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been demolished by the sword of the Biscayner.-Don Quixote, came to worship, and an iron age succeeded the happiness which Book ü. c. 2.
ils arrival had diffused among the tribes of England. Merlin The combat which follows, between the two Tristrems and the foretold to King Arthur, that from his Round Table shonld come ravisher of the younger knight's bride, assisted by his seven bre a champion, who, not by dint of sword and lance, but by a purity, thren, is detailed in the Fragments, (p. 374,) where the injurious void even of the sbadow of frailty, should achieve the adventure baron is called Esluit l'Orgueilleux, of Castle-ler. But the death of the Sangreal, and restore the Roi pescheur to his pristine of Tristrem is differently narrated in the prose romance. health. While Arthur and his knights held a high seast on Pencording to that authority, he was previously engaged in two des tecost eve, they were surprised and enraptured by the marvellous perale adventures. Urnoy, Count of Nantes, a vassal of the Duke appearance of the Sangreal. “Anon, they heard craking and of Bretagne, rebelled against his liege lord. This news was com crying of thunder, that them thought the place should all to rive. municated to Tristrem, whose father-in-law was now dead, and In the midst of the blaste, entered a sunne beame, more clear by who, in right of his wife, and yet more from his great prowess, seaven times than ever they saw day: and all they were alighled seems to have become protector of Runalem, the young duke. of the grace of the Holy Ghost. Then began every knight to beThe count's messenger came before him while he was playing at hold other, and either saw other by their seeming fairer than chess with his wise : “Tristrem." said he, “Urnoy, Count of ever they saw other, not for then there was no knight that might Nantes, renounces thy homage, and thy protection, and will hold speake any word a great while. And so they looked every man of ihee, in fulure, neither land nor living."_"Since the count on other, as they had been dombe. Then there entered into the has defied me by thee," answered Tristrem, “by thee I defy him; hall the holy grale, covered with white samite; but there was and in eight days will be before Nantes with two thousand knights, none that might see it, nor who bare it, and there was all the hall to punish him as a traitor." Tristrem kept his word, defeated, fulfilled with good odours. And every knight had such meat and wounded, and made prisoner the count, before his city. The drinke as be best loved in this world; and when the holy grale town was also taken ; but a lower, garrisoned by Urnoy's men-at had been borne through the hall, then the holy vessel departed arms, and commanded by Corbel with the short chin, master of suddenly, that they wist not when it became." After this wonhis sergeants, held out against a storm. Tristrem was foremost drous vision, most of the companions of the Round Table vowed in scaling the walls, but Corbel threw down on him a huge stone, to depart in quest of the Sangreal; and, indeed, they were never which wounded his face desperately, and precipitaled him from afterwards assembled. Cleanness of lise being the principal rethe ladder. His followers, incensed by his danger, stormed the quisite towards success, Sir Lancelot and Sir Tristrem, though the tower, and slaughtered the garrison. Tristrem was borne home most redoubted knights of the Round Table, might have dispensed to the care of his wife, who, in skill in surgery, yielded only to with undertaking this adventure.3 Both, however, attempted her namesake and rival, Ysonde of Cornwall. In the intimacy, the quest of the Sangreal; and Lancelot, long persevering in it, occasioncd by her constant attendance, Tristrem forgot his situa underwent manifold insults and mortificalions, for his presump. tion, and his fealty to Queen Ysonde, and the Breton princess lion in taking upon hiin such an enterprise, while defiled with became his wife, in the tenderest sense of the word. Her hap- deadly sin, whereof he never had been confessed. As for Sir piness was, however, allended with fatal consequences to Tris- | Tristrem, he soon gave up the adventure, as not reserved for trem's healih; and Tressan, with more regard to dramatic effect him, and returned 10 Brittany, where he died in the following than fidelity, chooses to represent it as the immediate cause of his death. But there is no authority for this trait of sentiment. Runalem, the young Duke of Brittany, was desperately enaTristrem not only recovered, but again forgot the whitehand. moured of the fair Gorgeolain, wife of Bedalis, one of his barons, ed Ysunde, (now doubly bis own,) in the arms of his uncle's who, from jealousy, confined her in a moated castle. Tristrem, wise. a
