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an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the sojourners scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, 2 and Bithynia; elect', according to the foreknowledge of

God the Father, through the sanctification of the spirit, to obedience, and to the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ:

favour and peace be multiplied to you. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,

who, according to his great mercy, hath begotten us again

to a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the 4 dead; even to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled, 5 and unfading”, reserved in heaven for you, who are kept

by the power of God, through your faith, to salvation ready 6 to be revealed in the last time: wherein ye greatly rejoice,

though now for a short time (if need be) ye be grieved by 7 various trials; that the proof of your faith, which is a much

more precious proof than that of gold, which perisheth

though proved by fire, may be found to praise, and honour, 8 and glory, at the manifestation of Jesus Christ; whom,

though ye have not known him, ye love; in whom, though

now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with glad9 ness unspeakable, and full of glory; being to receive the 10 end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. Of

which salvation the prophets, who prophesied concerning the favour of God which was to come unto you, inquired and 1 i. e. chosen, N.m. 3 " to an incorruptible, and undefiled, and unfading inheritance," N. 3 i. e. yourselves. N.m.

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11 searched diligently; searching what time, or what kind of

time, the spirit of Christ * which was in them signified, when

it witnessed beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the 12 glories which were to follow: to whom it was revealed,

that they ministered not to themselves, but to you ', the things which have now been told you by those that have preached the gospel to you through the holy spirit sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look

into t. 13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and

fully hope for the gracious gift which will be given you at the 14 manifestation of Jesus Christ; as obedient children', not

fashioning yourselves according to your former desires in 15 your ignorance: but according as he that hath called you 16 is holy, be ye also holy in all your behaviour: because it is 17 written, “ Be ye holy; for I am holy.” And if ye call on

the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth accord

ing to every one's work, pass the time of your sojourning 18 here in fear: knowing that ye were not redeemed † with

corruptible things, as with silver and gold, from your vain 19 behaviour delivered down by your fathers; but with the

precious blood of Christ, as of a spotless and unblemished 20 lamb: who was foreknowns indeed before the foundation

of the world, but was manifested in these last times for your 21 sake, who by him believe in God that raised him from the

dead, and gave him glory; so that your faith and hope are 22 in God. Having therefore purified your souls by obeying

the truth (through the spirit] to unfeigned brotherly-kindus, N. and R.T. * Gr. children of obedience. 3 Or, fore-appointed, N. n.

* i.e. the spirit which prophesied concerning Christ. See Lindsey's Seq. p. 281. the spirit of an “ anointed one,” or “prophet.” Sn.

+ Perhaps the meaning of the apostle may be, that the messengers who are now employed to promulgate this glorious doctrine cannot fully comprehend its import, and are desirous of improving their acquaintance with it. See Eph. iii. 18, 19.

I i.e. delivered from your former state of heathenism, prejudice, and vice, by the gospel, which was ratified with the blood of Christ.


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5 ye

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ness, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervent23 ly: having been born again, not from corruptible seed but

from incorruptible, by that word of God which liveth and re24 maineth'. For “all flesh is as the herb, and all its gloryo as

the flower of the herb: the herb withereth, and [its] flower 25 falleth off: but the word of the Lord remaineth for ever :"

and this is the word which is preached to you by the gospel. CH. 11. Wherefore lay aside all maliciousness, and all guile, 2 and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil-speakings, and, as

new-born babes, earnestly desire the sincere spiritual milk, 3 that ye may grow thereby to salvation”: since ye have tasted 4 that the Lord is kind. Coming to whom as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but elect and honourable with God,

also as living stones, being built up, are a spiritual temple, and an holy priesthood to offer up spiritual sacrifices, 6 acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. Wherefore it is con

tained in the scripture, “ Behold, I lay in Sion a chief cor

ner-stone, elect, honourable: and he that believeth on him 7 shall not be ashamed.” To you therefore who believe, he

is honourable 6: but to those who disbelieve, “ that stone

which the builders rejected is become the head of the cor8 ner,” and “ a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, "

even to those who stumble at the word; disbelieving that to 9 which they were even appointed. But ye are an elect ge

neration, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a purchased people; that ye may show forth 7 the virtues of him who

hath called you out of darkness into his wonderful light: 10 who in time past were not a people *, but

are now the

people of God: who had not obtained mercy, but now have

. * for ever. N. and R. T. 2 all the glory of man, R.T. 3 “ to salvation" wanting in R. T. 4 Wherefore also, R.T. 5 Or, therein, N.m. is the honour: Or, it is honourable. Gr. an honour. N.m. 7 Or, declare: or, proclaim, N.m.

