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" Gar warn me Perthshire, and Angus baith;
Fife up and downe, and Louthians three, And graith my horse!” said our nobil King,
“For to Ettricke Foreste hie will I me.”Then word is gane the Outlaw till,
In Ettricke Forest, where dwelleth he, That the King was cuming to his cuntrie,
To conquess baith his landis and he. “I mak a vow," the Outlaw said,
" I mak a vow, and that trulie, Were there but three men to tak my pairt,
Yon King's cuming full deir suld be !"Then messengers he called forth,
And bade them hie them speedilye“ Ane of ye gae to Halliday,
The Laird of the Corehead is he. " He certain is my sister's son ;
Bid him cum quick and succour me ! The King cums on for Ettricke Foreste,
And landless men we a' will be.”" What news ? What news ? ” said Halliday,
“ Man, frae thy master unto me?”— “ Not as ye wad; seeking your aide;
The King's his mortal enemie.”“Ay, by my troth!” said Halliday,
“Even for that it repenteth me; For gif be lose feir Ettricke Foreste,
He'll tak feir Moffatdale frae me. "I'll meet him wi' five hundred men,
And surely mair, if mae may be ; And before he gets the Foreste feir,
We a' will die on Newark Lee!”. The Outlaw call’d a messenger,
And bid bim hie him speedilye, To Andrew Murray of Cockpool:
“That man's a deir cousin to me; Desyre him cum, and make me aide,
With a' the power that he may be."“It stands me hard,” Andrew Murray said,
“ Judge gif it stand na hard wi' me; To enter against a King wi' crown,
And set my landis in jeopardie! Yet, if I cum not on the day,
Surely at night he sall me see.”— To Sir James Murray of Traquair,
A message came right speedilyeWhat news? What news?" James Murray said,
“Man, frae thy master unto me?". • What neids I tell? for weel ye ken
The King's his mortal enemie;
And landless men ye a' will be."-
“ Wi' that Outlaw will I live and die; The King has gifted my landis lang syne
It cannot be nae warse wi' me.”
And full five thousand men was he;
They thought it awsome for to see. Then spak the lord, bight Hamilton,
And to the nobil King said he, “My sovereign liege, sum council tak,
First at your nobilis, syne at me. “Desyre him mete thee at Permanscore,
And bring four in his cumpanie; Five Erles sall gang yoursell befor,
Gude cause that you suld honour'd be. “And, gif he refuses to do that,
We'll conquess baith his landis and he; There sall nevir a Murray, after him,
Hald land in Ettricke Foreste free.”Then spak the kene Laird of Buckscleuth,
A stalworthe man, and sterne was he“For a King to gang an Outlaw till,
Is beneath his state and his dignitie.
He lives by reif and felonie!
Wi’ fire and sword we'll follow thee;
Our Borderers sall the onset gie.”Then out and spak the nobil King
And round him cast a wilie ee-
Nor speak of reif nor felonie :
A right puir clan thy name wad be!”-
Royal banner-bearer there was he;
? This is a place at the head of Moffat-water, possessed of old by heir of William Murray. It would farther seem, that the grant in the family of Halliday.
1464 was not made effectual by Douglas; for another charter from • This family were ancestors of the Murrays, Earls of Annan the crown, dated the 3d February, 1478, conveys the estate of dale; but the name of the representative, in the time of James IV., Traquair to James Stewart, Earl of Buchan, son of the Black was William, not Andrew. Gleoriddel's NS. reads, “the country. Knight of Lorne, and maternal uncle to James III., from whom is keeper.“
descended the present Earl of Traquair. The first royal grant not 3 Before the Barony of Traquair became the property of the being followed by possession, it is very possible that the Murrays Slewarts, it belonged to a family of Murrays, afterwards Murrays may have continued to occupy Traquair long after the date of of Black-barony, and ancestors of Lord Elibank. The old castle that charter. Hence, Sir James might have reason to say, as in was situated on the Tweed. The lands of Traquair were forfeited the ballad, “ The King has gisted my lands long syne." by Willielmus de Moravia, previous to 1464; for, in that year, a á A ford on the Tweed, at the inouth of the Caddon Burn, near charter, proceeding upon bis forfeiture, was granted by the crown Yair. to “Willielmo Douglas de Cluny." Sir James was, perhaps, the
James Hoppringle of Torsonse, by name;'
He cam and knelit upon his kné. “Wellcum, James Pringle of Torsonse!,
A message ye maun gang for me : Ye maun gae to yon Outlaw Murray,
Surely where bauldly bideth he. “ Bid him mete me at Permanscore,
And bring four in his cumpanie; Five erles sall cum wi' mysell,
Gude reason I suld honour'd be; “And gif he refuses to do that,
Bid him luke for nae good o'me! There sall nevir a Murray, after him,
Have land in Ettricke Foreste free.” James cam before the Outlaw kene,
And served him in his ain degré“Welcum, James Pringle of Torsonse!
What message frae the King to me?”— “ He bids ye meet him at Permanscore,'
And bring four in your company; Five erles sall gang himsell befor,
Nae mair in number will he be. “And gif you refuse to do that,
(I freely here upgive wi' thee,) He'll cast yon bonny castle down,
And make a widowe o’that gay ladye. “He'll loose yon bluidhound Borderers,
Wi’ fire and sword to follow thee; There will nevir a Murray, after thysell,
Have land in Ettrick Foreste free."“It stands me hard,” the Outlaw said;
“Judge gif it stands na hard wi' me, Wha reck not losing of mysell,
But a' my offspring after me. “My merryemen's lives, my widowe's teirs
The lies the pang that pinches me; When I am straught in bluidie eard,
Yon castell will be right dreirie. "Auld Halliday, young Halliday,
Ye sall be twa to gang wi' me; Andrew Murray, and Sir James Murray,
We'll be nae mae in cumpanie.”When that they cam before the King,
They fell before him on their kné
“Grant mercie, mercie, nobil King !
E’en for his sake that dyed on tree.”" Sicken like mercie shall
have; On gallows ye sall hangit be!”“Over God's forbode,” quoth the Outlaw then,
“I hope your grace will bettir be! Else, ere you come to Edinburgh port,
I trow thin guarded shall. ye be:
I wan them from the enemie;
Contrair a' kingis in Christentie.”—
Said pitie it were to see him dee“Yet grant me mercie, sovereign prince,
Extend your favour unto me! “I'll give thee the keys of my castell,
Wi' the blessing o' my gay ladye, Gin thou'lt make me sheriffe of this Foreste,
And a'my offspring after me.”-
Wi' the blessing of thy gaye ladye?
Surely while upward grows the tree;
Forfaulted sall thou nevir be.”_ “But, Prince, what sall cum o' my men ?
When I gae back, traitour they'll ca' me. I had rather lose my life and land,
Ere my merryemen rebuked me.” “Will your merrymen amend their lives?
And a’ their pardons I grant thee Now, name thy landis where'er they lie,
And here I RENDER them to thee.”“Fair Philiphaugh is mine by right,
And Lewinshope still mine shall be ; Newark, Foulshiells, and Tinnies baith,
My bow and arrow purchased me. " And I have native steads to me,
The Newark Lee and Hanginshaw;}
But them by name I dinna knaw.”
Wi' the blessing o' his feir ladye;
· The honourable name of Pringle, or Hoppringle, is of great
" Then be was aware of the King's coming,
With hundreds three in company, antiquity in Roxburghshire and Selkirkshire. The old Tower of
I wot the muckle deel Torsonse is situated upon the banks of the Gala. I believe the
He learned kingis to lie! Pringles of Torsonse are now represented by Sir John Pringle of
For to fetch me here frae amáng my men, Stitchell. There are three other ancient and distinguished families
Here, like a dog for to die.'' of this name; those of Whitebank, Clifton, and Torwoodlee.
2 Permanscore is a very remarkable hollow on the top of a high I believe the reader will think with me, that the catastrophe is ridge of hills, dividing the vales of Tweed and Yarrow, a little to better, as now printed from Mrs. Cockburn's copy. The deceit the eastward of Minch-moor. It is the outermost point of the lands supposed to be practised on the Outlaw, is unworthy ofthe military of Broadmeadows. The Glenriddel MS., which, in this instance monarch, as he is painted in thc ballad; especially if we admit hin is extremely inaccurate as to names, calls the place of rendezvous to be King James IV. " The Poor Man's House," and hints that the Outlaw was sur. 3 In this and the following verse, the ceremony of feudal inves prised by the treachery of the King
titure is supposed to be gone througlı, by the Outlaw resigning hi
He was made sheriffe of Ettricke Foreste,
the bottom. In this retreat, the Armstrongs anno Surely while upward grows the tree;
1588, baffled the Earl of Angus, when lieutenant on And if he was na traitour to the King,
the Border, although he reckoned himself so skilful Forfaulted be suld never be.
in winding a thief, that he declared, “ he had the Wha ever heard, in ony times,
same pleasure in it, as others in hunting a bare.” On Sicken an outlaw in his degré,
this occasion he was totally unsuccessful, and nearly Sic favour get befor a King,
lost his relation, Douglas of Ively, wbom the freeAsdid the OUTLAW MURRAY of the Foreste free? booters made prisoner.—GODSCROFT, vol. ii. p. 411.
Upon another occasion the Armstrongs were less fortunate. They had, in one of their incursions,
plundered the town of Haltwhistle, on the borders of JOHNIE ARMSTRANG.
Cumberland. Sir Robert Carey, Warden of the
West Marches, demanded satisfaction from the King There will be such frequent occasion, in the course of Scotland, and received for answer, that the ofof this work, to mention the clan, or sept, of the Arm- fenders were no subjects of his, and that he might strongs, that the Editor finds it necessary to prefix to take his own revenge. The English Warden accorthis ballad some general account of that tribe. dingly entered Liddesdale, and ravaged the lands of
The Armstrongs appear to have been at an early the outlaws; on which occasion, Sim of the Cathill period in possession of great part of Liddesdale, and (an Armstrong) was killed by one of the Ridleys of of the Debateable Land. Their immediate neigh- Haltwhistle. This incident procured Haltwhistle anbourhood to England rendered them the most law- other visit from the Armstrongs, in which they burnt less of the Border depredators; and as much of the great part of the town, but not without losing one country possessed by them was claimed by both king of their leaders, by a shot from a window. dons, the inhabitants, protected from justice by the
“The death of this young man,” says Sir Robert one nation, in opposition to the other, securely preyed Carey, “wrote [wrought) so deep an impression upon apon both.' The chief was Armstrong of Manger-them (the outlaws), as many vowes were made, that toan; but, at a later period, they are declared a
before the end of next winter, they would lay the broken clan, i. e. one wbich had no lawful head, to
whole Border waste. This [the murder] was done become surety for their good behaviour. The rapa- about the end of May (1598). The chiefe of all these city of this clan, and of their allies, the Elliots, oc outlaws was old Sim of Whitram.' He had five or casioned the popular saying, “Elliots and Armstrongs six sonnes, as able men as the Borders had. This ride thieves all.” But to what Border family of note, old man and his sonnes had not so few as two hundred in former days, would not such an adage have been
at their commands, that were ever ready to ride with equally applicable? All along the river Liddel may them to all actions, at their beck. still be discovered the ruins of towers, possessed by “The high parts of the marsh (march) towards this gumerous clan. "They did not, however, en Scotlande were put in a mighty fear, and the chiefe of tirely trust to these fastnesses; but, when attacked them, for themselves and the rest, petitioned to mee, by a superior force, abandoned entirely their dwel- and did assure mee, that unless I did take some lings, and retired into morasses, accessible by paths course with them by the end of that summer, there known to themselves alone. One of their most noted was none of the inhabitants durst, or would, stay in pizes of refuge was the Tarras Moss, a desolate and their dwellings the next winter, but they would fley borrible marsh, through which a small river takes its the countrey, and leave their houses and lands to the course. Upon its banks are found some dry spots, fury of the outlawes. Upon this complaint, I called sbich were occupied by these outlaws, and their fa- the gentlemen of the countrey together, and acquainted milies, in cases of emergency. The stream runs fu- them with the misery that the highest parts of tlie riously among huge rocks, which bas occasioned a marsh towards Scotland were likely to endure, if popular saying
there were not timely prevention to avoid it, and de18 De'er ane drown'd in Tarras, nor yet in doubt,
sired them to give mee their best advice what course For ere the head can win down, the harus (brains) are out." were fitt to be taken. They all showed themselves
willing to give mee their best counsails, and most The morass itself is so deep, that, according to an old of them were of opinion, that I was not well advised historian, two spears tied together would not reach to refuse the hundred horse that my Lord Euers 3 had;
as into the hands of the king, and receiving them back, 10 ened to become a Scottishman, if he was not protected by the EnzSed of him as superior. The lands of Philiphangh are still pos lish Warden against the Lord of Maxwell.–See Introduction to sed by the outlaw's representative. Hangingsbaw and Lewins NICHOLSON and BURNS' History of Cumberland and Westmore** were sold of lale years. Newark, Fonlshiels, and Tinnies, land. bez ez belonged to the family of Buccleuch.
: Whitram is a place in Liddesdale. It is mistaken by the noble badlustration of this position, the reader is referred to a long editor for Whithern, in Galloway, as is Hartwessel ( Haltwhistle,
orience betwixt Lord Dacre and the Privy Council of Eng on the borders of Cumberland) for Twisel, a village on the EngKE 139, concerning one Sandye Armstrang, a partisan of lish side of the Tweed, near Wark. Esed, and an inhabitant of the Debatcable Land, who had threal 3 (See the Ballad of Lord Ewrie, post.]
and that now my best way was speedily to acquaint | well paid for any thing they brought us; so that wee the Quene and counsaille with the necessity of having bad a good market every day, before our fort, to buy more soldiers, and that there should not be less than what we lacked. The chiefe outlawes, at our coma hundred horse sent down for the defence of the ing, fled their houses where they dwelt, and betooke countrey, besides the forty I had already in pay, and themselves to a large and great forest (with all their that there was nothing but force of soldiers could keep goodes,) which was called the Tarras. It was of that them in awe; and to let the counsaile plainly un- strength, and so surrounded with bogges and marish derstand, that the marsh, of themselves, were not grounds, and thicke bushes and shrubbes, as they able to subsist, whenever the winter and long nights feared not the force nor power of England not Scotcame in, unlesse present cure and remedy were pro- land, so long as they were there. They sent me vided for them. I desired them to advise better of word, that I was like the first puffe of a haggasse,' it, and see if they could find out any other means to hottest at the first, and bade me stay there as long prevent their mischievous intentions, without putting as the weather would give me leave. They would the Quene and countrey to any further charge. They stay in the Tarras Wood till I was weary of lying in all resolved that there was no second meanes. Then
the Waste : and when I had liad my time, and they I told them my intention what I meant to do, which
no whit the worse, they would play their parts, was, that myself, with two deputies, and the forty which should keep me waking the next winter. horse that I was allowed, would, with what speed Those gentlemen of the country that came not with we could, make ourselves ready to go up to the mee, were of the same minde; for they knew (or Wastes, and there wee would entrench ourselves, and thought at least) that my force was not sufficient to lye as near as we could to the outlawes : and if there withstand the furey of the outlawes. The time I were any brave spirits among them that would go staid at the fort I was not idle, but cast, by all means with us, they should be very wellcome, and fare and I could, how to take them in the great strength they lye as well as myselfe : and I did not doubt, before were in. I found a meanes to send a hundred and the summer ended, to do something that should abate fifty horsemen into Scotland (conveighed hy a muffled the pride of these outlawes. Those that were un man,not known to one of the company,) thirty miles willing to hazard themselves, liked not this motion. within Scotland, and the businesse was carried so, They said that, in so doing, I might keep the country that none in the countrey tooke any alarm at this quiet the time I lay there, but, when the winter ap- passage. They were quietly brought to the back side proached, I could stay there no longer, and that was of the Tarras, to Scotland-ward. There they dithe theeves' time to do all their mischiefe. But there vided themselves into three parts, and took up three were divers young gentlemen that offered to go with passages which the outlawes made themselves secure mee, some with three, some with four horses, and to of, if from England side they should at any time be stay with mee as long as I would there continue. I put at. They had their scoutes on the tops of hills, took a list of those that offered to go with mee, and on the English side, to give them warning if at any found, that, with myself, my officers, the gentlemen, time any power of men should come to surprise and our servants, wee should be about two hundred them. The three ambushes were safely laid, without good men and horse; a competent number, as I thought, being discovered, and, about four o'clock in the for such a service.