accustomed to find expedients on such occasions, and as complaiThe great quest of the Sangreal was now the object of ambition sant to the loves of his brother-in-law, as ardent in his own, conamong all the knights of the Round Table. This Sangreal, or trived to forge a set of false keys, by which the Duke visited Gorblessed tureen, was the vessel from which our Saviour and his geolain at pleasure, while her husband hunted in the neighbouring disciples eat the last supper; which, according to tradition, was forest. Tristrem accompanied Runalem in these private excurbrought to England, along with the spear which pierced his side sions. Upon one fatal day, his cap unfortunately fell off as they at the crucifixion, by Joseph of Arimalhea, “the gentle knight," entered the castle. This was not all. The considerate Tristrem, as he is called, “that tooke downe Jesus from the cross."--Morte leaving the lovers alone, walked in an adjacent chamber, covered Arthur, part iii. chap. 53. For some time, the Sangreal was vi with fresh rushes, and hung with beautiful tapestry, representing sible to all pilgrims, and its presence conferred blessings upon The conquest of Bretagne by King Arthur. His present situation the land in wbich it was preserved. One of the descendants of naturally led him to rellect on bis past happiness; and while he Joseph was always its guardian; who, lo qualify himself for so was thus pensively musing. he indulged himself in a habit acqnired pore a trust, was bound to observe the most rigid chastily, in in such fits of absence, of thrusting the rushes, one after another, deed, word, and thought. One of these holy men so far forgot through the figures in the tapestry. Al length, the baron's horu hinself, as to look, with unhallowed ardour, upon a young female being heard at a distance, Tristrem and Runalem quitted the pilgrim, whose vest was accidentally loosened, as she kneeled to castle. Bedalis entered soon after, when, finding the cap of receive his blessing. The sacred lance instantly punished bis Tristrem, and observing the rushes stuck into the tapestry, acfrailly, spontaneously piercing both his thighs. The blood con cording to his well-known practice, he suspected his misfortune, tinued to flow from the marvellous wound, and the guardian of though he mistook the author. The threat of immediate death the Sangreal was ever after called Le Roi pescheur. About the extorted a confession from his wife, that Runalem and Tristrem same period, certain wood-nymphs inhabited the caverns of had but just departed. He followed their traces with thirty atBritain. When a traveller passed the haunts of the beautiful and tendants, anıl assailed them, without respect to the inequality of benevolent beings, one issued forth with a napkin, on which she numbers, or of arms. Ronalem was slain alter a desperale resistspread store of the most delicious viands, and another with a cup ance, and Tristrem once more wounded with a poisoned sword. of exquisite wine. But mankind are always ungrateful. An un Assistance, however, arrived, and the trailorous baron was comlacky King Magins, with some unworthy knights, not satisfied pelled to tly from Brittany. With seven hundred followers, he with sharing the hospitality of these lovely nymphs, forcibly vio exercised the profession of “ Ullugue," that is, pirate, until he lated their chastily. They have never since appeared as formerly; was surprised and slain by a force sent out against him by the and it must be owned, that our modern barınaids are but indif merchants of Constantinople. As for Tristrem, he was carried ferent substitutes. Heaven was offended at these delinquencies. bome; and the history of his death is told nearly as in the meThe Sangreal withdrew its visible presence from the crowds who
Corps d'Extraits des Romans, tom. i. p. 176. * Tristan, 8. cxviii, et sequen, 3 The Sangreal was finally achieved by Galabad, assisted by Sir Bors and
Sir Percival. At this part of the ancient romance, Ibe reader is surprised to perceive with what astonishing assurance the wildest superstitions are engrafted upon the licentious adventures of Sir Lancelot and Sir Tristrem.
mande! jamais ne me verrea, ni moy vous! Dieu soit garde de vous, adieu, je m'envoys, je vous salut! Lors bat sa coulpe, et se recommande a nostre seigneur Jhe Crist, et le eneur luy crere, et l'ame s'en va."-Fucil. cxxij.
