would charm a cent feelings of nature, and assumes its coquette !

language,-these are her words: “ O you, so perfect, and so peerless, are

" At mine unworthiness, that dare not (created

offer • Of ev'ry creature's beit'.",

“ Tha: I desire to give, and much less take But the fimply answers,

" What I shall die to want : but this is "I do not know

trilling; " One of my sex ; no woman's face re.

« And all the more it recks to hide itself, member,

“ The bigger bulk it shows. Hence, balb“ Save from my glass mine own."

ful cunning i

“And prompt me, plain and holy inac. And then continues in the fulness of her soul,

“ Jam your wife, if you will marry me;

“ If noi l'il die your maid : to be your " Nor have I feen

fellow “ More that I may call mer), than you, “ You may deny me; but I'll be your fergood friend,

vant, “ And my dear father; how fearures go " Whether you will or no."

abroad "I'm fkillels of, but, by my modesty. Miranda, knowing Ferdinand will (The jewel in my dower) I would not be her husband, and when he ofiers with

his hand, gives her own, saying; " Any companion in the world but you ; “ Nor ca imagination form a shape,

“ And mine, with my heart in't : aod “ besides yourself to like of. But I pratile

now farewell, “ Some: hing 100 wildly, -aud my father's 46 &c."

precepts “ I do forget."

That every Ferdinand may be fo

bleft with a Miranda's heart Happy. Ferdinand ! to be the only And hand.--And every Miranda companion in the world that a Mirandi have a Ferdinand,

ctnce.

*

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