Lift Every Voice: African American Oratory, 1787-1900

Front Cover
Philip Sheldon Foner, Robert J. Branham
University of Alabama Press, 1998 - Social Science - 925 pages

This comprehensive anthology will be the standard source for the
study of African American public address for years to come.

For Americans of the 19th century, as W. E. B. Du Bois observed, eloquent
speeches were 'the shining lights of civilization' that both expressed
and sought to improve the lives and communities from which they sprang.
Through political speeches, sermons, lectures, oral testimonies, and ceremonial
addresses, African Americans offered diverse responses to the issues and
events of their times, including not only slavery and racial equality but
also women's rights, education, religion, immigration, socialism, war,
Indian policy, and labor organization, among others. The speeches in this
collection are among the most powerful expressions of African American
opinions on these issues and were delivered on occasions and before audiences
where the speakers believed their words might be transformative.

Lift Every Voice is a completely revised, updated, and expanded
version of Philip Foner's 1972 classic Voice of Black America, which Library
Journal hailed as "indispensable.""This well-edited and
richly inclusive work," wrote Benjamin Quarles, "unveils the
full sweep of Black expression as found in platform addresses" by
"men and women who join eloquence with reason in articulating their
grievances and their aspirations and in arousing their listeners with their
ringing and prophetic challenges." This new collection includes over
60 additional texts and revised and expanded introductory essays that provide
historical, biographical, and critical information for each speech.

Containing more than 150 speeches, this anthology represents the most
extensive and diverse collection of African American oratory of the 18th
and 19th centuries ever published. Lift Every Voice makes readily
accessible not only the classic orations of such well-known figures
as Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, and Booker T. Washington but also
dozens of lesser-known but important speeches deserving greater recognition
and study. Many of these speeches are previously unpublished, uncollected,
or long out of print.



 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Speak to Those Who Are in Slavery
20
A Charge Delivered to the Brethren of the African Lodge
38
Address to the People of Color
52
Abolition of the Slave Trade
66
Mutual Interest Mutual Benefit and Mutual Relief
80
Valedictory Address
98
Termination of Slavery
104
To My White Fellow Citizens
467
Justice Should Recognize No Color
473
Finish the Good Work of Uniting Colored
483
Then I Began to Live
503
Abolish Separate Schools
506
The Civil Rights Bill
520
Equality before the Law
536
The Civil Rights Bill
549

The Necessity of a General Union Among Us
110
The Cause of the Slave Became My Own
121
Let Us Alone
130
Eulogy on William Wilberforce
143
Why a Convention Is Necessary
154
The Slave Has a Friend in Heaven Though He May Have
163
Slavery Brutalizes Man
173
Slavery Presses Down upon the Free People of Color
179
The Rights of Colored Citizens in Traveling
189
An Address to the Slaves of the United States of America
198
For the Dissolution of the Union
205
The Fugitive Slave Bill
217
Arnt I a Woman?
226
What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?
246
Snakes and Geese
269
The Triumph of Equal School Rights in Boston
279
The Negro Race SelfGovernment and the Haitian Revolution
288
Liberty for Slaves
305
Break Every Yoke and Let the Oppressed Go Free 3 18
318
Why Slavery Is Still Rampant
328
A Plea for Free Speech
354
We Ask for Our Rights
368
Lincolns Colonization Proposal Is AntiChristian
375
Freedoms Joyful Day
381
The Moral and Social Aspect of Africa
389
The Position and Duties of the Colored People
397
A Tribute to a Fallen Black Soldier
407
Give Us Equal Pay and We Will Go to War
426
Let the Monster Perish
432
Colored Men Standing in the Way of Their Own Race
443
An Appeal for Aid to the Freedmen
452
These Are Revolutionary Times
460
The Great Problem to Be Solved
564
The Siouxs Revenge
577
Migration Is the Only Remedy for Our Wrongs
599
These Evils Call Loudly for Redress
613
The Stone Cut Out of the Mountain
634
Reasons for a New Political Party
640
Introduction of Master Workman Powderly
652
Mob Violence
660
How Shall We Get Our Rights?
676
Woman Suffrage
687
Organized Resistance Is Our Best Remedy
707
It Is Time to Call a Halt
713
Harvard Class Day Oration
728
Education and the Problem
734
Lynch Law in All Its Phases
745
The Intellectual Progress of the Colored Women of
761
Womens Cause Is One and Universal
772
The Ethics of the Hawaiian Question
790
Address to the First National Conference of Colored Women
797
A Plea against the Disfranchisement of the Negro
805
The African in Africa and the African in America
815
We Are Struggling for Equality
832
In Union There Is Strength
840
The Attitude of the American Mind toward
846
The Functions of the Negro Scholar
857
We Must Have a Cleaner Social Morality
863
The Negro Will Never Acquiesce as Long as He Lives
872
The Fallacy of Industrial Education as
878
The Burden of the Educated Colored Woman
885
To the Nations of the World
905
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About the author (1998)

The late Philip S. Foner was Professor Emeritus of History at Lincoln University. Robert James Branham is Professor of Rhetoric at Bates College.




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