The companyons fiftene,
To death did thai thringe.-P. 367, st. 1.
These concluding stanzas are intended to bear the same propor
Marneth olde and yinge.-P. 368, st. 12. tion to the French metrical fragment, which has been remarked to exist between that and the genuine esfusions of Thomas of Ercel “Lors y accourcnt grans et petits, crians et bruyans, el font doune. The facts, therefore, which the French minstrel gives at
tel deuil, que l'on ny'ouyst pas dieu tonnant."-Tristan. Sec. great length, are here shortly and concisely told, in imitation of part. f. cxxii. the abrupt style of the poem, to which these verses are offered as a conclusion.
Gone is he than,
of Ingland the flore.-P. 369, st. 13.
Swiche lovers als thei
Fele salven thai bringe.-P. 367, st. 1.
The eulogium pronounced over the body of Sir Lancelot, by
Bors de Ganes, is equally applicable to Sir Tristrem, his brother According to the French folio, one poor physician, from the
in arms. “And now, I dare say," said Sir Bors, * that Sir L10school of Salerno, discovered the cause of Tristrem's malady, and
celot, there ihou liest, that were never matched of pone earthly was in a fair way to effect a cure; but the ignorant faculty of Bretagne mutinied upon his prophecy of a supervening inflamma knight's hands; and thou wert the curtiest knight that ever bare
shield; and ihou wert the truest friend to thy lover that ever tion, and upbraided him with presumption and poverty. “Seig
bestrode horse; and thou wert the truest lover, of a sinful man, neurs," sait il, “je suis poure (pauvre). Dieu me donnera assez quant il luy plaira. Non pourtant le sens n'est pas en draps ne en
that ever loved woman; and thou wert the kindest man that ever
struck stroke with sword; and thou wert the goodliest person that vestemens, mais au cueur ou Dieu l'a mis."-Fneil. cxxi. Upon this retort the court physicians became outrageous, and not only
ever came among press of knights; and thou wert The meckest refused to consult with the sage of Salerno, but even threalened
man, and the gentlest, that ever cate in hall among ladies; and to leave Tristrem lo his sole charge, if lie were not instantly dis
thou wert the sternest knight to thy mortal foe that ever put spear
into the rest."--Morte Arthur, last chapter. missed. In truth, they could not have done the patient a greater favour. His wife, however, judged and acted as most women would have donc in her situation-dismissed the tattered scholar, and retained his ignorant but well-habited rivals, who soon re
Never schal be moe.-P. 369, st. 15. duced Tristrem to the desperate state described in the text.
The bodies of the unfortunate lovers were conveyed to Corn
wall. Mark, still glowing with recollection of his injuries, resusel His kind bert it brake.-P. 368, st. ll.
to permit them to be buried in his dominions, but he relented The affecting scene of Tristrem's death is thus narrated in the upon perusing a letter written during Tristrem's last illness, which
he had attached to the hill of his sword, and addressed to his metrical fragment :
uncle. On seeing the blade, which had relieved Cornwall from _" torne sei vers la pareie ;
bondage, and learning from the letter the fatal tale of the boire Duoc dit, ' Deus salt Ysolt et mel!
amoureuse, Mark wept piteously over a passion, more the effect Quant a mei ne voler venir,
of enchantment, or destiny, than of volition. "Helas dolent! Pur votre amur m'estuet murrir. Je ne puis plus tenir ma vie :
pourquoy ne scavoys je ceste avanture! Je les eusse aincoys Pur vus muers Ysolt, bele amie !
cellez; et consenty qu'ilz ne feussent ja partis de muy. Las! or N'aver pitié de ma langur,
ay je perdu mon nepveu et ma femme."-Fueil. cxxy. Mark Mals de ma mort aurez dolur!
caused to be erected over the bodies a splendid chapel, in which Co mést m'amle, grant confert,
was first displayed that miracle since narraled in so many ballads. Que pité aurir de ma ment !
