Between the Babylonian and Palestinian Talmuds: Accounting for Halakhic Difference in Selected Sugyot from Tractate Avodah Zarah
In this book, Hayes addresses the central concern in talmudic studies over the genesis of halakhic (legal) divergence between the Talmuds produced by the Palestinian rabbinic community (c. 370 C.E.) and the Babylonian rabbinic community (c. 650 C.E.). Hayes analyzes selected divergences between parallel passages of the two Talmuds. Proceeding on a case-by-case basis, she considers whether external influences (cultural or regional differences), internal factors (textual, hermeneutical, or dialectical), or some intersection of the two best accounts for the differences.
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Abaye aggadic ambiguity amoraic amoraim analysis annul the idol appears argue asherah attributed Avodah Zarah Babylonian amoraim Babylonian Talmud Babylonian version basilica Bavli beraita biblical Blidstein chapter cited clause concerning cultural day of shaving diachronic dialectical diaspora discussion divergent evidence exegetical fact feast day festival day forelock gemara Gentile gloss halakhah halakhic difference halakhot hermeneutical historical idolater initio interaction interpretation Israelite Jewish Jews Judah land of Israel lenient libation wine midrashic mishnah mishnayot Nahum Neusner non-Jewish Palestine Palestinian and Babylonian Palestinian sources parallel passage period permitted phrase precisely principle printed edition private feast day prohibition of transactions question rabbinic texts rabbis Rashi rationale reason redaction redactor refers Rosenthal ruling sages selling shaving the beard Shimeon Shmuel smelter statement suggests sugya sugyot tanna tannaitic teaching term three days tion Torah Tosafot Tosefta tradition Urbach weapons worship yen nesek Yerushalmi Yishmael Yohanan Yosi