Parasite Diversity and Diversification: Evolutionary Ecology Meets Phylogenetics

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Serge Morand, Boris R. Krasnov, D. Timothy J. Littlewood
Cambridge University Press, Feb 26, 2015 - Science
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The development of molecular tools has dramatically increased our knowledge of parasite diversity and the vectors that transmit them. From viruses and protists to arthropods and helminths, each branch of the Tree of Life offers an insight into significant, yet cryptic, biodiversity. Alongside this, the studies of host-parasite interactions and parasitism have influenced many scientific disciplines, such as biogeography and evolutionary ecology, by using comparative methods based on phylogenetic information to unravel shared evolutionary histories. Parasite Diversity and Diversification brings together two active fields of research, phylogenetics and evolutionary ecology, to reveal and explain the patterns of parasite diversity and the diversification of their hosts. This book will encourage students and researchers in the fields of ecology and evolution of parasitism, as well as animal and human health, to integrate phylogenetics into the investigation of parasitism in evolutionary ecology, health ecology, medicine and conservation.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Arne Skorping
3
Philippe Christe
4
Quantifying parasite diversity
9
Relationships between parasite diversity and host diversity
27
Patterns of diversity and distribution of aquatic invertebrates and their parasites
39
how shifting geographic distributions and sexual
58
limited knowledge
77
Bat fly evolution from the Eocene to the Present Hippoboscoidea
246
The evolution of parasitism and host associations in mites
265
Department of Biological Sciences Graduate Program of Ecology Evolution
287
Nematode lifetraits diversity in the light of their phylogenetic diversification
289
Phylogenetic patterns of diversity in cestodes and trematodes
304
Parasite diversification in Caribbean Anolis lizards
320
recent developments and uses with parasites
337
Phylogenetic signals in ecological properties of parasites
351

Revealing microparasite diversity in aquatic environments using brute force
93
Evolution of simian retroviruses
117
Lucy A Weinert
150
evolutionary history
182
The study of primate evolution from a lousy perspective
202
Host correlates of diversification in avian lice
215
fossils origins vectors
230
A community perspective on the evolution of virulence
376
Host specificity and species jumps in fishparasite systems
401
When is cophylogeny evidence of coevolution?
420
Bringing together phylogenies and behaviour in hostparasite interactions
434
The evolutionary epidemiology of the hepatitis C virus
450
conclusion and perspectives
473
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About the author (2015)

Serge Morand is CNRS researcher at the Institute of Evolutionary Sciences at the University of Montpellier II, France. His research focuses on the evolutionary ecology of host-parasite interactions and population ecology of parasites and pathogens. He is conducting several projects on the impacts of global changes on the links between biodiversity and health in Southeast Asia, using rodent-borne diseases as a model. He is the co-author of several articles and books on these fields.

Boris R. Krasnov is Professor and Head of the Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology in the Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. He is interested in the various aspects of ecology and evolution of host-parasite relationships. Parasitic fleas on small mammals represent his main study model of parasite-host associations, although he studies some other parasite taxa as well. He is an author of three monographs, editor and co-editor of three collections and author of more than 200 scientific publications.

D. Timothy J. Littlewood is a Merit Researcher and currently Head of the Life Sciences Department at the Natural History Museum, London. His main research interests include: the systematics of platyhelminths (flatworms) and other phyla, particularly with a view to revealing evolutionary patterns associated with parasitism; the development and application of molecular tools for species diagnosis, life cycle completion and biodiversity assessment; and mitogenomics and phylogenomics pursued by means of next-generation sequencing.

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