* " This language is applicable to gentiles only. See also ch. i. 18. iv. 3." Newcome.

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obtained mercy

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Beloved, I beseech you as strangers and sojourners, to abstain from carnal desires, which war against the soul; 12 having your behaviour good among the gentiles: that, in

whatsoever they speak against you as evil-doers, because of

your good works which they have seen, they may glorify 13 God in the day of visitation. Submit yourselves (there

fore] to every appointment of man for the sake of the Lord: 14 whether it be to the king', as supreme; or to governors, as

to them that are sent by him for the punishment of those 15 who do evil, and for the praise of those who do well. For

so is the will of God, that by well-doing ye put to silence 16 the ignorance of inconsiderate men: as free, and not using

your freedom for a cloke of wickedness, but as the servants 17 of God. Honour all men: love the brotherhood : fear God:

honour the king. 18 Servants?; be subject to your masters with all fear; not 19 only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. For

this is well-pleasing', if a man for conscience toward God 20 endure grief, suffering wrongfully. For what glory is it, if,

when ye are beaten for your faults, ye shall bear it patient

ly? But if, when ye do well and suffer, ye shall bear it pa21 tiently, this is well-pleasing to God. For to this ye were

called*: because even Christ suffered for you ', leaving you 22 an example, that ye should follow his steps: who did no

sin, nor was guile found in his mouth; who, when he was 23 reviled, reviled not again ; when he suffered, threatened

not: but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously: 24 and himself bare our sins in his own body on the cross *,

that we should die to sins, and live to righteousness : by 25 whose stripes ye have been healed. For ye were as sheep

"j. e. the emperor, N. m. So ver. 17. 1 Gr. Domestics. 3 Or, worthy of reward.-Luke vi, 33. Wakefield. N. m, 5 “ for us,” Mss.

* Gr. tree, N. m. i.e. he removed them and carried them away: so Christ is said, Matt. viii, 17, “ to bear our sicknesses," when he healed thom by bisi miraculous power,

4 ye have been called: N.

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going astray; but ye are now turned to the shepherd and

guardian' of your souls. . CH. 111. In like manner, ye wives, be subject to your own

husbands; that, if any believe not the word, they also, with

out preaching the word, may be won by the behaviour of 2 their wives; having seen your chaste behaviour joined with 3 reverence. Let not whose ornament be that outward one,

of plaiting the hair, and of wearing gold, or of putting on 4 apparel; but let it be the hidden person of the heart, in the

incorruptible ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which' in 5 the sight of God is of great price. For thus the holy wo

men also, who trusted in God, formerly adorned themselves, 6 being subject to their own husbands; as Sarah obeyed Abra

ham, calling him her lord *: and ye are her children while
ye do well, and are not afraid with any terror.
7 In like manner, ye husbands, dwell together with your
wives according to prudence, giving honour to the woman
as to the more infirm person', and as being joint-heirs with
her of the gift of life; that your prayers be not hindered.

Finally, be all of the same mind, be compassionate, be full of brotherly kindness, be tenderly affectioned, be hum9 ble-minded: not rendering evil for evil, or reviling for

reviling; but, on the contrary, uttering blessings : [know

ing] that ye are hereunto called", that ye may inherit 10 a blessing. “ For he that wisheth to love life, and to see

good days, let him refrain (his] tongue from evil; and 11 [his] lips, that they speak no guile. Let him avoid evil, 12 and do good; let him seek peace and pursue it. For the

eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are

open to their prayers : but the face of the Lord is against 13 those who do evil.” And who is he that will hurt you, 14 if ye be imitators of that which is good? But if ye even

suffer for the sake of righteousness, happy are ye: and be

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i So N. m. overseer, N. Or, bishop. 2 Gr. bidden man. 3 which spirit, N. • Or, her master: N.m. 5 Gr. vessel, N. m. 6 be courteous, R. T.

i Or, for ye are hereunto called, Mss. N.m. 8 zealous of, &c. R. T. and N.

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