Out of the tomb of Tristrem sprung a fair eglanline, and twisted Amie Ysolt!' trei fez dit,
itself around the monument of Ysonde. It was three times cut. A la quarte rend l'esprit."
by order of King Mark, but was ever found, on the next morning, The prose romance describes it thus : “Tristan se tourna de to have revived in all its beauty. Ce miracle estoit sur Monl'autre part, et dist, ‘Ha, ha! doulce amye, a Dieu vous recom seigneur Tristan, et sur le Royne Yseulte.
Are. Oar. Abide. Abuy it.
Arere. Or ere, before. Acas. A cas, by chance.
A res. Res. Sax. Assault. Adred, verb. To dread. Aresound, p. 337. Criticised. Aither. Either.
Aros. Arose. Adoun. Down.
Aroume. Around, at a disAl. All
tance. Alede. Ich alede. Every lede Arst. Erst. or rule. See LEDE.
Aruwe. Arrow. Amorwe. To-morrow, or on Aside. “Ich Aside," p. 333. the morrou.
Every one side, every side. An. To owe. “That me Gode Aski. Ask.
an,"p. 338. What God owes Assaut. Assault.
me, i. e. Means to send me. Assise. The long assise. ApAn. Owen. “ Held his hert parently a term of chess, now
in an." Kept his mind to disused. himself
Atire. Arrange, p. 336. An. If. “An than." As then, Alvinne. Between, or perhaps when.
at win, p. 333. Anay. One no. " This lond Atwinne. At winne.
nis worth anay." This land Auentours. Adventures. does not merit even to be Aught, v. To pertain to.
refused, if offered in a gift. Aughtest. Oughtest. A night. One night.
Auter. Altar. Anker. Anchor.
Auwine. Accomplish their Anough. Enough, sufficient purpose. The Scottish phrase ly.
exists, “to win to a place," Anour. Honour. Query, in inslead of to get thither.
p. 335, ought we not rather Awede. Swoon. An acute disto read Amour ?
order in the bowels is, in Aplight. At once, literally one Scottish, termed a weed.
ply. Reply is in common Awrake. Did wreak, or adenuse, and duplies and triplies
ged. are still law-terms in Scot- Awreken. Avroken, revenland.
ged. Are. Erst, formerly.
Therefore I asken you now Behight. Promised. Hight is right, more commonly used.
Yif ye knowe our ani knizt, Beseketh. Beseecheth.
That is so stout and bold, Besieged. Besieged.
That the balayl dar take on Be sight. By sight, apparently. hond, Bileighe. Bely.
To fight ogain Colbrond, Bist, p. 357. Abyest.
Half my land have he schold, Bistode, bystaid. Vithstood. With alle the borwes that lith Bitake, v. To commit.
thereto, Bitaught. Commilted lo.“ Bi To him and to his aires ever
taught him God and gode day." mo
Boun. To make ready to go, to Bithen. Then.
be ready, also to be fitted out Biyande. Beyond.
for a port, in which sense we Bituene, bitvene, bitwene. Be still say, wither bound? tween.
Bour. Bower, chamber. Blake, blalc. Bluck.
Brac. Broke. To break a hert, Blede. Blood.
is the appropriate phrase for Blethely. Blilhely.
carving, quartering, or cutBleynte. Drew aside.
ting it up. Blehand. Blue, from bleah. Brade. Broad. " or folk the
Sax. Cæruleus. Blehand feld was brade,
brown. A bluish brown. The field was covered with Blinne. To slop, or cause to people.
stop. Sax. BLINNAN. Cessare. Brak. Broke. Blo. Dark, properly blue. Brast. Burst. Blod. Blood.
