## Aspects of Scientific Explanation: And Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science |

### From inside the book

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Page 376

of

general empirical laws. According to Carnap's theory of inductive logic,5i for

example, such inferences are possible on purely logical grounds; the information

...

of

**probabilistic**inference such arguments do not depend upon the assumption ofgeneral empirical laws. According to Carnap's theory of inductive logic,5i for

example, such inferences are possible on purely logical grounds; the information

...

Page 393

From assumptions based on the

heat, Einstein derived a law to the effect that the mean displacement of such

particles is proportional to the square root of the elapsed time.i5 But the

theoretical ...

From assumptions based on the

**probabilistic**principles of the kinetic theory ofheat, Einstein derived a law to the effect that the mean displacement of such

particles is proportional to the square root of the elapsed time.i5 But the

theoretical ...

Page 397

Our illustrations of explanatory ambiguity suggest that a decision on the

acceptability of a proposed

made in the light of all the relevant information at our disposal. This is indicated

also by a ...

Our illustrations of explanatory ambiguity suggest that a decision on the

acceptability of a proposed

**probabilistic**explanation or prediction will have to bemade in the light of all the relevant information at our disposal. This is indicated

also by a ...

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested systematic testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary