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come out from among them, and be ye separated," saith the

Lord, “and touch not any unclean thing; and I will re. 18 ceive you, and will be a father unto you, and ye shall be

unto me sons and daughters,” saith the Lord Almighty. CH. vii. Having therefore these promises, beloved, let us

cleanse ourselves from all defilement of flesh and spirit,

perfecting holiness in the fear of God. 2 Receive us: we have wronged no man; we have cor3 rupted no man, we have defrauded no man. I speak not

this to condemn you: for I have said before that ye are in 4 our hearts to die together and live together, Great is my

freedom of speech toward you, great is my glorying of you:
I am filled with comfort, I abound exceedingly in joy under

all our affliction.
5 For when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had

no rest, but we were afflicted on every side : without were 6 oppositions, within were fears. Nevertheless God, who

comfortąth those that are brought low, comforted us by the 7 coming of Titus: and not by his coming only, but by the

comfort with which he was comforted because of you, when

he told us your earnest desire, your lamentation, your zeal -8 for me : so that I rather rejoiced. For though I grieved

you by my epistle, I do not repent; though indeed I did

repent: for I perceive that my epistle hath grieved you for 9 a short time only. Now I rejoice, not that ye were grier.

ed, but that ye were grieved to repentance : for ye were

grieved in a godly manner, so that ye received damage by 10 us in nothing. For a godly sorrow' worketh repentance to

salvation, not to be regretted: but the grief of the world 11 worketh death. For, behold, this very thing that ye grieved

in a godly manner, what diligence did it work in you, yea, what defence? of yourselves, yea, what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, what earnest desire, yea, what zeal, yea,

grief in a godly manner, N. Gr. according to God: and so, ver. 10, 11. & Or, excusing, N. m.

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what punishment! In all things ye have proved yourselves 12 to be clear in this matter. Wherefore, though I wrote to

you, I did it not so much for his cause that had done the wrong, or for his cause that had suffered the

wrong, as

that our care for you might be made manifest to you, in the 13 sight of God. We were therefore comforted by reason of

your comfort: and we rejoiced exceedingly more by reason

of Titus's joy, because his spirit was refreshed by you all. 14 For if I have gloried to him in any respect concerning you,

I have not been put to shame: but as we spake all things

to you in truth, so our glorying also, which I made before 15 Titus, is found a truth. And his tender affection is more

abundant toward you; while he remembereth the obedi

ence of you all, how ye received him with fear and trem16 bling. I rejoices that in every thing I have confidence in

you. Ch. viii. Now we make known to you, brethren, the very li2 beral + gift bestowed by the churches of Macedonia ; that,

under a great trial of affliction, the abundance of their joy',

and the depth of their poverty, hath abounded to the riches 3 of their liberality". For to their power, (I bear witness,)

yea, and beyond their power, they were willing of them4 selves; beseeching us with much intreaty, concerning their 5 gifts, and the joint ministration of it to the saints. And this

they did, not as we expected; but they first gave themselves 6 to the Lord, and to us, by the will of God; so that we de

sired Titus, that, as he had already begun to do this, so he

would likewise finish in you this work of liberality also. 7 Now as ye abound in every thing, in faith, and utterance,

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your care for us, Mss. and N. 2 Gr. bowels. 3 I rejoice “ therefore,” R.T. 4 Or, “the godly gift.” Or, “the godlike gift." See S. 16. N.m. Gr. the grace or gift of God; a Hebrew form of expressing the superlative. See ch, ix. 14. 5“ In their christian privileges. But Dr. Mangey and Mr. Wakefield conjecture xquas," Newcome. The abundance of their want. Wakefield. 6 Or, their deep poverty, N. m. 7 Or, their rich liberality. N. m. 8 That we would receive the gift, R. T.

20 為理

and knowledge, and all diligence, and in your love to us; 8 see that ye abound in this work of liberality also. I speak

not by way of command; but to try the sincerity of your 9 love also, by the diligence of others. For ye know the

gracious goodness of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, while he

was rich, yet for your sakes he lived in poverty *, that 10 through his poverty ye might be rich. And I give my judge.

ment in this matter; for this is expedient for you, who have

already begun not only to do, but also to have a willing 11 mind, a year ago 3. Now therefore fully perform the doing

of it also; that, as there was a readiness to will, so there may 12 be a full performance also out of that which ye have. For

if there be first a ready mind, it is accepted according to

what (a man] hath, and not according to what he hath not. 13 For I mean not that others may be eased, and 14 ed: but that, by an equality, your abundance may be a supo

ply at this time for their want; that their abundance also

may be a supply for your want : that there may be an equa. 15 lity, as it is written, “ He that had gathered much, bad no

thing over; and he that had gathered little, had no want.”

