A Natural History of Families

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Princeton University Press, Jan 2, 2007 - Science - 256 pages

Why do baby sharks, hyenas, and pelicans kill their siblings? Why do beetles and mice commit infanticide? Why are twins and birth defects more common in older human mothers? A Natural History of Families concisely examines what behavioral ecologists have discovered about family dynamics and what these insights might tell us about human biology and behavior. Scott Forbes's engaging account describes an uneasy union among family members in which rivalry for resources often has dramatic and even fatal consequences.

In nature, parents invest resources and control the allocation of resources among their offspring to perpetuate their genetic lineage. Those families sometimes function as cooperative units, the nepotistic and loving havens we choose to identify with. In the natural world, however, dysfunctional familial behavior is disarmingly commonplace.

While explaining why infanticide, fratricide, and other seemingly antisocial behaviors are necessary, Forbes also uncovers several surprising applications to humans. Here the conflict begins in the moments following conception as embryos struggle to wrest control of pregnancy from the mother, and to wring more nourishment from her than she can spare, thus triggering morning sickness, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Mothers, in return, often spontaneously abort embryos with severe genetic defects, allowing for prenatal quality control of offspring.

Using a broad sweep of entertaining examples culled from the world of animals and humans, A Natural History of Families is a lively introduction to the behavioral ecology of the family.


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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - waltzmn - LibraryThing

A very difficult book to start -- the first chapter is almost entirely about young birds being killed or left to die by their parents and siblings. And I think it genuinely ignores the benefits that ... Read full review

A natural history of families

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Forbes's repetitive and disorganized treatise is pinned on a fascinating thesis: that observing the family behavior of birds, ants, pandas and a variety of other animal species can help our own ... Read full review


Blame Parents
The Optimistic Parent
Why Parents Play Favorites
How Parents Play Favorites
Family Conflict
Selfishness Unconstrained
Screening for Offspring Quality
Why Twins?
Fatal Sibling Rivalry
Family Harmony
Cannibalism and Infanticide
Brave New Worlds
Debunking the Family Myth
Selected References

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About the author (2007)

Scott Forbes, Professor of Biology at the University of Winnipeg, is a behavioral ecologist whose chief research interest is the evolutionary ecology of families. He has published articles in a wide variety of journals, including Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Ecology, Nature, American Naturalist, and Trends in Ecology & Evolution.

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