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THE GENERAL EPISTLE
OF J U D E *.
a servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to the called brethren who have been sanctified by God the
Father +, and preserved in the faith of Jesus Christ $ : 2 mercy, and peace, and love, be multiplied unto you.
. Beloved, while I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it became necessary for me to write
unto you, and exhort you, that ye should earnestly contend 4 for the faith which was once delivered to the saints. For
some men have crept in privily, who were before, of old, set forth' for this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the
favour of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only 5 Sovereign', and our Lord Jesus Christ. Now I desire to remind you even' (you,] who once knew this, that the Lord
i Or, described, or written of, N. m.
o the only Sovereign God, R. T.
* This epistle is one of those books the genuineness of which was disputed in the primitive ages, and which therefore, as Dr. Lardner well observes,
ought not to be alleged as affording alone sufficient proof of any doctrine.” Grotius ascribes it to a bishop of Jerusalem in the reign of Adrian: but it is commonly believed to have been written by Judas, otherwise called Lebbeus, and Thaddeus, the son of Alpheus, the brother of James the less, and firstcousin to our Lord. The design of the epistle is to guard his readers against the errors and the crimes of the Gnostics. He is thought to have made quotations from the same apocryphal work which is referred to in the second epistle of Peter, which epistle Dr. Benson conjectures to have been consulted by him while he was writing his own. The epistle of Jude has as little evidence, either external or internal, in its favour, as any book of the New Testament.
+ sanctified, i. e, separated or set apart to God. Brethren that are sancti. fied in the knowledge of God the Father, N.
Or, by, or, to Jesus Christ ; i. e. who adhere to his doctrine notwithstanding the many corrupters of it. See Newcome's note.
having saved his people out of the land of Egypt, afterward 6 destroyed those who believed not. And the angels who kept
not their first state *, but left their own habitation, he hath
reserved in eternal chains, under darkness, to the judge7 ment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrha,
and the cities about them which in like manner with them gave themselves over to uncleanness, and went after abo
minable desires?, are set forth for an example, suffering the 8 vengeance of everlasting fire f. In like manner also these
dreamers defile the flesh, set at nought dominion, and blas9 pheme dignities. Yet Michael the archangel, when, con
tending with the devil, he disputed about the body of Moses,
durst not bring 3 against him a blaspheming accusation , 10 but said, “ The Lord rebuke thee.” But these blaspheme
what they understand not : but what they know naturally,
as brute creatures, in these things they corrupt themselves. 11 Alas for them! because they have gone in the way of Cain,
and rushed after the error of Balaam for reward, and de12 stroyed themselves by gainsaying like Korah. These are
blemishes in your love-feasts, when they banquet with you, "" you even" omitted by N. Or, followed unnatural passions, Gr. other fle:h, N.m. 3 Or, suffered not himself to bring. Did not presume to bring. Wakefield.
* Or, " the messengers who watched not duly over their own principality, but deserted their proper habitation, he kept with perpetual chains under darkness (punished them with judicial blindness of mind) unto the judgement of a great day, i. e. when they were destroyed by a plague.” Alluding to the false hood and punishment of the spies. Numbers xiv. See Simpson's Essays, p. 210. This may be thought by some a far fetched interpretation. Perhaps the writer may refer to some fanciful account of a fall of angels contained in the apocryphal book which lay before him, without meaning to vouch for the fact. He might introduce it merely to illustrate bis argument. At any rate, a fact so important is not to be admitted upon such precarious evidence. Or, “high state,” N.m.
+ " Everlasting in its effects; the cities having been finally destroyed.” Newcome.