you burther

2 Gr. grace.



“who begao net

i Or, earnestness. See Wakefield.
only to act, but also with a willing mind, a year ago."

pauper fuit, sive

* While he was rich-see Wakefield-T280ins wv, ITTWxsuss. The constrac. tion requires it to be understood, not of a passage from a preceding state of wealth to a succeeding state of poverty, but of iwo contemporary states. He was rich and poor at the same time. Toaxiuw, mendicus sum, mendicus vivo; Steph. Thesaur.-inops dego; Coustantin. Lex.-SFTWXiuri, potius, mendicavit.” Erasmus. The word properly signities an actual state, bot

a change of state. Literally he was poor, or he was a beggar. See Odvs0. 1. 308. Our Lord was rich in miraculous powers, which he could employ if be pleased to his own advantage. But for the benefit of his followers he chose 10 lead a life of poverty and dependence, to deny himself the comforts and luxeries of life for the good of others. See Grotius in loc. This was a very proper example to the Corinthians, which they might feel and imitate. It was cer

: tainly much more pertinent and applicable than a supposed descent from a prior state of existence and felicity, to which there could be nothing analogous in the case of the Corinthians, and to which the apostle cannot in reason nor ia consistence with grammatical construction be understood, as making the least allusion.

to try the f others Fre:

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16 But thanks be to God, who putteth' into the heart of 17 Titus the same diligent care for you. For he accepted in

deed my exhortation ; but, being very earnest, he went to 18 you of his own accord. And we sent with him a brother,

whose praise in the gospel is throughout all the churches; 19 and not that only, but who was appointed also by the

churches our fellow-traveller with this liberal gift, which is

to be administered by us to the glory of the Lord himself, 20 and to the declaration of our ready mind? : we avoiding this,

that no man should blame us in this abundance which is to 21 be administered by us; for we provide things which are

good, not only in the sight of the Lord, but in the sight of 22 men also. And we have sent with them our brother, (whom

we have often found diligent in many things, but now much

more diligent,) because of the great confidence which we 23 have in you. If any inquire of Titus, he is my partner, and

fellow-labourer toward you: or if our brethren be inquired

of, they are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of 24 Christ. Wherefore show ye to them, before + the churches,

the proof of your love, and of our glorying on your account. Ch. ix. For concerning your ministration to the saints, it is 2 superfluous for me to write unto you. For I know your

readiness, for which I glory of you to those of Macedonia,

that Achaia was prepared a year ago: and your zeal hath 3 provoked very many. Yet I have sent the brethren, lest our glorying of you should be in vain in this

should be in vain in this respect; that as I 4 said of you, ye may be prepared : lest if those of Macedonia

come with me, and find you unprepared, we should be put 5 to shame (not to say ye) for this confidence 6. I have there

fore thought it necessary to exhort the brethren, that they would go before to you, and make up beforehand your boun

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"Or, bath put, Mss. N.m. your ready mind: R.T.

3“ and providing,” R. T. and N. We provide, Mss. 4 even before, R.T. 5 and before the churches, R.T. 6 this confidence (of glorying). R. T. and N.

ty, before spoken of by me, that it might be ready, as a mat.

ter of bounty, and not as of covetousness. 6 However, this I say, He who soweth sparingly, will reap

also sparingly; and he who soweth bountifully', will reap 7 also bountifully. Let every man give according as he choos

eth in his heart; not with pain, or by constraint: for God 8 loveth a cheerful giver. And God is able to make every

gift abound toward you ; that having always all sufficiency 9 in all things, ye may abound to every good work: (as it is

written, “He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the 10 poor: his righteousness remaineth for ever.") Now he who

supplietho seed to the sower, will both supply bread for

your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the 11 fruits of your righteousness; ye being enriched in all things

to all liberality, which causeth thanksgiving by us to God. 12 For the ministration of this service not only supplieth the

wants of the saints, but aboundeth also in many thanks13 givings to God; (while, by the experience of this minis

tration men glorify God for your professed subjection to the

gospel of Christ, and for your liberal contribution to them, 14 and to all men;) and in their prayer for you, who long after

you for the exceedingly bountiful gifts bestowed by you. 15 [Now] thanks be to God for his unspeakable gift. Ch. x. Now I Paul beseech you by the meekness and gentle

ness of Christ, (I who in outward appearance am humble 2 among you, but when absent am bold toward you ;) now I entreat you, I say, that I may not be bold, when present

, with that confidence with which I think to be bold against

some, who think of us as if we walked according to the flesh. 3 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according 4 to the flesh ; (for the weapons of our warfare are not fleshly,

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' Gr. in blessings.

2 “ May” he who supplieth seed, &c. supply bread, &c. R. T. and N.

3 Gr. exceeding gift of God, See ch. viii, 1.

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