Mediterranean Valley

Front Cover
Graeme Barker
A&C Black, Jan 1, 1995 - History - 351 pages
From the lakeside encampment of Stone Age scavengers three-quarters of a million years ago to the problems facing modern-day farmers, A Mediterranean Valley documents the long-term settlement history of the Biferno Valley in central-southern Italy, analysing the symbiotic relationship of its landscape and its inhabitants.
Integrating the techniques of archaeology, history and geography, this volume traces the history of human settlement in the Valley and shows how it is inextricably linked to the parallel story of landscape development. Unique in its geographical and historical time-scale, the Biferno Valley project is widely cited within the archaeological community and is considered the best example to date of the importance of human settlement in shaping the Mediterranean landscape.
 

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Contents

1 Approaches to Mediterranean landscape history
1
the modern landscape
17
methodologies
40
4 The natural landscape and its evolution
62
5 Early prehistoric settlement
84
6 The first agricultural communities
98
7 The settlement expansion of the 2nd millennium bc
132
8 Iron age chiefdoms c1000500 BC
159
9 Pentri Frentani and the beginnings of urbanization c 50080 BC
181
10 Roman towns and territories c 80 BCAD 600
213
11 The evolution of hilltop villages AD 6001500
254
12 Feudalism and the Southern Question AD 1500 to the present
286
the evolution of a Mediterranean landscape
308
Bibliography
316
Index
344
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