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23 But he that was of the bond-woman, was born according to

the flesh; whereas he of the free-woman was by promise. 24 Which things are spoken by me allegorically: for these

women signify the two covenants?; the one from mount Si25 nai, bearing children to servitude, which is Agar : (for this

Agar? is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to the Je.

rusalem which now is : for she is in servitude with her chil26 dren:) but the Jerusalem from above is the free-woman, 27 who is our mother?. For it is written, “ Rejoice, thou

barren, who bearest not; break forth and shout, thou who

travailest not; for the desolate hath many more children, 28 than she that hath an husband.” Now we, brethren, like 29 Isaac, are the children of promise. But as then he that was

born according to the flesh persecuted him that was born 30 according to the spirit, even so it is now. Nevertheless

, what saith the scripture ? “ Send forth the bond-woman and her son : for the son of the bond-woman shall not be heir with the son of the free-woman."

[So then,] brethren, we are not children of the bond-woÇ. v. man, but of the free. Stand firmly therefore in the

freedom with which Christ hath made us free, and be not

again put 6 under the yoke of servitude. 2 Behold, I Paul say unto you that, if ye be circumcised, 3 Christ will profit you nothing. Yea, I testify again to every

man who is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole 4 law. Christ is become of none effect to you, whosoever of

you seek to be justified by the law; ye are fallen from the 5 covenant of favour. For we by the spirit look for the hope 6 of justification through faith. For in Christ Jesus neither


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i So Wakefield. these are the two covenants, N.

2 this character Agar. Wakefield. 3 the mother of us all. R. T. • according to the manner of, N. s Some copies read, “we are not children of the bond-woman but of the free, with which liberty Christ has made us free. Stand firmly, therefore, and be not,” &c. See Griesbach. 6 Or, encumbered with, N. n. 1 Gr. are justified.

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circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but 7 faith which worketh by love. Once ye ran well: who bin- . 8 dered you that ye might not obey the truth? This persua9 sion came not from him who called you. A little leaven 10 leaveneth the whole lunip. I am persuaded concerning you

through the Lord, that ye will not think otherwise than I

do: but he who troubleth you will bear his judgement, 11 whosoever he be. And as to myself, brethren, if I still

preach circumcision, why do I still suffer persecution ? then

would the stumbling-block of the cross be done away. 12 I could wish that they were even cut off' who disturb 13 you. For, brethren, ye have been called to freedom : only

use not freedom for an occasion to the flesh, but by love 14 serve one another. For all the law is fulfilled in one com

mandment, even this; “ Thou shalt love thy neighbour as 15 thyself.” But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed

that ye be not consumed by one another. 16 Now I say, Walk by the spirit', and fulfil not the desire 17 of the flesh. For the flesh desireth against the spirit, and

the spirit against the flesh : and these are contrary the one

to the other; so that ye do not the things which ye would. 18 But if ye be led by the spirits, ye are not under the law. 19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these ; 20 Fornication', uncleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, sorcery",

hatred, contentions, rivalries, wrath, disputes, divisions, 21 heresies, envyings, murthers, drunkenness, revellings, and

such-like: of which I tell you before-hand, as I have also

told you before, that those who do such things will not 22 inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the spirit is

love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith23 fulness, meekness, temperance : against such things there is

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2 Or, Walk spiritu-
4 Adultery, fornica-

· Or, would even cut themselves off from you, N. m.
ally, Wakefield. 3 Or, spiritually led, Wakefield.
tion, &c. R. T. and N. 5 Or, poisoning, N.m.


24 no law. Now those that are Christ's have crucified the flesh 25 with its passions and desires. If we live by the spirit, let us 26 walk also by the spirit. Let us not be vain-glorious, pro

voking one another, envying one another. Cu. vi. Brethren, if a man be even discovered in any of

fence', ye that are spiritual restore such an one in the

spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also 2 be tempted. Bear ye one another's burthens; and thus 3 fulfil the law of Christ. For if a man think himself to be 4 something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. But

let every man try his own work; and then he will have glo5 rying in himself alone, and not in another. For every man will bear? his own burtlen.