It brast thurch blod and ban, Boathe. Both.
Yif hope no ware to rise. Bode. Order, uppointment. Bok. Book.
It (Rohand's hert) had burst Bonair. De bon air. Fr. Cour through blood and bone, if teous.
hope had not arisen. Bond. Bound,
Bregge, brigge. Bridge.
Brimes. Brims, coast, or seaBole. Boot.
shore. Bothen. Both.
Brinies. Helmets, from Brynn, Bother. " Her bother blede." Sax. or corslets, from the The blood of both.
French, Brugne. Botoun. Button.
Broche. A fibula, clasp. Borwes. Boroughs. Thus, in Brond. Brand, sword.
the romance of Sir Gy, in Busk, or boske. To array. the Auchinleck MS.
Bade nought. Abode not, p. 331, broche and beize?" Who disdid not remain.
tributed princely rewards. Bailiff, p. 356, for bailiffry. Belami. BELAMI, Fr. Fuir The office of Bailiff.
Friend. Bak. Back.
Beld. Build. Bake. Back.
Beld. Bold. “ of bot sche Bale. Sorrow, calamity.
was him beld." she couraBand. Bound.
geously, or generously, gave Bane, ban. Bone.
him aid. Bar. Bare, carried.
Bem. Beam. Sonne-bem. SunBare. Wild boar.
beam. Barnes. children.
Bende. Bandage. Blodbende. Batayl. Battle.
Bandage to restruin the Bayn. See Boune.
blood. Bede. Gave. It is elliptically Bene, ben. Been. used for To bid to have. See Benisoun. Blessing.
Bere. To bear. Bed, bede. Proffered, or pled- Bes. Beest, be. ged.
Bet, v. p. 367. To abate.
“ of gate nas therBetter speed. With greater no bede." There was no pro speed.
hibition of passage, p. 333. Biden. Did abide. Beize, beighe, BET, BEAT, Cor. Bidene. Immediately, off na, Sax.coronet.
“ Who gaf
Can, v. To be able. Michel ried by lepers or beggars. can. To be powerful.
See Note, p. 398. Chaci. Chase.
Cledde. clothed. Chast, p. 358. To chastise. Clen. clean. Chavel. Jaw.
Cleped. Called. Cheker. Chessboard.
Clobbe. Club. Cheire. chair.
Coppe, coupes. Cup, cups. Cherl. churl.
Clough. A ravine. Ches. chess.
Cold, p. 358, v. To become Ches, chesen. To choose, or cold.
select, used, in the oblique Conseil. Council. sense, to appoint. " A tur- Constori. Consistory. pament thai ches." They ap- Coupe. See COPPE. pointed a tournay.
Couth. Knew. 6. Best couth Chirch. church.
of medicine." Knew most of Cladde. Al cladde, p. 333. medicine. clothed in armour.
Craftes. Arts, or accomplishClaper. clapper, usually car ments.
For bede. Previously profCri. Cry, proclaim. music, resembling a rebeck Fende. Fiend.
fered, p. 361. Criestow. Criest thout.
Ferd. Feared, scared, or frigh. Forbede. Forbid.
Foren. To fare.
Fere. Companion. Trew sere. Forlain. Lain by.
As woman is tviis forlain, Ferly. Wonder,
Y may say by me. “ Dathet him ay. ill luck “ the dern dede," the wicked Ferly, adj. Marvellous. Ferly I may say of myself, that I have him. , Dehait occurs in deed.
play. Wondrous sport.
am in the situation of a the same sense in the Fa. Dernly. Darkly, mysteriously. Ferth. Fourth.
dishonoured woman, p. 340. bliau, entitled constant Du Deste. Dashed.
For-hole. For-heled, concealhamel ; Barbazan, vol. ii. Deth. Death.
ed. In the prose Romance, Tris- Devel. Devil.
