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sortments. One was placed in the bo- Sego, was sending a party to the govertanic garden there, and the other sent nor of Sierra Leone, to invite the whites to the Jardin du Roi, at Paris. The to visit and trade in his kingdom, and latter arrived on the lst of August last, had recommended to the King of Timand includes 158 species, divided into bo to provide for the security of such 534 individuals, from six to eight feet strangers as should proceed to Bambarin height. None of them have hitherto ra through the country of Foulah Yalappeared in Europe.
lou. This rendered unnecessary the GERMANY.
further advance of Mr. O'Byrne. Colonel Gustavson, the ex-king of
EGYPT, Sweden, who has for some time past The canal of Alexandria has received, applied himself to philosophical studies, in honour of the Sultan, the name of has just printed a work at Francfort, Mahmudie. It commences near the but not for sale ; which he distributes Nile, a little below Saene, is 41,706 gratis to amateurs of arts and sciences. toises in length, 15 in breadth and 3 in It is written in the French language, depth. A hundred thousand men were ‘and is dedicated to the Royal Academy set to work on it in January, 1819; this of Arts at Norway. It is entitled Re- number reached afterward' to 290,000. flection upon the Phänomenon the Each workman received a piastre a Aurora Borealis, and its relation with day. European engineers conducted the Diurnal Motion. The journals of the labonrs, which were finished SepHamburgh announce the arrival of se- tember 13. veral copies of the work at Stockholm ; Letters from the River Gambia, reit is now translating into the Swedish port that Omar, Sheick of the Arabs of language.
Tarassa, who occupy the desart between AFRICA.
Portendic and Timbuctoo, had arrived Mr. O'Byrne, sent from Sierra Leone, at Bathurst, chief place of the Engto establish commercial intercourse lish colony recently formed on the eastwith certain African chiefs of the in- ern coast of South Africa, and where à terior, has entered the country of Lim- year or two ago, the whole country was ba, by Laiah, a city distant about seven inhabited by wild beasts. Omar's obleagues from the river which forms the ject is to commence traffic with the boundary of the country of Timiani. merchants on a secure footing. The His reception was very favourable with route through the country of Tarassa is all the chiefs, one of whom, of Port not so good as that which Mr. Jackson Logo, accompanied him to Woulla, and pointed out in his narrative annexed to sent his brother with him to Koukouna. the account of Shabeeny; but the opFrom this last place, he advanced to portunity appears favourable for the the frontiers of Foulah, the chiefs of gum arabic trade at Portendic, and may which agreed in a palaver, to open a lead to forming connections with Timcommercial correspondence with Sierra buctoo, Leone. It appears that Dacho, King of
REPORT OF CHEMISTRY AND EXPERIMENTAL PHILOSOPHY.
TR. DANIELL, one of our most ac- the securing of them in good order is the
curate observers, and an able philoso- most anxious care of the human race in these pher, has published Meteorological Obserra- latitudes, the state of the weather at this tions on tbe two last years in Mr. Brand's time acquires a proportionate interest. In Journal.— The year 1819-1820 was drier 1819 it was remarkable for being drs, clear, than the year 1820-1821, and a greater depth and warm. The finest harvest that had been of rain fell in the latter than in the former. for years was housed in the most satisfactory The first was also distinguished very much manner. Not only in this country, but more by extremes than the second, all the throughout Europe, it formed almost an instruments except the barometer denoting epoch, and corn-fields, orchards, and vinea very much wider range.
yards, shared in the general benefit. The The autumps differed very essentially in mean results of this period may therefore be their characters. The first half-quarter of considered as the standard of a fine season. the year 1819 was 1-o drier, and 24° warmer The turnip-fields, indeed, so important a part than 1820. The depth of rain was, however, of English agriculture, suffered from great greater; for the barometer was not so high, drought, and never recovered, but the grasses, and the vapour was more dense. As this is and pasture in general, though burnt in the the season of the year when the most impor beginning of the autumn, revived with the tant fruits of the earth come to maturity, and rains in the last half-quarter.
