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10 and true God; and to look for his son from heaven, whom
he raised from the dead, even Jesus, who delivereth' us
from the punishment” which is to come.
suffered, and had been shamefully treated, as ye know, at
preach unto you the gospel of God with much earnestness.
trusted with the gospel, we so speak, not as pleasing men, 5 but God, who proveth our hearts. For neither at any time
used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a pretence of 6 covetousness 4: (God is witness :) nor from men sought we
glory, either from you or from others; when we might have 7 used authority, as apostles of Christ: but we were gentle
among you, as a nursing-mother 5 cherisheth her children. 8 Being thus affectionately desirous of you, we are willing to
bestow on you, not the gospel of God only, but our own 9 lives also, because ye are become dear to us. For ye re
member, brethren, our labour and toil: how working 6 night
and day, that we might not be burthensome to any of you, 10 we preached to you the gospel of God. Ye are witnesses,
and God also, how holily, and righteously, and unblameably 11 we behaved ourselves among you that believe: as ye khow
how we exhorted, and comforted, and charged every one of 12 you, as a father doth his children, that ye should walk in a
manner worthy of God, who calleth you to his glorious
when ye received the word of God which ye heard from us,
i Or, will deliver, N. m.
. Gr. anger.
4 Or, a
the word of God', which powerfully worketh also in
you 14 that believe. For ye, brethren, are become imitators of the
churches of God in Judæa, which are in Christ Jesus : for
ye also have suffered like things from your own country. 15 men, even as they have from the Jews; who both killed the
Lord Jesus, and the prophets', and have persecuted us, and 16 please not God, and are against all men: forbidding us to
speak to the gentiles, that they may be saved : so that the Jews 3 fill up the measure of their sins always: for anger
hath overtaken them to utter destruction. 17 Now we, brethren, having been bereaved of you for a
short time4, in presence, not in heart, have abundantly en18 deavoured with great desire to see your face. Wherefore
we have been willing to come unto you (even I Paul) both 19 once and again; but Satan * hath hindered us. For what
is 5 our hope, or joy, or crown of glorying ? are not even
ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus (Christ) at his com20 ing? for ye are indeed our glory and our joy. CH. 111. Wherefore, being no longer able to bear our solici. 2 tude, we thought it good to be left at Athens alone; and
sent Timothy our brother", and fellow-worker together
with God in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to 3 comfort you concerning your faith; that no man should be
moved by these mine afflictions': for yourselves know that 4 we are appointed to this. For, when we were with you,
we told you beforehand that we should suffer affliction ; 5 even as it hath come to pass, and ye know. For this cause,
also, being no longer able to bear my solicitude, I sent to know your faith; fearing lest by some means the tempter
"Or,“ not as a word of men, but (as it truly is) a word of God.” Bee Chandler. their own prophets, R. T. 3 Symonds, 5.
• Or, at a moment's warning, Wakefield. 5 mill be, N.
? our brother, and minister of God, and our fellow-labourer in the gospel, R. T.
*“ wicked men, the instruments of Satan,” N. Or, in general, any other obstruction.
6 had tempted you *, and our labour might be in vain. But
now, when Timothy came from you to us, and brought us glad tidings of your faith and love, and that ye have a good
remembrance of us always, longing to see us, as we also do 7 to see you; for this cause, brethren, we were comforted con
cerning you in all our affliction and distress, even by your 8 faith : for now we live indeed, if ye stand firmly in the Lord. 9 For what thanks can we return to God because of you, for
all the joy with which we rejoice for your sakes before our 10 God; night and day praying very exceedingly, that we
might see your face, and might perfect that which remain11 eth behind of your faith? Now may our God and Father
himself, and our Lord Jesus Christ t, direct our way to you. 12 And may the Lord make you to increase and abound in love
one toward another, and toward all men, even as we do ta13 ward you: that he may establish your hearts unblameable
in holiness before our God and Father, at the coming of our
Lord Jesus Christ] with all his saints.
you by the Lord Jesus, that, as ye have received of us how
ye ought to walk, and to please God, ye would abound 2 more and more. For
know what commandments we gave 3 you by the authority of the Lord Jesus. For this is the will
of God, even your sanctification; that ye abstain from for4 nication; that every one of you know how to keep his body' 5 in sanctification and honour; (not in the passion of desire, 6 even as the gentiles who know not God;) só as not to go
beyond and overreach his brother in this matter: because
the Lord is an avenger of all such, as we have formerly also 7 told you, and testified. For God hath not called us to un
i Gr. vessel.
* i. e. lest you had suffered some grievous persecution. ,"Jest you should be shaken by the persecutions which I suffer.” Newcome.
+ The apostle in his missionary labours was under the immediate direction of Christ, who occasionally appeared to him for his guidance and encourage ment. Soe Acts xxii. 17 ; 2 Cor. xii. 5,9.
8 cleanness, but to sanctification. He therefore who despiseth,
despiseth not man, but God; who hath also given to us his holy spirit
Now as concerning brotherly kindness, ye need not that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of God to 10 love one another: and indeed ye do this toward all the
brethren that are in all Macedonia. But we beseech you, 11 brethren, that ye abound in love still more; and that ye
earnestly 3 strive to be quiet, and to do your own business,
and to work with your [own] hands, as we formerly com12 manded you; that ye may walk becomingly toward those
that are without, and that ye may have need of nothing. 13 Now we would not have you ignorant, brethren, con
cerning those that are fallen asleep; that ye grieve not, 14 even as others that have no hope. For if we believe that
Jesus died, and rose again; so also that * God, through
Jesus, will bring with him those also that are fallen asleep. 15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we
who shall be alivet, and who shall remain to the appear.
ance of the Lord, shall not be before 5 those that are fallen 16 asleep. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven
with a shout, with the voice of the archangels, and with the 17 trumpet of God: and the dead in Christ will rise first: after
* Or, who hath given his holy spirit for our (or, as some copies read, for your) benefit. So Wakefield. we need not write, Mss. 3 Gr. ambitiously, 4 I would not, &c. R.T. 5 Or, go before, N.m. 6 Or, an archangel, N.m.
* “ Even so,” N. The sense of this verse is : “ If we believe, as we do, the death and resurrection of Christ; we have equally just reason to believe that God has power to raise the dead at the last day.” N. + “We Christians, who may be considered as one body, church, or people
, in wbatever age we live.” See Deut. xxvi. 6–9. Ps. Ixvi. 6. Matt, viii. 35. ‘ye slew.?” Newcome. This is true ; but it is not certain that the apostle might not expect to live till the second appearance of Christ. It appears from the second epistle, that he knew that the day of Christ was not immediately ap: proaching, and that great events would antecedently take place. But he might not know how long a period these events would occupy. The times and sea. sons were reserved by the Father in his own power, Acts i. 7. and Jesus himself was not informed of the exact period when his second advent was to be introduced. Mark xiij. 32.
ward, we who shall be alive, and who shall remain, shall be caught up together with them into the clouds *, to meet
the Lord in the air: and then we shall ever be with the 18 Lord. Wherefore comfort ye one another with these
words t. Ch. v. But concerning the times and the seasons', brethren, 2 ye have no need that I write unto you. For yourselves well
know that the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the 3 night. When? men shall say, “ Peace and safety;" then
sudden destruction will come upon them, as pangs upon a 4 woman with child: and they shall not escape. But ye, bre
thren, are not in darkness, that the last day should overtake 5 you as a thief. For all ye are sons of light, and sons of the 6 day; we are not of the night and of darkness. So then let us
not sleep, even as others; but let us watch, and be sober. 7 For those that sleep, sleep by night; and those that are 8 drunken, are drunken by night. But let us, that are of the
day, be sober; and put on the breast-plate of faith and love, 9 and, for an helmet, the hope of salvation. For God hath
not appointed us to anger, but to the obtaining of salvation 10 by our Lord Jesus Christ; who died for us, that, whether
we are waking or sleeping 4 at that day, we may live toge-. 11 ther with him. Wherefore comfort each other, and edify
one another, even as ye do. 12 Now we beseech you, brethren, to acknowledge those
who labour among you, and preside over you in the Lord,
* 01, an
1 “ the time and the season of this,” N. ? For when, R.T. 3 R. T. and N. omit the connecting particle “ For." 4 " whether we wake or sleep at the last day,” N. “ whether we be alive at the last day, or whether we sleep in death.” Ch. iv. 15. 17. Newcome.
* “in clouds," as in triumphal chariots. Chandler. Comp. Acts, i. 9.
+ Observe here, that all the consolation which the apostle administers to the bereaved and mourning Thessalonians is derived from the Christian hope of a resurrection, and from what would happen at that awful and glorious period. He takes no notice of an intervening state of perception and felicity of which their deceased friends were even then in possession. A circumstance which the apostle could hardly have omitted had the existence of such a state been revealed to him.