A History of Carlisle
Carlisle began as a Roman town and was a key defensive outpost of Empire against the barbarians. After the Vikings it was reborn as a Norman town, in 1092, and at the end of the Dark Ages we find Bede, describing a visit of the King and Queen, the wondrous Roman remains and St Cuthbert's monastery. Carlisle has seen many changes from the splendour of Edward I's court and parliament in the city to decimation by the plague. The Industrial Revolution brought more changes with the founding of a textile industry and the building of the canal and railways, and the consequent population explosions of the 18th and 19th centuries.
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Dark Age Carlisle
The Rebirth of Carlisle
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19th century affected became began Bishop border Bridge Britain British building built canal Carlisle Carlisle's Castle cathedral cent centre century Chapter church citizens close corporation council cross Cumberland Dacre death Directory Earl early east economic Edward elected engineering England English established evidence families Ferguson firm followed force founded four gate given Hall Henry History Holme houses ibid important included increased industry James John Journal king kingdom land Lanes late later living Lord Lord William Howard major manufacturers March mayor Newcastle northern Northumbria occupied officers opened period political poor population present railway records remained Report road Roman schools Scotland Scots Scottish shows Silloth station stone Street supply taken took town trade traffic transport walls weavers Westmorland