Bubonic Plague in Nineteenth-century China
This book, the first work in English on the history of disease in China, traces an epidemic of bubonic plague that began in Yunnan province in the late eighteenth century, spread throughout much of southern China in the nineteenth century, and eventually exploded on the world scene as a global pandemic at the end of the century.
The author finds the origins of the pandemic in Qing economic expansion, which brought new populations into contact with plague-bearing animals along China s southwestern frontier. She shows how the geographic diffusion of the disease closely followed the growth of interregional trading networks, particularly the domestic trade in opium, during the nineteenth century. A discussion of foreign interventions during plague outbreaks along China s southern coast links the history of plague to the political impact of imperialism on China, and to the ways in which European cultural representations of the Chinese influenced the theory and practice of colonial medicine.
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Recorded epidemics in Yunnan 18547o
The West River system
Transport routes in western Guangdong ca 185o
Recorded Epidemics Along the West River System
Plague diffusion along transport routes in western Guangdong
2O The Southeast Coast macroregion ca 1893
Estimated deaths due to plague in the Fuzhou regionalcity
A festival to drive out the epidemic
Medical charity of the Renjishantang
Patterns of Plague Morbidity and Mortality
A Names Terms and Titles
Baiyanjing Beihai bubonic plague Canton Chuxiong Cold Damage colonial communities county F county GD county YN Dali demic Dengchuan Donghua due to plague fleas foreign Fujian Fuzhou gazetteers Guangdong Guangxi Guizhou hospital ibid infected Jianshui Kunming Kunmingxianzhi large numbers Leizhou Peninsula Lingnan Location Source consulted macroregion map folder medicine Menghua Mengzi mortality Muslim Rebellion Nanning nineteenth century numbers of deaths officials overland pattern percent plague diffusion plague epidemics plague outbreaks plague reservoirs police population port prefecture province Provincial border public health Qing Qinzhou quarantine Recorded Epidemics Regional city regional core regional-city trading system Rocher rodents rural shantang Shantou Shenyang Shuyi Southeast Coast macroregion southeastern Yunnan spread of plague subprefecture subprefecture TW subregions SYLXS Taiwan Tonkin towns transport urban villages Warm Factor wenshen West River western Guangdong western Yunnan Xiamen Xuxiu Yanping Yaozhou yellow-chested rat Yongbei Yuan Yuanjiang Yungui Yunnan Yunnan tongzhi 1894 Yunnan tongzhigao 1901 Yunnan-Lingnan zhangqi