Forlorn, used actively. To lose trem, when he arrives in Ire- Des. A raised space in an an.
My fader mi hath land, wounded, terms himself cient hall, on which the more Figer-tree. Fig-tree.
forlorn." My father hath " Un chevalier deshalie et dignified persons sat.
Flain. To fly.
Forward. A paction, or enTo childbed ded he go made ready. “ To dight to Flemned. Banished.
gagement. His owhen wife all so tite. death," p. 334, means to put to Fles. Flies, shuns.
Forthi. Therefore. To childbed did he cause death, a common expression. Flete. To float. Flet, did float. Foryat. Forgot. his own wife to go imme- Dome. Doom.
Fot. Foot. diately. “Don was on the tré." Done Fo. Foe.
Founde, or fonde, Sax. fundan. Dede. Deed. Dede away. Put to death upon a tree.
Fode. Food. away. Dole, p. 352. Dotard.
Fold, in folde. In number, an Founden. Found. Dede. Deed. “ The steward Dought. To be able to do. expletive.
Frain. To ask questions. forsoke his dede," p. 319. “ Never no dought him day." Fole. Foolish.
Frained. Asked. Also to deWe would say, renounced He was able to do nothing Folely. Foolishly.
mand, as in p. 355. his action.
by day. This construction Fold. Y fold. In fold toge- Fram. From. Ded. Dead. is singular.
Fré. Free. That free, a comDedely. Deadly. Douther. Daughler. Fon, foen. Foes.
mon expletive. Delit. Delight. Douhti. Doughty.
Fond. Found, obliquely, pro- Freined. Frained, asked. Delten. Deaded, did deal. Douk Duke.
cured. Dent. Dint, stroke.
Dragoun. Dragon. Departed, p. 353. parted, se- Drain.
G. Drawn. parated.
Draught, p. 562. A Drawing Deray. Deroule, confusion. stroke.
Gabbest. Inrentest falsehoods. Gode. Good.
Goinfainoun. Gonfalone, Ital. Dern. Dark, secret. To Duelled. Dwelt.
A pennon, or standard. serve dern and dear," p. 345, Duerwe, dwerg. Dwarf.
Graithed. Arrayed. seems a proverbial expres- Dwl. Dole, sorrow.
Grene. Green. sion, and by no means inti. Dwiful. Doleful.
Gare. Gear, dress.
Gret. Greeted, did greet. mates any scandal. P. 361, Dyd. Dyed.
Gat. Gate, passage.
Grete. To weep, still used in .
Gate. The road. " To take Scotland.
the gate," Scottish, to depart, Grete, from græade, Sax. Corn.
" Al white it was the grele," Eighe. Eye. Eighe-sene. Eye- Endred. Entered.
Gayn, p. 348, ful gayn. Gain
The corn was nou? sight. Erand. Errand.
Greteth. Greet ye.
Gert. Gerred, caused be. Grewe. Grew. " That al games case, “ His eldren hald." The Erth. Earth. Erth hous. Sub
of grewe." of whom grew hold of his ancestors. terranean dwelling, or cave. Giltles. Guiltless.
(i. e. were invented ) all Eme, em. eam. Sax. Uncle; Eten, etenes. Giant, giants.
Ginne. Engine, deceit.
games. properly, uncle by the father's Everich. Every.
Bot yiue it he thurch ginne, Greves. Meadows. side, but used indifferently.
A selly man is he, p. 332. Grimli. Grimły.
The meaning seems to be, He Grisly. Ghastly.
is a fortunate man, unless Guede. “No guede." Nowhit.
he has acquired my affec The words are more nearly Fade, fede. Faithful. Forest- Febli thou canst bayte,
tions by artifice or wilch allied than might be conjecfede, p. 358, seeins equiva
tured from their appearance, There man schuld menske do,
craft. See Selly. lent to good green-wood.
