Revenue-Raising and Legitimacy: Tax Collection and Finance Administration in the Ottoman Empire, 1560-1660
This study examines for the first time the finance procedures and documents of the post-classical Ottoman Empire. It provides an overview of institutional and monetary history and a detailed description of assessment and collection processes for "Cizye, Avariz" and "Iltizam"-collected taxes, the documents produced by these processes, and the information they contain. The finance department's detailed record-keeping, procedural continuity, and provision of economic justice made it a bulwark of stability in a period of turmoil. For specialists, this book introduces a multitude of sources on the economic and social history of the post-classical age, while for comparativists it places the empire in its seventeenth-century context. It links Ottoman administrative change with early modern state formation and reformulates the seventeenth century as a period of consolidation, not decline.
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The Myth of Decline
Classical Ottoman Finance
Price Inflation in the Ottoman Empire 15551655
The Ottoman Central Finance Department
Total Numbers of Salaried Scribes
The Structure of the Maliye in the MidSixteenth Century
Number of Scribes in Finance Bureaus
Revenue Assessment by the Central
Avariz Assessed around 1640
Taxation Without Assessment?
Tax Collection Remittance and Reporting
Arrears Accounting and BalanceSheets
Complaints and Corruption
RevenueRaising and Legitimacy
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