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exclude the multitude , but only signifies, there will be Exceptions. We need no other instanc: than that of the Jews, of whom St. Paul ipeaking in the 11th Chap. to the Romans, faith , Some of the branches were cut off
'Twas the revolt and rejection of the Jews that was signified thereby. 'And what is this Sume? that is to say, almost all. For the entire Nation of the fews is engaged in this revolt. There was but a mall number of the fews that believed on Jesus Christ, and believed truely. And certainly, the proportion that is between the small company of the faithful, that love not the Beat, and thoie that adore him , is greater than thai which was berween the converted fews, and those that have remained unbelievers these 16 hundred years. The
fame Apostle speaking of the Israelites in the WilCor. to. derness, that worshipped the golden Ca'f, faith, Be
not ye idolaters, as some of them were. Now these Exod. 32. Some, were all; for Moses faith expreily, that all
the people brake off the golden ear-rings which were en iheir ears. In the same manner ne faith in the same place, Let us not tempo Chrift, as some of themi tempted him; Let us not commit fornication, as some of them committed. Now it is certain, that these some lignify the far greater part: and it only fhews, that there were some exceptions. The Apostle might the rather use this like expression, because the Antichristian idolatry and Apostacy, were shadowed forth by these revolts of the people of the Jews in the Wilderness.
To this we may add, that the Apostle St. Paul considers this evil not in its last period, but in its beginning. Now it is certain, that the introduction of idolatry into Christianity began by a small number of bigots, superstitious men and falte devoto's.
Other persons, besides those against whom we dispute, may wrangle also about this term, the later
and say, that we cannot reasonably call the times that last 12. or 13. hundred years, and that be. gan so long before the end of the world, the later times. The Papifts, I say, against whom we dispute, can't make use of this difficulty, because they apply this Oracle to the Encratites and the Manichees; the first of which were known in the second Age; and the others in the third. Those were times yer further distant from the end of the world;than those ages where we place the Antichristian Empire. When we shall speak of the duration of the Antichristian Empire, we shall have occasion to say, why the ages of its Empire are called the later times.
These words, with which the Oracle begins, the Spirit faith remarkably or exprefly, would well deserve some consideration , to know whether they ought to be understood of
some Oracles in the Old Teitament ; so that the sense should be, The Spirit hath said expresly by the ancient Prophets; or of a present inspiration, so that the Apostle would say, the Spirit gives me to understand very clearly. But tis of very little importance to know by what Spia rit this hath been exprefly faid, by that of the Prophets, or that of St. Panl , seeing it is the same Spirit. And besides this, we shall have occafion to say something of it in one of the following Chapters.
The Characters of Antichrist in the Papism
confirm'd by the great type of Antichrist, Antiochus Epipiranes. That which is Spoken literally of this Antiochus ,
agrees mystically to the Pope and the Papism.
In the 28th
draw the Characters of the Antichristian Em. pire ; viz. those Chapters of the Revelation of the Prophet Daniel, where the most famous of the persecutors of the fewish Nation is literally spoken of , and the most fatal persecution that Nation endured. The first Text of this prophecy is found in the 28th verse of the 11th Chapter to the end.
28. Then shall be return into his Land with great verse of the riches , and his heart shall be against the holy coveof hamieli
; nant, and be small do exploirs, and return to his Antiochus own Land. Epiphanes
29. At the time appointed he shall return and according come toward the south, but it shall not be as the for.
mergor as the later.
30. For the ships of Chittim shall come again him : Therefore be shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant : so Shall he do, he shall even return, and have in. telligence with them that forsake the holy cové. 31. And arms shall stand on his part ,
and they Shall pollute the Sanctuary of strength, and shall iake away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place
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Papita chri hichi
the abomination that maketh defolate.
32. And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall be corrupt by flatteries : but the people that do know their God, shall be strong and do exploits.
33. And they that understand among the people Shall inftruet many; yet they shall fall by the favord, and by the flame', and by captivity, and by. Spoil
34. Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with is little help : but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.
35. And some of them of understanding Shallfall to try them, and to purge, and to make them white; even to the time of ihe end; because it is yet for a time appointed.
36. And the King Mall do according to his willy and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every God, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of Gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done,
37. Neither small he regard the God of his Father, nor the desire of Women, nor regardany God; for he shall magnify himself above ali.
38. But in his estate shall be honour the God of forces, and a God whom his fathers knew not, shall be honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.
39. Thus shall he do in the most frong holds with a ftrange God, whom he shall acknowledge, and increase with glory; and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide theland for gain.
40. And at the time of the end shall the King of the Souih push at him, and the King of the North shall come against him like a whirlwind, with cha
riots, and with horsemen, and with many Ships; and he shall enter into the Countries, and shall overflow and pass over.
41. He shall enter also into the glorious Land, and
many Conntreys Shall be overthrown: but these Shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon.
42. He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the Countries, and the Land of Egypt
shall not escape. 43. But he shall have power over the treasures of gold, and of silver , and over all the precious things of Egypt; and the Libyans, and the Ethio: pians shall be at his Reps. 44. But tidings out of the East and out of the North shall trouble him. Therefore be shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.
45. And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas, and in the glorious holy mounjain ; yet be shall come to his end, and none Sball help him.
I find a pretty great agreement among Interpreters on this Chapter, and the Verses which we have just now read. By those of both communions it is agreed, that 'tis Antiochus called Epiphanes, one of Alexander's successors, that is here literally spoken of. It is the very fame that the other Prophecy respects, in the eighth Chap. where the H. Spirit having represented to Daniel in a vision, the Empire of the Medes and Persians under the Emblem of a Rain with two horns, he describes the Empire of the Greeks, under the Emblem of a he-goat, that had at first only one horn in the middle of his fore-head, which being broken, four other horns less than the firft came in its place. Afterwards, from one of these four horns