morning, there were three hundred horse, and a “The day and place was appointed for our meeting thousand foot, that came directly to the place where in the Wastes, and, by the help of the Foot of Lid- the scoutes lay. They gave the alarm; our men disdale' and Risdale, wee had soone built a pretty brake down as fast as they could into the wood. fort, and within it we had all cabines made to lye in, The outlawes thought themselves safe, assuring and every one brought beds or mattresses to lye on. themselves at any time to escape; but they were so There wee stayed from the middest of June, till al- strongly set upon, on the English side, as they were most the end of August. We were betweene fifty forced to leave their goodes, and betake themselves and sixty gentlemen, besides their servants and my to their passages towards Scotland. There was prehorsemen; so that we were not so few as two hun- sently five taken of the principal of them. The rest, dred horse. Wee wanted no provisions for our seeing themselves, as they thought, betrayed, retired selves nor cer horses, for the countrey people were into the thicke woodes and bogges, that our men
1 The foot of Liddesdale was the garrison of King James in the learned who played them this trick, beyond all doubt it must have Castle of Hermitage, who assisted Carey on this occasion, as the cost him de Armstrongs were outlaws to buth nations.
4 From this it would appear, that Carey, although his constant • A haggis ( according to Burns, “the chieftain of the pudding attendants in his sort consisted only of 200 horse, had npon this race") is an olio, composed of the liver, heart, etc. of a sheep, occasion, by the assistance, probably, of the English and Scottish minced down with oatmeal, onions, and spices, and boiled in the royal garrisons, collected a much greater force. stomach of the animal, by way of bag. Wben this bag is cut, the 5 There are now no lrees in Liddesdale, except on the banks of contents ( if this savoury dish be well made ) should spout out with the rivers, where they are protected from the sheep. But the the hcated air. This will explain the allusion.
stumps and fallen timber, which are everywhere found in the 3 A Muffed Man means a person in disguise ; a very necessary morasses, attest how well the country must bave been wouded in precaution for the guide's safety; for, could the outlawes have former days.
durst not follow them, for fear of loosing them- | One of the last Border reivers was, however, of selves. The principall of the five that were taken, this family, and lived within the beginning of the were two of the eldest sonnes of Sim of Whitram. last century. Aster having made himself dreaded These five they brought to mee to the fort, and a over the whole country, he at last came to the folnumber of goodes, both of sheep and kine, which lowing end :-One a man of large property, satisfied most part of the country that they had stolen having lost twelve cows in one night, raised the them from.
country of Teviotdale, and traced the robbers into “The five, that were taken, were of great worth Liddesdale, as far as the house of this Armstrong, and value amongst them; insomuch, that for their commonly called Willie of Westburn-flat, from the liberty, I should have what conditions I should de- place of his residence, on the banks of the Hermitage mand or desire. First, all English prisoners were water. Fortunately for the pursuers, he was then set at liberty. Then had I themselves, and most asleep; so that he was secured, along with nine of part of the gentlemen of the Scottish side, so strictly his friends, without much resistance.