In the year 1920 tbe harvest was much In the second ball-quarter, the advantage later. The crops of corn, though abundant, began to turn in favour of the first year. The were not of so fine quality as the last, temperature was higher, and the dryness and were much mildewed; but upon the continued. There was a sufficiency of rain, whole, this was also reckoned a productive in the form of warm showers; the appearance harvest. The weather was still too dry for of the wheat improved, and barley and oats the turnip-crops.
promised very well. In the second year veThe second half-quarters of the autumn getation was checked by cold north winds : were precisely similar in point of dryness, but pasture was not forward, but still the whole in 1820 the temperature exceeded that in prospect was good. At ihe commencement 1819, as much as it fell below it in the first of the summer of 1820, the weather turned six weeks, making the averages of the wbole extraordinarily hot; the change was very quarters precisely the same. This accession sudden, und ihe produce of the fields made of heat probably prevented the precipitation astonishing progress to maturity. The barof the usual quantity of water, for the amount vest commenced early, and, although the of rain was less than half.
weather was rather unsettled, was well seThe winters differed still more widely than cured. The produce of all kinds was abunthe autumns. The first was remarkable for dant, though not of the first quality. its severity, and the second for its mildness : The summer of 1821 was extremely backthe respective mean temperatures being 33 ward, but favourable for growing wheats. and 38. In this quarter the latter regained The lowness of temperature was considered, the dryness which it was bebind in the pre- at the time, rather favourable, as tending to ceding; and the means of the two half-years check over-luxuriance of vegetation ; barley, were exactly similar. This state of the at. however, suffered materially from this cause. mospbere is reckoned by no means unfavour- Near the usual harvest.time, the corn, though able to the farmer, and neither in the cold full eared, bad hardly completed the flower. season of 1819-1820, or in the dry season of ing process. Oats were heavy, full-earer, 1820-1821, were any complaints made. The and promising. Turnips, and all kinds of last winter balf-quarter of 1821 was particu. pasture, particularly fine and luxuriant. A larly remarkable for a very high average of succession of bot days, at the latter part of the the barometer.
summer-quarter, raised the average temperaIn the first balf-quarter of the spring the ture above the correspondióg period of the first year 1820 was very backward ; the wheats year, and rapidly brought on the ripening of looked very indifferent, and vegetation alto- the grain. Nothing was now wanting but a gether very unpromising. The blossoms of favourable dry period to house the harvest. fruit-trees were very much injured by frosts The reaping did not begin till the 25th or 26th and cold winds. In the corresponding period of August, more than a fortnight later than of 1821, the weather, on the contrary, was the usual time. extraordinarily fine and open. The opera- This summer must be reckoned altogether tions of husbandry were unusually forward ; wet and cold, and owing to this, it is feared, the wheat was vigorous and firmly rooted, that the vintage on the Rhine, the Elbe, and and every appearance of vegetation as flatter. in Switzerland, will entirely fail. The great ing as could be wished. The former period characteristic features of the two years were, was distinguished from the latter by being lo in the first, a cold winter and a hot summer; drier, and 27° colder, a much higher baro- and in the second, a very mild winter, and a meter, and half the quantity of rain.
backward cold summer.
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Sum not exceeding
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50 0 0 ing or Booth, for Commis
For each subsequent Day's atsioners, for administering
tendance, a Sum not exceedOaths of Qualification to Ro
1176 man Catholics, such Place of
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1 2 9 exceeding 15 0 0 For each Deputy Clerk of the
Peace, for each Day's Polling,
CAP. LXI. To regulate the Approa Sum not exceeding
0 10 O priation of unclaimed Shares of Prize Foreach Assistant Deputy Clerk
Money belonging to Soldiers or Seamen of the Peace, for each Day's
in the Service of the East India ComPolling, a Sum not exceeding 0 5 0
pany. For each Interpreter, for each Day's Attendance at a Poll
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for holding the General Sessions of the not exceeding :
Peace, in the severul Counties in IreFor Each Constable (of whom
lund. not more than two who are
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Reign of King George the Third, intieach Day's Polling, a Sum pot
tuled An Act to enable Justices of the exceeding
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large, Riding, or Division, not being JusPayments which a Candidate may make at
tices for such City, Town, or other Prean Election to his Counsel, Agents, In- cinct, or any Constable or other Officer spectors, and Clerks. 2. d. acting under them, to act or intermeddle
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1. Fast India Company and others may Polling, a Sum not exceed
trade to and from any intermediate Places iog
