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and the Sons of Clergymen, Gentlemen, and Trades-
men, who live at their own expense, but many deserv-
ing young men, whose friends could not afford to send
them to the University, are supported by the allistance
of the Society, and the noblemen and gentlemen, and
who do not unoften rise to considerable ftations in the
Church.

The Town, including the Suburbs, is a mile in length
from east to west, and almost as much in breadth from
north to south, being three miles in circumference; but
it is of an irregular figure ; and several airy spaces are
comprehended within these limits, besides the many
courts and gardens belonging to the respective Col.
leges.
· The City, properly so called, formerly surrounded
by a wall, with bastions at about 150 feet distance from
each other, is of an oblong form, and about two miles
in circumference. Magdulon College, with the eastern
as well as the northern Suburbs, which contain the pa-
rishes of Holywell, Magdalen, and St. Giles, with Balliol,
Trinity, St. John's, and Wadham Colleges, are without
the old walls, of which some part remains as á boundary
to New College ; beginning near where East-Gate stood,
and continuing almost to the Clarendon Printing-house,
where there was a Portal and a Chapel; some remains
of which are still vifible. The walls make an entire
boundary to the east and south sides of Merton and Cor,
pus Christi Colleges. The fortifications and out-works
raised by the Royalists in the time of the Civil Wars, are
now almoft entirely demolished.
· The principal Street of the City runs from east to
west, the entire length of the Town, but under diffe-
rent names; the High-Street, beginning at Magdalen
Bridge, includes at lead two thirds of that length ; the

a See Agas's Plan of Oxford, as it was in 1578; in which are given
the form of the Castle, its bastions, walls, and ditch; the gates and
walls of the city; and the Colleges, as they were originally built, Wad-
ham and Jesus Colleges excepted, which were not then founded. Printed
for D, PRINCE and J. Cook E.

A 2

remainder

remainder is from Carfax to the end of Cagle. Areet. The High-ftreet is perhaps without a rival, being of a spacious width and length, adorned with the fronts of three well-built Colleges, St. Mary's and All Saints Churches, terminated at the east end with a view of Magdalen Col. lege Tower, and the beautiful new bridge, which con. fifts of fix large arches, and five smaller ones. Every turn of this street presents a new object, and a different view, each of which would make an agreeable picture in perspective; whereas, had it been strait, every object would have been seen at one and the same instant, but more forelhortened than at present.

The second street is that which runs from south to north, crossing the street already described, from whence the centre has obtained the name of Quatres Vois, or the four ways, corruptly called Carfax. The Conduit was erected in the year 1610, at the expense of Mr. Orbe Nichelson, Master of Arts of Chrif-Charcb. The water is conveyed from Hinksey, two miles from the city. The fouth side of this fecond ftreet is called Fil-Areet, and the other the Corn Market; from whence we pass into Magdalen Parish, and St. Giles's, which form a very spacious strect, and in some respects is preferable to either of the former, it having the pleasure and advantage of the country, though connected with the town. One end of this street is terminated by St. Giles's church, and adorn. ed with the front of St. John's College. · On the east fide of Fish-firect (commonly called St. Old's, by corruption froin St. Aldare's) Itand's Chrif. Cburch College ; the magnificent front whereof is ex tended to 382 feet in length. On the fame fide is the TOWN HALL where the Town and County Sessions, and the Aflzes, are held; which was rebuilt with proper conveniences for the feparate Courts, at the expense of THOMAS ROWNEY, Eig. late representative in Parliament, and High Steward of the City.

The chief bridges are, firit, Magdalen new bridge, over the Cherwell, the terrace of which is 526 feet long, and consists of eleven stone ar. hcs. The old bridge be.

ing

ing much decayed, and the entrance to the City both at the east and north being found very inconvenient, an A&t was obtained 11. Geo. III, to make a commodious entrance through St. Clements to Magdalen Bridge, to re. build the Bridge, to take down the gates, to pave and light the streets, and to remove all nuisances. , In pursuance also of the same Act of Parliament, on the north fide of the High-ftreet, between Carfax and All Saints churches, was erected the New General Market, 347 feet long, and 11.2 wide, exceeding any thing of the kind, as well in fize as use, in the kingdom. The town was originally well laid out, but, like most others, was unhappily embarrassed with many unsightly and inconvenient obstructions, which are most of them cleared ; and by removing the East and North Gates, the whole City has undergone such improvements by paving and widening as renders is truly elegant and useful. The second, on the south side of the town, is over the Thames, where formerly stood an arched entrance, over which were apartments called Friar Bacon's Study. This is the entrance from Abingdon in Berks, and is itself in that county, and consists of three stone arches. The third, on the west fide, is likewise over a branch of the Thames, and is called High- Bridge. By two Afts of Parliament of the seventh and eighth of Geo. III, a beautiful new road has been made at an uncommon expense from St. Peter's le Bailey church through the Castle-yard to Boiley, which there divide to Fifield on the left, and Witney on the right. This single mile, which before was a very inconvenient narrow causeway, is now completely finished with four new bridges, and is become as ornamental as it is an useful key to the west and north-west parts of the kingdom.