He was bound in bondes to enter to mee, in fifteen dayes brought to trial at Selkirk; and, although no precise warning, any offendour, that they durst not for their evidence was adduced to convict him of the special lives break any covenant that I made with them; fact, (the cattle never having been recovered,) yet the and so, upon these conditions, I set them at liberty, jury brought him in guilty on his general character, and was never after troubled with these kind of or, as it is called in our law, on habit and repute. people. Thus God blessed me in bringing this great When sentence was pronounced, Willie arose; and, trouble to so quiet an end; wee brake up our fort, seizing the oaken chair in which he was placed, and every man retired to his own house.”—CAREY's broke it into pieces by main strength, and offered to Memoirs, p. 151.
his companions, who were involved in the same The people of Liddesdale have retained, by tradi- doom, that, if they would stand behind him, he tion, the remembrance of Carey's Raid, as they call would fight his way out of Selkirk with these weait. They tell, that while he was besieging the out- pons. But they held his hands, and besought him laws in the Tarras, they contrived, by ways known to let them die like Christians. They were accordonly to themselves, to send a party into England, ingly executed in form of law. This incident is said who plundered the Warden's lands. On their re- to have happened at the last Circuit Court held at turn, they sent Carey one of his own cows, telling Selkirk. The people of Liddesdale, who (perhaps him, that, fearing he might fall short of provision not erroneously) still consider the sentence as iniduring his visit to Scotland, they had taken the pre- quitous, remarked, that the prosecutor, never caution of sending bim some English beef. The throve afterwards, but came to beggary and ruin, anecdote is too characteristic to be suppressed. with his whole family.
From this narrative, the power and strength of the Johnie Armstrong, of Gilnockie, the hero of the Armstrongs, at this late period, appear to have been following ballad, is a noted personage, both in hisvery considerable. Even upon the death of Queen tory and tradition. He was, it would seem from the Elizabeth, this clan, associated with other banditti ballad, a brother of the Laird of Mangertoun, chief of the West Marches, to the number of two or three of the name. His place of residence (now a roofless hundred horse, entered England in a hostile man tower) was at the Hollows, a few miles from Langner, and extended their ravages as far as Penrith. holm, where its ruins still serve to adorn a scene, James VI., then at Berwick, upon his journey to his which, in natural beauty, has few equals in Scotland. new capital, detached a large force, under Sir Wil- At the head of a desperate band of freebooters, this liam Selby, captain of Berwick, to bring these de- Armstrong is said to have spread the terror of his predators to order. Their raid, remarkable for being name almost as far as Newcastle, and to have levied the last of any note occurring in history, was avenged black-mail, or protection and forbearance money, for in an exemplary manner. Most of the strongholds many miles round. James V. of whom it was long upon the Liddel were razed to the foundation, and remembered by his grateful people that he made the several of the principal leaders were executed at Car- “ rush-bush keep the cow,” about 1529, undertook lisle; after which we find little mention of the Arm an expedition through the Border counties, to supstrongs in history. The precautions adopted by the press the turbulent spirit of the Marchmen. But Earl of Dunbar to preserve peace on the Borders, before setting out upon his journey, he took the prebore peculiarly hard upon a body of men long ac caution of imprisoning the different Border chiefcustomed to the most ungoverned license. They ap- tains, who were the chief protectors of the maraupear, in a great measure, to have fallen victims to ders. The Earl of Bothwell was forfeited, and the strictness of the new enactments.-RIDPATH, confined in Edinburgh Castle. The Lords of Home p. 703.–Stow, 819.-LAING, vol. i. The lands, and Maxwell, the Lairds of Buccleuch, Fairniherst, possessed by them in former days, have chiefly come and Johnston, with many others, were also cominto the bands of the Buccleuch family, and of the mitted to ward. Cockburn of Henderland, and Adam Elliots; so that, with one or two exceptions, we may Scott of Tushielaw, called the King of the Border, say, that in the country which this wariike clan once were publicly executed.—LESLEY, p. 430. The King occupied, there is hardly left a landholder of the name. then marched rapidly forward, at the head of a flying