The American Farmer's Instructor, Or Practical Agriculturist: Comprehending the Cultivation of Plants, the Husbandry of the Domestic Animals, and the Economy of the Farm; Together with a Variety of Information which Will be Found Important to the Farmer

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Orrin Rogers, 1840 - Agriculture - 504 pages

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Page 5 - Elements of Practical Agriculture ; comprehending the Cultivation of Plants, the Husbandry of the Domestic Animals, and the Economy of the Farm. By D.
Page 333 - The principal external appearances which distinguish this breed of cattle from all others, are the following : — Their colour is invariably white ; muzzles black ; the whole of the inside of the ear, and about one-third of the outside, from the tip downwards, red ; horns white, with black tips, very fine, and bent upwards : some of the bulls have a thin upright mane, about an inch and a half or two inches long.
Page 498 - ... the obvious remedy is to cut a channel with a sufficient declivity to take off the water in a direction across this line, and sunk through the porous soil at the surface into the lower impervious earth. The place for this channel is where the porous soil is the shallowest above the breaking out, so as to require the least depth of drain, but the solid stratum must be reached, or the draining will be imperfect. When there is a great variation in the soil, and it is difficult to...
Page 369 - ... the rump. The quarters long and full, and, as with the fore legs, the muscles extending down to the hock; the thighs also wide and full. The legs of a moderate length; the pelt also moderately thin, but soft and elastic, and covered with a good quantity of white wool.
Page 76 - ... and manure. All cultivators ought to be governed by them ; but their application must be modified by the nature of soils and climates, and the particular wants of each locality. To prescribe a series of successive and various harvests, without paying any regard to the difference of soils, would be to commit a great error, and to condemn the system of cropping in the eyes of those agriculturists who are too little enlightened to think of introducing into their grounds the requisite changes.
Page 298 - ... second interval of time is greater in quantity and richer in quality than that which rises in a third equal space of time. That of the third...
Page 500 - ... filled with water, like a sponge, and no healthy vegetation can take place. In this case numerous drains must be made in the subsoil, and over the draining tiles or bushes which may be laid at the bottom of the drains loose gravel or broken stones must be laid to within a foot of the surface, so that the plough shall not reach them. The water will gradually sink into these drains, and be carried off, and the loose wet soil will become firm and dry. In no case is the advantage of draining more...
Page 345 - The external appearance of the short-horn breed is irresistibly attractive. The exquisitely symmetrical form of the body in every position, bedecked with a skin of the richest hues of red and the richest white, approaching to cream, or both colours, so arranged or commixed as to form a beautiful fleck or delicate roan, and possessed of the mellowest touch, — supported on small clean limbs, shewing, like those of the race-horse and the greyhound, the union of strength...
Page 369 - ... from the chest, so that there is, with the slightest possible deviation, one continued horizontal line from the rump to the poll. The breast broad and...
Page 499 - ... depth to take the water out of the porous stratum saturated with it, it is often useful to bore numerous holes with an auger in the bottom of the drain through the stiffer soil, and, according to the principle explained in the diagram, the water will either rise through these bores...

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