Give. Gis. The original of if. gu frequently being converted
p. 364. Fader. Father.
into w, and d into the similar Thou hatest feebly, i. e. Fair folk and fre. Fair and
Glewe. Glee; properly the sound of t. It is the nequid
meanly, when a Man free, a common expletive.
of the Latin. should act as a man.
joyous science of the min. Fals. False.
Gun. Gun, began.
frequent epithet in romance. Far. Fare.
“Fairly.fedde " seems equi- Haggards. Wild hawks, me bute was submitted to by Faught. Fought.
valent to well-educated, or taphorically, loose women. all Mark's hold, or castle, Faye. Faith.
Hald. Hold. The sense is ob i. e. by all his counsellors, Fay. Faith. Fel, v. To fell, or quell.
cure in p. 341.
Tristrem excepted. Fayt. To betray; hence, fa- Feld. Field.
By al Markes bald
Han. Ilave, “ He dede him tour, Traitor. Feld. Felled.
The truwage was tan.
han on heye." He caused Febli. Feebly. Fele. Many.
It seems to mean, that the tri him instantly to have.
Hende, p. 563, under hend. Halt. Halten, to hold. What Under hand.
halt it? What avails it? Hennes. Hence. Hard. Heard.
Her. Hear, Sax. their. Harde. Hardy.
Herd. Heard. Harpi. To harp, or play on Here, Her. the harp.
Hert. Hart. Hast. An haste. On haste. Hert. Heart. Hert-breke. HeartHat. Hight, commanded. breaking, useless labour. Hate. Hot, warm.
Hete. Hight, commanded. Hattou, what battou ? what Hetheliche. Haughtily.
hightest thou? What art thou Heued. Head. called.
Hewe, Hue, lustre, comHayre, p. 561.
plexion. Heighe. High.
Heye. High, dignified.
All in heighe. All in haste. Hight. To be named.
Hobbled. Tossed. Heigheing, Command, or pro- Hole. Whole, sound. clamation.
Hole. see FORHOLE. Heildom. Health.
Holtes. Heights, from hault, Held. To hold. “ Held mine Fr. or woods, from Sax. holt,
honde." Pledge my hand. “ Holtes hare or hore," a Helden. To hold.
common phrase of romance, Hele, heildom. Health.
may either mean grey woods, Hele. Conceal.
" In hird nas or bleak uplands. nought to hele," p. 333. It Horn. Home. must not be concealed in Honde. Hand. heart. A frequent expletive Hong. Hanged. in the metrical romances. Horedom. Whoredom. Sometimes it is thas moder- Hot. Hight, ordered. nized, “ In herte is not to Hoten, heighten. Numed. hide."
Hou. How. Heled. Healed.
Hascher. Usher. Hem, Sax Them.
Hye. She. Hende. Courteous.
Lexst, lext. Lyest. Lede. Lead.
Lide. See LEDE. Leeches. Physicians. Lighte, al light, obliquely for Lefe. Dear, obliquely plea
all ready. sed, as“ Lefe to lithe," plea- Lighe, pp. 334, 366. Lie. sed to hearken.
Liif. Life. Lefe. Leve, dear.
Liifliche. Lively. Lested. Lifted.
Lin. Lain, or laid. Leighen. To lye.
Linden, Sax. The lindentree, Lepe. To leap.
but generally any tree. Lepe. Leaped.
Line. Properlythe lime tree, Lele. Fr. leal. Loyal, or faith but generally for a tree of ful.
any kind. “Lovesome under Leman. Mistress or love. line." Lovely under the Lende. Land.
greenwood tree. Leng. Long.
Lite. Litlle. Lerled, lered. Taught. Lith. To allay, Sax. Drinks Lere. To learn.
that are lith, drinks of an Lerst, lerest. Teachest, ob assuaging quality.
liquely for sayest, if indeed Lith. Lieth. there is no error of the pen, Lithe. To give attention. for leyst.