Now let him that is taught in the word, make him that 7 teacheth partaker of all good things. Be not deceived:

God is not deluded: for whatsoever a man soweth, that 8 he will reap also. For he who soweth to his flesh, from

the flesh will reap destruction: but he who soweth to the 9 spirit, from the spirit will reap everlasting life. And let us

not be weary in well-doing : for in due time we shall reap, 10 if we faint not. As therefore we have opportunity, let us

do good to all men; but especially to those that are of the household of faith.

Ye see how large an epistle? I have written to you with 12 mine own hand. As many as desire to make a fair show in

the flesh, such would compel you to be circumcised, only 13 lest they should be persecuted for the cross of Christ. For

neither do they themselves that are circumcised keep the

law; but they desire to have you circumcised, that they 14 may glory in your flesh. But far be it that I should glory,

except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the


' If a man be overtaken in any fault, Wakefield, with the public version. ? Or, must bear, N. m. 3 Or, in what large and inelegant letters. See Wbitby, Doddridge, Wakefield.

bare vita -Liebida t be raimi nother.

15 world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. For in

Christ Jesus neither is circumcision any thing', nor uncir16 cumcision; but a new creation ?. And as many as shall

walk* by this rule, peace be upon them, and mercy; and

upon the Israel of God. 17 Henceforth let no man trouble me: for I bear in my 18 body the marks of the Lord] Jesus. Brethren, the favour*

of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen. +

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' neither circumcision availeth any thing, R.T. a new creature is every thing. N. 3 as many of you. N. 4 as many as walk, Mss.

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Or, " the gracious gospel," q. d. May the grace and kindness of the gospel be conferred upon you, and cordially received by you in preference to the severe injunctions of the law. “Be with your spirit.” Or, with you. A common Hebrew pleonasm. See I Tim. vi. 21; 2 Tim. iv. 22.

+ To the Galatians was written from Rome. R. T. Dr. Lardner assigns Corinth or Ephesus, A. D. 52 or 53, as the place and date of this epistle,

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an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the holy' and faithful in Christ Jesus, that are at Ephesus * : 2 favour be to you, and peace from God our Father, and from

our Lord Jesus Christ. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,

who hath blessed us with every spiritual blessing in hea. 4 venly things through Christ: according as he chose us in

Christ, before the foundation of the world, that we might 5 be holy and spotless before him in love : having predestinated

us to the adoption of sons by Jesus Christ for him. 6 self, according to the good pleasure of his will, to the praise

of his glorious favours, with which he hath favoured us 7 through the beloved Son*: through whom we have re

demption by his blood, even forgiveness of our offences t, 1 See Col. i. 2. saints, N. 2 Or, foreappointed, or predetermined, N.n. 3 Gr. the glory of his grace, i. e. of his gratuitous gondness. So ver. 7. N.m. 4 by which he hath made us accepted through the beloved Jesus, N. See Mr. Lindsey's Ans. to Robinson, p. 178. 5 Or, deliverance through.

* The words ov Epsom (at Ephesus) are wanting in one manuscript: they were also wanting in some ancient copies in the time of Basil, in the fourth century. Marcion's copy read “ Laodicea.” And though the external evidence is very great in favour of Ephesus, yet Mill, Benson, Paley, and many others thiok it probable that this letter was addressed by Paul to the Laodiceans, and is alluded to Col. iv. 16. It is indeed hardly possible that the apostle should have dictated a letter to a society of Christians amongst whom he had resided three years, without once alluding to that circumstance, or to any of the extraordinary events which had occurred during his abode at Ephesus

. See Acts xis. 2 Cor. i. 8. I Cor. xv.

v. 32. Paley's llor. Paul. p. 242.
+ By the terms we and us, the apostle often speaks affectionately of the gen-

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