# “ This was probably taken from the apocryphal book before mentioned. We may be instructed by the moral, without admitting the fact. Some supe pose a reference to Zech. iii, 1–3." Newcome.
feeding themselves without restraint': clouds ? without
water, carried aside by winds; trees whose fruit withereth, 13 barren, twice dead, plucked up by the roots ; raging waves
of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars,
to whom the blackness of darkness is reserved for ever. 14 Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied to these
also, saying *, “Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thou15 sands of his saints*, to execute judgement upon all, and to
convict all the ungodly [among them] of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed, and of all the hard
speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.” 16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own
evil desires: and their mouth speaketh very swelling words,
and they respect the persons of men for the sake of gain. 17 But, beloved, remember ye the words s which have been
spoken before by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ ; 18 how they told you that there should be scoffers in the last 19 time, walking after their own ungodly desires. These
are they who separate (themselves], animal, not having the
spirit. 20 But ye, beloved, building up yourselves in your most 21 holy faith, praying through the holy spirit, keep yourselves
in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Je22 sus Christ to everlasting life. And on some have pity, 23 making a difference: and save others (with fear], snatch
ing them out of the fire; hating even the vest' defiled by
the flesh. 2+ Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling ®, and
to present you spotless before bis glory with exceeding joy,
I N. m. fear: N. % they are as clouds—as treesmas waves—as stars. N. 3 carried about, R. T. 4 Gr. with his holy myriads, N. m. 5 Or, But as for you, beloved, remember the words. See S. 31. N.m. 6 Or, And some rebuke, making &c. Mss. N. m. 7 Or, garment. 8 free from falling, N.
• This is another quotation from some ancient apocryphal book, for the au. thenticity of which, however, the writer is not to be supposed to vouch. See Dr. Benson in loc.
25 to the only God, our Saviour', through Jesus Christ our Lord *, be glory [and] majesty, dominion and
power, as before all time t, so now, and throughout all ages. Amen.
! Or, to God alone, our Saviour,
To the only wise God, R.T.
* The words “ through Jesus Christ our Lord” are omitted in the received text and by Newcome. They are introduced in Griesbach, 2d edit., apor the authority of the Alexandrine, Vatican, and Ephrem Mss. and many ancient versions.
+ The words " before all time” are wanting in R. T. and N., but introduced by Griesbach, 2d. edit., upon the same authorities as in the preceding note. q. d. “ As it was in the beginning, is pow, and ever shall be.”
THE REVELATIO N.**
THE Revelation of Jesus Christ which God gave him, that he might show to his servants things which must short
ly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel 2 to his servant John: who hath thus testified of the word of
God, and of the testimony given to Jesus Christ, even whate 3 ever things he saw. Happy is he that readeth, and those
that hear, the words of this prophecy, and keep the things
written in it: for the time is near. 4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia : favour be
2 Or, messenger.
3 Or, observe: or,
of St. John the Divine, R.T. perform, N.m.
* The Apocalypse or Revelation of St. John, is one of those hooks, the genuineness and authority of which, as Eusebius informs us, was, by some, called in question. It has, however, been almost universally received in modern times, As a book of prophecy, the evidence of its divine authority must chiefly rest upon the perceived accomplishment of the predictions which it contains: so that it may be regarded as in a considerable degree independent of external evidence. In this, however, in the estimation of many learned men, it is far from being deficient. Sir Isaac Newton says, (Observ. on Apoc. p. 249.) “1 do not find any other book of the New Testament so strongly attested, or commented upon so early as this ” Dr. Priestley (Notes, vol. iv. p. 573,) says, he thinks it impossible for any intelligent and candid person to peruse it without being convinced that, “ considering the age in which it appeared, none but a person divinely inspired could have written it." See also Mr. Towers's observations and extracts respecting the authenticity of the Apocalypse, in his learned Illustrations of Prophecy, vol. i. ch. iii. Mr. Evanson has even endeavoured to prove that the apostle Paul alludes and thus bears testimony to the authenticity of this book in some of his epistles. See Evanson's Reflections upon the State of Religion, p. 39–42. Some learned men, however, who have even admitted the divine authority of the Apocalypse, have expressed a doubt whether this book was written by John the apostle and evangelist. The arguments of Dionysius, a disciple of Origen, and an eminently learned and pious bishop of Alexandria, in the third century, are contained in a large extract from a trea. tise of Dionysius in the seventh book of Eusebius's Ecclesiastical History. They are thus abridged by Dr. Lardner: “ Dionysius's objections are five in number.