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the Company's Charter, &c. Clerk, for each Day's Polling,
II. And may also trade directly and cira Sum not exceeding 0 150 cuitously between all places within the
The said Allowances to cover all Ex. Limits of the Charter and Countries in pences for Lodging, Diet, and all other Amity. extra incidental Expences belonging to III. Act not to affect the former regulaeach of the above-mentioned Persons. (No tions as to size of Vessels, Licences, &c. Candidate to pay more than One Counsel, Trade from the Indies to Malacca, &c. One Conducting Agent, One Inspector, subject to the Regulations of the Presiand One Cheque Clerk, for each Place of dencies. Polling; One Agent for the Sheriff's
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TRAVELS in Palestine, through the the sacred city, have all been described
countries of Bashan and Gilead, east by Mr. B.'s predecessors. Those portions of of the Rirer Jordan: including a Visit to his volume, therefore, will be found to be the Cities of Geraza and Gamula, in the most important, which are the details Decapolis, by J. S. BUCKINGHAM, is a respecting the country beyond the Jordan, work of great interest and importance, and in which he has not been anticipated by forms a valuable addition to the numerous other travellers. The minute descriptions volumes of travels into the Holy Land of Geraza, Soof, Oom Čais, the ruins of which have been published during these the ancient Gamala Nazareth, Tiberias, last ten years. Mr. Buckingham seems to Shechem, Mount Ebal, Gerizim, and the have been peculiarly fitted, by early habits Wells of Samaria, are full of interest, and and pursuits, for the task he has under- as they have not been touched upon before, taken. His wanderings commenced at a afford valuable records of a country which very early period of his life. He went to has been an object of curiosity from the sea at nine years of age, and the year fol: earliest ages. The style is worthy of the lowing was made prisoner of war, and materials. Numerous curious and erudite conveyed into the port ot' Corunna. From notes are scattered over the work, which is 1796, up to the time of his settlement at further illustrated by some excellent charts Calcutta, (where he is, we are informed, and plans, and a series of neatly engraved the editor of the Calcutta Gazette) Mr. vignettes. Buckingham visited the finest parts of Some of our readers may probably bave Spain and Portugal; America, the Baha- seen the newly-invented ornamental inma islands, and the West Indies, Egypt, crustations in glass, called Crystallo CeGreece, Phænicia, Italy, and Mauritania. ramie. By this process, ornaments of any To his perseverance we are indebted for description, arms, cyphers, portraits, and some valuable charts, without which the landscapes of any variety of colour may navigation of several parts of the Red Sea be introduced into the glass, so as to be would be dangerous, and at certain periods come perfectly imperishable. An account almost impracticable. In the course of his of this curious invention may be found in a last journey, Mr. B. saw the greater part small quarto volume, lately published, of Palestine, and the country beyond the called A Memoir on the Origin, Progress, Jordan, traversed Moab, Bashan, Gilead, and Improvement of Glass Manufactures; and the Auramtes; crossed Phænicia, and including an Account of the Patent Crys. the higher parts of Syria in various direc- tallo Ceramie, or Glass Incrustations. tions from Baalbek and Lebanon, to the This discovery is not only useful in prosea coast, and from Antioch by the banks ducing very beautiful ornamental works, of the Orontes, to Aleppo. He next jour- but miniatures may likewise be enamelled neyed through Mesopotamia to Ninevah on it, and the colours will thus be retained and Babylon, and on bis way visited Diar- by being embodied in the crystal, so as, in bekr, Mosul, and Bagdad. Exploring fact, to become as imperishable as the his way through the mountains into Persia, crystal itself. The Memoir contains a cuhe saw Ecbatana, Persèpolis, and Shapoor; rious historical account of the process of with Kermanshah, Harmadan, Isfahaun, glass-making, both among the ancients and and Shiraz, where the two great Persian in modern times. Some explanatory co poets, Sadi and Ferdousi, are entombed. loured plates are given, which, however, On his return to Bombay our traveller be- scarcely convey an idea of the beauty of gan to arrange the materials of which the the ornaments themselves.. present volume is composed. To make Our medical readers will be entertained amends for the want of novelty consequent and interested by the perusal of a Treatise upon all details respecting Palestine, Mr. on Acupuncturation, by JAMES Morss B. has introduced numerous and learned CHURCHILL, Member of the Royal College disquisitions illustrative of the sacred of Surgeons, London. This operation, as writings, and has corrected many errors, the name imports, consists in inserting a which, like the mummies of the Egyptians, needle into the muscular parts of the body, have only been consecrated for their anti- to the depth, sometimes, of an inch. The quity. Tyne Acre, Nazareth, Mounts instantaneous effect of this singular remedy Tabor, and Carmel ; Cesarea, Jaffa, Jeru. in alleviating pains of a rheumatic nature, salem, Rumlah, and the holy places round is truly surprising aud unaccountable; but
the facts, as exhibited in many cases, are the graver and more common-place parts sufficiently strong to coinmand our assent. of his narrative. When, however, Mr. In attacks of a nervous nature, the happy Howison descends from his ideal transinfluence of this process is equally undeni- ports, he shews himself to be master of able. This remedy has long been in use humbler subjects, and his information on ainongst the Japanese and Chinese, and is the state of the present inhabitants of Upnow making its way into European prac- per Canada, and his advice to emigrants tice, with results which at least demand about to proceed thither, are truly valuathe earnest attention and scrutiny of the ble. He appears to have a happy talent physiologist. The author of the Treatise in catching the peculiarities of manner and in question abstains altogether from the language of the people, the details of which dubious enquiry into the origin of these will aftord no small amusement to his singular effects; and we think that, in this readers. Some of the conversations which stage of the business, he does well to con- he records are expressed in a phraseology fine himself to the establishment of facts. excessively ludicrous to an English ear. He must expect to find no little scepticism, Upon the whole, this volume well deserves on a subject so much at variance with the perusal, which it will reward with very common apprehensions of the public; but, valuable stores of information and amuseas far as we can yet judge, we think he ment. is proceeding on solid ground, and will, in The lovers of light reading will find a the end, do considerable service to the considerable fund of entertainment in a cause of surgical science and humanity. small unpretending volume, entitled Para
Observations on Vocal Music, by Dr. mythia ; or, Mental Pastimes: being oriKITCHINER, an author, who, whether we ginal Anecdotes, historical, descriptire, contemplate him in the various, and certain humorous, and witty, collected chiefly dur. ly somewhat opposite capacities of cook, ing a long residence at the Court of Russia. optician, physician, or musician, equally From the preface, we learn that the author excites our surprise. We could, however, is the writer of the descriptions which acundertake to refer him to fifty much better companied the prints of the Costumes of written treatises than his owu, on the sub- Russia, published a few years ago. The ject which has occupied his attention. But author has, we think, succeeded in what he that he does not in reality stand in need of tells us was his aim--to amuse, and not to our assistance to enable him to turn the offend; and certainly his little volume writings of his musical predecessors to will be found of considerable utility in good account, is evident from the circum- dispelling the tediousness of those long stance of his having balf filled bis volume winter evenings wbich are so dreadful to with quotations from those who have gone those who have nothing useful to do, and before him. This is bad enough in a small nothing amusing to read. essay like the one before us, but it is infi- Amongst the many writers of fiction of nitely preferable to the continual extracts the present day, whose aim it is to be at from his own books, which the worthy once both useful and agreeable, we may Doctor inflicts upon his readers in every rank the author of “Rachel and the Aurecent production. About thirty of the thoress,” who has lately offered to the pubeighty widely-printed pages of this small lic another little tale, on the same model, volume consist of quotations from pub- entitled Prudence and Principle. We lished works.
have no hesitation in saying that this voWe have not lately met with a more en- lume is all that it pretends to be a tale of tertaining and able work of the sort, than common life and common failings. It is Sketches of Upper Canada, byJohn How- written for the valuable purpose of demonISON, Esq. This gentleman appears to strating that it is not upon one virtue alone be of Scotch extraction, and possesses much that we can rely for happiness, but that it of the shrewd and clever character of his is by the operation of seemingly contrary nation, His descriptions of the wild and principles that our actions are to be gopicturesque territories through which he verned. The author has exemplified this passed, are uncommonly characteristic and truth in the characters of Ellen and Phoebe, vivid; and we have only to object to them, one of whom possesses principle without that his imagination seems occasionally to prudence, and the other prudence without grow too enthusiastic, and revels somewhat principle. There is no genius shewn ju too luxuriantly amidst the beauties of na- this volume, nor is it peculiarly interestture that surround him. At one time he pad- ing; but the useful tendency of its design, dles down the river St. Lawrence in a half and the excellence of its precepts, render slumber; and at another, is roused in the it valuable. Like the other productions of woods from a delicious reverie, by a bear the same family, it is neatly printed, and or an Indian. These are exaggerations of ornamented with a frontispiece. feeling, which a traveller, when they in re- It is a very painful thing to be compelled ality exist, should rather conceal than ex- to read a bad novel, and it is still more press, as they tend to throw a suspicion on painful to be compelled to give it a bad MONTHLY MAQ. No. 361.