- Lithe to his lore." obey Les of houndes. Leash of his instructions comhounds.
mands. Les. Lost.
Lithe, p. 349. Oblique for saLes, withouten les. Without lisfaction. " No asked he
less, an expletive for undoubt. lond, no lithe." edly.
Lod. Load, cargo, p. 335. Less. Lies.
Lof. Loaf. Lesen. To lose,
Loghe. A lodye. Lesing. Lying. Without le- Loke. Look.
sing. In truth, a frequent Loker. Looker, p. 352. Guarexpletive.
dian, or protector. Lete. Hinderance. " No let Londe. Lund.
ye for no pay." Be not pre- Londes. Lands. vented for doubt of reward, Loogeth me. I long.
Lores. Instructions. Lores Lete crie. Caused to be cried. lythe, p. 334. Altend to his Leue. Leve, dear.
orders. Leyst. Liest.
Lorn. Lost. Lete. Let.
Lothely. Dreadful. Lete. To leare, left.
Loued. Loved. Leten. Did let.
Lough. Laughed. Leved. Left off.
Lovesome. Lovely. Lever. Deurer, but used for Luffsom. Lovesome, lovely. rather.
Lye, p. 365. Probably place of Leve. Leave.
lying, or pitching camp. Leue. Leve.
Kene. Keen, bold, used often Kinde. Nature. Bi kinde. Na.
metaphorically, as, p. 345, turally. “a plaster kene." A power- Kingeriche. Kingdom. ful plasler. “ Ysonde that Kithe. To prore. To make was kene." Who was power. an attempt, p. 334, to pracfully lovely.
tise, p. 349, to provoke, in Kerlel. Kirtle, tunic.
which sense it is still used in Kest. To cast down.
Scotland. Kidde. Kithed, did prove. Knave child. A man child. Kinde. Kindred. " O lond
Knave Pairn is still used in ther is thi kinde." p. 143. The Scotland. Knabe. Puer. land where is thy kindred, Ger. thy native land.
Ma. To make.
Merken. Marked. Main. Might, power.
Merkes. Marks. Maistrie. Mastery, victory. Mes. Meat. Marchaund. Merchant. Mesel. A leper. Mare. More.
Mest. Most. Mest may. Could Martirs. callle killed at Mar do most.
tlemas for winter provision, Mi. My.
still called Marls in Scotland. Michel. Much, or great. Masouns. Masons.
Min. Mine. Maugré. Malgré, despite, dis- Minne. Apparently from Mini, pleasure.
to offer. “ Markes gan they Maught. Might.
minne." They began to offer May Maiden.
marks, or money. Mede. Meed.
Miri. Merry. Mekelicbe. Mickle, Sc. Much. Mirour. Mirror, Mekeliche. Mighlily.
Mirthes, p. 345, used for glees Mele. To meddle.
or tunes. liche he gan mele." Much Mis. Miss.
he began to bestir himself. Mister. Need. Meld. Melled, ineddled, en- Mo, ma, moe. More. gaged.
Mode. Courage, obliqnely an. Nenske, or mense. Humane,
ger. or manly, from Mennisclic, Mold. Mould, appearance. Sax.
“ Poor man of mold." The Mene. Moan, make complaint. man poor in his outward apMendi. Amend.
pearance ; p. 341, Money
Laik, love-laik. Their love-to- Lat, lait. Fashion, or manner.
kens, from laek, Sax. munus. Latoun. Mixed metal, probaLain. Lie. Nought to lain. bly brass. Isl. Laatun.
Not to lie, a common exple- Lay. Properly a poem, genetive.
rally any narrative. Lain. To bely, or conceal. Lay. Law. Lan. Let off, from lin, to leave Layne. Did lie. off.
Layt. Listen. Las, lasse. Less.
Lede, in lede. In language, Lat. Leave.
an expletive; synonymous lo Lat. Let, obstacle.
I tell you.