## Aspects of Scientific Explanation: And Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science |

### From inside the book

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Page 372

Thus the explanation, outlined in section 2.1, of the appearance and initial growth

of the soap bubbles, includes in its explanans the

had formed between the plate and the rims of the tumblers; and practically the ...

Thus the explanation, outlined in section 2.1, of the appearance and initial growth

of the soap bubbles, includes in its explanans the

**assumption**that a soap filmhad formed between the plate and the rims of the tumblers; and practically the ...

Page 471

But when this

takes on the following form: A was in a situation of type C A was a rational agent (

Schema R) In a situation of type C, any rational agent will do x Therefore, A did x

...

But when this

**assumption**is added, the answer to the question 'Why did A do xitakes on the following form: A was in a situation of type C A was a rational agent (

Schema R) In a situation of type C, any rational agent will do x Therefore, A did x

...

Page 476

In the parlance of our earlier discussion, therefore, the test of our goal attribution

appears to presuppose the

rational relative to his objectives and beliefs. This would mean that the way in

which we ...

In the parlance of our earlier discussion, therefore, the test of our goal attribution

appears to presuppose the

**assumption**that A will choose an action that isrational relative to his objectives and beliefs. This would mean that the way in

which we ...

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested systematic testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary