## Aspects of Scientific Explanation: And Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science |

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Page 105

Hence, under the contemplated

and so are all other sentences purporting to express universal regularities or

general laws. And since sentences of this type constitute an integral part of

scientific ...

Hence, under the contemplated

**criterion**, SI is devoid of empirical significance;and so are all other sentences purporting to express universal regularities or

general laws. And since sentences of this type constitute an integral part of

scientific ...

Page 106

Let us formulate this

falsifiability in principle. A sentence has empirical meaning if and only if its

negation is not analytic and follows logically from some finite logically consistent

class of ...

Let us formulate this

**criterion**as follows: (2.2) Requirement of completefalsifiability in principle. A sentence has empirical meaning if and only if its

negation is not analytic and follows logically from some finite logically consistent

class of ...

Page 107

Indeed, as Ayer himself has pointed out in the second edition of his book,

Language , Truth, and Logic6 his

sentence whatever. Thus, e.g., if S is the sentence 'The absolute is perfect', it

suffices to choose ...

Indeed, as Ayer himself has pointed out in the second edition of his book,

Language , Truth, and Logic6 his

**criterion**allows empirical import to anysentence whatever. Thus, e.g., if S is the sentence 'The absolute is perfect', it

suffices to choose ...

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested systematic testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary