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1 The Ratification of the Book those that are baptized, and
of Common Prayer.

come to Years of Discretion.

2 The Preface,

19 The form of Solemnization

3 The Order how the Psalter is of Matrimony

appointed to be read. 20 The Order for the Visita-

4 The Order how the rest of the tion of the Sick.

Holy Scriptore is appointed 21 TheCommunion of the Sick.

to be read.

22 The Order for the Burial of

5 Tables of Lessons of Holy the Dead.

Scripture, to be read at 23 The Thanksgiving of Wo-
Morning and Evening Prayer men after Child-Birth, com-
throughout the Year.

monly called, The Church-

6 The Calendar.

ing of Women.

7 Tables and Rules for the 24 Forins of Prayer to be used

Moveable and Immoveable

at Sea.

Feasts, together with the 25 A Form of Prayer for the

Days of Fasting and Absti- Visitation of Prisoners.

nence througbout the Year. 26 A Form of Prayer, and

8 Tables for finding the Holy- Thanksgiving to Almighty


God, for the Fruits of the

9 The Order for Daily Morn- Earth, and all the other bless-

ing Prayer.

ings of his merciful Provi-

10 The Order for Daily Even- dence.

ing Prayer.

27 Forms of Prayer to be used

11 Prayers and Thanksgivings in Families.

upon several Occasions, to 28 Selections of Psalms, to be

be used before the two final used instead of the Psalms

Prayers of Morning and for the Day, at the Discre-

Evening Service.

tion of the Minister.

12 The Collects, Epistles, and 29 The Psalter, or Psalms of

Gospels, to be used through- David.

out the Year.

30 Articles of Religion, as es-

13 The Order for the Adminis- tablished by the Bishops,


tration of the Lord's Supper, Clergy, and Laity of the Pro-

or Holy Communion. testant Episcopal Church in

14 The Ministration of Public the United States of Ame-

Baptism of Infants, to be rica, in Convention, on the

used in the Church.

twelfth day of September, in

15 The Ministration of Private the Year of our Lord 1801.

Baptism of Children in 31 The Form and Manner of


Making, Ordaining and Con-

16 The Ministration of Bap- secrating Bishops, Priests,

tism to such as are of Riper and Deacons.

Years, and able to answer 32 The Litany and Suffrages.

for themselves.

33 The Order for the Adıninis-

17 A Catechism, that is to say, tration of the Lord's Supper,

an Instruction to be learned or Holy Communion.

by every person before he be 34 The Form of Consecration

brought to be confirmed by of a Church or Chapel

the Bishop.

35 An Office of Institution of

18 The Order of Confirmation, Ministers into Parishes or
or Laying on of Hands upon Churches.



By the Bishops, the Clergy, and the Laity of the Protestant

Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in Convention, this 16th day of October, in the year of our Lord

one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine. THIS.Convention, having in their present Session set forth Sacraments, and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, do hereby establish the said Book: And they declare it to be the Liturgy of this Church; and require that it be received as such by all the Members of the same: And this Book shall be in Use from and after the first day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety



is a most invaluable part of that blessed liberty wherewith and usages may without oftence be allowed, provided the substance of the faith be kept entire; and that, in every Church, what cannot be clearly determined to belong to Doctrine must be referred to Discipline; and therefore, by common consent and authority, may be altered, abridged, enlarged, amended, or otherwise disposed of, as may seem most convenient for the edification of the people, “ according to the various exigencies of times and occasions.

The Church of England, to which the Protestant Episcopal Church in these states is indebted, under God, for her first foundation, and a long continuance of nursing care and protection, hath, in the Preface of her Book of Common Prayer, laid it down as a rule, that

The Particular Forms of Divine Worship, and the Rites and Ceremonies appointed to be used therein, being things in their own nature indifferent and alterable, and so acknowledged, it is but reasonable that, upon weighty and important considerations, according to the various exigencies of times and occasions, such changes and alterations should be made therein, as to those who are in places of authority should, from time to time, seem either necessary, or expedient.”

The same Church hath not only in her Preface, but likewise in her Articles and Homilies, declared the necessity and expediency of occasional alterations and amendments in her Forms of Public Worship; and we find accordingly, that, seeking to “ keep the happy mean between too much stiffness in refusing. and too much easiness in admitting variations in things once auvisedly established, she hath, in the reign of several Princes, since the first compiling of her Liturgy in the time of Edward the Sixth, upon just and weighty considerations her thereunto moving, yielded to maķe such alterations in some particulars, as in their respective times were thought convenient; yet so as that the main body and essential parts of the same (as well in the chiefest materials, as in the frame and order thereof) have still been continued firm and unshaken."

Her general aim in these different Reviews and Alterations hath been, as she further declares in her said Preface,“ to do that which, according to her best understanding, might most tend to the preservation of peace and unity in the Church, the procuring of reverence, and the exciting of piety and devotion in the worship of God; and, finally, the cutting off occasion, from them that seek occasion, of cavil or quarrel against her Liturgy." And although, according to her judgment, there be not any thing in it contrary to the Word of God,

or to sound doctrine, or which a godly man may not with a good conscience use and submit unto, or which is not fairly defensible, if allowed auch just and favourable construction, as, in common equity, ought to be allowed to all human writings';" yet upon the principles already laid down, it cannot but be supposed, that further


alteration would in time be found expedient. Accordingly, a commission for a review was issued in the year 1689. But this great and good work miscarried at that time; and the Civil Authority has not since thought proper to revive it by any new Commission.

But when, in the course of Divine Providence, these American States became independent with respect to Civil Government, their Ecclesiastical Independence was necessarily included; and the different religious denominations of Christians in these States were left at full and equal liberty to model and organize their respective Churches, and forms of worship and discipline, in such manner as they might judge most convenient for their future prosperity, consistently with the Constitution and Laws of their Country.

The attention of this Church was, in the first place, drawn to those alterations in the Liturgy which became necessary in the Prayers for our Civil Rulers, in consequence of the Revolution. And the principal care herein was to make them conformable to what ought to be the proper end of all such prayers, namely, that "Rulers may have grace, wisdom, and understanding to execute justice, and to maintain truth;" and that the People may lead quiet and peaceable lives, in all godliness and hoBut while these alterations were in review before the Convention, they could not but, with gratitude to God, embrace the happy occasion which was offered to them (uninfluenced and unrestrained by any worldly authority whatsoever) to take a further review of the Public Service, and to establish such other alterations and amendments therein as might be deemed expedient.

It seems unnecessary to enumerate all the different alterations and amendments. They will appear, and it is to be hoped, the reasons of them also, upon a comparison of this with the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England. In which it will also appear, that this Church is far from intending to depart from the Church of England in any essential point of doctrine, discipline, or worship; or further than local circumstancee require.

And now, this important work being brought to a conclusion, it is hoped the whole will be received and examined by every true Member of our Church, and every sincere Christian, with a meek, candid, and charitable frame of mind; without prejudice or prepossessions : seriously considering what Christianity is, and what the truths of the Gospel ara; and earnestly besceching Almighty God to accompany with his blessing every endeavour for promulgating them to mankind in the clearest, plainest, most affecting and majestic manner, for the sake of Josus Christ, our blessod Lord and Saviour.

The Order how the Psalter is appointed to be read.

HE Psalter shall be read through once every month, as it is there ary it ball be read only to the twenty-eighth or twenty-ninth day of the moath.

And whereas January, March, May, July, August, October, and De. cember, have one and thirty days apiece; it is ordered, that the same Psalms shall be read the last day of the said months which were read the day before; so that the Psalter may begin again the first day of the next month ensuing.

And whereas the 119th Psalm is divided into twenty-two portions, and is over long to be read at one time; it is so ordered, that at one time shall not be read above four or five of the said portions.

The Minister, instead of reading from the Psalter as divided for Daily Morning and Evening Prayer, may read one of the Selections set out by this Church.

And, on days of Fasting and Thanksgiving, appointed either by the civil or by the ecclesiastical authority, the Minister may appoint such Psalms as be shall think fit in bis discretion, unless any shall have been appointed by the ecclesiastical authority, in u Service set out for the occasiou ; which, in that case, sball be used, and no other.

Morning. Evening:

Morning. Evening. Christmas Day,Psalms 19 Psalms 89 Easter-Day, Psalms 2 Psalms 113 45 110


114 85 132


118 Ash Wednesday, 6 102 Ascension-Day,


24 32 130

16 38 143


103 Good Friday, 22 64 Whitsunday, 48

104 40 88


145 54 The Minister may use one of the Selections, instead of any one of the above portions. The Order now the rest of the Holy Scripture is appointed to be read.

THE Old Testament is appointed for the First Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer; so that the most part thereof will be read every year once, as in the Calendar is appointed.

The New Testament is appointed for the Second Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer.

And to know what Lessons shall be read every day, look for the day of tbe month in the Calendar following, and there ye shall find the chap. ters that shall be read for the Lessons, both at Morning and Evening Prayer ; except only the Moveable Feasts, which are not in the Calendar; and the Immoveable, where there is a blank left in the column of Lessons; the proper Lessons for all which days are to be found in the Table of Proper Lessons.

And, on days of Fasting and Thanksgiving, the same rule is to obtain as in reading the Psalms.

And the same discretion of choice is allowed, on occasions of Ecclesiastical Conventions, and those of Charitable Collections, And Note, That whensoever Proper Palms or Lessons are appointed,

then the Psalms and Lessons of ordinary course appointed in the Psal ler and Calendar, if they be different, shall be omitted for hat time. Note also, That ibe Collect, Epistle, and Gospel, appointed for the Sun

day, shall serve all the week after, where it is not in this Book other wise ordered.

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