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Biron. Why, all delights are vain ; but that most vain, Which, with pain purchas’d, doth inherit pain : As, painfully to pore upon a book,
To seek the light of truth ; while truth the while
Light, seeking light, doth light of light beguile :
By fixing it upon a fairer eye ;
And give him light that was it blinded by.
That will not be deep-search'd with saucy looks ;' Small have continual plodders ever won,
Save base authority from other's books. These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights,
That give a name to every fixed star, Have no more profit of their shining nights,
Than those that walk, and wot not what they are. Too much to know, is, to know nought but fame; And every godfather can give a name.'
King. How well he's read, to reason against reading ! :
That bites the first-born infants of the spring.
Before the birds have any cause to sing ? Why should I joy in an abortive birth ? At Christmas i no more desire a rose, (2) Falsrly is here, and in many other places, the same as dishonestly or treaches
The whole sense of this jingling declamation is only this, that a man by too close study pay rear himself blind. JOHNSON.
[.] The consequence, says Diron, of 100 much knowledge, is not any real solution of doints, but mere empty reputation. That is, too much knonledge gives only famt, a name fraich rueru godfather can give likemist. JOHNSON.
14 So sata.Ag winds in The Winter's Tale To sarap is to check, to rebuke. Thus also, Falstail, “I will not undepoo this sneap, without reply." STEEVENS. 11 Vol. III.
Than wish a snow in May's new-fangled shows;s
King. Well, sit you out: go home, Biron ; adieu !
Biron. No, my good lord ; I've sworn to stay with you. And, though I have for barbarism spoke more,
Than for that angel knowledge you can say,
And 'bide the penance of each three year's day.
King. How well this yielding rescues thee from shame?
Biron. [Reads.] Item, that no woman shall come within a mile of my court.-And bath this been proclaim'd ?
Long. Four days ago.
Biron. Let's see the penalty.- [Reads.) On pain of losing her tongue.-Who devis'd this?
Long. Marry, that did I.
Biron. Sweet lord, and why? i Long. To fright them hence with that dread penalty. .
Biron. A dangerous law against gentility.
[Reads.] Item. If any man be seen to talk with a woman within the term of three years, he shall endure such public shame as the rest of the court can possibly devise. -This article, my liege, yourself must break;
For, well you know, here comes in embassy The French king's daughter, with yourself to speak,
A maid of grace, and complete majesty, About surrender-up of Aquitain
To ber decrepit, sick, and bed-rid father: Therefore this article is made in vain,
Or vainly comes the admired princess hitber. king. What say you, lords? why, this was quite forgot. Biron. So study evermore is overshot ; While it doth study to have what it would, It doth forget to do the thing it should : And when it hath the thing it bunteth most, 'Tis won, as towns with fire ; so won, so lost.
King. We must, of force, dispense with this decree; I She must lie here on mere necessity.  By shows the poet means Maygames, at which a snow would be very unwelcome and unexpected; it is only a periphrasis for May T. WARTON.
 Lit here, means teside here, in the same seose as an ambassador is said to lo Hleger. REED,
Biron. Necessity will make us all forsword
Three thousand times within this three years' space : For every man with his affects is born ;
Not by might master'd, but by special grace : If I break faith, this word shall speak for me, • I am forsworn on mere necessity. So to the laws at large I write my name : [Subscribes.
And he that breaks them in the least degree, Stands in attainder of eternal shame :
Suggestions are to others, as to me ;
With a refined traveller of Spain ;
That bath a mint of phrases in bis brain :
Doth ravish, like enchanting harmony;
Have chose as umpire of their mutiny :-
For interim to our studies, shall relate,
Biron. Armado is a most illustrious wight,
 Biron, amidst his extravagancies, speaks with great justness against the folly of vows. They are made without sufficient regard to the variations of life, aod ara therefore broken by some unforeseen necessity. They proceed commooly from a presumptuous confidence, and a false estimate of human power. JOHNSON,
(8) .uggestions-Temptations. JOHNSON.
