A History of Carlisle
Carlisle began as a Roman town and was a key defensive outpost of Empire against the barbarians. After the Vikings it was reborn as a Norman town, in 1092, and at the end of the Dark Ages we find Bede, describing a visit of the King and Queen, the wondrous Roman remains and St Cuthbert's monastery. Carlisle has seen many changes from the splendour of Edward I's court and parliament in the city to decimation by the plague. The Industrial Revolution brought more changes with the founding of a textile industry and the building of the canal and railways, and the consequent population explosions of the 18th and 19th centuries.
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The Rebirth of Carlisle
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19th century Bishop Bishop of Carlisle Blackfriars Street border Botchergate Bridge Britain British building built Caldewgate canal basin Carlisle Castle Carlisle Cathedral Carlisle Journal Carlisle Railway Carlisle's Catholic cent centre Chapter Chronicle church citizens city's corporation council Cumberland Cumberland and Westmorland Cumbria Cuthbert Dacre death defences Denton Holme diocese diocese of Carlisle Directory Dixon Earl early Edward elected engineering England English Street Ferguson firm force garrison gentry guild Hadrian's Wall Hall Henry History Holm Cultram ibid increased industry inhabitants James John king kingdom labour Lancaster land Lanercost lanes Leonard Dacre Liverpool Lord Lowther Luguvalium Mannix Mannix and Whellan mayor medieval mill Newcastle northern Northumbria occupied opened parliament parliamentary Penrith period population Port Carlisle Railway Company road Roman schools Scotch Street Scotland Scots Scottish shops Silloth Solway Stanwix stone textile took town trade traffic transport Tullie House weavers Westmorland William