Introducing Second Language Acquisition
Written for students encountering the topic for the first time, this is a clear and practical introduction to second language acquisition (SLA). It explains in non-technical language how a second language is acquired; what the second language learner needs to know; and why some learners are more successful than others. The textbook introduces in a step-by-step fashion a range of fundamental concepts – such as SLA in adults and children, in formal and informal learning contexts, and in diverse socio-cultural settings – and takes an interdisciplinary approach, encouraging students to consider SLA from linguistic, psychological and social perspectives. Each chapter contains a list of key terms, a summary, and a range of graded exercises suitable for self-testing or class discussion. Providing a solid foundation in SLA, this book is set to become the leading introduction to the field for students of linguistics, psychology, and education, and trainee language teachers.
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ability academic acquired activities analysis approach to SLA appropriate automatic basic bilingualism brain Chapter Chinese Chomsky cognitive style communicative competence complex Connectionism consider contrast Contrastive Analysis Critical Period Hypothesis cues cultural discourse elements English L2 errors example factors focus framework functions goal grammatical guage individuals influence innate capacity instruction interaction interlanguage interpersonal interpretation involves L2 acquisition L2 input L2 learners L2 learning language acquisition device language community leamer leaming lexical linguistic listening macrosocial markedness meaning Model morphemes morphology motivation multilingual native speakers noun occur older learners parameter patterns phonemes phonology primarily principles Principles and Parameters production proficiency pronunciation psychological questions reading requires Second Language Acquisition sentences sequence skills social context Spanish speaking specific speech strategies structure study of SLA successful syntax target language teaching theory tion transfer Universal Grammar utterances verb vocabulary writing