JOHNSON.  This passage, I believe, means no more than that Don Armado was a man nicely versed in ceremonial distinctions, one who could distinguish in the most de licate questions of honour the exact boundaries of right and wrong. Complimient, in Shakespeare's time. did not signify, at least, did not only signify
verbal civility, or phrases of courtesy, but, according to its original meaning, the trappings, or or Dadeotal appeuvages of a character, in the same aanner and on the same principles of speech with accomplishment. Compliment is, as Armado well expresses it, the varnish of a complete man JOHNSON
 i. e. I will make a minstrel of him, whose occupation was to relate fabulous stories. DOUCE.
(3] i e. (ays an intelligent writer in the Edinburgh Magasine,) words newly coined, new from the forgi. Fire nent, non off the irons, and the Scottish esprt. sion bren-nen baro all the same origia. STEVENS.
Long. Costard the swain, and he, shall be our sport; And, so to study, three years is but short.
Enter Dull, with a letter, ond COSTARD.
Dull. I myself reprehend his own person, for I am his grace's tharborough : but I would see his own person in flesh and blood.
Biron. This is he.
Dull. Signior Arme-Arme~commends you. There's villany abroad ; this letter will tell you more,
Cost. Sir, the contempts thereof are as touching me. 1 King. A letter from the magnificent Armado.
Biron. How low soever the matter, I hope in God for high words.
Long. A high hope for a low having : God grant 19 patience!
Biron. To hear? or forbear hearing?
Long. To hear meekly, sir, and to laugh moderately or to forbear both.
Biron. Well, sir, be it as the style shall give us cause to climb in the merriness.
Cost. The matter is to me, sir, as concerning Jaquenetta. The manner of it is, I was taken with the manner."
Biron. In what manner ?
Cost. lo manner and form following, sir; all those three: I was seen with her in the manor house, sitting with her upon the form, and taken following her into the park ; which, put together, is, in manner and form following. Now, sir, for the manner,-it is the manner of a man to speak to a woman : for the form,-in some form.
Biron. For the following, sir?
Cost. As it shall follow in my correction ; And God defend the right!
King. Will you hear this letter with attention ?
 i. e. Thirdborough, a pea e officer, alike in authority with a headborougb or a constable SIR J. HAWKINS
 ie in the fact. STEEVENS.
A forensic term. A thies is said to be taken with the mapper. i. e. mainnut or manour, (for so it is written in our old law books.) when he is apprehended with the thing stolen in bis possess!OI. The thing that he bas taken was called saginaw, from the Fr. manier, manu tractare. MALONE.
Cost. Such is the simplicity of man to hearken after the flesh.
King. [Reads.] Great deputy, the welkin's vicegerent, and sole doininator of Navarre, my soul's earth's God, and body's fostering patron,
Cost. Not a word of Costard yet.
but if he
say it is so, he is, in telling true, but so, so.
King. So it is, besieged with sable-coloured melancholy, I did commend the black-oppressing humour to the most wholesome physic of thy health-giving air ; and, as I am a gentleman, betook myself to walk. The time when? About the sixth hour; when beasts most graze, birds best peck, and men set down to that nourishment which is called supper. So much for the time when : Now for the ground which; which, I mean, I walked upon: it is yeleped, thy park. Then for the place where ; where, I mean, I did encounter that obscene and most preposterous event, that draweth from my snow-white pen the ebon-coloured ink, which here thou viewest, beholdest, surveyest, or seest : But to the place, where,—It standeth north-north-east and by east from the west corner of thy curious-knotted garden : There did I see that low-spirited sæain, that base minnow of thy mirth. [Cost. Ne.] that unletter'd small-knowing soul, (Cost. Me.] that shalloto vassal, [Cost. Still me.) which, as I remember, hight Costard, [Cost. O me!) sorted and consorted, contrary to thy established proc' rimed edict and continent canon, with—with,-0 will-but with this I passion to say wherewith,
Cost. With a wench.
King. —with a child of our grandmother Eve, a female ; or, for thy more sweet understanding, a woman.
- Ancient gardeos abounded with figures of which the lines intersected eack other in many directions. STEEVENS
 The base minnow of thy mirtla, is the contemptible little object that contributes to thy entertainment, Shakespeare makes Coriolanus characterize the tribu. pitian insolence of Sicinius, under the same figure :
-hear you not