There are in the City of Oxford, its Suburbs, and Li. berties, fourteen parishes, viz. 1. St. Mary's. 2. AllSaints. 3. St. Martin's, or Carfax. 4. St. Aldare's, or St. Old's. 5. St. Ebb's. 6. St. Peter's le Bayly. 7. St. Min chael's. 8. St. Mary Magdalen's. 9. St. Peter's in the cast. . . . . , A 3 ...

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.
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10. Holy well. 11. St. Giles's. 12. St. Thomas's. 13. St. Yobn's. 14. St. Clements.

Of the Churches which give names to the several parishes already enumerated, there are but three which are remarkable, viz. St. Mary's, All Saints, and St. Per ter's in the east. · St. Mary's stands on the north fide of the High-freet, and is the Church used by the University on Sundays and Holidays. It is well-proportioned, and handsomely. built in the Gothic ftile. The Porch is in a more mo. dern tafte, built at the expense of Dr. Morgan Owen, Chaplain to Archbishop Laud, An. Dom. 1637. The Church consists of three ailes, and a large chancel, which is paved with black and white marble. The ViceChancellor sits at the west end of the middle aile, on a kind of throne elevated some few steps ; a little below which fit the two Proctors; on either hand, defcending, the Heads of Houses and Doctors; below these, the young Noblemen ; and in the Area, on benches, the Masters of Arts. At the west end, with a return to the north and fouth ifles, are galleries for Bachelors and Under.gra. duats ; and under the middle one are seats for the La. dies. The Tower and Spire which rises to the perpendicular height of 180 feet, is a very noble and beauti. ful structure, and contains a ring of fix large bells. The room on the north side of the Chancel, lately repaired in the style of the rest of the Church, is now the Com. mon Law School, where the Vinerian Professor reads his Lectures."

All Saints Church stands in the same street. a little to the westward of St Mary's, and is a very beautiful fa. bric of white stone. It is adorned both within and without with pilasters of the Corinthian Order, an Atric story and balluftrade elegantly finishing it without, a curious fret-work Cieling, a neat Altar-piéce, and high finishing within. This Church is 72 feet long, 42 wide, and so high, without a pillar. The Steeple is built after the manner of some of the new churches in London. The Architect, the Rev. Dr. Aldrich, formerly Dean of Chrift-cburrh.

St.

St. Peter's in the East, near Queen's College, bailt by St. Grymbald, was the first Church of stone in this part of the kingdom.. It was formerly the University church ; and the University still go to it every Sunday in the afternoon during Lent. This parish has more to boaft of, perhaps, than any one in Europe befides; for it con. tains five Colleges; viz. University, Queen's, New College, Magdalen, and Herrford Colleges; three Halls, viz. Št. Edmund, Magdalen, and Alban Halls; two peals of ten bells, and one of six, and three Organs; two of which belong to College Chapels, where Cathedral service is performed twice a day, and the other to the parish church.

Public BUILDINGS OF THE UNIVERSITY.

The PUBLIC SCHOOLS, with one side of the Library on the west, form a square of 105 feet. The prin. cipal front of the Schools on the outside is about 175 feet in length, in the middle whereof is a gate, with a magnificent tower. Three sides of the upper ftory of the Schools are one entire room, called the PicTURE GALLERY, near the middle of which is a Sta. tue in Brass of Philip Earl of Pembroke, by the same Artist who cast the equeftrian statue of Charles I, at Charing Cross: it is also furnished with the Portraits of many learned and famous men, feveral large Cabinets of Medals, and some Cases of Books, being intended as a continuation of the Bodleian Library. Dr. Tarver, the late Bishop of St. Afaph, bequeathed his valuable Collection of Manuscripts to the Univerfity, together with a sum of money to erect proper Cases for them ; they are here deposited, near the entrance into the Gal. lery; and Mr. Willis's, and other Collections of Books and Coins. .

Dr. Edward Butler, late President of Magdalen Col: lege, gave 2001, to carry on the wainscotting of the Gallery; which the late Duke of BEAUFORT, in the year 1749 approving, ordered it to be completely fi. nished at his expense, as a teftimony of his affection for

the

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