Guillaume de Machaut and Reims: Context and Meaning in His Musical Works

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 26, 2002 - History - 456 pages
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Guillaume de Machaut, renowned fourteenth-century French composer and poet, wrote the first polyphonic Mass and many other important musical works. Friend of royalty, prelates, noted poets and musicians, Machaut was a cosmopolitan presence in late medieval Europe. He also served as canon of the cathedral of Reims, an ancient and influential archiepiscopal see and the coronation site of French kings. This exploration of Machaut's life and work focuses on his music based on ecclesiastical chants: twenty-three motets, the David Hocket, and the Mass of Our Lady. The meaning of his music can often be understood through study of its context in fourteenth-century Reims. Machaut emerges as a composer deeply involved in the great crises of his day, one who skilfully and artfully expresses profound themes of human existence in ardent music and poetry.
 

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Contents

Guillaume de Machaut in Reims
11
Rome of the West
15
Christianity in Reims Christianity in France
17
Growth of Reims and the fourteenthcentury laicization
20
Reims Cathedral
23
Cathedral chapter
31
Schools in Reims and some speculations on Machauts education
35
Liturgy and music
37
Desire for freedom in Motet 12
156
Ruins of love in Motet 13
159
Languishing and lying in Motet 14
161
Fleeting sight of the beloved in Motet 15
163
an exemplum
165
Musical structure and symmetry in Motets 117
168
Final union with the beloved in Motet 17
174
Scens context and genesis in Machauts Motets 117
177

Coronation rites
45
Choir and choirboys
47
Chapter library
51
Canonical affirmation and resistance in Machauts Motets 18 and 19
53
Images of past episcopal renown in Motet 18
55
Motet 18 in the iconography and music of Reims Cathedral
61
The laudes regiae of Reims and the performance of Motet 18
63
Canonical solidarity in the archdiocese and Motet 19 for Saint Quintinus
68
Motet 19 and the honorific genre
69
The sculptures on the choir wall at SaintQuentin and Motet 19
72
The annual chapter meetings at StQuentin
73
Machauts Motets 117 and the medieval mystical tradition
79
Motets 120 and their internal groupings
82
Affective motet tenors affective theology
84
Commentaries on the Song of Songs in the mystical tradition
90
Wisdom literature in the mystical tradition
93
Susos Horologium Sapientiae
96
Steps of the spiritual journey Susos Horologium Sapientiae and Machauts Motets 117
101
The beginning of loves journey
103
Beginning of love service in Motet 1
110
Sighs for the beloved in Motet 2
113
Death of the beloved in Motet 3
116
Hope for mercy merci in Motet 4
118
Willingness to suffer in Motet 5
120
Joy in the sighttocome in Motet 6
123
The middle of loves journey the struggle with sin
128
The sin of pride and the feminine voice in Motet 7
129
Sin and Lady Fortune in Motet 8
132
Face to face with sin and the Devil in Motet 9
137
The deadly sins and Motet 9
139
Dreux de Hautvillers scholaster and poet of Reims
140
Musical construction and Scens in Motet 9
145
The end of loves journey union with the beloved
152
Comings and goings of the beloved in Motet 11
154
a valediction for Bonne of Luxembourg
184
Machauts late motets and the Hundred Years War in Reims
189
Motets 2123 and the late style
190
Cries for help hymn paraphrase animal imagery and apocalyptic allusion in Motet 21
192
Personifying regni respublica and admonishing a duke in Motet 22
206
Motet 23 and the beginning of the Salve service in Reims
215
The ordering of Motets 2123 in Machauts manuscripts
221
Machauts David Hocket and the coronation of Charles V 1364
224
The David Hocket and the question of function
225
The David Hocket and the motet tradition
228
of Old Testament kingship
229
Rex christianissimus King David and the French polemical literature
234
King David and Charles V
237
King David and Machauts David Hocket
241
Notre Dame de Reims and the Marian tenor of the David Hocket
248
Machaut and the coronation of Charles V
251
Machauts Moss of Our Lady and composer remembrance through music
257
An inscription for the Machaut brothers
258
Machauts Mass in the liturgy and music of Reims Cathedral
260
Endowments and wills the Machaut brothers epitaph and the performance of the Mass
269
The altar near the Rouelle in Reims Cathedral
270
Machauts Mass and composer remembrance
272
Context meaning and artistry in Machauts music
276
Innovation and musical artistry
278
Implications
280
Documents
282
Texts and translations of Machauts motets Old French translations by Colleen Donagher
294
Manuscripts consulted for the musical examples
332
Notes
337
Bibliography
408
Index of works
440
Index of manuscripts
442
General index
445
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About the author (2002)

Anne Walters Robertson is Professor of Music at The University of Chicago. She is the author of The Service Books of the Royal Abbey of Saint-Denis: Images of Ritual and Music in the Middle Ages (1991). She was awarded the John Nicholas Brown Prize of the Medieval Academy of America in 1995.

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